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American Journal of Preventive Medicine

Yuri T Jadotte, Heather B Leisy, Kimberly Noel, Dorothy S Lane
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 16, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Helen Ding, Katherine E Kahn, Carla L Black, Alissa O'Halloran, Peng-Jun Lu, Walter W Williams
INTRODUCTION: Pregnant women are at increased risk for severe illness from influenza and influenza-related complications. Vaccinating pregnant women is the primary strategy to protect them and their infants from influenza. This study aims to assess influenza vaccination coverage during three influenza seasons (2012-2015) from a national probability-based sampling survey and evaluate potential factors that influence vaccination uptake among pregnant women. METHODS: Data from the 2012 through 2015 National Health Interview Surveys were analyzed in 2017...
February 15, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Beth C Bock, Shira I Dunsiger, Joseph T Ciccolo, Eva R Serber, Wen-Chih Wu, Peter Tilkemeier, Kristen A Walaska, Bess H Marcus
INTRODUCTION: Adults who engage in regular physical activity have lower rates of morbidity and mortality than those who do not. Exercise videogames may offer an attractive, sustainable alternative or supplement to traditional modes of exercise. This study compared exercise videogames with standard exercise modalities for improving uptake and maintenance of moderate to vigorous physical activity, and health risk indices. STUDY DESIGN: A three-arm clinical RCT including 12 weeks of supervised laboratory-based moderate to vigorous physical activity followed by 6 months follow-up...
February 15, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Jonathan Purtle, Katherine L Nelson, Yong Yang, Brent Langellier, Ivana Stankov, Ana V Diez Roux
CONTEXT: Depression among older adults (aged 60 years or older) is a problem that could be exacerbated by global trends in urbanization and population aging. The study purpose was to assess whether urban, relative to rural, residence is associated with depression among older adults and whether associations differ in countries with developed versus developing economies. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: In 2017, the authors identified and extracted information from comparative studies of urban-rural depression prevalence among older adults...
February 15, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Deborah R Young, Margo A Sidell, Corinna Koebnick, Brit I Saksvig, Yasmina Mohan, Deborah A Cohen, Tong Tong Wu
INTRODUCTION: Time spent in sedentary behaviors is a newer risk factor for poor cardiometabolic health. This study examined longitudinal correlates of sedentary time among a cohort of females from about age 17 to age 23 years. METHODS: The cohort included females originally participating in the Trial of Activity for Adolescent Girls Maryland site who had assessments in 2009 and 2015 (n=431). Percentage daily time in sedentary behaviors was determined from accelerometers...
February 15, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Ana M Rodriguez, Thuy Quynh N Do, Michael Goodman, Kathleen M Schmeler, Sapna Kaul, Yong-Fang Kuo
CONTEXT: Despite current recommendations, human papillomavirus vaccine uptake remains low. A systematic review and meta-analysis assessed the effectiveness of interventions targeting human papillomavirus vaccine initiation and completion among children, adolescents, and young adults aged 9-26 years. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: Three electronic databases (CINAHL, OVID, and Web of Science) were searched for articles published in English peer-reviewed journals between January 2006 and January 2017 of U...
February 15, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Michael M McKee, Michelle A Meade, Philip Zazove, Haylie J Stewart, Mary L Jannausch, Mark A Ilgen
INTRODUCTION: Hearing loss is common and associated with poorer health and impeded communication. Little is known about the association between hearing loss and substance use disorders in the general population. The objective of this study was to assess substance use disorder prevalence among individuals with hearing loss, versus those without hearing loss, in a nationally representative sample of adults. METHODS: Two years (2015 and 2016) of National Survey on Drug Use and Health (unweighted N=86,186) were combined to compare substance use disorders among adults with and without self-reported hearing loss...
February 14, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Girija Syamlal, Brian A King, Jacek M Mazurek
INTRODUCTION: Workplace tobacco control interventions reduce smoking and secondhand smoke exposure among U.S. workers. Data on smoke-free workplace policy coverage and cessation programs by industry and occupation are limited. This study assessed smoke-free workplace policies and employer-offered cessation programs among U.S. workers, by industry and occupation. METHODS: Data from the 2014-2015 Tobacco Use Supplement to the Current Population Survey, a random sample of the civilian, non-institutionalized population, were analyzed in 2018...
February 14, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Christopher W Wheldon, Melinda Krakow, Erika L Thompson, Richard P Moser
INTRODUCTION: The President's Cancer Panel released a report in 2014 calling for communication strategies to promote the human papillomavirus vaccine among males and females. The purpose of this study was to (1) estimate changes in human papillomavirus awareness and knowledge of human papillomavirus-related cancers from 2014 to 2017 using a nationally representative survey of adults in the U.S. and (2) identify differences in population subgroups that showed significant changes in human papillomavirus awareness and knowledge of human papillomavirus-related cancers...
February 14, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Joshua R Vest, Nir Menachemi, Shaun J Grannis, Jennifer L Ferrell, Suranga N Kasthurirathne, Ying Zhang, Yan Tong, Paul K Halverson
INTRODUCTION: Social determinants of health are critical drivers of health status and cost, but are infrequently screened or addressed in primary care settings. Systematic approaches to identifying individuals with unmet social determinants needs could better support practice workflows and linkages of patients to services. A pilot study examined the effect of a risk-stratification tool on referrals to services that address social determinants in an urban safety-net population. METHODS: An intervention that risk stratified patients according to the need for wraparound was evaluated in a stepped wedge design (i...
February 14, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Kenneth J Smith, Glenson France, Mary Patricia Nowalk, Jonathan M Raviotta, Jay DePasse, Angela Wateska, Eunha Shim, Richard K Zimmerman
INTRODUCTION: Tradeoffs exist between efforts to increase influenza vaccine uptake, including early season vaccination, and potential decreased vaccine effectiveness if protection wanes during influenza season. U.S. older adults increasingly receive vaccination before October. Influenza illness peaks vary from December to April. METHODS: A Markov model compared influenza likelihood in older adults with (1) status quo vaccination (August-May) to maximize vaccine uptake or (2) vaccination compressed to October-May (to decrease waning vaccine effectiveness impact)...
February 14, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Taeho Greg Rhee, Richard A Marottoli, Peter H Van Ness, Becca R Levy
INTRODUCTION: Older minority individuals are less likely to receive adequate health care than their white counterparts. This study investigates whether perceived racism is associated with delayed/forgone care among minority older adults, and whether poor doctor communication mediates this relationship. METHODS: Study cohort consisted of minority participants, aged ≥65 years, in the 2015 California Health Interview Survey (N=1,756). Authors obtained data in November 2017, and statistical analyses were performed from February to April 2018...
February 14, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Yui Yamaoka, David E Bard
INTRODUCTION: A negative relationship between adverse childhood experiences and both physical and mental health in adulthood is well established, as is the positive impact of parenting on child development and future health. However, few studies have investigated unique influences of adverse childhood experiences and positive parenting together within a large, diverse early childhood sample. METHODS: The study used data on all children aged 0-5 years (n=29,997) from the National Survey of Children's Health 2011/2012 to examine effects of positive parenting practices and adverse childhood experiences on early childhood social-emotional skills and general development...
February 14, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Marcella A Raney, Colette F Hendry, Samantha A Yee
INTRODUCTION: Nature exposure is associated with many wellbeing benefits. However, the influence of green space on the physical activity and social behaviors of children is not completely understood. The purpose of the study was to complete a stepwise impact evaluation of a large-scale playground greening project at a Title 1 elementary school in Los Angeles, California. METHODS: Physical activity and social interaction data were collected with direct observation and accelerometers pre-, immediately post-, and 4 months post-greening at control (students enrolled=393) and experimental (students enrolled=538) locations from 2016 to 2017...
February 13, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Cora Peterson, Likang Xu, Ruth W Leemis, Deborah M Stone
INTRODUCTION: This study describes characteristics of nonfatal self-inflicted injuries and incidence of repeat self-inflicted injuries among a large convenience sample of youth (aged 10-24 years) with Medicaid or commercial insurance. METHODS: In 2018, Truven Health MarketScan medical claims data were used to identify youth with a self-inflicted injury in 2013 (or index self-inflicted injury) diagnosed in any inpatient or outpatient setting. Patients with 2 years of healthcare claims data (1 year before/after index self-inflicted injury) were assessed...
January 15, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Dongyu Zhang, Chengchen Zhang, Xuezheng Sun, Yuan Zhao, Qi Tan, Junmin Zhou, Hongtai Huang
INTRODUCTION: In the U.S., limited epidemiologic studies have investigated associations between BMI and physical inactivity and Pap test use among Asian women. The aim was to disentangle associations using data from the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System between 2014 and 2016. METHODS: In the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, BMI was categorized into four levels (<18.5, 18.5 to <25, 25 to <30, and ≥30) and inactivity was defined as having no physical activity in addition to the individual's regular job during the past month...
January 15, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Russell R Pate, Marsha Dowda, Rod K Dishman, Natalie Colabianchi, Ruth P Saunders, Kerry L McIver
INTRODUCTION: Interventions to promote physical activity in children should be informed by knowledge of the factors that influence physical activity behavior during critical developmental transitions. The purpose of this study is to identify, from a comprehensive, multidomain set of factors, those that are associated with change in objectively measured physical activity in children as they transition from elementary to middle school. METHODS: The study used a prospective cohort design, with children observed in fifth, sixth, and seventh grades...
January 15, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Austin M Williams, Kristen Kreisel, Harrell W Chesson
INTRODUCTION: The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention allocates funds annually to jurisdictions nationwide for sexually transmitted infection prevention activities. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of federal sexually transmitted infection prevention funding for reducing rates of reported sexually transmitted infections. METHODS: In 2017-2018, finite distributed lag regression models were estimated to assess the impact of sexually transmitted infection prevention funding (in 2016 dollars per capita) on reported chlamydia rates from 2000 to 2016 and reported gonorrhea rates from 1981 to 2016...
January 15, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Jennifer J Frost, Laura D Lindberg
INTRODUCTION: In order to understand adolescent girls' and young women's use of contraceptive services, this paper examines trends in receipt of contraceptive services, focusing on provider type and payment source. METHODS: The analysis uses nationally representative data from females aged 15-25 years in the 2002, 2006-2010, and 2011-2015 National Surveys of Family Growth. In 2018, summary measures for receipt of any contraceptive service, the type of provider visited and payment used were created and compared across survey years and age groups (15-17 and 18-25 years)...
January 14, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Minji Hwang, Hyun-Soo Zhang, Boyoung Park
INTRODUCTION: Family history of cancer and modifiable risk factors are each associated with cancer development, but no studies have assessed their association with each other by sex. This study aimed to examine modifiable risk factors in individuals with a family history of cancer compared with those without a family history of cancer, according to sex. METHODS: This study recruited 166,810 participants aged 40-79 years from Korea's Health Examinee Study cohort between 2004 and 2014...
January 12, 2019: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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