journal
Journals Clinical & Experimental Optome...

Clinical & Experimental Optometry : Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38402851/age-related-changes-in-reading-performance-in-normally-sighted-arabic-speaking-adults
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Balsam Alabdulkader, Hessa Almatar, Hayfa Alshubaili, Sarah AlSaud, Essam Almulteb, Mosaad Alhassan, Ali Almustanyir
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Reading performance is important for evaluating near vision and predicting and prescribing near-vision correction. There is a significant gap in the literature on Arabic reading performance and its associated effects. BACKGROUND: Normative data from control participants serve as the baseline for future studies involving groups with specific characteristics. This study aimed to assess baseline measures of Arabic reading performance. METHODS: In total, 428 normally sighted adults aged 19-83 years read the Balsam Alabdulkader - Leat chart to measure their reading performance...
February 25, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38373889/exemplifying-practice-based-research-the-influence-of-age-on-myopia-progression
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David Berkow, Mark Dunne, Nicola S Logan, Stephen J Anderson
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The electronic storage of patient records and modern-day search engines present private practitioners with a unique opportunity to extract valuable data for investigative research purposes. However, practitioners seldom harness this resource and consequently a vast repository of clinical data remains largely unexplored. BACKGROUND: This study, based on real-world data from an optometric practice, stands as an example of how clinicians can actively contribute to research...
February 19, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38350442/vision-screening-using-the-acuidrive-device
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
David A Atchison, Barsha Lal, Katrina L Schmid, Bianca Romeo, Andrew Carkeet
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Understanding devices used for vision screening, including their potential utilisation and validity, will facilitate proper utilisation of this technology. BACKGROUND: The Acuidrive is a self-illuminated, hand-held, visual acuity screening device intended for use in policing, with visual acuity assessed roadside to identify drivers who may not meet vision standards for driving. The target is presented binocularly at 24 cm, and +4...
February 13, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38325849/pupillary-dynamics-accommodation-and-vergence-in-concussion
#4
REVIEW
Pritam Dutta, Reeta Baishya
Concussion, which is usually associated with head injuries, has received considerable attention in recent years because of its possible long-term cognitive and visual consequences. The review summarised the mild traumatic brain injury literature. Pupillary dynamics, which are primarily mediated by the autonomic nervous system, play an important function in regulating the amount of light entering the eye, but they can be dramatically impacted after a concussion. This can result in aberrant pupillary responses, which may have ramifications for light sensitivity, a common post-concussion symptom...
February 7, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38320856/analysing-the-effectiveness-of-just-a-minute-optometry-clinical-pearls-a-micro-learning-tool-in-continuing-optometry-education
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ruby Kala Prakasam, Vijay Kumar Yelagondula, Snigdha Snigdha, Neha Hassija, Avinash Pathengay
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Just-A-Minute Clinical Pearls as a microlearning concept may be beneficial in enhancing optometry and ophthalmology practice globally. BACKGROUND: Medical education often witnesses a gap in effectively translating the learnings into clinical practice, pointing to the complex and traditional teaching methods as hindrances. The present work studied the usefulness and acceptability of Just-A-Minute Optometry Clinical Pearls, a micro-learning tool, among optometrists and ophthalmologists...
February 6, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38266148/optical-coherence-tomography-angiography-in-glaucoma
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jimmy Hong, Shayne S Tan, Jacqueline Chua
The use of optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) holds significant promise for optometrists in the diagnosis and management of glaucoma. It offers reliable differentiation of glaucomatous eyes from healthy ones and extends monitoring capabilities for advanced cases. OCTA represents a valuable addition to traditional assessment methods, particularly in complex cases. Glaucoma, a major cause of irreversible blindness, is traditionally diagnosed using structural and functional metrics. With growing interest, OCTA is being explored to diagnose, monitor, and manage glaucoma...
January 24, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38252959/optical-coherence-tomography-in-children-with-inherited-retinal-disease
#7
REVIEW
Jasleen K Jolly, Brent M Rodda, Thomas L Edwards, Lauren N Ayton, Jonathan B Ruddle
Recent advances have led to therapeutic options becoming available for people with inherited retinal disease. In particular, gene therapy has been shown to hold great promise for slowing vision loss from inherited retinal disease. Recent studies suggest that gene therapy is likely to be most effective when implemented early in the disease process, making consideration of paediatric populations important. It is therefore necessary to have a comprehensive understanding of retinal imaging in children with inherited retinal diseases, in order to monitor disease progression and to determine which early retinal biomarkers may be used as outcome measures in future clinical trials...
January 22, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38252912/impaired-brachial-flow-mediated-dilation-may-predict-choroidal-and-retinal-nerve-fibre-layer-thickness-changes-in-people-with-obesity
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Gurcan Dogukan Arslan, Levent Dogan, Burcu Gonul, Gulcin Zengin, Emrah Tas
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Choroidal thickness and peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) changes are known to occur in obesity. Endothelial dysfunction and systemic atherosclerosis may play a role in the pathophysiology of these differences. BACKGROUND: Flow-mediated dilation (FMD) is reduced in patients with endothelial dysfunction, and the ankle-brachial index is a surrogate marker for atherosclerosis. This study was conducted to examine the relationship between systemic vascular parameters (FMD, and ankle-brachial index), subfoveal choroidal thickness, and peripapillary RNFL thickness in obese individuals...
January 22, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38245910/relationship-between-dynamic-visual-acuity-and-static-visual-acuity-refractive-error-and-binocular-vision-in-elite-soccer-players
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jorge Jorge, João Pedro Jorge
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: In many sports, dynamic visual acuity is used. In order to improve dynamic visual acuity, it is important to understand the aspects of the visual system that can cause compromise. BACKGROUND: To investigate the parameters of the visual system that may influence dynamic visual acuity in professional soccer players. METHODS: In 2022, 40 professional players were analysed. Screening consisted of a survey, the measurement refractive error, and static and dynamic visual acuity and the binocular vision parameters...
January 21, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38237266/-ease-of-adaptation-predicts-preferred-spectacle-prescriptions-better-than-visual-acuity-a-retrospective-analysis
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Amy R Hughes, Mark Bullimore, David Elliott
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Factors predicting patient acceptance of a new spectacle prescription need to be determined to make optimal prescribing decisions. BACKGROUND: Clinicians usually prescribe for best visual acuity. However, for some patients, a partial change is prescribed to ease adaptation, despite providing suboptimal visual acuity. This study seeks to develop an understanding of which factors predict patient preference between spectacle prescriptions by using a retrospective analysis to compare ease of adaptation, subjective quality of distance vision and optimal distance visual acuity...
January 18, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38227767/influence-of-corneal-diameter-on-the-accuracy-of-corneal-tomography-in-patients-with-forme-fruste-keratoconus-or-thin-corneas
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lan Ding, Lingling Niu, Wanru Shi, Xingtao Zhou, Yishan Qian
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The detection of subclinical ectasia is important in preoperative screening for laser-refractive surgery. Previous studies have confirmed the impact of corneal diameter on the diagnostic accuracy of several ectasia indices in tomographically normal eyes. BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the influence of corneal diameter on the diagnostic accuracy of Pentacam tomographic indices in eyes with forme fruste keratoconus (FFKC) and thin corneas...
January 16, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38224567/using-clinical-optical-coherence-tomography-to-characterise-contact-lens-edge-shape-and-base-curve-radius
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sofia Otin Mallada, Diana Gargallo Yebra, Nerea Tolón Zardoya, Jorge Ares García
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Clinical optical coherence tomography devices are widely used in optometry and ophthalmology and may be used to measure contact lens base curvature radius and visualise contact lens edge shape. BACKGROUND: Knowledge of contact lens geometry facilitates fitting, while optical coherence tomography provides a powerful means of measuring geometrical form. This study evaluates the performance of a clinical optical coherence tomography device (3D OCT-1000) in characterising contact lens edge shape and measuring the back optic zone radius of rigid gas-permeable contact lenses in vitro...
January 15, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38207086/even-number-measurement-bias-with-goldmann-applanation-tonometry-in-patients-with-glaucoma-and-glaucoma-suspects
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alina Shahid, Kosha Patel, Ramanjot K Kingra, Anne S Rozwat, Daniel K Roberts
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Goldmann applanation tonometry is widely used for the diagnosis and management of glaucoma and its use is considered standard of care. However, the precision of this method may be reduced by a clinician tendency to round to even numbers. BACKGROUND: Studies have previously demonstrated an even-number measurement bias with Goldmann applanation tonometry during examination of a general patient population. Since it has not been determined whether this bias persists among glaucoma suspects and patients with glaucoma, further investigation was conducted...
January 11, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38194585/talking-technology-exploring-chatbots-as-a-tool-for-cataract-patient-education
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
I Brahim Edhem Yılmaz, Levent Doğan
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Worldwide, millions suffer from cataracts, which impair vision and quality of life. Cataract education improves outcomes, satisfaction, and treatment adherence. Lack of health literacy, language and cultural barriers, personal preferences, and limited resources may all impede effective communication. BACKGROUND: AI can improve patient education by providing personalised, interactive, and accessible information tailored to patient understanding, interest, and motivation...
January 9, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38194492/pupil-size-change-in-agricultural-workers-exposed-to-pesticides
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ingrid Astrid Jiménez-Barbosa, Daniela Grajales Herrera, Martha Fabiola Rodríguez Alvarez, Sieu K Khuu
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Pupil size evaluation using clinical examination may be important for detecting and monitoring individuals at risk of neurotoxic effects from chemical exposure, as it may enable early intervention and the implementation of preventive measures. BACKGROUND: This work aimed to investigate the association between pesticide exposure and pupil size. Pupil size is regulated by muscarinic and nicotinic receptors, and it is well-established that common pesticide chemicals disrupt this regulation...
January 9, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38194486/association-of-vitamin-b6-intake-with-the-risk-and-prognosis-of-diabetic-retinopathy-a-nhanes-based-study
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yimeng Ruan, Ping Zhang, Xinru Jia, Shanshan Hua, Dongwei Yao
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Investigating the role of dietary vitamin B6 intake in the risk and prognosis of diabetic retinopathy (DR) could facilitate the management of DR. BACKGROUND: This study aimed to assess the association between dietary vitamin B6 intake and the risk of DR and further explore the association between vitamin B6 intake and mortality in patients with DR. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study gained data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2006 and 2007-2008...
January 9, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38194485/intraocular-pressure-fluctuations-assessment-in-professional-wind-instrument-players
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Veronica Noya-Padin, Hugo Pena-Verdeal, Noelia Nores-Palmas, Maria J Giraldez, Eva Yebra-Pimentel
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Due to the long-time that wind musicians spend playing their instruments, it is important to investigate if intraocular pressure could be affected by this activity. BACKGROUND: To assess the intraocular pressure fluctuations and fluctuations affecting factors in professional wind musicians while playing different tones. METHODS: Thirty professional wind musicians (23.0 ± 3.20 years) were recruited from the Professional Music College of A Coruña...
January 9, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38190493/kyrieleis-plaques-recognising-a-rare-presentation-of-ocular-inflammation
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Asha Tadepalli, Joy Harewood, David S Ketner
Kyrieleis plaques are described in literature as calcific-appearing segmented inflammatory deposits along retinal arterial branches. (1) This clinical finding is most commonly unilateral and typically adjacent to an area of active retinal infection or inflammation. (2) The plaques do not appear to be intraluminal or extravasal, but rather within the vessel walls. (3) Considered to be a dishonourable eponym, this rare clinical entity is often also documented as segmental retinal periarteritis. Kyrieleis plaques are a diagnosis of exclusion and should be differentiated from other presentations of retinal vessel damage including emboli, artery sheathing, sclerosis, and periphlebitis all of which may warrant prompt referral or comanagement...
January 8, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38184849/abnormal-retinal-vessel-filling-in-central-retinal-artery-occlusion
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ramesh Venkatesh, Rubble Mangla, Yash Parmar, Sai Prashanti Chitturi, Naresh Kumar Yadav, Jay Chhablani
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is an ophthalmic emergency with a poor prognosis. Several initial CRAO presentation factors can influence the final visual outcome. Fluorescein angiography filling of retinal vessels in CRAO has not been studied in great detail. BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper is to study the aberrant filling of the retinal vessels on fluorescein angiography in patients with CRAO and understand its clinical relevance...
January 7, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38175925/visual-function-and-retinal-thickness-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lakshmi Bodduluri, Stephen J Dain, Shihab Hameed, Charles F Verge, Mei Ying Boon
CLINICAL RELEVANCE: The possibility that changes in blue-yellow visual thresholds and some retinal thickness measures in children with diabetes mellitus may be observed before any visible fundus changes points to the possibility of these measures being a useful predictor that the risks of diabetic retinopathy are higher in some children than in others. INTRODUCTION: Previous studies showed mixed results on chromatic and achromatic contrast sensitivity early in the course of diabetes mellitus, and the findings of these studies may have been influenced by a lack of experimental sensitivity to visual deficits, a bias towards tritan-like errors or the cognitive demands of the tests and variations in sample composition...
January 4, 2024: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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