Journals Journal of Cranio-maxillo-faci...

Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Jan Gaessler, Dominic Morocutti, Markus Merkl, Bernhard Remschmidt, Wolfgang Zemann, Michael Schwaiger
Open reduction with internal fixation (ORIF) for facial fractures has frequently been associated with the occurrence of surgical site infections (SSIs). Perioperative antibiotic prophylaxis is customarily recommended for ORIF. Thus, the comparison of two different antibiotic regimens (i.e., single-dose and prolonged antibiotic prophylaxis) concerning the rate and severity of SSIs in facial fracture patients undergoing ORIF was the main purpose of this study. This retrospective analysis included patients who underwent ORIF for facial fractures...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Demet Yolcu
Purpose of the current study was to introduce a new detailed aesthetical subunit (ASU) involvement chart to localize the defect configuration on the eyelids, and, to evaluate the aesthetical and functional outcomes of the post-oncological full-thickness eyelid defect reconstruction surgery by using a modified aesthetical rating guideline. Medical records of subjects who were diagnosed with a primary malignant full thickness eyelid tumor involving the eyelid margin and underwent full-thickness eyelid defect reconstruction surgery between April 2016 and May 2022 were retrospectively reviewed...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Ante Mihovilovic, Dinko Martinovic, Jure Martinic, Domagoj Markovic, Marko Tarle, Daniel Jerkovic, Sasa Vuk, Emil Dediol
The vastus lateralis muscle is one of the four muscles that make up the quadriceps femoris muscle, and it is also the largest of them. Some studies have shown that patients experience lower quality of life and muscle weakness after surgical treatment of thigh muscles in order to perform reconstructive surgery of the head and neck. The aim of our study was to assess the quantitative and qualitative function of the lower extremities using an isokinetic dynamometer and a validated questionnaire on subjective difficulties in patients who underwent reconstructive surgery with the vastus lateralis free flap...
September 9, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Roberto Crespi, Paolo Toti, Ugo Covani, Stefano Trasarti, Giovanni Crespi, Giovanni-Battista Menchini-Fabris
The analysis aimed to compare two different single-tooth extraction surgical approaches in anterior maxillary areas of the ankylosed teeth: less traumatic magneto-electrical (mag) versus conventional tooth extraction (con) in minimizing the adverse effects on post-extractive sockets. Parameters of clinical interest such as intra-surgical fracture of the buccal bone plate, presence of postoperative inflammation, and application of stitches were acquired from medical records. The data were subjected to Pearson's χ2 analysis or to Fisher's exact test with significance at 0...
September 7, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Karen Gomi, Akinori Moroi, Kunio Yoshizawa, Ran Iguchi, Koichiro Ueki
The purpose of this study was to quantitatively compare changes in tongue pressure and lip closing force among skeletal Class II and Class III patients, who had undergone orthognathic surgery, and a control group. Maximum tongue pressure and lip closing forces were measured preoperatively and at 6 and 12 months postoperatively. Time-course changes were analyzed and compared among the groups. The control group involved 40 skeletal Class I occlusion volunteers (20 male and 20 female), the Class II group involved 20 female patients, and the skeletal Class III group involved 40 patients, who were subdivided by sex into two groups comprising 20 males and 20 females, respectively...
August 25, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Samanta Buchholzer, Romain Aymon, Minerva Becker, Paolo Scolozzi
The purpose of the present study was to investigate and compare craniomaxillofacial fracture (CMF) type in patients with intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) versus blunt cerebrovascular injury (BCVI). A retrospective cohort study was performed. The predictor variables were the types of CMF. The primary outcomes variables were ICH and BCVI. Secondary outcomes were death and survival with or without neurological sequelae. Descriptive, bivariate, and multiple logistic regression statistics were computed, and the significance level was set at P ≤ 0...
August 16, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Zhongqi Liu, Shi Cheng, Chengli Wang, Xiaoqing Liu, Haoquan Huang, Yingying Zhu, Bin Zhou, Haixuan Wu, Minghui Cao
This study aimed to evaluate the association between preoperative flurbiprofen, a non-selective COX inhibitor, and reoperation for flap crisis after free flap reconstruction. In this retrospective study, patients who underwent head and neck surgery with free flap reconstructions were collected. To identify risk factors for reoperation from demographic features and perioperative variables, univariate and multivariate logistic analyses were conducted. After propensity score matching (PSM), univariate and adjusted multivariate analyses were employed to explore the impact of preoperative flurbiprofen on reoperation after free flap reconstruction...
August 16, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Goknur Topaloglu Yasan, Selen Adiloglu, Hakan H Tuz, Dilek Sahar
This study assessed the relationship between clinical symptoms and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings in temporomandibular disorders (TMD). A total of 324 temporomandibular joints (TMJs) from 162 patients were included. The TMJs were divided into three groups based on disc positions on MRI: normal disc position, anterior disc displacement with reduction (ADDwR), and anterior disc displacement without reduction (ADDwoR). Clinical findings included TMJ pain, TMJ noise, and maximum mouth opening (MMO). The disc configuration, disc positions, condylar morphology, and joint effusion were evaluated in proton density-weighted and T2-weighted open and closed-mouth sagittal sections...
August 16, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Ahmed Abdelkarim, Fabiana Allevi, Federico Bolognesi, Filippo Tarabbia, Mohamed Elyounsi, Mohamed Abdelrahim, Essam A Abda, Mohamed El-Shazly, Federico Biglioli
It is the aim of the study to provide a detailed intraoperative assessment of the masseteric nerve and the facial branch of the smiling muscles complex through the same superficial musculoaponeurotic system (SMAS) incision. This observational retrospective study aimed to define the straightest and safest surgical route to identify the facial nerve for the smiling muscles complex and the masseteric nerve, using distance from the tragus and zygomatic arch as anatomical landmarks. 30 patients were included in the study...
August 15, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Hyokyung Yoo, DaeHyun Kwon, Jee Hyeok Chung, Sukwha Kim, Ji Hoon Phi, Kyung Hyun Kim, Kyu Chang Wang, Young Hun Choi, Byung Jun Kim
This study aimed to evaluate the spontaneous recovery of bone deformity after surgical excision of craniofacial dermoid cysts in pediatrics. Pediatric patients who underwent excision of a dermoid cyst were included in the study. A prospective analysis was conducted to evaluate the amount of bone recovery by comparing the depth of bony concavity in the preoperative and postoperative (6 months) ultrasonography. In 145 of 187 patients with preoperative imaging available, the mean size of dermoid cysts was 1.4 cm3 (range, 0...
August 14, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Ricardo Grillo, Mariana Aparecida Brozoski, Maria da Graça Naclério-Homem
It is the aim of the study to discuss litigation related to facial cosmetic surgery with a particular focus on written consent, in order to prevent unfortunate outcomes for the surgeon and patient alike. A 10-year online search for facial cosmetic surgery litigation in Brazil was conducted from 2012 to 2022. Statistical analyzes were performed using RStudio, and the results were considered significant with a 95% confidence interval. A total of 992 litigations were identified through the search. Of these, 122 articles met our inclusion criteria...
August 14, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Min-Da Liu, Ding-Zhuo Liu, Maged Ali Al-Aroomi, Jian-Jun Xiong, Sheng Liu, Chang-Fu Sun, Fa-Yu Liu
The purpose of this study was to introduce a novel individualized flap design method for large anterior floor of the mouth (AFOM) defect reconstruction, review experience with the use of this flap design method for large AFOM defect reconstruction, and assess its functional results. A retrospective study of patients who received large AFOM defect reconstruction with free flaps was conducted. There was a cohort of patients who were treated using the novel individualized flap design method and a cohort without flap design...
August 12, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Liujun Zeng, Can Wang, Zijia Wang, Haofeng Xiong, Tianyi Zhang, Weijun Chen, Xin Hu, Tong Su
This study aimed to examine the expression and potential effects of adenosine receptors in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). Data on mRNA expression of adenosine receptors in OSCC samples were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas database. Adenosine-regulated signaling pathways and biological processes were investigated via immune cell infiltration analysis, bioinformatics analysis, and immunohistochemistry. Overexpression of A2bR and A3R was significantly correlated with the prognosis of OSCC (P < 0...
August 10, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Ho-Kyung Lim, Young-Jin Choi, In-Seok Song, Jee-Ho Lee
The aim of this study was to convert medical images stored in 3 mm slices in the picture archiving and communication system (PACS) to 1 mm slices, using artificial intelligence (AI), and to analyze the accuracy of the AI. The original 1.0 mm CT slices of the facial bone were obtained from 30 patients and reformatted to a rough CT slice of 3.0 mm. CT slices of 1.0 mm were subsequently reconstructed from those of 3.0 mm using AI. The AI and rough CT images were superimposed on the original CT images...
August 7, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Luis Vicente Gonzalez, Juan Pablo López, María Paula Orjuela, Manuel Mejía, Diana Marcela Gallo-Orjuela, Rafael Martin Granizo López
The aim of this study was to systematically review the diagnosis and management of temporomandibular joint synovial chondromatosis (TMJ-SC). Using a systematic study design based on the PRISMA guideline, the researchers implemented and analyzed a cohort of relevant publications indexed by PubMed, Embase, Medline, and LILACS between January 1990 and December 2022. The outcomes of interest were demographics of the primary studies, and Clinical, radiological, and therapeutic data associated with TMJ-SC. The study samples included 8 studies presenting 121 TMJ-SC cases (73...
August 5, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Zelin Ye, Chenyang Li, YuanYuan Liu, Meng You
The objective of this study is to provide a comprehensive summary of the clinical and radiological features of zygomatic intraosseous venous malformations (IVM), as well as its treatment strategies. The aim is to establish preoperative diagnostic bases that will aid in the identification of zygomatic IVM and facilitate the implementation of effective treatment. Four cases of pathologically diagnosed zygomatic IVM with typical clinical and radiological features were reported. They exhibited comparable clinical and radiological features, and the En bloc excision and reconstruction yielded satisfactory outcome...
August 2, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Connor S Wagner, Matthew E Pontell, Carlos E Barrero, Lauren K Salinero, David W Low, Eric C Liao, Hyun-Duck Nah, Jennifer M Kalish, Jesse A Taylor
Tongue reduction surgery is often pursued to manage the adverse effects of macroglossia in patients with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS). This study characterized dental outcomes in patients with BWS based on surgical timing and molecular diagnosis. A retrospective study was designed to include patients with BWS over the age of two who had clinical or radiographic documentation of dental development. Patients were grouped by history of tongue reduction surgery and surgical timing (early: <12 months). One hundred three patients were included (55 no tongue reduction, 18 early, 30 late)...
August 1, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Koichiro Ueki, Akihiro Takayama, Karen Gomi, Takahiro Takekawa, Sumire Ono, Akinori Moroi, Kunio Yoshizawa
This study aimed to compare the bone healing and stability of the chin with a pre-bent absorbable plate and a manually bent absorbable plate after advancement genioplasty. Patients with class II malocclusion who underwent genioplasty with bimaxillary surgery were included. After genioplasty, two absorbable bicortical screws were fixed on both sides. Then, a pre-bent absorbable plate and screws were used in the center area to fix the segment in advancement genioplasty (PB group). A manually bent absorbable plate was used for the remaining patients (MB group)...
August 1, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Niall Mh McLeod, Nadeem R Saeed, Barbara Gerber
The aim of this study was to assess whether the resorption of poly-lactic acid pins, used for condylar head fracture fixation, adversely affect remodelling of the condylar head. A retrospective review of patients was performed that underwent ORIF of CHF with ultrasound activated resorbable poly-lactic acid pins and had CT/CBCT scans of the condyle at least 18 months after surgery, at which point the fixation material was expected to be resorbed. We reviewed the size, shape and position of the condylar head and compared this to the normal side and compared this to the results of conservative management and ORIF with titanium screws in the literature...
August 1, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
S Espinosa, R Cortés, V Toro-Ibacache
The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic accuracy of single photon emission tomography (SPECT) in unilateral condylar hyperplasia (UCH). To this end, 3D morphometric changes of the mandibles in one year were assessed (T0 vs. T1) and compared over SPECT results in T1, in a sample of 40 patients. A contingency table was constructed based on these results for SPECT diagnostic accuracy evaluation, classifying patients as SPECT true-positive, true-negatives, false positives and false-negatives. Additionally, the morphometric analysis was used to describe the presentation of mandibular changes using principal component analysis (PCA) and non-parametric statistics...
August 1, 2023: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
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