Akitake Okamura, Koji Iida, Akira Hashizume, Kota Kagawa, Go Seyama, Nobutaka Horie
OBJECTIVE: To classify magnetoencephalographic (MEG) spikes according to the findings of simultaneous scalp electroencephalography (EEG) to study dipole estimation in patients with temporal lobe epilepsy. METHODS: We analyzed MEG and simultaneous scalp EEG in 27 patients with intractable temporal lobe epilepsy. We classified MEG spikes into three groups (H-EM-spikes, L-EM-spikes, M-spikes) based on the amplitude of simultaneous EEG (50 μV or higher, lower than 50 μV, no spike morphology on EEG, respectively)...
March 21, 2023: Epilepsy Research
D J Bearden, A Ehrenberg, R Selawski, K E Ono, D L Drane, N P Pedersen, I Cernokova, D J Marcus, C Luongo-Zink, J J Chern, C B Oliver, J Ganote, R Al-Ramadhani, S Bhalla, S Gedela, G Zhang, A Kheder
Presurgical evaluation of refractory epilepsy involves functional investigations to minimize postoperative deficit. Assessing language and memory is conventionally undertaken using Wada and fMRI, and occasionally supplemented by data from invasive intracranial electroencephalography, such as electrical stimulation, corticortical evoked potentials, mapping of high frequency activity and phase amplitude coupling. We describe the comparative and complementary role of these methods to inform surgical decision-making and functional prognostication...
March 21, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Thinley Dorji, Yangchen, Shacha Wangmo, Karma Tenzin, Sonam Jamtsho, Dechen Pema, Bikram Chhetri, Damber Kumar Nirola, Guru Prasad Dhakal
Epilepsy is an important cause of morbidity and mortality especially in low- and middle-income countries. People with epilepsy (PWE) face difficulties in access to healthcare, appropriate diagnostic tests and anti-seizure medications (ASM). Bhutan is one such country in the Himalayas that has reported doubling of the prevalence of epilepsy from 155.7 per 100,000 population in 2017 to 312.4 in 2021. The country has one centre for electroencephalography and magnetic resonance imaging for a population of 0.7 million and does not have any neurologists as of 2023...
March 16, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Shanae Ella Norton, Caroline Hunt, Suncica Lah
More than one third of people with epilepsy (PWE) report experiencing insomnia. This is highly concerning given that sleep loss both triggers and exacerbates seizures. It is therefore paramount that we understand the underlying mechanisms of insomnia in PWE. Nevertheless, research in this area remains limited, with little understanding of the emerging or maintaining factors of insomnia in PWE. Therefore, the current study sought to explore fear of sleep as a novel explanation for the increased rate of insomnia in PWE, and whether fear of sleep was related to post-seizure trauma...
March 16, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Oumarou Ouédraogo, Renaud Balthazard, Victoria Hannah Mamane, Hélène Jamann, Florence Millette, Audrey Daigneault, Nathalie Arbour, Catherine Larochelle
PURPOSE: Inflammation plays a role in drug-resistant epilepsy (DRE). We have previously reported an increased proportion of CD4 T cells displaying a pro-inflammatory profile in the peripheral blood of adults with DRE. Specific anti-epileptic drugs (AEDs) exhibit immunomodulatory properties that could increase the risk of infections but also contribute to their beneficial impact on DRE and other neurological diseases. The impact of novel generation AEDs on the profile of immune cells and on neuroinflammatory processes remains unclear...
March 15, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Ahmed Jamali, Erle Kristensen, Trine Tangeraas, Vibeke Arntsen, Alma Sikiric, Guste Kupliauskiene, Sverre Myren-Svelstad, Siren Berland, Yngve Sejersted, Thorsten Gerstner, Bjørnar Hassel, Laurence A Bindoff, Eylert Brodtkorb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 9, 2023: Epilepsy Research
A Cudna, E Bronisz, D Mirowska-Guzel, I Kurkowska-Jastrzębska
Damage to the blood-brain barrier (BBB) may result from on-going neuroinflammation, which can lead to leakage of blood components, such as leukocytes and serum proteins, into the brain, resulting in disturbed brain homeostasis. The aim of the project was to examine the involvement of modulatory proteins in the processes of BBB integration after epileptic seizures. We investigated serum changes in the levels of MMP-2 and MMP-7 and its inhibitors after seizures in epilepsy patients. Concentrations of these proteins were measured by ELISA in 50 patients at 1-3, 24, and 72 h after generalized tonic-clonic seizures and once in participants of the control group...
March 5, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Emma C Johnson, Patricia Atkinson, Amy Muggeridge, J Helen Cross, Colin Reilly
OBJECTIVE: To survey attitudes towards, and knowledge about, epilepsy among school staff in a defined geographical region in the United Kingdom. METHODS: School staff (n = 160) from 18 schools (56% of eligible schools) where children with epilepsy were currently attending were surveyed. Surveys were developed in collaboration with educational professionals. Questions focussed on attitudes towards, and knowledge about, epilepsy. Factors associated with attitudes and knowledge were analyzed using multivariable logistic regression...
March 5, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Filip Bäckström, Matilda Ahl, Jenny Wickham, Christine T Ekdahl
BACKGROUND: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have an increased risk of developing epilepsy. Both ASD and epilepsy have been associated with increased levels of immune factors in the blood, including the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 6 (IL-6). Mice lacking the synapsin 2 gene (Syn2 KO) exhibit ASD-like behavior and develop epileptic seizures. Their brains display neuroinflammatory changes including elevated IL-6 levels. We aimed to investigate the effect of systemic IL-6 receptor antibody (IL-6R ab) treatment on seizure development and frequency in Syn2 KO mice...
February 26, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Joseph Sullivan, Boudewijn Gunning, Muhammad Zafar, Renzo Guerrini, Jozef Gecz, Kristy L Kolc, Yufan Zhao, Maciej Gasior, Alex A Aimetti, Debopam Samanta
INTRODUCTION: Protocadherin-19 (PCDH19)-clustering epilepsy is a distinct developmental and epileptic encephalopathy characterized by early-onset seizures that are often treatment refractory. Caused by a mutation of the PCDH19 gene on the X chromosome, this rare epilepsy syndrome primarily affects females with seizure onset commonly in the first year of life. A global, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 trial was conducted to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of ganaxolone compared with placebo as adjunctive therapy to a standard antiseizure medication regimen in patients with PCDH19-clustering epilepsy (VIOLET; NCT03865732)...
February 22, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Gadi Miron, Paul Manuel Müller, Martin Holtkamp, Christian Meisel
INTRODUCTION: Patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy may benefit from ablative or resective surgery. In presurgical work-up, intracranial EEG markers have been shown to be useful in identification of the seizure onset zone and prediction of post-surgical seizure freedom. However, in most cases, implantation of depth or subdural electrodes is performed, exposing patients to increased risks of complications. METHODS: We analysed EEG data recorded from a minimally invasive approach utilizing foramen ovale (FO) and epidural peg electrodes using a supervised machine learning approach to predict post-surgical seizure freedom...
February 17, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Jesper Reinholdson, Ingrid Olsson, Anna Edelvik Tranberg, Kristina Malmgren
OBJECTIVE: To describe long-term seizure outcomes in patients with IQ < 70 undergoing resective epilepsy surgery and to analyse whether baseline IQ predicts seizure outcome. METHODS: Patients undergoing focal resective epilepsy surgery 1995-2017 at age ≥ 4 years were identified in the population-based Swedish National Epilepsy Surgery Register. Two-year, five-year and long-term (10-20-year follow-up) outcomes were analysed. Seizure outcomes of patients with IQ ≥ 70 and IQ < 70 at baseline were compared in the full cohort and between propensity score matched groups...
February 16, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Rukham Ajaz, Seyed Reza Mousavi, Seyed M Mirsattari, L Stan Leung
OBJECTIVE: Using the gamma-butyrolactone (GBL) model of absence seizures in Long-Evans rats, this study investigated if gamma (30-160 Hz) activity were cross-frequency modulated by the 2-6 Hz slow-wave discharges induced by GBL in the limbic system. We hypothesized that inactivation of the nucleus reuniens (RE), which projects to frontal cortex (FC) and hippocampus, would affect the cross-frequency coupling of gamma (γ) in different brain regions. METHODS: Local field potentials were recorded by electrodes implanted in the FC, ventrolateral thalamus (TH), basolateral amygdala (BLA), nucleus accumbens (NAC), and dorsal hippocampus (CA1) of behaving rats...
February 12, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Xingzhi Guo, Peng Tang, Lina Zhang, Junhao Cui, Rui Li
BACKGROUND: Observational studies have suggested that gestational age was associated with the risk of epilepsy later in life. However, it remains unclear whether the association is of a causal nature. METHODS: Two-sample Mendelian randomization (MR) was performed to assess the causal effect of fetal gestational age on epilepsy. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) summary statistics of gestational duration, early preterm birth, preterm birth, and postterm birth were from the Early Growth Genetics (EGG) Consortium...
February 9, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Azhar Mohamed Nomair, Jaidaa Farouk Mekky, Shaymaa Ali El-Hamshary, Hanan Mohamed Nomeir
OBJECTIVE: MiRNAs are important gene-regulating agents in epilepsy development, according to new research. The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship between serum expression of miR-146a-5p and miR-132-3p and epilepsy in Egyptian patients as potential diagnostic and therapeutic biomarkers. METHODS: MiR-146a-5p and miR-132-3p were measured in the serum of 40 adult epilepsy patients and 40 controls using real-time polymerase chain reaction. The comparative cycle threshold (CT) approach (2-ΔΔCT ) was used to compute relative expression levels, which were normalized to cel-miR-39 expression and compared to healthy controls...
February 9, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Jing Li, Longze Sha, Qi Xu
OBJECTIVE: Intrahippocampal injection of kainate (KA) is a reliable model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) that replicates spontaneous recurrent seizures. Both electrographic seizures and electroclinical seizure (most generalized seizure) can be detected in KA model. Electrographic seizures such as high-voltage sharp waves (HVSWs) and hippocampal paroxysmal discharges (HPDs) are far more common and attracting much attention. A comprehensive study on the anticonvulsant effects of classic and novel antiseizure medications (ASMs) on spontaneous electroclinical seizures, especially during long-term treatment, is still lacking...
January 26, 2023: Epilepsy Research
S Hadidane, S Lagarde, S Medina-Villalon, A McGonigal, V Laguitton, R Carron, D Scavarda, F Bartolomei, A Trebuchon
OBJECTIVE: Temporal lobe epilepsy is the most common type of focal drug-resistant epilepsy. Seizures with predominant involvement of basal temporal regions (BTR) are not well characterized. In this stereo electroencephalography (SEEG) study, we aimed at describing the ictal networks involving BTR and the associated clinical features. METHODS: We studied 24 patients explored with SEEG in our center with BTR sampling. We analyzed their seizures using a quantitative method: the "epileptogenicity index"...
January 24, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Sandra Reeder, Emma Foster, Swarna Vishwanath, Patrick Kwan
PURPOSE: With no reliable surrogate biomarkers for treatment response, people with epilepsy currently await the passage of time to determine whether prescribed treatments are effective. Few studies have examined the issues faced by people with epilepsy during this waiting period. We aim to explore the experiences of people with recently diagnosed epilepsy as they wait to achieve seizure freedom. METHODS: We purposively sampled adults of working age who had been diagnosed and treated for epilepsy for less than four years...
January 24, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Ifrah Zawar, Soutik Ghosal, Stephen Hantus, Vineet Punia
OBJECTIVE: While studies have explored clinical and EEG predictors of seizures on continuous EEG (cEEG), the role of cEEG indications as predictors of seizures has not been studied. Our study aims to fill this knowledge gap. METHODS: We used the prospective cEEG database at Cleveland Clinic for the 2016 calendar year. Patients ≥ 18 years who underwent cEEG for the indication of altered mental status (AMS) and seizure-like events (SLE: motor or patient-reported events) were included...
January 20, 2023: Epilepsy Research
Nguyen Minh Duc, Nguyen Thuy Minh Thu, Chi-Bao Bui, Giang Hoa, Nguyen Le Trung Hieu
BACKGROUND: In children with West syndrome (WS), whose treatment is challenging due to drug resistance and poor prognosis, investigation of genetic etiology and genotype-phenotype characteristics might assist in treatment optimization and genetic counseling. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to present the results of genetic analysis and the corresponding phenotypes in a cohort of twenty children with WS in Vietnam. METHODS: Our study was designed as a single-institution retrospective case series, in which consecutive sampling was used to select WS children having undergone genetic testing...
January 20, 2023: Epilepsy Research
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