Journals Research in Developmental Disa...

Research in Developmental Disabilities
Alexandra Minuk, Jordan Shurr
BACKGROUND: Little is known about the identification and educational placement of students considered to have intellectual disability in the Canadian context and, specifically, the province of Ontario. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to describe trends in the school-based identification of students with mild intellectual disability and developmental disability based on the Ontario criteria over a 14-year period, as well as current patterns characterizing classroom placement...
April 20, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Hayley Hei Lam Cheng, Ashtyn Chau, Huberta Chan, Jackie Seto, Hayden Wong, Jeremiah So, Yvonne W Leung, Anna Victoria Wong, Theodore C K Cheung
BACKGROUND: Cultural-based literature focusing on Asian autistic immigrants living in Western countries is very limited. AIMS: The present study is a quality improvement exercise aiming to fill the gap by investigating the employment needs of and barriers for Chinese autistic youth and young adults in Ontario, Canada. METHODS & PROCEDURES: 71 individuals diagnosed with autism and 24 diagnosed with other mental illnesses, aged 12-29, participated in an online survey regarding their work readiness, work skills, interests, health and cultural concerns...
April 17, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Debra J Rose, Diobel M Castner, Kathleen S Wilson, Daniela A Rubin
BACKGROUND: Good postural stability control is dependent upon the complex integration of incoming sensory information (visual, somatosensory, vestibular) with neuromotor responses that are constructed in advance of a voluntary action or in response to an unexpected perturbation. AIMS: To examine whether differences exist in how sensory inputs are used to control standing balance in children with and without Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). METHODS AND PROCEDURES: In this cross-sectional study, 18 children with PWS and 51 children categorized as obese but without PWS (without PWS) ages 8-11 completed the Sensory Organization Test®...
April 13, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Daria Tarasova, Peggy Rösner, Shoumitro Deb, Tanja Sappok
BACKGROUND: An observer-rated screening questionnaire for dementia for people with intellectual disabilities (ID), DSQIID, was developed in the UK. So far, the German version has not yet been validated in adults with ID. AIMS/METHODS: We validated a German version of DSQIID (DSQIID-G) among adults with ID attending a German clinic. PROCEDURES/OUTCOMES: DSQIID-G was completed by the caregivers of 104 adults with ID at baseline (T1), 94 at six months (T2) and 83 at 12 months (T3)...
March 28, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Caterina Verganti, Chiara Suttora, Mariagrazia Zuccarini, Arianna Aceti, Luigi Corvaglia, Arianna Bello, M Cristina Caselli, Annalisa Guarini, Alessandra Sansavini
BACKGROUND: Studies on late talkers (LTs) highlighted their heterogeneity and the relevance of describing different communicative profiles. AIMS: To examine lexical skills and gesture use in expressive (E-LTs) vs. receptive-expressive (R/E-LTs) LTs through a structured task. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Forty-six 30-month-old screened LTs were distinguished into E-LTs (n= 35) and R/E-LTs (n= 11) according to their receptive skills. Lexical skills and gesture use were assessed with a Picture Naming Game by coding answer accuracy (correct, incorrect, no response), modality of expression (spoken, spoken-gestural, gestural), type of gestures (deictic, representational), and spoken-gestural answers' semantic relationship (complementary, equivalent, supplementary)...
March 22, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Allyson Corbo, Janice P Tzeng, Samantha Scott, Emily Cheves, Heidi Cope, Holly Peay
BACKGROUND: Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability. Early Check, a voluntary newborn screening study, screened 18,833 newborns for FXS over ∼3 years. Exploring parental attitudes and perspectives can provide insight to the potential future acceptability of public health screening. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Mothers of infants who received a screen positive result for FXS (n = 6) or fragile X premutation (FXPM; n = 18) were interviewed about their perceptions and experiences...
March 19, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Anne de Leeuw, Wietske A Ester, Mersha Kinfe, Fikirte Girma, Rehana Abdurahman, Tigist Zerihun, Atsede Teklehaimanot, Charlotte Hanlon, Hans W Hoek, Rosa A Hoekstra
OBJECTIVE: Raising a child with a developmental disability or physical health condition can have a major impact on the lives of their families, especially in low-income countries. We explored the impact on such families in Ethiopia. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 241 child-caregiver dyads were recruited from two public hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. Of these, 139 children were diagnosed with a developmental disability (e.g. autism, intellectual disability) and 102 children with a physical health condition (e...
March 14, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Abdulaziz Abdullah Alothman, Mona Tawakkul Ebrahim, Hesham Fathy Gadelrab
BACKGROUND: Mothers of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) across Saudi Arabia have experienced tremendous challenges during the COVID-19 pandemic. However, the challenges may be different for mothers living in a city compared to those living more remotely. AIMS: We investigated challenges and practices related to COVID-19 and their impact among Saudi mothers of children with ASD in cities and remote areas during the pandemic. METHODS: A sample of 99 mothers (60 in cities and 39 remote) who had a child with ASD was surveyed using an electronic questionnaire...
March 13, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Jennifer Keating, Catherine Purcell, Sarah A Gerson, Ross E Vanderwert, Catherine R G Jones
BACKGROUND: Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) can experience sensory differences. There has been limited exploration of these differences and their impact on children with DCD. AIMS: i) To explore the presence and impact of sensory differences in children with DCD compared to children without DCD; ii) To examine whether sensory differences are related to motor ability, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), or autistic traits. METHOD: Parents of children (8-12 years) with (n = 23) and without (n = 33) DCD used standardised questionnaires to report on their children's sensory differences, autistic traits, and ADHD traits...
March 13, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Amanallah Soltani, Anna J Esbensen
BACKGROUND: Living with a child with Down syndrome (DS) influences the entire family, including caregivers. AIMS: This study examined positive and negative caregiver feelings about parenting youth with DS and to what extent children's demographic, cognitive, behavioral characteristics, and co-occurring medical conditions are associated with those parental feelings. Specifically, the mediatory role of child behavioral challenges on the relationship between child executive functioning (EF) and parent feelings about parenting a child with DS was examined in a mediation analysis model...
March 12, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Mubarak S Aldosari
BACKGROUND: Research has indicated that the attitudes of principals toward students with disabilities may affect the success of the implementation of inclusive programs in schools. This study was designed to address a gap in the research regarding Saudi principals' attitudes toward inclusion. Relationships between attitudes and a number of variables were analyzed (i.e., gender, years of experience, level of school, type of student disability, personal relationships with individuals with disabilities)...
March 12, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Batya Engel-Yeger
Sensory modulation is critical for interacting with the physical and social environment. When sensory input from the environment is not properly perceived and modulated, it may elevate arausability, avoidant behavior, impair function and wellbeing. Sensory modulation difficulties (SMD) are mainly reported during childhood and are related to neurodevelopmental conditions such as Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). SMD in adulthood further deteriorate function and emotional status, hence should be screened and treated...
March 11, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Nicole Stephenson, Michael Falk Hvidberg, Miles Rogish
Dyslexia is a specific learning difficulty that affects the development of literacy and language-related skills, unrelated to intellectual ability. While the impact of parenting an individual with dyslexia (IWD) for married parents has been widely studied, little is known about the impact on single parents. This study explored the lived experiences of single parents of an IWD. Six female participants completed semi-structured interviews discussing their experience of the diagnostic process, support received and general parenting perspectives...
March 7, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Carlotta Bettencourt, Nicole Garret-Gloanec, Hugues Pellerin, PereMorgane Péré, Giulio Bertamini, Maria Squillante, Fabienne Roos-Weil, Léa Ferrand, Anne-Sophie Pernel, Gisèle Apter, Mohamed Chetouani, Samuele Cortese, David Cohen
BACKGROUND: Prognostic factors from naturalistic treatment studies of children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) remain largely unknown. We aimed to identify baseline and treatment-related prognostic predictors at 1-year follow-up after Integrative Care Practices (ICPs). METHODS: Eighty-nine preschool children with severe ASD were given ICP combining nine therapeutic workshops based on children's needs. Participants were assessed at baseline and during 12 months follow-up with the Psycho-educational Profile-3-R, Children Autism Rating Scale, Parental Global Impression, and the Autistic Behaviors Scale...
March 2, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Mahdieh Allahdad, Emma Gluyas, Debbie Spain, Sarah Blainey, Sophie Doswell, Adanna Onyejiaka
BACKGROUND: Autistic adults are at increased risk of mental health difficulties; however Adult Mental Health Services (AMHS) often struggle to offer appropriate support to this group. Within England, Government initiatives, such as the 'Transforming Care' programme which included 'Building the Right Support' (NHS England, 2015) have promoted the need for AMHS to consider how they can better provide autism-informed support to autistic adults. AIMS/METHODS: Here, we describe the first two years of work of the Transforming Care in Autism (TCA) Team; a specialist service that supports autistic adults, without a moderate or severe intellectual disability or presenting significant risk to others, experiencing a mental health crisis...
March 1, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Eliane Dionne, Annette Majnemer, Miriam H Beauchamp, Marie Brossard-Racine
BACKGROUND: Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is a condition characterized by difficulties in motor planning and coordination and affects 5 to 6% of all school-aged children. Children with DCD frequently present with difficulties with academic activities such as handwriting. However, no study to date has comprehensively described mathematical capacity and its potential associated factors in this high-risk group. AIMS: We aimed to describe the frequency and nature of mathematical difficulties of school-aged children with DCD and to evaluate potential factors associated with mathematical performance...
February 29, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Yang Xue, Han-Yu Dong, Jun-Yan Feng, Miao-Shui Bai, Dan Li, Hong Yang, Fei-Yong Jia
BACKGROUND: Limited study has investigated the influence of parent-child interaction on brain functional alterations and development outcomes of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) children. This pilot study aimed to explore the relationship between parent-child interaction, brain functional activities and development outcomes of ASD children. METHODS: and Procedures: 653 ASD with an average age of 41.06 ± 10.88 months and 102 typically developmental (TD) children with an average age of 44...
February 24, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Laura Maria Fatta, Dora Bianchi, Elizabeth A Laugeson, Elina Veytsman, Giovanna Romano, Fiorenzo Laghi, Maria Luisa Scattoni
BACKGROUND: The Program for the Education and Enrichment of Relational Skills (PEERS®) is a social skills training program for autistic adolescents and those facing social challenges. Its efficacy has been established worldwide, including in Italy. Although booster interventions are a potentially valuable strategy to maintain improvements over time, there is currently no research on the efficacy of providing booster sessions of PEERS® following the traditional treatment. AIMS: This study aims to evaluate the efficacy of PEERS® Booster sessions in a sample who had previously participated in a traditional PEERS® Adolescent program...
February 22, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Lisa Verbeek, Tijs Kleemans, Constance T W M Vissers, Eliane Segers, Ludo Verhoeven
BACKGROUND: It is unclear how speech production, selective attention, and phonological working memory are related to first- (L1) and second-language (L2) vocabularies in bilingual preschoolers with Developmental Language Disorder (DLD). AIMS: To study individual variation in vocabularies in DLD bilingual preschoolers by (1) comparing them to typically developing (TD) bilingual, and TD and DLD monolingual peers; (2) differentially predicting L2 vocabulary; and (3) identifying and characterizing bilinguals' L1/L2 vocabulary profiles...
February 22, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
Silke Velghe, Eugene Rameckers, Pieter Meyns, Charlotte Johnson, Ann Hallemans, Evi Verbecque, Katrijn Klingels
BACKGROUND: Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) often (<87 %) experience postural control problems, impacting all levels of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) including their daily participation, self-esteem and mental health. Due to the multisystemic nature of postural control, comprehensive therapy should target all systems which is currently not the case. Highly intensive therapy is effective and commonly used in pediatric populations, but has not been explored yet to train postural control in children with DCD...
February 20, 2024: Research in Developmental Disabilities
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