Yang Wang, Jiaxi Li, Shanshan Wang, Yuheng Pang, Pengxiang Liu, Bangxiang Xie, Shuangshuang Dou, Tongwang Yang, Xiaoni Liu, Ying Shi, Dexi Chen
Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is still a serious public health problem. In recent years, with the increasing incidence of chronic hepatitis B (CHB) combined with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), a more in-depth exploration of the pathogenesis of CHB combined with NAFLD is required. HBV can induce autophagy and use to increase replication. The removal of fat by autophagy, also known as lipophagy, is also currently considered an alternative pathway for lipid metabolism in liver cells. This degradation of autophagy prevents hepatotoxicity and steatosis...
May 25, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Helmut Sies, Willem H Koppenol
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 24, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Jing Du, Zhaoyang Huang, Yanchun Li, Xueying Ren, Chaoting Zhou, Ruolan Liu, Ping Zhang, Guojie Lei, Jianxin Lyu, Jianghui Li, Guoqiang Tan
Copper is an essential mineral nutrient that provides the cofactors for some key enzymes. However, excess copper is paradoxically cytotoxic. Wilson's disease is an autosomal recessive hereditary disease characterized by pathological copper accumulation in many organs, with high mortality and disability. Nevertheless, many questions about the molecular mechanism in Wilson's disease remain unknown and there is an imperative need to address these questions to better exploit therapeutic strategy. In this study, we constructed the mouse model of Wilson's disease, ATP7A-/- immortalized lymphocyte cell line and ATP7B knockdown cells to explore whether copper could impair iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis in eukaryotic mitochondria...
May 22, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Kevin Wang, Amanda Moore, Cathryn Grayson, Ryan J Mailloux
Pyruvate dehydrogenase (PDH) and α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase (KGDH) are vital sources of hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ) and key sites for redox regulation. Here, we report KGDH is more sensitive to inhibition by S-nitroso-glutathione (GSNO) when compared to PDH and deactivation of both enzymes by nitro modification is affected by sex and diet. Liver mitochondria from male C57BL/6N mice displayed a robust inhibition of H2 O2 production after exposure to 500-2000 μM GSNO. H2 O2 genesis by PDH was not significantly affected by GSNO...
May 22, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Qun Miao, Wei-Qing Deng, Wen-Yu Lyu, Zhi-Ting Sun, Shu-Ran Fan, Ming Qi, Sheng-Hui Qiu, Yin-Ru Zhu, Jia-Peng Lin, Min-Feng Chen, Li-Juan Deng
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common cause of cancer mortality worldwide. Approximately 40% of CRC patients are KRAS sequence variation, including KRAS G13D mutation (KRASG13D ) CRC patients, accounting for approximately 8% of all KRAS mutations in CRC patients and showing little benefit from anti-EGFR therapy. Therefore, there is an urgent need for new and effective anticancer agents in patients with KRASG13D CRC. Here, we identified a natural product, erianin, that directly interacted with purified recombinant human KRASG13D with a Kd of 1...
May 20, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Mark A Watson, Harmanmeet Brar, Edwin T Gibbs, Hoi-Shan Wong, Pratiksha A Dighe, Bryan McKibben, Stephan Riedmaier, Amy Siu, James S Polakowski, Jason A Segreti, Xiaoqin Liu, SeungWon Chung, Y Marina Pliushchev, Nathan Gesmundo, Zhi Wang, Timothy A Vortherms, Martin D Brand
We developed S1QEL1.719, a novel bioavailable S1QEL (suppressor of site IQ electron leak). S1QEL1.719 prevented superoxide/hydrogen peroxide production at site IQ of mitochondrial complex I in vitro. The free concentration giving half-maximal suppression (IC50 ) was 52 nM. Even at 50-fold higher concentrations S1QEL1.719 did not inhibit superoxide/hydrogen peroxide production from other sites. The IC50 for inhibition of complex I electron flow was 500-fold higher than the IC50 for suppression of superoxide/hydrogen peroxide production from site IQ ...
May 20, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Ming-Xin Sun, Feng-Xin Qiao, Zhi-Ran Xu, Yue-Cen Liu, Chang-Long Xu, Hai-Long Wang, Zhong-Quan Qi, Yu Liu
Aristolochic acids are widely distributed in the plants of Aristolochiaceae family and Asarum species. Aristolochic acid I (AAI) is the most frequent compound of aristolochic acids, which can accumulate in the soil, and then contaminates crops and water and enters the human body. Research has shown that AAI affects the reproductive system. However, the mechanism of AAI's effects on the ovaries at the tissue level still needs to be clarified. In this research, we found AAI exposure reduced the body and ovarian growth in mice, decreased the ovarian coefficient, prevented follicular development, and increased atretic follicles...
May 16, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Frank Van Breusegem, Claire Remacle
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Ahmet Tuncay, Daniel R Crabtree, David J Muggeridge, Holger Husi, James N Cobley
The antibody-linked oxi-state assay (ALISA) for quantifying target-specific cysteine oxidation can benefit specialist and non-specialist users. Specialists can benefit from time-efficient analysis and high-throughput target and/or sample n-plex capacities. The simple and accessible "off-the-shelf" nature of ALISA brings the benefits of oxidative damage assays to non-specialists studying redox-regulation. Until performance benchmarking establishes confidence in the "unseen" microplate results, ALISA is unlikely to be widely adopted...
May 14, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Veronica Lisi, Chantalle Moulton, Cristina Fantini, Elisa Grazioli, Flavia Guidotti, Paolo Sgrò, Ivan Dimauro, Laura Capranica, Attilio Parisi, Luigi Di Luigi, Daniela Caporossi
Considering the role of redox homeostasis in exercise-induced signaling and adaptation, this study focuses on the exercise training-related intercellular communication of redox status mediated by circulating extracellular vesicles (EVs). 19 healthy young males were divided into trained (TG, 7) and untrained (UG, 12) subjects based on their VO2MAX . The UG subjects were further randomly distributed in experimental (UGEX , N = 7) and control (UGCTRL , N = 5) groups. The steady state of plasma EVs in TG and UGEX have been characterized for total number and size, as well as cargo redox status (antioxidants, transcription factors, HSPs) before, 3 and 24 h after a single bout of aerobic exercise (30', 70% HRM)...
May 12, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Sarah E Lacher, Cara Skon-Hegg, Brian L Ruis, Jennifer Krznarich, Matthew Slattery
The redox sensitive transcription factor NRF2 is a central regulator of the transcriptional response to reactive oxygen species (ROS). NRF2 is widely recognized for its ROS-responsive upregulation of antioxidant genes that are essential for mitigating the damaging effects of oxidative stress. However, multiple genome-wide approaches have suggested that NRF2's regulatory reach extends well beyond the canonical antioxidant genes, with the potential to regulate many noncanonical target genes. Recent work from our lab and others suggests HIF1A, which encodes the hypoxia-responsive transcription factor HIF1α, is one such noncanonical NRF2 target...
May 11, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Pei-Lin Li, Chun-Hua Huang, Li Mao, Jun Li, Zhi-Guo Sheng, Ben-Zhan Zhu
The carcinogenicity of aristolochic acids (AAs) has been attributed mainly to the formation of stable DNA-aristolactam (DNA-AL) adducts by its reactive N-sulfonated metabolite N-sulfonatooxyaristolactam (N-OSO3 - -AL). The most accepted mechanism for such DNA-AL adduct formation is via the postulated but never unequivocally-confirmed aristolactam nitrenium ion. Here we found that both sulfate radical and two ALI-derived radicals (N-centered and C-centered spin isomers) were produced by N-OSO3 - -ALI, which were detected and unequivocally identified by complementary applications of ESR spin-trapping, HPLC-MS coupled with deuterium-exchange methods...
May 11, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Belinda J Dunning, Arno R Bourgonje, Marian L C Bulthuis, Jan Alexander, Jan O Aaseth, Anders Larsson, Harry van Goor, Urban Alehagen
BACKGROUND: Serum sulfhydryl groups (R-SH, free thiols) reflect the systemic redox status in health and disease, and may be amenable to therapeutic modulation. Since R-SH are readily oxidized by reactive species, oxidative stress is characterized by reduced serum R-SH levels. Selenium and coenzyme Q10 supplementation may improve the systemic redox status. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of supplementation with selenium and coenzyme Q10 on serum free thiols and to study associations with the risk of cardiovascular mortality in elderly community-dwelling individuals...
May 11, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Le Ma, Yan Chen, Qiang Gong, Zhuo Cheng, Congfu Ran, Kun Liu, Chunmeng Shi
Currently, there is no effective treatment for chronic skin radiation injury, which burdens patients significantly. Previous studies have shown that cold atmospheric plasma has an apparent therapeutic effect on acute and chronic skin injuries in clinical. However, whether CAP is effective for radiation-induced skin injury has not been reported. We created 35Gy X-ray radiation exposure within 3 * 3 cm2 region of the left leg of rats and applied CAP to the wound bed. Wound healing, cell proliferation and apoptosis were examined in vivo or vitro...
May 10, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Roslin J Adamson, N Connor Payne, Sergio G Bartual, Ralph Mazitschek, Alex N Bullock
KEAP1 promotes the ubiquitin-dependent degradation of NRF2 by assembling into a CUL3-dependent ubiquitin ligase complex. Oxidative and electrophilic stress inhibit KEAP1 allowing NRF2 to accumulate for the transactivation of stress response genes. To date there are no structures of the KEAP1-CUL3 interaction nor binding data to show the contributions of different domains to their binding affinity. We determined a crystal structure of the BTB and 3-box domains of human KEAP1 in complex with the CUL3 N-terminal domain that showed a heterotetrameric assembly with 2:2 stoichiometry...
May 6, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Dong-Yue Ma, Jin-Xia Liu, Lu-di Wang, Xin-Yu Zhi, Li Luo, Jiang-Yue Zhao, Yu Qin
Oxidative stress-induced lens epithelial cells (LECs) death plays a pivotal role in age-related cataract (ARC) with severe visual impairment, in which ferroptosis is gradually receiving numerous attention resulting from lipid peroxide accumulation and reactive oxygen species (ROS) overproduction. However, the essential pathogenic factors and the targeted medical strategies still remain skeptical and indistinct. In this work, by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) analysis, the major pathological courses in the LECs of ARC patients have been identified as ferroptosis, which was manifested with remarkable mitochondrial alterations, and similar results were found in aged mice (24-month-old)...
May 6, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Feng Wang, Kai Guo, Liping Nan, Shuguang Wang, Jiawei Lu, Qiang Wang, Zhaoyu Ba, Yufeng Huang, Desheng Wu
Intervertebral disc (IVD) degeneration (IDD) and the consequent low back pain present a major medical challenge. Stem cell-based tissue engineering is promising for the treatment of IDD. However, stem cell-based treatment is severely impaired by the increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in degenerative disc, which can lead to a high level of cell dysfunction and even death. In this study, a kartogenin (KGN)@PLGA-GelMA/PRP composite hydrogel was designed and used as a carrier of ADSCs-based therapies in disc repair...
May 4, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Hyomin Park, Eun Ju Lee, Dodam Moon, Hyunji Yun, Areum Cha, Injoo Hwang, Hyo-Soo Kim
The important pathway toward liver fibrosis is the TGF-β1-induced activation of hepatic stellate cells (HSCs). To discover chemicals to inhibit liver fibrosis, we screened 3000 chemicals using cell array system where human HSCs line LX2 cells are activated with TGF-β1. We discovered 3,7-dimethoxyflavone (3,7-DMF) as a chemical to inhibit TGF-β1-induced activation of HSCs. In the thioacetamide (TAA)-induced mouse liver fibrosis model, 3,7-DMF treatment via intraperitoneal or oral administration prevented liver fibrosis as well as reversed the established fibrosis in the separate experiments...
May 3, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Chengcheng Liu, Xinhao Wu, Xin Bing, Wenwen Qi, Fangyuan Zhu, Na Guo, Chengzhilin Li, Xiaochen Gao, Xue Cao, Miaoqing Zhao, Ming Xia
Influenza A virus can induce nasal inflammation by stimulating the death of nasal mucosa epithelium, however, the mechanism is not clear. In this study, to study the causes and mechanisms of nasal mucosa epithelial cell death caused by Influenza A virus H1N1, we isolated and cultured human nasal epithelial progenitor cells (hNEPCs) and exposed them to H1N1 virus after leading differentiation. Then we performed high-resolution untargeted metabolomics and RNAseq analysis of human nasal epithelial cells (hNECs) infected with H1N1 virus...
May 3, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Ming Li, Meng-Meng Gu, Yue Lang, Jianming Shi, Benjamin P C Chen, Hua Guan, Lan Yu, Ping-Kun Zhou, Zeng-Fu Shang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 3, 2023: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
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