Alice Bordes, Yehia El Bendary, Gwen Goudard, Véronique Masson, Isabelle Gourfinkel-An, Bertrand Mathon
PURPOSE: Patients with severe drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE) experience psychomotor disorders. Our study aimed to assess the psychomotor outcomes after vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) in this population. METHODS: We prospectively evaluated psychomotor function in 17 adult patients with severe DRE who were referred for VNS. Psychomotor functions were examined, in the preoperative period and at 18 months post-surgery, by a psychomotor therapist using a full set of the following specific tests: the Rey-Osterrieth complex figure (ROCF) test, the Zazzo's cancelation task (ZCT), the Piaget-Head test and the paired images test...
November 24, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Michele Rizzi, Michele Nichelatti, Lorenzo Ferri, Alessandro Consales, Alessandro De Benedictis, Massimo Cossu
PURPOSE: Several surgical options are available for treating hypothalamic hamartoma-related epilepsy but their respective efficacy and safety profiles are poorly defined. METHODS: A literature search identified English-language articles reporting series of patients (minimum 3 patients with a follow-up ≥12 months) operated on by either microsurgery, endoscopic surgery, radiosurgery, radiofrequency thermocoagulation or laser interstitial thermal therapy for hypothalamic hamartoma-related epilepsy...
November 20, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Elizabeth A Matthews, Steve Harward, Josh Marek, Nicolas D Drysdale, Elizabeth Schuetz, Kamesh Krishnamurthy, James O McNamara
The lack of preventive and disease modifying therapies for temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) is a major unmet medical need. Search for such therapies utilize mouse models and require detection of seizures in electroencephalography (EEG) recordings. The labor-intensive nature of reviewing EEGs spanning many weeks underscores the need for a method of automated detection. Here we report a simple automated method of detecting seizures in long term EEG recordings from electrodes implanted in the hippocampus in animal models of TLE...
November 8, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Mingting Shao, Hang Yu, Vijayalakshmi Santhakumar, Jiandong Yu
Acquired temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) characterized by spontaneous recurrent seizures (SRS) and hippocampal inhibitory neuron dysfunction is often refractory to current therapies. Gap junctional or electrical coupling between inhibitory neurons has been proposed to facilitate network synchrony and intercellular molecular exchange suggesting a role in both seizures and neurodegeneration. While gap junction blockers can limit acute seizures, whether blocking neuronal gap junctions can modify development of chronic epilepsy has not been examined...
November 8, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Arvinder Kaur, Sandeep Kumar, Rajesh Kumar Goel
This study aimed to investigate the therapeutic potential of clotrimazole, an inhibitor of the transient receptor potential cation channel, for treating mitochondrial drug-resistant epilepsy and to understand its underlying neurochemical mechanisms. Adult albino mice underwent rotenone-corneal kindling, receiving daily electric shocks (15 mA, 20 V, 6-Hz for 3 s) through a corneal electrode, to induce mitochondrial drug-resistant epilepsy. The onset of drug resistance was confirmed by the significant (p < 0...
October 24, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Yuping Ma, Jie Deng, Zhengran Fu, Chunhong Chen, Xiaohui Wang, Xu Wang, Jingwen Weng, Yanhua Shen, Xiaoling Wang, Fang Fang
OBJECTIVE: The neonatal and infantile period is the age group with the highest incidence of epilepsy, in which gene variants in sodium and potassium channels are an important etiology, so the sodium channel blocker class of antiseizure medications may be effective in the treatment of early onset epilepsy. This study aimed to summarize the efficacy and tolerability of oxcarbazepine (OXC) in the treatment of focal epilepsy in neonates and infants under 3 months of age. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of children with focal epilepsy onset within 3 months of age and treated with OXC in a tertiary pediatric epilepsy center in China was conducted...
October 12, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Qiang Liu, Bofei Tan, Jie Zhang, Yanzi Jin, Pingping Lei, Xu Wang, Mengyun Li, Xiaodan Jia, Qing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To assess premature mortality and identify associated risk factors among individuals with convulsive epilepsy in resource-poor settings using a longitudinal, prospective, population-based approach. METHOD: The study recruited people with convulsive epilepsy who underwent assessment and management of epilepsy at primary healthcare centers in rural Northwest China, including newly diagnosed individuals and previously identified prevalent cases. All participants were confirmed to have epilepsy by neurologists according to strict criteria and were followed up monthly by primary care physicians...
October 11, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Miguel A Arévalo-Astrada, Ana Suller-Marti, Richard S McLachlan, Elma Paredes-Aragón, Michelle-Lee Jones, Andrew G Parrent, Seyed M Mirsattari, Jonathan C Lau, David A Steven, Jorge G Burneo
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the involvement of the posterior cingulate gyrus (PCG) during mesial temporal lobe seizures (MTLS). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the stereo-EEG (SEEG) recordings of patients with MTLS performed in our institution from February 2013 to December 2020. Only patients who had electrode implantation in the PCG were included. Patients with lesions that could potentially alter the seizure spread pathways were excluded. We assessed the propagation patterns of MTLS with respect to the different structures sampled...
October 10, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Danielle A Becker, Sarah A Demko
This retrospective chart review examined dose reductions and discontinuations of concomitant antiseizure medications (ASMs) following cenobamate initiation and maintenance in patients with epilepsy treated at MetroHealth (Cleveland, OH) between 9/1/2020-9/26/2022. Concomitant ASM dose adjustments and treatment-emergent adverse events (TEAEs) were assessed. Efficacy (100 % seizure reduction) was examined among patients who received cenobamate for ≥ 3 months at data cutoff (including titration). As of 9/26/2022, 95 patients received cenobamate (mean age, 45...
October 10, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Prateek Kumar Panda, Aman Elwadhi, Diksha Gupta, Apurva Tomar, Poonam Sherwani, Indar Kumar Sharawat
INTRODUCTION: Neurocysticercosis (NCC) is a significant factor contributing to the incidence of seizures in developing countries. While numerous studies have investigated the recurrence of seizures in NCC, their reliability is often limited. METHODS: We assessed the socio-demographic, clinical, and neuroimaging details of 161 children with seizures caused by NCC. We monitored them for seizure recurrence over a 6-month follow-up period. We divided the children into two groups: those with seizure recurrence and those without...
October 10, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Denise Bijlenga, Rolf Fronczek, Evelyn J Gorter, Roland D Thijs
BACKGROUND: People with epilepsy often experience daytime vigilance problems and fatigue. This may be related to disturbed sleep due to nocturnal seizures. AIM: To compare subjective and objective markers of vigilance and circadian function in adults with epilepsy with nocturnal seizures to those with daytime seizures and healthy controls and to identify determinants of impaired daytime vigilance in epilepsy in an explorative study. METHODS: We included 30 adults with epilepsy (15 with daytime seizures and 15 with nocturnal seizures), and 15 healthy controls...
October 10, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Rafael Chitolina, Matheus Gallas-Lopes, Carlos G Reis, Radharani Benvenutti, Thailana Stahlhofer-Buss, Maria Elisa Calcagnotto, Ana P Herrmann, Angelo Piato
The use of zebrafish as a model organism is gaining evidence in the field of epilepsy as it may help to understand the mechanisms underlying epileptic seizures. As zebrafish assays became popular, the heterogeneity between protocols increased, making it hard to choose a standard protocol to conduct research while also impairing the comparison of results between studies. We conducted a systematic review to comprehensively profile the chemically-induced seizure models in zebrafish. Literature searches were performed in PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science, followed by a two-step screening process based on inclusion/exclusion criteria...
October 1, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Melanie Widmann, Andreas Lieb, Anna Mutti, Christoph Schwarzer
In the quest for novel treatments for patients with drug-resistant seizures, poor water solubility of potential drug candidates is a frequent obstacle. Literature indicated that the highly efficient solvent dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) may have a confounding influence in epilepsy research, reporting both pro- and antiepileptic effects. In this study, we aim to clarify the effects of DMSO on epileptiform activity in one of the most frequently studied models of chronic epilepsy, the intrahippocampal kainic acid (IHKA) mouse model, and in a model of acute seizures...
September 30, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Siamak Beheshti, Shiva Ershadi, Fatemeh Zamani, Mansour Azimzadeh, Mohammad Wasil Wesal
Ghrelin is a peptide, which has been shown to affect seizures. However, there is not a consensus about its real impact on the control of seizure severity. We assessed the influence of intra-amygdala injections of a ghrelin receptor (GHSR) antagonist, as well as a GHSR inverse agonist on the electrical kindling-induced seizures. Two unipolar electrodes and a tripolar electrode twisted with a guide cannula were implanted in the skull surface or the basolateral amygdala of adult male rats, respectively. A rapid electrical kindling protocol was applied for kindling epileptogenesis...
September 30, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Ricardo Paganin, Eliseu Paglioli, Barbara Friedrich, William Alves Martins, Rafael Paglioli, Thomas Frigeri, Ricardo Soder, André Palmini
OBJECTIVE: Patients with multifocal or generalized epilepsies manifesting with drop attacks have severe refractory seizures and significant cognitive and behavioural abnormalities. It is unclear to what extent these features relate to network abnormalities and how networks in sensorimotor cortex differ from those in patients with refractory focal epilepsies. Thus, in this study we sought to provide preliminary data on connectivity of sensorimotor cortex in patients with epileptic drop attacks, in comparison to patients with focal refractory epilepsies...
September 24, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Yingjie Shen, Anqi Peng, Xuehong Chu, Zhongjie Ji, Mengkai Li, Sha Bai, Zhongjun Wei, Hongsheng Liang, Xujing Zhao, Guoqiang Xue
OBJECTIVE: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a contagious infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) that has caused worldwide transmission. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to investigate the morbidity and characteristics of seizures after SARS-CoV-2 infection in underage (≤18 y) and to provide valuable reference material for subsequent clinical treatment. METHODS: PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases were searched up to 10th May 2023...
September 23, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Louis Cousyn, Fedele Dono, Vincent Navarro, Mario Chavez
Heart rate variability (HRV) is an accessible and convenient means to assess the sympathetic/parasympathetic balance. Autonomic dysfunctions may reflect a pro-ictal state and occur before the seizure onset. Previous studies have reported HRV-based models to identify preictal states in continuous electrocardiogram (EKG) monitoring. Here, we evaluated the ability of HRV metrics extracted from daily single resting-state periods to estimate the risk of upcoming seizure(s) using probabilistic forecasts. Daily standardized 10-min vigilance-controlled EKG periods were recorded in 15 patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy who underwent intracerebral electroencephalography (EEG)...
September 22, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Sonja I Ziniel, Alexandra Mackie, Jacinta Saldaris, Helen Leonard, Peter Jacoby, Eric D Marsh, Bernhard Suter, Elia Pestana-Knight, Heather E Olson, Dana Price, Judith Weisenberg, Rajsekar Rajaraman, Gina VanderVeen, Tim A Benke, Jenny Downs, Scott Demarest
BACKGROUND: CDKL5 Deficiency Disorder (CDD) is a severe X-linked developmental and epileptic encephalopathy. Existing developmental outcome measures have floor effects and cannot capture incremental changes in symptoms. We modified the caregiver portion of a CDD clinical severity assessment (CCSA) and assessed content and response-process validity. METHODS: We conducted cognitive interviews with 15 parent caregivers of 1-39-year-old children with CDD. Caregivers discussed their understanding and concerns regarding appropriateness of both questions and answer options...
September 20, 2023: Epilepsy Research
James Allebone, Richard A Kanaan, Genevieve Rayner, Jerome Maller, Terence J O'Brien, Saul A Mullen, Mark Cook, Sophia J Adams, Simon Vogrin, David N Vaughan, Patrick Kwan, Samuel F Berkovic, Wendyl J D'Souza, Graeme Jackson, Dennis Velakoulis, Sarah J Wilson
OBJECTIVE: The neuropsychological profile of patients with psychosis of epilepsy (POE) has received limited research attention. Recent neuroimaging work in POE has identified structural network pathology in the default mode network and the cognitive control network. This study examined the neuropsychological profile of POE focusing on cognitive domains subserved by these networks. METHODS: Twelve consecutive patients with a diagnosis of POE were prospectively recruited from the Comprehensive Epilepsy Programmes at The Royal Melbourne, Austin and St Vincent's Hospitals, Melbourne, Australia between January 2015 and February 2017...
September 15, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Cynthia Addona, Thierry Hurlimann, Iris Jaitovich-Groisman, Beatrice Godard
INTRODUCTION: Researchers, clinicians and patients are turning to new innovations in research and clinical practice to further their knowledge in the genetic domain and improve diagnostics or treatment. However, with increased knowledge in genetics, societal issues may arise. Being conscious of these issues is crucial in order to implement standardized and efficient testing on a wider scale that is accessible to a greater number of individuals while simultaneously returning test results, including incidental findings, in a timely manner...
September 9, 2023: Epilepsy Research
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