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American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP

Pilar Ocampo, Ryan Coffman, Hannah Lawman
PURPOSE: To evaluate changes in compliance with a smoke-free outdoor seating policy before and after passage of a local regulation in 2015, which reinterpreted Philadelphia's Clean Indoor Air Worker Protection Law to include outdoor seating areas of food or beverage establishments. DESIGN: Natural experiment. SETTING: Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. SAMPLE: Food or beverage establishments (N = 108). Establishments were comprised of sit-down restaurants, cafes, quick-service restaurants, and bars...
August 13, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Sara Heinert, Sandra Escobar-Schulz, Maya Jackson, Marina Del Rios, Sarah Kim, Jennica Kahkejian, Heather Prendergast
PURPOSE: Hypertension is the primary risk factor for development of cardiovascular complications. Community-initiated interventions have proven effective in reducing cardiovascular disease risk among individuals who might otherwise face barriers to care. The purposes of this study were to gain feedback on a church-based hypertension intervention study and assess barriers and facilitators to hypertension control after participation in the study. DESIGN: Qualitative study of 4 focus groups...
August 13, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Omoye E Imoisili, Sohyun Park, Elizabeth A Lundeen, Amy L Yaroch, Heidi M Blanck
PURPOSE: To examine associations of adolescent sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) intake with parent SSB intake and parent and adolescent attitudes about limiting SSB and junk food (SSB/JF) intake. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional study. SETTING: The 2014 Family Life, Activity, Sun, Health, and Eating study. SAMPLE: Parent-adolescent dyads (N = 1555). MEASURES: The outcome was adolescent SSB intake...
August 13, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Hatidza Zaganjor, Katherine Bishop Kendrick, Stephen Onufrak, Julie Ralston Aoki, Laurie P Whitsel, Joel Kimmons
PURPOSE: Local governments can implement food service guideline (FSG) policies, which, in large cities, may reach millions of people. This study identified FSG policies among the 20 largest US cities and analyzed them for key FSG policy attributes. DESIGN: Quantitative research. SETTING: Local government facilities. PARTICIPANTS: Twenty largest US cities. MEASURES: Frequency of FSG policies and percent alignment to tool...
August 1, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Paul D Loprinzi, Emily Frith, Lindsay Crawford
PURPOSE: Retroactive interference involves the disruption of previously encoded information from newly learned information and thus may impair the consolidation of long-term memory. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether acute exercise can attenuate retroactive memory interference. DESIGN: Three experimental studies were employed. Experiment 1 employed a between-subject randomized control trial (RCT) involving moderate-intensity walking (15 minutes)...
July 30, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Errol L Fields, Amanda Long, Derek T Dangerfield, Anthony Morgan, Mudia Uzzi, Renata Arrington-Sanders, Jacky M Jennings
PURPOSE: Young black gay, bisexual, and other MSM (YBMSM) that carry a disproportionate HIV burden in the US Geosocial networking applications (GSN apps) are environments that may increase HIV risk among users. This study explored the acceptability and feasibility of using these apps for HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) public health outreach. DESIGN: Semi-structured in-depth qualitative interviews. SETTING: A frequently reported GSN app for meeting sex partners by newly diagnosed HIV-infected MSM in Baltimore...
July 30, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Man Zhang, Virginia Quick, Yanhong Jin, Jennifer Martin-Biggers
OBJECTIVE: Examining associations of mother's behaviors and home/neighborhood physical activity (PA) environments with preschoolers' PA and screen time. DESIGN: Cross-sectional online survey. SETTING: Mothers with a 2 to 5 years old preschooler were recruited from the US panel members of Survey Sampling International. PARTICIPANTS: Five hundred thirty-one mothers with a preschool child aged 2 to 5 years old. OUTCOME MEASURE: Child daily screen time and PA, mother-child inside- and outside-home co-PA...
July 30, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Michael D Sweat, Teresa Yeh, Caitlin Kennedy, Kevin O'Reilly, Kevin Armstrong, Virginia Fonner
OBJECTIVE: To update the prior systematic review from studies published in the past 9 years that examine the effects of condom social marketing (CSM) programs on condom use in low- and middle-income countries. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, CINAHL, PsycINFO, Sociological Abstracts, and EMBASE. Hand searching of AIDS , AIDS and Behavior , AIDS Care , and AIDS Education and Prevention . STUDY INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION CRITERIA: (a) Published from 1990 to January 16, 2019, (b) low- or middle-income country, (c) evaluated CSM, (d) analyses across preintervention to postintervention exposure or across multiple study arms, (e) measured condom use behavior, and (f) sought to prevent HIV transmission...
July 23, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Devlon N Jackson, Emily B Peterson, Kelly D Blake, Kisha Coa, Wen-Ying Sylvia Chou
PURPOSE: To assess the public's trust in health information sources (ie, government health agencies, doctors, family/friends, charitable organizations, and religious leaders/organizations) from 2005 to 2015 and identify sociodemographics factors associated with high trust. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: Health Information National Trends Survey, a US nationally representative publicly available data on health-related knowledge, behaviors, and attitudes...
July 23, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Jessica M Rath, Molly P Green, Donna M Vallone, Jodie Briggs, Maureen Palmerini, John Geraci, Lindsay Pitzer, Elizabeth C Hair
PURPOSE: Examine association between emotional valence and intensity prompted by anti-tobacco advertising messages and perceived ad effectiveness among youth/young adults. DESIGN: Online forced-exposure survey data from a nationally weighted, cross-sectional sample of youth/young adults, collected periodically over a 4-year period. SETTING: National. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty-seven cross-sectional surveys conducted online from June 2015 to January 2018; total N = 9534...
July 23, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Amanda M Emerson, Sharla Smith, Jaehoon Lee, Patricia J Kelly, Megha Ramaswamy
PURPOSE: To assess effectiveness, 1-year post-intervention, of a program delivered in jails with women to improve cervical health literacy (CHL) and up-to-date Papanicolaou (Pap) screening. DESIGN: Pre-post design to evaluate Pap screening and CHL effects 1 year after our original randomized wait-list control study. SETTING: Surveys conducted in Kansas City, 2015 to 2017 (baseline in 2014). PARTICIPANTS: Adult women (n = 133)...
July 17, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Felix S Hussenoeder, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Ines Conrad, Francisca S Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: Workplace-related mental demands (WPMDs) are considered to be protective factors for cognitive health in old age and are linked to delayed onset of dementia. Yet, what exactly is meant by WPMDs differs greatly between studies, putting an enormous challenge on researchers and practitioners. Aim of our study was thus to create a systematic overview on WPMD concepts and to depict their associations with dementia and cognitive decline. Thereby, we want to create a solid basis for further work and implementation...
July 10, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Lei-Shih Chen, Yu-Lyu Yeh, Patricia Goodson, Shixi Zhao, Eunju Jung, Amber Muenzenberger, Oi-Man Kwok, Ping Ma
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of genomics training workshops for public health professionals and professionals-in-training. DESIGN: A pre- and post-test evaluation design with 3-month follow-up. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Thirteen genomics training workshops were delivered across Texas to 377 public health professionals and professionals-in-training (66.7% were ethnic minorities). INTERVENTION: Three-hour theory-based, face-to-face genomics training workshops focusing on family health history practice were delivered...
July 8, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Vijay Vasudevan, Erin Bouldin, Shannon Bloodworth, Linda Rocafort
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to explore the likelihood of meeting the physical activity guidelines in veterans who are obese by disability status. DESIGN: We used data from the 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, a cross-sectional telephone survey. The mean response rate was 44.9%. SETTING: Respondents came from all 50 states, District of Columbia, and 3 US territories. PATIENTS: Respondents included veterans self-reporting being obese (N = 13 798)...
July 8, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Ruopeng An, Mengmeng Ji, Caitlin Clarke, Chenghua Guan
PURPOSE: This study assessed the influence of state laws governing physical education (PE) on weekly PE class attendance among US high school students. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. SETTING: 2003 to 2017 US national Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 533 468 high school students. MEASURES: Data on state laws governing PE came from National Cancer Institute's Classification of Laws Associated with School Students (CLASS)...
July 4, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Liana DesHarnais Bruce, Joshua S Wu, Stuart L Lustig, Daniel W Russell, Douglas A Nemecek
PURPOSE: To inform health behavior intervention design, we sought to quantify loneliness and its correlates, including social media use, among adults in the United States. DESIGN: Cross-sectional research panel questionnaire. SETTING: Responses were gathered from individuals in all 50 states surveyed via Internet from February 2018 to March 2018. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 20 096 US panel respondents aged 18+. MEASURES: The University of California at Los Angeles (UCLA) Loneliness Scale (theoretical score range = 20-80) was administered along with demographic, structural, cognitive, and behavioral items...
June 16, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Eric T Hyde, John D Omura, Kathleen B Watson, Janet E Fulton, Susan A Carlson
PURPOSE: Step It Up! The Surgeon General's Call to Action to Promote Walking and Walkable Communities ( Call to Action ) presents goals and supporting strategies to promote walking. We assessed the presence and prioritization of 4 community supports for walking related to the goals of the Call to Action from the perspective of US adults. DESIGN: Cross-sectional web-based survey. SETTING: US adults. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4043 respondents...
June 13, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Mariaelena Gonzalez, Ashley Sanders-Jackson, Lisa Henriksen
PURPOSE: To examine the relationship between tobacco outlet density and social capital. PARTICIPANTS: Parents of at least one teen (N = 2734) in a representative sample of US households with teens (ages 13-16). DESIGN: Population-based, cross-sectional survey of a web panel of adolescent-parent pairs matched with spatial data for address to characterize household neighborhoods. SETTING: US households identified by latitude and longitude with a 50-ft random shift...
June 13, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Seungho Ryu, Heontae Kim, Minsoo Kang, Zeljko Pedisic, Paul D Loprinzi
PURPOSE: To evaluate secular trends in recreational sedentary behavior among high school students in the United States between 2003 and 2015. DESIGN: A series of cross-sectional assessments over a 12-year period. SETTING: Data from the 2003 to 2015 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System was used. PARTICIPANTS: Samples of 10 978 to 14 894 adolescents, drawn every 2 years: 2003 to 2015. MEASURES: The evaluated recreational self-reported sedentary behaviors included TV hours and computer hours that are not schoolwork...
June 11, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
Shu Fang, Junmin Zhou
PURPOSE: To examine associations of daytime napping and diagnosed diabetes in middle-aged premenopausal, middle-aged postmenopausal, and older postmenopausal Chinese women. DESIGN: Quantitative, cross-sectional. SETTING: 2015 cross-sectional data from China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study. Participants were recruited from 150 counties/districts and 450 villages/resident committees. PARTICIPANTS: Six thousand nine hundred and forty women aged 45 years and older (mean age = 61 years) stratified by age and menopausal status...
June 5, 2019: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
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