Shahla Karimi, Vahid Nasiri, Farnoosh Jameie, Bahar Shemshadi, Habibullah Paykari
Neospora caninum is a protozoan coccidian parasite that can act as a cause of abortion in sheep. The aim of this study was to investigate the presence of this parasitic agent and its role in causing abortion in sheep of Iran. Between June 2019 and February 2022, 100 samples [brain (n = 39), placenta (n = 8), embryonic membrane (n = 7), cotyledon (n = 7), umbilical cord (n = 2), homogenate mixture of tissues (heart, liver, spleen and digestive track) (n = 37)] that were collected following the necropsies of 39 aborted ovine fetuses from different parts of the Alborz and Qazvin provinces, the north of the central region of Iran were employed for DNA extraction...
September 23, 2023: Parasitology Research
Dina I Elgendy, Ahmad A Othman, Mohamed M Eid, Samy I El-Kowrany, Fersan A Sallam, Dareen A Mohamed, Doaa H Zineldeen
Trichinellosis is a cosmopolitan zoonosis that is caused mainly by Trichinella spiralis infection. The human disease ranges from mild to severe and fatality may occur. The treatment of trichinellosis still presents a challenge for physicians. Anti-inflammatory drugs are usually added to antiparasitic agents to alleviate untoward immuno-inflammatory responses and possible tissue damage but they are not without adverse effects. Thus, there is a need for the discovery of safe and effective compounds with anti-inflammatory properties...
September 22, 2023: Parasitology Research
Paola Paradies, Serena Digiaro, Antonella Colella, Beatrice Greco, Alessandra Recchia, Marco Giuseppe Prato, Cristina Mazzi, Giuseppe Losurdo, Alfredo Di Leo, Fabio Formenti, Dora Buonfrate
Strongyloidiasis is a clinical issue both in humans and in dogs. Moreover, there are concerns about its zoonotic potential. We aimed to explore Strongyloides stercoralis epidemiology in Southern Italy in humans and dogs sharing the same environment in three different settings: (1) kennels (group K); (2) livestock farms (group L) and (3) agricultural farms (group A). For humans, a commercial ELISA test was used for screening. RT-PCR on faecal samples was done for people testing positive or equivocal at serology...
September 22, 2023: Parasitology Research
Melveettil Kishor Sumitha, Mariapillai Kalimuthu, Murali Aarthy, Rajaiah Paramasivan, Ashwani Kumar, Bhavna Gupta
RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are the proteins that bind RNAs and regulate their functioning. RBPs in mosquitoes are gaining attention due to their ability to bind flaviviruses and regulate their replication and transmission. Despite their relevance, RBPs in mosquitoes are not explored much. In this study, we screened the whole genome of Aedes aegypti, the primary vector of several pathogenic viruses, and identified the proteins containing RNA recognition motif (RRM), the most abundant protein domain in eukaryotes...
September 22, 2023: Parasitology Research
Nutnicha Suphakhonchuwong, Kanchana Rungsihirunrat, Jiraporn Kuesap
Resistance to antimalarial drugs is a serious issue around the world. Widespread Plasmodium vivax and P. falciparum coinfections are commonly found in Thailand. Dihydroartemisinin and piperaquine (DHA-PPQ) have been used as first-line treatments for P. falciparum since 2015, and chloroquine (CQ) and primaquine (PQ) have remained first-line drugs for P. vivax for more than 60 years. Coinfections may lead parasites to evolve with regard to genetics under selective drug pressure. This study is aimed at investigating genes linked to antimalarial resistance in P...
September 19, 2023: Parasitology Research
Tina Wagner, Berit Bangoura, Stefanie Wiedmer, Arwid Daugschies, Ildiko Rita Dunay
The protozoan Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii) is a zoonotic disease agent causing systemic infection in warm-blooded intermediate hosts including humans. During the acute infection, the parasite infects host cells and multiplies intracellularly in the asexual tachyzoite stage. In this stage of the life cycle, invasion, multiplication, and egress are the most critical events in parasite replication. T. gondii features diverse cell organelles to support these processes, including the apicoplast, an endosymbiont-derived vestigial plastid originating from an alga ancestor...
September 19, 2023: Parasitology Research
Na Han, Xianhui Peng, Yujun Qiang, Tingting Zhang, Xiuwen Li, Wen Zhang
The gut microbiota comprises the collective genomes of microbial symbionts and is composed of bacteria, fungi, viruses, and protists within the gastrointestinal tract of a host. Although the literature associated with gut microbiota is increasing, studies on eukaryotes in the human gut are just beginning to surface. Blastocystis is one of the most common intestinal parasites of humans and animals and is estimated to colonise more than 1 billion people on a global scale. However, the understanding of the genetic characteristics of Blastocystis subtype (ST) at the genome level and its relationship with other members of the gut microbiota is still limited...
September 16, 2023: Parasitology Research
Mengtao Sun, Yuheng Cheng, Changzhe Gao, Hanqi Peng, Ning Wang, Weiling Gu, Dabing Lu
Schistosoma japonicum had once caused the greatest disease burden in China and has still been transmitted in some hilly areas, for example, in Shitai of Anhui province, where rodents are projected to be the main reservoir. This may lead to a critical need of molecular tools with high efficiency in monitoring the dynamic of the rodent-associated S. japonicum, as an appropriate amount of schistosome input can re-establish its life cycle in a place with snails and then result in the re-emergence of schistosomiasis...
September 15, 2023: Parasitology Research
Enas F Abdel Hamed, Nahed E Mostafa, Shaimaa M Farag, Mohamed N Ibrahim, Basma H Ibrahim, Hayam E Rashed, Mona Radwan, Salem Y Mohamed, Ramy El Hendawy, Eman M Fawzy
The chance of getting colorectal cancer (CRC) is higher in people with chronic ulcerative colitis (UC). The impact of parasitic infections on UC is underappreciated. The purpose of this study was to look into the effect of intestinal protozoal infections on the dysplastic changes generated by UC. The research included 152 adult patients with histologically confirmed UC and 152 healthy controls. Fecal samples were examined for the presence of parasites and fecal calprotectin (FC). The enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay measured serum anti-p53 antibodies (p53Abs) and metallothioneins (MTs)...
September 15, 2023: Parasitology Research
Cicero Ricardo de Oliveira, José Guilherme Gonçalves-Sousa, Elvis Franklin Fernandes de Carvalho, Robson Waldemar Ávila, Diva Maria Borges-Nojosa
In the present study, we investigated the effect of habitat heterogeneity, elevation gradient, and phylogenetic distance of host species on the abundance and richness of anuran endoparasites, assuming that parasites follow the distribution of their hosts independently of environmental variation. We collected 192 anurans distributed in three altitude ranges: 100-200 m, 400-500 m, and 700-800 m. We performed discriminant principal component analysis to analyze the interrelationships between environmental heterogeneity and the distribution of parasite and host species in the formation of species groups in each altitude range...
September 14, 2023: Parasitology Research
Ecem Sürgeç, Mervenur Güvendi, Muhammet Karakavuk, Sedef Erkunt Alak, Aysu Değirmenci Döşkaya, Cemal Ün, Mert Döşkaya, Adnan Yüksel Gürüz, Hüseyin Can
The phylum Microsporidia includes obligate intracellular parasites that can infect humans and various animals. To date, 17 different species within the phylum have been reported to infect humans. Among them, Enterocytozoon bieneusi (E. bieneusi) is one of the most frequently detected species in humans. Identification of E. bieneusi as well as its genotypes in humans and animals is important to reveal their role in transmission to each other. Cats are blamed as the source of E. bieneusi transmission to humans...
September 14, 2023: Parasitology Research
Gustavo Viozzi, Carlos Rauque, Verónica Flores, Rocío Vega, Agustina Waicheim
The current conservation status of Percichthys trucha (Creole perch) is Least Concern, although the population trend is considered to be decreasing. We conducted an extensive survey of parasite fauna in this species over two decades in its distribution range in Argentina. Fish were collected using gill and trawl nets. Parasites were collected, identified, and counted to calculate prevalence and mean intensity. The present work reports the parasite species infecting P. trucha, using data from our own survey and from previously published records...
September 14, 2023: Parasitology Research
Feihu Shi, Shanni Tang, Dianhui Chen, Feng Mo, Jiajie Li, Chao Fang, Haixia Wei, Junmin Xing, Lin Liu, Yumei Gong, Zhengrong Tan, Ziqi Zhang, Xingfei Pan, Shan Zhao, Jun Huang
CD103 is an important marker of tissue-resident memory T cells (TRM) which play important roles in fighting against infection. However, the immunological characteristics of CD103+ T cells are not thoroughly elucidated in the liver of mouse infected with Plasmodium. Six- to eight-week-old C57BL/6 mice were infected with Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis NSM. Mice were sacrificed on 12-16 days after infection and the livers were picked out. Sections of the livers were stained, and serum aspartate aminotransferase (AST) and alanine transaminase (ALT) levels were measured...
September 14, 2023: Parasitology Research
Bethan Shaw, Adam Walker, Sebastian Hemer, Madeliene F L Cannon, Benjamin Brown, Francesco M Rogai, Michelle T Fountain
Controlling the invasive fruit pest, Drosophila suzukii, relies on a range of complimentary pest management approaches. However, increasing external costs (e.g., labour, exclusion mesh and fuel), are limiting the ability to control the pest via non-chemical means. Extant UK parasitoids could be exploited for the suppression of D. suzukii populations, but there is currently a lack of knowledge of the UK species utilising D. suzukii as a host or their lifecycle requirements. Between 2017 and 2020, we identified parasitoids developing in D...
September 14, 2023: Parasitology Research
Milena Zduniak, Sarah Serafini, Aleksandra Wróbel, Rafał Zwolak
We investigated the presence and potential causes of sex bias in ectoparasite infestations in the yellow-necked mouse Apodemus flavicollis. We compared the natural tick and flea burdens of male and female mice in a temperate beech forest and assessed whether the observed differences were driven by host sex or body mass. We found that males were more heavily infested by ticks compared to female mice. However, this difference was driven by host body mass, and not sex itself. Host body mass positively correlated with flea loads, but there was no evidence of sex bias in flea abundance...
September 13, 2023: Parasitology Research
Chittakun Suwancharoen, Chorpaka Phuangsri, Pannawich Siriwechviriya, Thanakon Bunsong, Ornampai Japa
Lymnaeids are aquatic snails playing an important role in the transmission of many parasitic trematode species of veterinary and medical importance. In this study, we assessed the presence of cercarial flukes in naturally infected lymnaeid snails from Phayao province, Thailand, and determined the species diversity of both the intermediate snail hosts and parasite larvae. A total of 3,185 lymnaeid snails were collected from paddy fields at 31 sites in eight districts of Phayao province between October 2021 and December 2022...
September 12, 2023: Parasitology Research
Maria Auxiliadora de Sousa, Tatiana da Silva Fonseca, Barbara Neves Dos Santos, Sheila Medeiros Dos Santos Pereira, Cristina Carvalhal, Alejandro Marcel Hasslocher-Moreno
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 9, 2023: Parasitology Research
Shuang Liu, Yafang Liu, Bin Chen, Xinyan Lu, Dandan Jiang, Ling Geng, Xuan Wang, Kexin Peng, Chunhong Du, Tianguang Ren, Xing Yang
Trematodes can adversely impact the health and survival of wild animals. The trematode family Cyclocoelidae, which includes large digenean bird parasites, lacks molecular analysis, and reclassifications have not been supported. This study produced the first fully assembled and annotated mitochondrial genome sequence for the trematode Morishitium polonicum. The whole length of the M. polonicum (GenBank accession number: OP930879) mitogenome is 14083 bp, containing 22 transfer ribonucleic acids (tRNAs), 2 ribosomal RNAs (rRNAs, rrnL and rrnS), and a noncoding control section (D-loop) 13777 to 13854 bp in length...
September 9, 2023: Parasitology Research
Ajanta Ghosal, Sanjib K Sardar, Tapas Haldar, Maimoon Maruf, Yumiko Saito-Nakano, Shanta Dutta, Tomoyoshi Nozaki, Sandipan Ganguly
The prevalence and genetic diversity of the protozoan pathogen Giardia duodenalis have been extensively studied worldwide. There is currently a lack of data regarding the genetic variability of the organism in eastern India. Understanding the circulating genotypes and associated risk factors is crucial for effective planning and implementing control measures. Therefore, the objective of the study was to conduct an epidemiological study to determine the prevalence and identify the various genotypes present. This survey adds to our knowledge on the occurrence and distribution of Giardia genotypes in the studied region...
September 8, 2023: Parasitology Research
Jean P González-Gómez, Luis F Lozano-Aguirre, José A Medrano-Félix, Cristobal Chaidez, Charles P Gerba, Walter Q Betancourt, Nohelia Castro-Del Campo
Cyclospora cayetanensis is an enteric coccidian parasite responsible for gastrointestinal disease transmitted through contaminated food and water. It has been documented in several countries, mostly with low-socioeconomic levels, although major outbreaks have hit developed countries. Detection methods based on oocyst morphology, staining, and molecular testing have been developed. However, the current MLST panel offers an opportunity for enhancement, as amplification of all molecular markers remains unfeasible in the majority of samples...
September 7, 2023: Parasitology Research
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