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Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health

Jong Eun Park, Jong-Hyock Park, Sun Ju Chang, Ju Hee Lee, So Young Kim
This study investigated whether sociodemographic, health behavioral, biomedical, and health status factors are associated with the awareness and treatment status of hypertension. Data were analyzed from 13 180 adults with hypertension in a nationally representative sample collected from 2007 to 2015 through the Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Among hypertensive Korean adults, only 65.2% were aware of their condition and being treated with antihypertensive medications. Younger age was identified as an important barrier to diagnosis and treatment of hypertension...
January 24, 2019: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Lana Meiqari, Dirk Essink, Pamela Wright, Fedde Scheele
Studies on the prevalence of hypertension in Vietnam have reported various estimates. There is no up-to-date assessment of the evidence on the magnitude of hypertension in Vietnam. Search engines for scientific and gray literature were used to identify relevant records for eligibility screening and quality assessment. Data from selected articles were extracted using standardized spreadsheets. Statistical analysis included estimating pooled prevalence and odds ratio, heterogeneity evaluation, meta-regression, and subgroup analysis, in addition to sensitivity analysis and publication bias evaluation...
January 24, 2019: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Sameera Jayan Senanayake, Shanthi Gunawardena, Sashimali Wickramasinghe, Champika Wickramasinghe, Nalika Sepali Gunawardena, Ayesha Lokubalasooriya, Renuka Peiris, Naveen Agarval, Manju Rani
Interpersonal violence among adolescents is an issue of global public health concern, leading to adverse physical and psychological outcomes among children and young people under the age of 18 years. This article discusses the prevalence of interpersonal violence and identifies their associated factors among school-going adolescents of ages 13 to 17 years using the data from the Sri Lankan Global School-Based Health Survey conducted in 2016. Of the 3262 students who participated, 35.1% (95% confidence interval = 31...
January 24, 2019: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Wah Yun Low
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Annop Kittithaworn, Royal Dy, Panadda Hatthachote, Ram Rangsin, Mathirut Mungthin, Ploypun Narindrarangkura, Phunlerd Piyaraj
The present study aimed to evaluate the incidence of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and associated risk factors among adults in a rural community of Thailand. A prospective cohort study was conducted in a rural community of Thailand. Among 1358 nondiabetics ≥18 years, fasting plasma glucose (FPG) was measured at baseline in 2008 to 2010 and at follow-up evaluation in 2015. After follow-up of 5213 person-years, 122 new cases of T2DM were ascertained corresponding to cumulative incidence of 23.40 per 1000 person-years...
January 7, 2019: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Andrew Adiguna Halim, Arindam Basu, Ray Kirk
The use of universal body mass index (BMI) cutoffs do not take into account variation in the association between BMI and health risk across diverse ethnic groups. We used the New Zealand Health Survey data collected between 2002/2003 and 2014/2015 to calculate the predictive marginal means of hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after adjusting for demographic variables and health-related behaviors. Compared with European group, we found that Pacific had a lower prevalence of hypertension at a BMI of ≥35 kg/m2 , and Māori had a higher prevalence of hypertension, T2DM, and cardiovascular diseases at higher BMI intervals...
January 7, 2019: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Rebecca Seah, Brian Draper, Rebecca Mitchell
OBJECTIVE: Assault is a global public health issue that affects individuals of all ages. This study describes the epidemiological profile of assault-related hospitalization and health outcomes across different age groups in New South Wales, Australia. METHODS: Population-based linked hospitalization and mortality data from January 1, 2010, to June 30, 2014, were used to identify assault-related hospitalizations. Age-standardized rates were calculated and health outcomes were examined by age group...
December 31, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Su May Liew, Ee Ming Khoo, Bee Kiau Ho, Yew Kong Lee, Omar Mimi, Mohd Yusof Fazlina, Razali Asmah, Vickneswari Ayadurai, Muhamad Ismail, Abdul Kadir Naim, Karuthan Chinna, F Dony Jiloris
This study aims to determine tuberculosis incidence, all-cause mortality, and its associated factors among health care workers (HCWs) registered in 2012 to 2014 with the Malaysian National Tuberculosis (MyTB) Surveillance Registry. Regression analysis was used to determine factors associated with all-cause mortality. Incidence rates ranged from 135.18 to 156.50/100 000 and were higher for HCWs compared with the general population (risk ratio = 1.70-1.96). The mean age at notification was 34.6 ± 10.55 years; 68...
December 13, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Sue-Hsien Chen, Shu-Ching Chen, Yo-Ping Lai, Pin-Hsuan Chen, Tzu-Yun Huang, Ching-Ching Lin, Kun-Yun Yeh
Differences in sociodemographic variables, health beliefs, and a healthy lifestyle all contribute to the varied prevalence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). We investigated the associations among MetS-related risk factors and performed a cross-sectional study, recruiting 1741 Taiwanese residents aged ≥30 years, between August 2014 and August 2015. Data were obtained on sociodemographic factors, health beliefs, and health-promoting lifestyle profiles using questionnaires. Multivariate analysis revealed that age ≥65 years (odds ratio [OR] = 2...
December 7, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Priyanka Vyas, Dohyeong Kim, Alayne Adams
In Bangladesh, policy discourse has mostly focused on regional inequities in health, including child immunization coverage. Knowledge of local geographical and contextual factors within regions, however, becomes pertinent in efforts to address these inequities. We used the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey 2011 to examine factors that influence intraregional differences in vaccination coverage using a multilevel analysis. We found that in spite of the provision of health facilities at each level of administrative governance, only distance to the Upazilla Health Complex was a consistent predictor for each dose of vaccine, highlighting the remote locations of the communities that remain underserved...
November 30, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Chadayu Udom, Rotsalai Kanlayanaphotporn, Prawit Janwantanakul
High prevalence of low back pain (LBP) has been reported among farmers. A number of contributing factors have been associated with LBP. However, predictors for LBP in this population are unknown. This longitudinally designed study aimed to identify the predictors of LBP in a sample of rubber farmers whose work involves heavy manual labor. Three hundred and twenty-seven rubber farmers, aged 18 to 70 years who reported no LBP in the previous year, were face-to-face interviewed and examined physically. The incidence of LBP was assessed monthly...
November 28, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Si Mui Sim, Pauline Siew Mei Lai, Kit Mun Tan, Hong Gee Lee, Che Zuraini Sulaiman
The aim of our study was to develop and validate the return and disposal of unused medications (ReDiUM), as there are currently no validated tools available (worldwide) to assess this. The ReDiUM was developed by an expert panel. It was then administered to community-dwelling adults, who could understand English, at baseline and 2 weeks later. A total of 338/354 participants agreed to participate (response rate = 95.4%). Flesch reading ease was 60. The overall Cronbach's α was 0.703 (range = 0.609-0.762). At test-retest, κ values ranged from 0...
November 28, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Eiko Goto, Hirono Ishikawa, Kazuhiro Nakayama, Takahiro Kiuchi
The present study aimed to explore how different health-related domains of health literacy, as measured by the European Health Literacy Survey Questionnaire, were associated with health-related behaviors among a general population in Japan. We conducted a cross-sectional observational study of 1002 Japanese residents. Our questionnaire addressed socioeconomic status, health status, health-related behaviors, and health literacy. Among the 3 health-related domains of health literacy (health care, disease prevention, and health promotion), a multivariate model revealed that the disease prevention domain was associated with exercise behavior and alcohol consumption...
November 23, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Quang N Bui, Trung X Hoang, Nga T V Le, Tung S Tran
This study investigates the impact of women's employment in the manufacturing sector and in the services sector on the well-being of children aged 0 to 5 years in Vietnam. Our findings show that women's employment decreases the quantity of time that mothers spend with their children. At the same time, women's employment increases their income. The magnitude of the impact of women's employment in the services sector on child nutrition is greater than that of women's employment in manufacturing. This may be because of the higher income of mothers working in the service sector when compared to those working in manufacturing...
November 23, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Colin Binns, Mi Kyung Lee, Masaharu Kagawa, Wah Yun Low, Jane Scott, Andy Lee, Alfred Zerfas, Bruce Maycock, Liqian Qiu, Aza Yusuff, Raheema Abdul Raheem, Syarhul Hamid, Tomiko Hokama, Noran Naqiah Hairi, Jessica Li-Yin Lin, Awang Bulgiba, Ee Ming Khoo, Prakash Shakya, Maznah Dahlui, Indika Karunathilake
Good nutrition for infants, during the first 1000 days from conception, is one of the most important determinants of a healthy long life. Breastfeeding is the most important component of infant nutrition and reduces morbidity and mortality. With the changes to the climate currently occurring, issues of nutrition and food supply are only going to increase in importance. The Sustainable Development Goals of the United Nations, place nutrition at the forefront of world development and a sustainable planet. The vision of Asia-Pacific Academic Consortium for Public Health (APACPH) is to "achieve the highest possible level of health of all the people of the nations of the Asia-Pacific region...
November 23, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Yunmi Kim, Hyun-Young Kim
This study aimed to examine the association of depression with metabolic syndrome and to investigate levels of awareness and treatment of depression in Korean adults. We analyzed data extracted from the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2014 and 2016) using the Patient Health Questionnaire-9 depression screening instrument. Among the survey participants, 10 459 were selected for data analysis. Of them, 7.2% had depression, 24.4% had metabolic syndrome, and 10.0% had both depression and metabolic syndrome...
November 23, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Wah Yun Low, Colin Binns
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 19, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
Philip R A Baker, Kaeleen Dingle, Michael P Dunne
The Asia-Pacific region has rapidly changing health needs. This reshaping of health priorities is directly affecting current and future public health education. This brief review focuses on foundational public health skills including epidemiology, biostatistics, and health informatics. Epidemiological skills, in particular, are essential for policymakers and practitioners to identify the emergence of problems and to inform priority setting of public health efforts. Training needs to move beyond didactic, passive learning methods in class settings to approaches that engage and challenge students and academics in active, flexible learning and realistic problem-solving...
November 16, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 16, 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health
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