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Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31418922/choroidal-metastasis-as-the-presenting-feature-of-metastatic-lung-carcinoma
#1
Nimmy Raj, Srikanta Kumar Padhy, Vinod Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 16, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31389063/the-eye-can-be-a-window-to-the-brain-clinical-pearls-from-a-case-of-chronic-red-eye
#2
Teena Mariet Mendonca, Ashwin M Polnaya, Gladys R Rodrigues, Vala Mounika Rao, Sumana J Kamath
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31389058/advanced-recurrent-pterygium-leading-to-significant-visual-impairment
#3
Bengi Ece Kurtul, Ahmet Elbeyli, Suleyman Koca
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 6, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31382321/peripheral-refraction-and-higher-order-aberrations
#4
REVIEW
Dmitry Romashchenko, Robert Rosén, Linda Lundström
Peripheral image quality influences several aspects of human vision. Apart from off-axis visual functions, the manipulation of peripheral optical errors is widely used in myopia control interventions. This, together with recent technological advancements enabling the measurement of peripheral errors, has inspired many studies concerning off-axis optical aberrations. However, direct comparison between these studies is often not straightforward. To enable between-study comparisons and to summarise the current state of knowledge, this review presents population data analysed using a consistent approach from 16 studies on peripheral ocular optical quality (in total over 2,400 eyes)...
August 5, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31382317/ocular-injuries-resulting-from-commercial-cosmetic-procedures
#5
REVIEW
Mabel K Yan, Enis Kocak, Kevin Yoong, Jonathan K Kam
The prevalence of potentially precarious cosmetic facial procedures appears to be on the rise. A significant amount of these cosmetic procedures are offered and performed by operators without formal medical training and anatomical knowledge, and with variable degrees of skill. Some of these procedures can result in devastating sight-threatening complications, and many of the individuals undergoing such treatments are relatively young and healthy. Patients need to be aware of the potential risks, including permanent visual loss, before embarking on any cosmetic facial procedure...
August 5, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31378996/optical-changes-and-visual-performance-with-orthokeratology
#6
REVIEW
Augustine N Nti, David A Berntsen
Orthokeratology has undergone drastic changes since first described in the early 1960s. The original orthokeratology procedure involved a series of lenses to flatten the central cornea and was plagued by variable results. The introduction of highly oxygen-permeable lens materials that can be worn overnight, corneal topography, and reverse-geometry lens designs revolutionised this procedure. Modern overnight orthokeratology causes rapid, reliable, and reversible reductions in refractive error. With modern designs, patients can wear lenses overnight, remove them in the morning, and see clearly throughout the day without the need for daytime refractive correction...
August 4, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31364197/static-and-dynamic-pupil-characteristics-in-pseudoexfoliation-syndrome-and-glaucoma
#7
Kemal Tekin, Hasan Kiziltoprak, Mehmet Ali Sekeroglu, Esat Yetkin, Serdar Bayraktar, Pelin Yilmazbas
BACKGROUND: To compare the static and dynamic pupillometry measurements in patients with pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PES), patients with pseudoexfoliation glaucoma (PEG) and age-matched healthy subjects using an automatic quantitative pupillometry system. METHODS: This prospective, cross-sectional study consisted of 40 patients with PES, 30 patients with PEG and 43 control subjects. Static pupillometry measurements including scotopic pupil diameter, mesopic pupil diameter, low photopic pupil diameter, and high photopic pupil diameter were undertaken...
July 30, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31364187/vision-therapy-may-reveal-symptoms-of-ocular-myasthenia-gravis
#8
Hanna Buczkowska, Andrzej Michalski, Marcin Stopa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31321827/post-stroke-visual-midline-shift-syndrome
#9
REVIEW
Tammy Labreche, Benjamin Wild, Kristine Dalton, Susan J Leat
The state of research on the topic of visual midline shift syndrome following a cerebrovascular accident is unknown. A scoping review was conducted using the search terms of 'visual midline shift' (or equivalent) and 'cerebrovascular accident' (or equivalent). Articles were selected from eight academic and one grey literature database, and went through two levels of review, as per Arksey and O'Malley, before being deemed acceptable for inclusion. Of the 931 abstracts reviewed, 27 articles met the criteria for inclusion...
July 18, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31309608/involving-patients-in-the-development-of-interpersonal-skills-of-optometry-students
#10
Katrina L Schmid, Shelley Hopkins, Tina Huynh
BACKGROUND: Providing patients an opportunity to give feedback to optometry students on their communication and interpersonal skills allows for a unique learning opportunity. The aim of the current project was to determine if the Doctors' Interpersonal Skills Questionnaire (DISQ) was suitable for use with optometry students in a large teaching clinic and if it provided useful feedback to the students for learning purposes. METHODS: The DISQ is a 12-item questionnaire that utilises a five-point Likert scale; a higher score indicates better performance...
July 15, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31297876/profile-of-optometrists-in-victoria-registered-in-1937-after-five-decades-of-unregulated-practice
#11
Colin B Bates, Barry L Cole
BACKGROUND: The enactment of the Opticians Act by the Victorian parliament on 17 December 1935 transformed the standard of optometric practice in Victoria and laid the foundations for future educational advance. Previously any person could practise optometry in Victoria regardless of their qualifications or training. The Act established an Opticians Registration Board the first task of which was to register optometrists deemed competent enough to practise on the basis of their prior experience or their optometric qualifications...
July 11, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31284325/aberrations-and-accommodation
#12
REVIEW
Antonio J Del Águila-Carrasco, Philip B Kruger, Francisco Lara, Norberto López-Gil
Modern methods of measuring the refractive state of the eye include wavefront sensors which make it possible to monitor both static and dynamic changes of the ocular wavefront while the eye observes a target positioned at different distances away from the eye. In addition to monitoring the ocular aberrations, wavefront refraction methods allow measurement of the accommodative response while viewing with the eye's habitual chromatic and monochromatic aberrations present, with these aberrations removed, and with specific aberrations added or removed...
July 8, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31282016/effect-size-of-search-superiority-in-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
REVIEW
Paul A Constable, Kristin Bailey, Ashleigh Beck, Deanna Borrello, Marina Kozman, Katie Schneider
This review of the literature in visual search superiority in autism was intended to quantify the effect size of visual search performance in autism. Not all studies have found an advantage within the autistic population. Early findings on search superiority have led to different proposed mechanisms for the observed results. A review of feature search found that the effect size was low across 15 included studies (Cohen's d 0.089 [-0.150 to 0.293]). However, the effect size was larger for more complex search paradigms using a conjunctive search strategy with Cohen's d showing a moderate effect of 0...
July 8, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31272130/strip-meniscometry-tube-a-rapid-method-for-assessing-aqueous-deficient-dry-eye
#14
Saleh Alshammeri, Louise Madden, Suzanne Hagan, E Ian Pearce
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to investigate the utility of strip meniscometry tube (SMTube) for the quantitative assessment of the tear film, by comparing it to measurements of tear turnover rate using the gold standard method, fluorophotometry. Also, to determine the viability of this test as a diagnostic tool for aqueous deficient dry eye (ADDE), to inform appropriate clinical management. METHODS: Thirty-two participants (15 ADDE; 17 non-ADDE) were recruited...
July 4, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31264269/the-influence-of-orthokeratology-compression-factor-on-ocular-higher-order-aberrations
#15
Jason K Lau, Stephen J Vincent, Sin-Wan Cheung, Pauline Cho
BACKGROUND: To investigate the influence of compression factor upon changes in ocular higher-order aberrations (HOAs) in young myopic children undergoing orthokeratology treatment. METHODS: Subjects aged between six and < 11 years, with low myopia (0.50-4.00 D inclusive), low astigmatism (≤ 1.25 D), and anisometropia (≤ 1.00 D), were randomly assigned to wear orthokeratology lenses of different compression factors in each eye (one eye 0.75 D and the fellow eye 1...
July 1, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31264266/customised-aberration-controlling-corrections-for-keratoconic-patients-using-contact-lenses
#16
REVIEW
Amit Navin Jinabhai
Technological advancements in the design of soft and scleral contact lenses have led to the development of customised, aberration-controlling corrections for patients with keratoconus. As the number of contact lens manufacturers producing wavefront-guided corrections continues to expand, clinical interest in this customisable technology is also increasing among both patients and practitioners. This review outlines key issues surrounding the measurement of ocular aberrations for patients with keratoconus, with a particular focus on the possible factors affecting the repeatability of Hartmann-Shack aberrometry measurements...
July 1, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31257703/knowledge-perspectives-and-clinical-practices-of-australian-optometrists-in-relation-to-childhood-myopia
#17
Amanda Douglass, Peter R Keller, Mingguang He, Laura E Downie
BACKGROUND: The aim was to investigate the understanding of Australian optometrists in relation to myopia, its natural history and associations with vision-threatening ocular disease, self-reported clinical diagnosis and management approaches for childhood myopia, engagement with adult caregivers, and utilisation of information to guide practice. METHODS: An online survey was distributed to Australian optometrists (n = 4,124). Respondents provided information about their demographics (for example, gender, age, practice location and modality), myopia knowledge, self-reported practice behaviours relating to childhood myopia, the information and evidence base used to guide their practice, and perceived extent of adult caregiver engagement in making management decisions for myopic children...
June 30, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31236959/fifteen-year-follow-up-of-a-four-year-old-with-keratoconus
#18
Jay J Meyer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 24, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31222837/modern-spectacle-lens-design
#19
REVIEW
Mohammed Jalie
Ophthalmic lens design concerns the control of spectacle lens aberrations which occur when the eye rotates away from the optical centre of the lens. The most significant aberrations are oblique astigmatism and mean oblique error (power error). A brief review of these aberrations is given, explaining how the lens designer can control them using just the bending of the lens, and what results can be achieved using simple spherical and toroidal surfaces. Before 1985, aspherical surfaces were used only for post-cataract spectacle lenses and high-power magnifiers...
June 20, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31218754/standardising-the-cataract-referral-process-for-public-hospitals-perspectives-of-optometrists-in-new-south-wales-australia
#20
Kam Chun Ho, Joseph Tran, Duyen Hoang, Shweta Kaushik, Belinda Ford, Anna Palagyi, Vu Quang Do, Fiona Stapleton, Andrew White, Lisa Keay
BACKGROUND: Previous research has shown that cataract surgery referral letters to major metropolitan public hospitals in New South Wales have insufficient detail to inform patient triage or apply prioritisation tools. This study aimed to canvass the views of optometrists working in New South Wales and the Australian Capital Territory (NSW/ACT) on standardising the referral process for public hospital cataract surgery. METHODS: An online survey was sent to all NSW/ACT members of Optometry Australia in October 2017...
June 20, 2019: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
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