Celeste M Schultz, Larisa A Burke, Denise A Kent
INTRODUCTION: COVID-19 symptom presentation among adults is mostly understood. However, understanding COVID-19 symptom presentation in children lags. METHOD: A literature search was conducted in three electronic databases. Twenty-three initial publications addressing COVID-19 symptom presentation among hospitalized children in the United States met the criteria for review and meta-analysis. RESULTS: Fever, the most common symptom, was present in nearly all cases...
March 17, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Rajapillai L I Pillai, Jixi He, Laura Madore, Katherine Murphy
Neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) involves a widely variable treatment course among affected individuals. Prognostic indicators that would help predict length of hospital stay and individualize treatment would be valuable to newborns, parents, and hospital staff, including advanced practice registered nurses. We describe a newborn with a prolonged NAS treatment course necessitating high doses of opioids and phenobarbital, found to have an isolated absent septum pellucidum (ASP). We hypothesize a mechanism for an association between an ASP and a difficult NAS treatment course...
March 14, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Emilee I Coulter-Thompson, Derrick D Matthews, Julia Applegate, Sarabeth Broder-Fingert, Karine Dubé
INTRODUCTION: This study explored the impact of health care (HC) bias and discrimination on lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) parents and their children with developmental disabilities. METHOD: We conducted a national online survey of LGBTQ parents of children with developmental disabilities using social media and professional networks. Descriptive statistics were compiled. Open-ended responses were coded using inductive and deductive approaches...
March 11, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Cijy Elizabeth Sunny, Jessica L Peck, Jennifer Sonney
INTRODUCTION: Human trafficking is an urgent health threat. This study sought to psychometrically validate the novel Pediatric Nurse Practitioner Knowledge and Attitudes Toward Human Trafficking scale. METHOD: Using data from a 2018 study of pediatric-focused advanced practice registered nurses (n = 777), this secondary analysis examined dimensionality and reliability of the survey. RESULTS: The Cronbach α for scale constructs was < 0...
March 7, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Wendy S Looman, Donna Eull, Elena Geiger-Simpson, Jiwoo Lee, Paula V Nersesian, Adrianna N Bell, Angela L Miller
INTRODUCTION: Many tools to assess coping in youth fail to engage youth meaningfully in the assessment process. This study aimed to evaluate a brief timeline activity as an interactive way to assess appraisal and coping in pediatric research and practice. METHOD: We used a mixed method convergent design to collect and analyze survey and interview data from 231 youths aged 8-17 years in a community-based setting. RESULTS: The youth engaged readily in the timeline activity and found the activity easy to understand...
March 6, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Elaine Webber, Nadine Wodwaski, Deborah Busch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Kimberley Roche, Siddika Mulchan, Lauren Ayr-Volta, Megan Elias, Michael Brimacombe, Cecelia Morello, Katherine A Hinderer
INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic has significantly impacted the mental well-being of health care workers (HCWs). This study assessed the feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy of two psychological interventions, gratitude journaling or cognitive strategies, on pediatric HCWs. METHOD: A pilot randomized parallel repeated measures design was used, with a convenience sample of 59 HCWs. Data were collected before and after the intervention period, 2 weeks after, and again 6 months later...
March 5, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Suzanne E Courtwright, Jacqueline Jones, Amy Barton, Kerry Peterson, Karen Eigen, Jessica Feuerstein, Anil Pawa, Akhil Pawa, Jessica Northridge, Harpreet Pall
INTRODUCTION: Adolescents with chronic conditions have disparate mental health outcomes. This study aimed to explore the perspectives of adolescents with chronic conditions on mental health system redesign to improve outcomes. METHOD: Within an interpretive phenomenological approach, semistructured interviews with 17 adolescents aged 10-20 years with chronic conditions were conducted. Purposive sampling and recruitment occurred at three ambulatory sites. Data were analyzed using inductive and deductive thematic analysis until information saturation was achieved...
February 28, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Kirsi Tiitinen Mekhail, Bo Burström, Anneli Marttila, Josefin Wångdahl, Lene Lindberg
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to gain knowledge about the impact of an extended postnatal home visiting program on parents' comprehensive health literacy (CHL) in multicultural, socioeconomically disadvantaged Swedish settings. METHOD: This quasi-experimental study adopted a case-control sampling method recruiting first-time parents through two Child Health Care Centers in Stockholm. Participants were interviewed twice through structured questionnaires when their child was aged between less than two months (n = 193) and 15-18 months (n = 151) from October 2017 to August 2020...
February 24, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Michelle D Slymon, Alison Simpson, Suzanne Mullin, Pamela Herendeen
INTRODUCTION: This project aimed to evaluate a practice change to Eat Sleep Console (ESC) in the postpartum unit and neonatal intensive care unit of a single Baby-Friendly tertiary hospital. METHOD: Guided by Donabedian's quality care model, a process and outcomes evaluation of ESC was conducted through a retrospective chart review and the Eat Sleep Console Nurse Questionnaire, which assessed processes of care and knowledge, attitudes and perceptions of nurses. RESULTS: Improvement in neonatal outcomes, including a decreased number of morphine doses (12...
February 20, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Ariel Washington, Jasmine Chabaan, Ali Fakih, Sabrina Ford, Lisa Rutledge, Jametta Lilly, Maida Y Herrera, Yang Kim, Hayley S Thompson
INTRODUCTION: This study aimed to describe the perspectives of parents who had delayed and refused human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination for their children, even when it was discussed or recommended by a health care provider, and to identify the factors related to vaccine hesitancy. METHOD: Twenty predominantly African American parents of children aged 11-17 years were recruited from various community clinics and organizations to participate in focus groups about their decision-making regarding HPV vaccination...
February 8, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Elizabeth G Choma
INTRODUCTION: Childhood gun-related injuries and deaths have reached levels indicative of a public health crisis in the United States. However, < 30% of gun owners report storing their firearms in the recommended manner, with many gun injuries resulting from those found in the home. By incorporating just a few questions during the primary care visit, providers may be able to protect and save lives. METHOD: The author uses an established curriculum for improving gun safety within the family and collects data on its effectiveness within a community institution...
February 1, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Alexandra Blumenthal Armstrong, Ashleigh Bowman, Michelle Goreth, Tammy Trabosh, Kristin Hittle Gigli
INTRODUCTION: We examined factors influencing pediatric hospital-based APPs' career decisions and described the transition to practice experiences. METHOD: We conducted a cross-sectional, descriptive electronic survey using a novel instrument to examine APP career decisions and transition to practice experiences among APPs in four Southeastern children's hospitals. RESULTS: There were 158 respondents composed of family nurse practitioners (NPs) (30%), primary care pediatric NPs (24%), and acute care pediatric NPs (18%)...
February 1, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Patricia R Lawrence, Melissa C Osborne, Dhruvangi Sharma, Regena Spratling, Christina J Calamaro
Internet-based research has become useful for data collection, particularly because it reduces the time and resources required for recruitment. Although participant recruitment using social media is a scientifically and ethically sound methodology for many studies, this approach attracts fraudulent participants and Internet bots which can pose serious threats to sample validity and data integrity. We present several case examples of research studies in which bots were encountered and the procedures used to address them...
January 28, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Tanika Eaves, Linda Roney, Joshua Neitlich, Katherine Knapik, Kayla Lapointe
Reporting suspected child maltreatment in pediatric settings presents unique challenges. Variation in mandated reporter training may lead to discomfort and emotional dysregulation. Failure to collaborate inter-professionally potentially results in suboptimal care for vulnerable children and families. A-TEAM promotes awareness, transparency, empathy, a nonjudgmental strategy, and management by an interprofessional team when referring patients for child protective services evaluation. A faculty trained in pediatric trauma nursing led the development of A-TEAM...
January 20, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Gail Hornor
Intimate partner violence (IPV) is a public health problem of epidemic proportions. IPV often starts early in adolescence and continues throughout an individual's lifespan. IPV is defined as abuse or aggression occurring in the context of a romantic relationship that is perpetrated by a current or former partner. IPV victims often experience severe psychological trauma, physical injury, and even death. The direct recipient of the violence is often not the only individual impacted. Children are often peripheral victims of IPV...
January 20, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Jennifer M Frush, David Y Ming, Nancy Crego, Mary E Paden, Bonnie Jones-Hepler, Remi Misiewicz, Valerie A Jarrett, Sharron L Docherty
INTRODUCTION: The objectives of this study were to describe the perspectives of caregivers of children with medical complexity on telemedicine video visits (TMVV) for posthospitalization care and determine whether TMVV may be a viable alternative to in-person follow-up. METHOD: Our qualitative descriptive study included semistructured telephone interviews with 12 caregivers. Data analysis was conducted using an adapted Colaizzi's descriptive phenomenological method for thematic construction...
January 18, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Ash Seth, Brittany Finlay, Genevieve Currie, Christiane Roth, Lucyna Lach, Anne Hudon, Raphael Lencucha, Matthew Hunt, David Nicholas, Keiko Shikako-Thomas, Jennifer Zwicker
INTRODUCTION: The COVID-19 pandemic brought unprecedented challenges for youth with neurodevelopmental disabilities (NDD) and their families. Although health measures were implemented to contain the COVID-19 virus, they disrupted public service, profoundly impacting youth and their families' access to services. This study sought to better understand the perspectives and experiences of parents and caregivers of youth with NDD across Canada in accessing services and their mental health needs during the pandemic...
January 11, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Andrea Smith
Sudden cardiac death in young athletes is a rare but tragic occurrence impacting families, friends, institutions, and communities. The causes of sudden cardiac death often go undetected because of the vague associated symptoms. High school athletes are required to complete a preparticipation physical examination (PPE). However, screening guidelines at the state level are flexible and can lead to an inconsistent cardiovascular assessment of student-athletes. A review of State High School Association guidelines for all 50 states and the District of Columbia evaluated consistency of current PPE policies and found variation in frequency, forms utilized, and who can complete the physical...
January 9, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
Pooja Brar, Renee E Sieving, Riley J Steiner, Janna R Gewirtz O'Brien, Michelle Mathiason Moore, Christopher J Mehus, Christina Ross, Jonathan D Klein, John Santelli
INTRODUCTION: Primary care providers are well-positioned to facilitate parent-adolescent health communication. We examined provider-facilitated parent-adolescent health communication prevalence and associations with parent-adolescent health communication. METHOD: Using data from a national survey of parent-adolescent dyads (n = 853), we calculated the prevalence of provider-facilitated parent-adolescent health communication about 11 topics as a result of adolescent's last preventive visit...
January 7, 2023: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
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