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Journals American Journal of Preventive...

American Journal of Preventive Medicine

https://read.qxmd.com/read/39002890/health-care-expenditures-and-use-associated-with-hypertension-among-u-s-adults
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yu Wang, Jun Soo Lee, Lisa M Pollack, Ashutosh Kumar, Sally Honeycutt, Feijun Luo
INTRODUCTION: This study seeks to estimate health care expenditures and use associated with hypertension, focusing on differences among racial and ethnic groups. METHODS: Data were from the 2019 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, analyzed in 2023. The study sample included noninstitutionalized U.S. adults aged ≥18 years. Outcome variables were health care expenditures and events. Hypertension was determined by a self-reported diagnosis or diagnoses codes. Race and ethnicity were self-reported...
July 11, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39002889/intoxicating-cannabis-products-in-vape-shops-united-states-2023
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matthew E Rossheim, Cassidy R LoParco, Kayla K Tillett, Ryan D Treffers, Melvin D Livingston, Carla J Berg
INTRODUCTION: Since 2020, many types of intoxicating cannabis products (ICPs) have entered the US market. Hemp-derived ICPs including hexahydrocannabinol (HHC) and delta-8 tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) pose concerns regarding their youth-oriented marketing, potency, and health effects. Some states have attempted to ban, restrict, or regulate their sale. However, the effectiveness of these laws and their enforcement is unclear. The current study provides insights into the retail landscape of ICPs sold across the US...
July 11, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39002888/patient-provider-communication-and-access-use-and-financial-burden-of-care
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sungchul Park, David D Kim
INTRODUCTION: Effective patient-provider communication is a critical component of optimal patient care, but its potential impact on the delivery of health care services remains unclear. This study examines the association of patient-provider communication with access to care, health care utilization, and financial burden of care. METHODS: Using the 2013-2021 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey longitudinal data, the level of patient-provider communication was measured across four domains (attentive listening, clear explanation, respectfulness, and time allocation) as a primary independent variable, categorized into low, moderate, and high...
July 11, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39002887/acpm-position-statement-air-pollution-environmental-justice
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Freeman Rj, States Lj, Lewandowski Sa, Singer DE, Patankar S, Niebuhr Dw
The American Lung Association's "State of the Air" 2023 report reveals almost 36% of Americans live with unhealthy levels of air pollution. Studies link air pollution with acute respiratory symptoms and exacerbation of respiratory and cardiovascular diseases. Differential air pollution exposures between white and non-white communities are significant components of environmental injustices. Even during the COVID-19 lockdown, when the United States experienced significant decreases in polluting activities, these differences persisted...
July 11, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/39002886/transactional-sex-hiv-and-bacterial-stis-among-u-s-men-who-have-sex-with-men
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kaitlyn Atkins, John Mark Wiginton, Thomas Carpino, Travis H Sanchez, Sarah M Murray, Stefan D Baral
INTRODUCTION: Men who have sex with men (MSM) and are engaged in transactional sex (MSM-TS) experience complex social and structural vulnerabilities that increase their HIV risk. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of TS and associations between TS and sexually transmitted infection (STI) outcomes among cisgender MSM in the U.S. METHODS: Using 2017-2021 data from an online survey of US MSM, characteristics of MSM-TS were summarized and adjusted prevalence ratios (aPRs) calculated for the associations between past-year TS and bacterial STI diagnosis, HIV status, and either antiretroviral or pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) use...
July 11, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38972517/trends-in-awareness-of-the-causal-link-between-hpv-and-cervical-cancer-in-the-us-2013-to-2022
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eric Adjei Boakye, Mary A Gerend, Mrudula Nair, Heena Y Khan, Dina K Abouelella, Nosayaba Osazuwa-Peters, Joël Fokom Domgue
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38971453/social-determinants-of-health-research-at-nimhd-an-analysis-of-studies-funded-during-2019-2023
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aaron M Ogletree, Antoinette Percy-Laurry, Assen Assenov, Gniesha Y Dinwiddie, Nancy L Jones, Vanessa J Marshall, Essence R Motley, Kester Williams-Parry, Tilda Farhat
INTRODUCTION: Social determinants of health (SDOH) contribute to differences in health outcomes and exacerbate health disparities. This study characterizes the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities' (NIMHD) portfolio of funded grants in SDOH research, identifies gaps, and provides suggestions for future research. METHODS: Using the National Institutes of Health's SDOH Research, Condition, and Disease Categorization, research projects funded from 2019 to 2023 were identified and linked with NIMHD's internal coding system to extract in-depth study characteristics, including sociodemographics of study participants, disease and condition focus, and alignment with strategic priorities...
July 4, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38971452/reasons-for-gun-ownership-among-demographically-diverse-new-and-prior-gun-owners
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julie A Ward, Rebecca Valek, Vanya Jones, Cassandra K Crifasi
INTRODUCTION: Pandemic-era social and political tensions may have accelerated pre-existing trends in gun owner diversification and shifts toward protection from people as a primary reason for gun ownership. Specific ownership motivations may shape storage behaviors, use patterns, policy support, and perceptions of safety. This study's objective was to assess the importance of specific reasons for owning guns, including protection from whom and in what circumstances, among demographic subgroups of new and prior gun owners...
July 4, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38960293/associations-between-perceived-threats-and-firearm-behaviors-among-us-adults
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rebeccah Sokol, Stephen Oliphant, Shaun Bhatia, Elyse J Thulin, Michelle Degli Esposti, Zainab Hans
INTRODUCTION: The number of US adults who own and carry a firearm for self-defense is rising. Research has established that owning or carrying a firearm increases the risk of injury and death for firearm owners and the people in their lives. The present study sought to better understand this paradox by estimating associations of perceived specific and diffuse threats with firearm behaviors among US adults. METHODS: The team used data from the 2023 National Firearm Attitudes and Behaviors Study, a nationally representative cross-sectional survey of US adults...
July 1, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38960292/history-of-incarceration-and-dental-care-use-among-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexander Testa, Dylan B Jackson, Carmen Gutierrez, Chantal Fahmy, Vahed Maroufy, Rafael Samper-Ternent, Ana C Neumann
INTRODUCTION: Dental care is a critical component of healthy aging; however, emerging evidence suggests that having been previously incarcerated is a risk factor for not using dental care services. This study investigates the relationship between prior incarceration and dental care among older adults and assesses whether wealth and dental insurance explain this relationship. METHODS: Data are from the Health and Retirement Study, a nationally representative sample of community-dwelling older adults in the United States, collected in 2012 and 2014...
July 1, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38945180/ending-weight-stigma-to-advance-health-equity
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Rebecca L Pearl, Laurie Friedman Donze, Lisa G Rosas, Tanya Agurs-Collins, Monica L Baskin, Jessica Y Breland, Carmen Byker Shanks, Kristen Cooksey Stowers, Shaneeta Johnson, Bruce Y Lee, Michelle Y Martin, Priscah Mujuru, Angela Odoms-Young, Emily Panza, Nicolaas P Pronk, Kesha Calicutt, Joe Nadglowski, Patricia M Nece, Michele Tedder, Lisa S Chow, Harini Krishnamurti, Melanie Jay, Dan Xi, Ania M Jastreboff, Fatima Cody Stanford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 28, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38945179/the-global-burden-of-gynecological-diseases-from-1990-to-2019
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yukun Cao, Yufeng Guo, Zhiping Long, Yi Wu, Bing Pei, Jingyu Ye, Min Zhang, Heli Yuan, Yanjie Jia, Xiao Liu, Fan Wang, Yashuang Zhao
INTRODUCTION: Gynecological diseases ranked second among new cases of noncommunicable diseases in women of reproductive age in 1990 and 2019 globally. The aim of this study was to estimate the disease burden of gynecological diseases and describe their trends in women of all ages from 1990 to 2019. METHODS: Using data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries and Risk Factors Study (GBD 2019), we examined the incidence, disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and deaths from gynecological diseases by age in 204 countries and territories worldwide from 1990 to 2019...
June 28, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38936681/the-benefits-of-quitting-smoking-at-different-ages
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Thuy T T Le, David Mendez, Kenneth E Warner
INTRODUCTION: Quantifying the impact of smoking on life expectancy and the potential benefits of smoking cessation is crucial for motivating people who smoke to quit. While previous studies have attempted to estimate these effects, they were conducted more than a decade ago and did not include a significant demographic, people over 65 years old who smoke. METHODS: Mortality rates by age and smoking status were calculated using mortality relative risks derived from Cancer Prevention Study II, 2018 National Health Interview Survey smoking prevalence data, 2018 US population census data, and 2018 US mortality rates...
June 25, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38909663/zoster-vaccine-lowers-stroke-and-myocardial-infarction-risk-in-chronic-disease
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matthew F Helm, Peter A Khoury, Melissa Warne, Steven Maczuga, Vernon M Chinchilli, Melissa Butt, Adeolu Morawo, Galen T Foulke
INTRODUCTION: Herpes zoster increases stroke and myocardial infarction (MI) risk. The objective of this study is to evaluate the impact of live attenuated zoster vaccination on stroke and MI risk in patients at-risk for zoster including persons with hypertension, diabetes mellites, obesity, hypercholesterolemia, chronic kidney disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, emphysema, asthma, and chronic liver disease. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study utilizing continuous de-identified claims data from the IBM MarketScan® Commercial Claims and Encounters Database (collected from 2005-2018) containing data for 200 million commercially insured Americans...
June 21, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38909662/digital-divide-among-beneficiaries-and-medicare-diabetes-prevention-program
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Boon Peng Ng, Dr Georgianne Tiu Hawkins, McKayla Massey, Jacqueline B LaManna, Chanhyun Park
INTRODUCTION: Successful delivery of the virtual Medicare Diabetes Prevention Program (MDPP) is influenced by a beneficiary's access to a computer and use of the Internet. METHODS: Using the 2020 nationally representative Medicare Current Beneficiary Survey, a three-level categorical dependent variable was created: (1) has a computer AND uses Internet, (2) has a computer OR uses Internet, and (3) has no access to either (reference group). A survey-weighted multinomial logit model was performed to examine associations between socio-demographics, comorbidities, and computer access and Internet use in 2023...
June 21, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38908724/time-series-analysis-associations-between-temperature-and-primary-care-utilization-in-philadelphia-pennsylvania
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Janet H Fitzpatrick, Adrienne Willard, Janelle R Edwards, Meera N Harhay, Leah H Schinasi, Janet Matthews, Nathalie May
INTRODUCTION: Earth's temperature has risen by an average of 0.11°Fahrenheit per decade since 1850 and experts predict continued global warming. Studies have shown that exposure to extreme temperatures is associated with adverse health outcomes. Missed primary care visits can lead to incomplete preventive health screenings and unmanaged chronic diseases. This study examines the associations between extreme temperature conditions and primary care utilization among adult Philadelphians...
June 20, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38908723/predicting-state-level-firearm-suicide-rates-a-machine-learning-approach-using-public-policy-data
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Evan V Goldstein, Fernando A Wilson
INTRODUCTION: Over 40,000 people die by suicide annually in the U.S., and firearms are the most lethal suicide method. There is limited evidence on the effectiveness of many state-level policies on reducing firearm suicide. The objective of this study was to identify public policies that best predict state-level firearm suicide rates. METHODS: Data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's WONDER system and the State Firearm Law Database, a longitudinal catalog of 134 firearm safety laws, were analyzed...
June 20, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38908722/homelessness-discrimination-and-violent-victimization-in-los-angeles-county
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Howard Padwa, Jessie Chien, Benjamin F Henwood, Sarah J Cousins, Edward Zakher, Randall Kuhn
INTRODUCTION: People experiencing homelessness (PEH) are highly vulnerable to discrimination and violence, which impact physical and mental health. The study examines past-month discrimination and violence against PEH in Los Angeles County (LAC). METHODS: 332 PEH in LAC were surveyed about their past-month experiences with discrimination, physical violence, and sexual violence from April-July 2023. Analyses were conducted in 2023. RESULTS: 31...
June 20, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38908721/sexual-identity-differences-in-chronic-pain-results-from-the-2019-2021-national-health-interview-survey
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nicole A VanKim, Corey E Flanders, Elizabeth R Bertone-Johnson
INTRODUCTION: Chronic pain has been highlighted as an important public health and clinical health issue. The prevalence of chronic pain has been increasing, with notable disparities for many minoritized populations. However, evidence regarding sexual minoritized populations and chronic pain is lacking. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to compare the prevalence of chronic pain among men and women by sexual identity. METHODS: Data from the 2019-2021 National Health Interview Survey (n=78,686), a population-based public health surveillance system were analyzed in 2023-2024...
June 20, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38906428/county-characteristics-and-veteran-suicide-in-the-united-states-2011-2018
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lauren M Denneson, Mary J Bollinger, Rachel Phillips, Jason I Chen, Kathleen F Carlson
INTRODUCTION: Few studies have examined county-level hotspots of veteran suicide and associated place-based contributors, limiting development of targeted community-level prevention strategies. The objectives of this national spatial analysis of all veteran suicides were to identify areas of the United States with higher-than-expected veteran suicide rates and determine county-level social and economic characteristics associated with areas of higher risk. METHODS: Using Bayesian hierarchical modeling, county-level standardized mortality ratios for veteran suicide deaths were estimated for time periods 2011-2018, 2011-2014, and 2015-2018...
June 19, 2024: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
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