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Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739636/barriers-to-staff-involvement-in-end-of-life-decision-making-for-long-term-care-residents-with-dementia
#1
Nisha Sutherland, Elaine Wiersma, Paula Vangel
ABSTRACTAlthough providing direct care to residents with dementia, long-term care (LTC) home staff of registered nurses', registered practical nurses', and personal support workers' involvement in end-of-life decision-making is rarely acknowledged. The purpose of this study was to examine barriers and facilitators to LTC home staff involvement in end-of-life decision-making for people with advanced dementia. We report on the barriers to staff involvement in decision-making. Using an interpretive descriptive design, four major barriers to staff involvement in decision-making were identified: (a) the predominance of a biomedical model of care; (b) a varied understanding of a palliative approach; (c) challenging relationships with families; and (d) a discomfort with discussing death...
February 11, 2019: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739615/retirement-expectations-of-older-workers-with-arthritis-and-diabetes-compared-with-those-of-workers-with-no-chronic-diseases
#2
Monique A M Gignac, Peter M Smith, Selahadin Ibrahim, Vicki Kristman, Dorcas E Beaton, Cameron A Mustard
ABSTRACTWe know little about the retirement plans of adults with chronic diseases. This research recruited Canadian workers 50-67 years of age from a national panel of 80,000 individuals (arthritis, n = 631; diabetes, n = 286; both arthritis and diabetes, n = 111; no chronic disabling conditions, n = 538). A cross-sectional survey asked participants about their expected age of retirement, future work plans, whether they were retiring sooner than planned, and bridged retirement. Chi-square analyses, analyses of variance, and regression analyses examined expectations and factors associated with them...
February 11, 2019: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30675830/an-analysis-of-documents-guiding-palliative-care-in-five-canadian-provinces
#3
Carolyn Hill, Wendy Duggleby, Lorraine Venturato, Pamela Durepos, Pereya Kulasegaram, Paulette Hunter, Lynn McCleary, Tamara Sussman, Genevieve Thompson, Doug Surtees, Abigail Wickson-Griffiths, Sharon Kaasalainen
ABSTRACTThe purpose of this study was to analyse the consistency and extent of palliative content across high-level guiding documents related to the care of persons residing in Canadian long-term care homes. A systematic search was conducted examining documents at the national level and across five provinces (Alberta, Ontario, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, and Quebec). Twenty-five documents were selected based on inclusion criteria from 273 documents identified in the systematic search. The majority of these documents were created nationally (48%) or in Ontario (28%)...
January 24, 2019: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632479/-that-just-breaks-my-heart-moral-concerns-of-direct-care-workers-providing-palliative-care-in-ltc-homes
#4
Elaine Wiersma, Jill Marcella, Jessica McAnulty, Mary Lou Kelley
ABSTRACTThe literature on ethics in health care that explores the moral concerns of care providers typically focuses on registered health professionals and ethical dilemmas in acute and primary care. Far less attention has been paid to the long-term care (LTC) environment and non-registered, direct care workers. To address this gap, this research examined the moral concerns of personal support workers (PSWs) who provide direct care to residents. Data were collected during a 5-year participatory action research project to formalize palliative care programs in LTC homes...
January 11, 2019: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30632473/development-and-concurrent-validity-of-a-composite-social-isolation-index-for-older-adults-using-the-clsa
#5
Andrew Wister, Theodore Cosco, Barbara Mitchell, Verena Menec, Ian Fyffe
ABSTRACTSocial isolation, given its established association with mortality, and risk of poor physical and/or mental health over the life course, has attracted the attention of researchers. However, such measures have been highly variable and often lack conceptual clarity. This study, which drew on a conceptual framework for classifying social isolation measures, provides a rationale for the development and validation of a composite Social Isolation Index (SII) using the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA), together abbreviated as CLSA-SII...
January 11, 2019: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30626461/ontario-s-retirement-homes-and-long-term-care-homes-a-comparison-of-care-services-and-funding-regimes
#6
Blair Roblin, Raisa Deber, Kerry Kuluski, Michelle Pannor Silver
ABSTRACTGrowing demand for beds in government-subsidized long-term care (LTC) homes in Ontario is causing long waitlists, which must be absorbed by other residential alternatives, including unsubsidized retirement homes. This study compares Ontario's LTC homes and retirement homes for care services provided, funding regimes, and implications of differential funding for seniors. Descriptive data for both types of homes were collected from public and proprietary sources regarding service offerings, availability, costs, and funding...
January 10, 2019: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30626453/health-care-provider-experiences-of-and-perspectives-on-medical-assistance-in-dying-a-scoping-review-of-qualitative-studies
#7
Laura Brooks
ABSTRACTMuch of the literature on health care provider perspectives on medical assistance in dying (MAiD) is focused on the role of the physician, with some literature examining the views of nurses. Some Canadian provinces however, have implemented multidisciplinary approaches to MAiD. As a result, an improved understanding of the experiences of a variety of health care providers in the MAiD process will be important to consider as provincial MAiD plans continue to develop. This scoping review aimed to summarize the existing qualitative literature focused on provider experiences in the MAiD process...
January 10, 2019: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30587251/pilot-study-of-a-transitional-intervention-for-family-caregivers-of-older-adults
#8
Jane McCusker, Sylvie D Lambert, Mark J Yaffe, Martin G Cole, Marcela Hidalgo, Ella Amir, Manon de Raad, Eric Belzile
ABSTRACTObjective: To conduct a formative evaluation of a transitional intervention for family caregivers, with assessment of feasibility, acceptability, appropriateness, and potential benefits. METHODS: The intervention aimed to provide emotional support, information on community resources, and information and support for development of coping skills for the caregivers of patients aged 65 and older who were to be discharged home from an acute medical hospital admission. We used a one-group, pre- and three-month post-test study design...
December 27, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30587250/factors-for-self-managing-care-following-older-adults-discharge-from-the-emergency-department-a-qualitative-study
#9
Sharon Marr, Loretta M Hillier, Diane Simpson, Sigrid Vinson, Sarah Goodwill, David Jewell, Afeez Abiola Hazzan
ABSTRACTThis study identified factors affecting seniors' ability to self-manage their health following an Emergency Department (ED) visit. Surveys (n = 380) completed by older adults and their caregivers in the ED assessed their understanding of information provided. Interviews (n = 51) completed with a participant subsample up to four weeks post-ED visit examined self-management factors. Perceived understanding of the information ("Yes, definitely") received in the ED was greater at the time of the visit (91%) than at follow-up (71%)...
December 27, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30526725/are-changes-needed-for-therapeutic-recreation-undergraduate-curricula-perceived-competencies-of-therapeutic-recreationists-and-recreation-staff-working-with-seniors-in-long-term-care-homes
#10
Kristin Prentice, Lynn McCleary, Miya Narushima
ABSTRACTThe purpose of the study was to identify self-perceived gaps in gerontological competencies among recreation staff in long-term care homes in Ontario. Two sets of gerontological competencies, in an online survey, were distributed to recreation staff working in 500 long-term care homes. There were 487 recreation staff members who completed the questionnaire. The questionnaire contained questions regarding staff's current competencies and competencies that they recalled learning prior to entering the workforce...
December 11, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30522547/older-men-s-definitions-of-frailty-the-manitoba-follow-up-study
#11
Philip D St John, Susan S McClement, Audrey U Swift, Robert B Tate
ABSTRACTBackground: There is little empirical research into lay definitions of frailty. OBJECTIVES: (1) To explore the definitions of frailty among older men, and (2) to explore if these definitions match commonly used clinical definitions of frailty. METHODS: Analysis of open-ended questions to survey data from a prospective cohort study of older airmen. The definitions of frailty were elicited, and grouped according to themes. RESULTS: 147 men responded (mean age: 93)...
December 7, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30522534/considering-age-related-hearing-loss-in-neuropsychological-practice-findings-from-a-feasibility-study
#12
Kate Dupuis, Iris Yusupov, Susan Vandermorris, Kelly L Murphy, Dmytro Rewilak, Kathryn A Stokes, Marilyn Reed
ABSTRACTHearing loss is highly prevalent in older adults and can pose challenges for neuropsychologists, as assessment and intervention procedures often involve orally presented information which must be accurately heard. This project examined the hearing status of 20 clients (mean age = 71 years) in a hospital-based outpatient neuropsychology clinic, and explored whether information about hearing loss informed neuropsychologists' clinical practice. A research assistant administered a brief hearing screening test to each participant...
December 7, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30463636/caregiver-out-of-pocket-costs-for-octogenarian-intensive-care-unit-patients-in-canada
#13
Randy D Boyes, Iwona A Bielska, Raymond Fong, Ana P Johnson
ABSTRACTMedical issues facing the aging population are of growing concern with consequences for patients and their caregivers. This study determined the indirect and out-of-pocket costs incurred by the caregivers of elderly patients in Canadian Intensive Care Units (ICUs). Primary family caregivers were surveyed capturing out-of-pocket costs, hours of work, and hours of leisure forgone in providing patient care while the patient was in the ICU. Total costs of care per month were reported across caregiver sex, age, and geographic region...
November 22, 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30378533/exploring-rural-family-physicians-challenges-in-providing-dementia-care-a-qualitative-study
#14
Adina Constantinescu, Hui Li, Jennifer Yu, Cassandra Hoggard, Jayna Holroyd-Leduc
ABSTRACTCurrently, 564,000 Canadians are living with dementia. This number will continue to rise as the population ages. Family physicians play an integral role in the diagnosis and management of dementia patients. Although studies have looked at family physician perspectives on dementia care in the urban setting, much less is known about challenges in rural areas. This study aimed to explore rural family physicians' experiences in caring for patients with dementia in rural Alberta, Canada. We conducted three semi-structured focus groups with 16 family physicians to evaluate barriers and facilitators to providing care to persons with dementia in three rural communities...
December 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30378532/muscled-by-the-system-informal-caregivers-experiences-of-transitioning-an-older-adult-into-long-term-care
#15
Christy Konietzny, Sharon Kaasalainen, Vanina Dal-Bello Haas, Cristina Merla, Alyssa Te, Emily Di Sante, Luke Kalfleish, Thomas Hadjistavropoulos
ABSTRACTThis study explored informal caregivers' experiences of transitioning an older adult into long-term care (LTC). Qualitative description guided our analysis of semi-structured interviews with 13 informal caregivers of older adults from three LTC homes in southern Ontario. Our findings illustrate that caregivers experience chronic worry and burden before deciding on, or requiring to apply for, LTC. A sense of lack of control was a prominent theme, especially when caregivers were applying for LTC beds...
December 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30198450/examining-the-attitudes-and-knowledge-of-social-work-and-nursing-students-on-later-life-sexuality
#16
Ateret Gewirtz-Meydan, Ahuva Even-Zohar, Shoshi Werner
ABSTRACTWe examined ageist beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge towards sexuality in later life among 148 nursing students and 137 social work students in their first year of studies. The students completed the Fraboni Scale of Ageism, the Attitudes and Knowledge towards Older Adults' Sexuality Scale, and questionnaires regarding contact with older adults, prior sexual education, and socio-demographics. The results indicated that nursing students have more conservative attitudes towards older adults' sexuality...
December 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30187839/senior-centres-in-canada-and-the-united-states-a-scoping-review
#17
Laura Kadowaki, Atiya Mahmood
ABSTRACTSenior centres have been identified as a "focal point" for delivering services to the rapidly growing older adult populations in Canada and the United States. Despite this important role, academic research studying senior centres has been limited. This scoping review identified English-language empirical research studies focusing on senior centres that were published in an academic journal in 2000 or later. A total of 58 studies were identified (n = 51 American and n = 7 Canadian). The majority of the articles focused on themes related to the participation of individuals at senior centres; a smaller number focused on themes related to the senior centre environment...
December 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30182862/adaptation-transculturelle-en-fran%C3%A3-ais-du-edinburgh-feeding-evaluation-in-dementia-edfed-scale-un-questionnaire-pour-%C3%A3-valuer-les-difficult%C3%A3-s-%C3%A3-s-alimenter-de-personnes-%C3%A3-g%C3%A3-es-pr%C3%A3-sentant-des-troubles-cognitifs-en-centre-d-h%C3%A3-bergement
#18
Claudia Côté, Cynthia Gagnon, Hélène Payette
ABSTRACTThe Edinburgh Feeding Evaluation in Dementia (EdFED) Scale was designed to identify feeding difficulties for people with moderate to severe dementia. Its Canadian-French cross-cultural adaptation was carried out, as part of an experimental study, whose secondary objective was to document its construct validity. A back-translation method was followed. The EdFED-f was used during a meal with 26 elderly residents who had cognitive disorders. There was a significant correlation between EdFED-f scores and energy intakes calculated using a visual estimation of plate wash method (r=-0,50, p=0,009)...
December 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30176954/no-place-like-home-a-systematic-review-of-home-care-for-older-adults-in-canada
#19
Shanthi Johnson, Juanita Bacsu, Hasanthi Abeykoon, Tom McIntosh, Bonnie Jeffery, Nuelle Novik
ABSTRACTGiven Canada's aging population, the demand for home care is expected to increase significantly. To date, little is known about home care for older adults in Canada such as characteristics of home care recipients, gaps in services, or interventions designed to support home care client needs. Consequently, we conducted a systematic review of seven electronic databases for the years 2000-2016 to examine the current knowledge of home care services for Canada's older adults. This synthesis examined four main themes in the literature: older adult client-level predictors; unmet care needs; interventions; and issues and challenges in home care...
December 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30176953/fall-prevention-mobile-clinic-a-novel-fall-prevention-program-for-community-dwelling-older-adults
#20
Sonia Singh, Ashley Kwon, David G T Whitehurst, Kathleen Friesen, Vicky Scott, Samar Hejazi, Fabio Feldman
ABSTRACTCauses of falls in older adults are common, multifactorial, and can lead to significant injury. This before-and-after study evaluated the benefits of a Fall Prevention Mobile Clinic (FPMC) in reducing the risk of falling in older adults in British Columbia, Canada. Four hundred seventy-six participants (average age of 83.6 years) enrolled in the study and were followed for 12 months after attending the FPMC. At 12-month follow-up, the mean percentage uptake of fall prevention recommendations was 48...
December 2018: Canadian Journal on Aging, la Revue Canadienne du Vieillissement
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