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Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ

Sarpreet Kahlon, Kiah Brubacher-Cressman, Erica Caron, Keren Ramonov, Ruth Taubman, Katherine Berg, F Virginia Wright, Alicia J Hilderley
This study explored children's experiences of participating in one-to-one physical training programs to identify how programs can best promote physical activity participation for children with cerebral palsy. A qualitative descriptive design with self-determination theory was used. Semistructured interviews were conducted with 6 children with cerebral palsy, age 8-14 years, who participated in a fundamental-movement-skills or lower-limb strength-training program. A hybrid approach of deductive and inductive analysis was used...
February 15, 2019: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2019: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
ZáNean McClain, E Andrew Pitchford, Daniel W Tindall
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 20, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Emma V Richardson, Sarah Blaylock, Elizabeth Barstow, Matthew Fifolt, Robert W Motl
Fewer than 20% of persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) engage in enough exercise to manage MS symptoms and improve function. To address this problem, the authors developed a conceptual model to promote exercise among persons with MS through the patient-provider interaction within health care settings. The current qualitative study evaluated and refined the conceptual model based on 32 semistructured interviews involving persons with MS. The data were subject to inductive, semantic thematic analysis. Participants highlighted that the conceptual model was a necessary addition to current MS care and noted multiple strengths regarding its design (e...
December 18, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Valeria Rosso, Laura Gastaldi, Walter Rapp, Stefan Lindinger, Yves Vanlandewijck, Sami Äyrämö, Vesa Linnamo
In cross-country sit-skiing, the trunk plays a crucial role in propulsion generation and balance maintenance. Trunk stability is evaluated by automatic responses to unpredictable perturbations; however, electromyography is challenging. The aim of this study was to identify a measure to group sit-skiers according to their ability to control the trunk. Seated in their competitive sit-ski, 10 male and 5 female Paralympic sit-skiers received 6 forward and 6 backward unpredictable perturbations in random order. k-means clustered trunk position at rest, delay to invert the trunk motion, and trunk range of motion significantly into 2 groups...
December 18, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
T Nicole Kirk, Justin A Haegele
The theory of planned behavior is a psychological framework designed to examine the relationship between beliefs and volitional behaviors such as physical activity engagement. The purpose of this article was to evaluate the published empirical literature on the use of the theory of planned behavior in the context of physical activity beliefs and behaviors of individuals with disabilities. Electronic-database searches were conducted to identify relevant articles published between 1990 and 2018, yielding 11 articles that met all criteria for inclusion...
December 18, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Raul Reina, Yeshayahu Hutzler, María C Iniguez-Santiago, Juan A Moreno-Murcia
This study addresses the associations between students' ability beliefs and attitudes toward inclusion in physical education, as well as the impact of gender and previous contact/participation with children with disability on these variables. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 976 students (491 girls and 485 boys; age 11-16 years), who responded to ability beliefs and attitudes questionnaires. Ability beliefs (entity and incremental) and the 3 sociodemographic variables predicted 20.4% and 9% of the behavioral and cognitive subscales of attitudes, respectively...
December 16, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Chunxiao Li, Ngai Kiu Wong, Raymond K W Sum, Chung Wah Yu
Teachers' attitudes toward students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are vital predictors of successful inclusive education. Guided by the basic psychological needs theory, this cross-sectional survey aimed to examine the relationships among mindfulness, basic psychological needs satisfaction (basic psychological needs theory-based construct), and attitudes toward including students with ASD among preservice physical education (PE) teachers. A multisection survey form was administered to 211 preservice PE teachers...
December 16, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Samuel Lins, Cynthia F Melo, Sara G Alves, Rúben L Silva
This study aimed to identify the social representations of sports for Brazilian athletes with disabilities and to understand the extent to which sports can contribute to their empowerment. A total of 153 Brazilian athletes of various sports and with different types of disabilities took part in the study (122 men and 31 women; M = 31.91 years, SD = 9.46). The research was performed by an online survey by means of the free word association technique. All analyses were carried out using the Iramuteq computer program...
December 12, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Ali Brian, Sally Taunton, Chelsee Shortt, Adam Pennell, Ryan Sacko
The purpose of this study was to examine differences in motor competence, perceived motor competence (PMC), body mass index, and physical activity (PA) and to assess factors that predict PA behaviors of preschool children with and without disabilities. A total of 59 children with (n = 28) and without (n = 31) disabilities participated in the study. Results revealed that children with disabilities had significantly greater amounts of PA than peers without disabilities. There were no significant differences for motor competence, PMC, and body mass index for children with or without a disability...
December 11, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Justin A Haegele, Takahiro Sato, Xihe Zhu, T Nicole Kirk
The purpose of this study was to examine the reflections of adults with visual impairments regarding paraeducator support during their school-based integrated physical education. An interpretative phenomenological analysis research approach was used, and 9 adults (age 21-34 years; 8 women and 1 man) with visual impairments acted as participants. Semistructured audio-recorded telephone interviews and reflective field notes were sources of data. A 3-step analytic process was adopted for thematic development. Based on the data analysis, 3 interrelated themes emerged: "they wouldn't let me participate"-restriction in the name of safety, "stuck out like a big tree in a field full of poppies"-unwanted social attention and isolation, and "I felt like they weren't trained"-paraeducator disengagement and training needs...
December 11, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Terese Wilhelmsen, Marit Sørensen, Ørnulf N Seippel
This article is focused on how combinations of motivational attributes and motivational climates support social and pedagogical inclusion in physical education among children with disabilities. Theoretically, the authors integrate tenets from achievement-goal theory and self-determination theory. To capture the motivational complexity underlying children's experiences of inclusion in physical education, they use a 2-step fuzzy qualitative comparative analysis. The analyses of contextual conditions yielded 2 sufficient inclusion-supportive climates, namely a physically inclusive and mastery-oriented climate or a physical inclusive, autonomy-supportive, and low performance-oriented climate...
December 7, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Lauren Handler, Emily M Tennant, Guy Faulkner, Amy E Latimer-Cheung
The Canadian 24-Hour Movement Guidelines for Children and Youth (age 5-17 yr) consolidate evidence-informed daily requirements for physical activity, sedentary behavior, and sleep into 1 comprehensive resource. The primary objective of this study was to explore how parents of children and youth with disabilities (CYWD) perceive the guidelines. The secondary objective was to explore whether parents consider the guideline branding to be inclusive. A total of 15 mothers of CYWD participated in one 60-min semistructured interview, either in person or by telephone...
December 7, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Byron Lai, Katie Cederberg, Kerri A Vanderbom, C Scott Bickel, James H Rimmer, Robert W Motl
This review examined demographic and clinical characteristics of participants from exercise trials in 3 neurologic disability conditions (multiple sclerosis, spinal cord injury, and traumatic brain injury) and compared these data with population-based statistics. The authors included 75 published studies from 2006 to 2016: 53 studies for multiple sclerosis (n = 2,034), 14 for spinal cord injury (n = 302), and 8 for traumatic brain injury (n = 272). Pooled data resembled some heterogeneous aspects of population data sets...
November 1, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Jaehun Jung, Willie Leung, Bridgette Marie Schram, Joonkoo Yun
The purpose of this study was to explore the current levels of physical activity among youth with disabilities using meta-analysis. The search identified 11 publications including 729 participants (age 4-20 yr). The overall effect size for 11 studies was Hedges g = 0.60 (SE = 0.18, 95% confidence interval [CI] [0.24, 0.96], p < .05, k = 11) using a random-effects model. The findings suggest that differences in physical activity levels between youth with and without disabilities are complex...
October 30, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Luis Columna, Denzil A Streete, Samuel R Hodge, Suzanna Rocco Dillon, Beth Myers, Michael L Norris, Tiago V Barreira, Kevin S Heffernan
Despite having the desire to become physically active as a family, parents of children with visual impairments often lack the skills and resources needed to provide appropriate physical activities (PAs) for their children. The purpose of this study was to explore the intentions of parents of children with visual impairments toward including their children in PAs after participating in a PA program. In this descriptive qualitative study, the participants were 10 parents of children with visual impairments. A series of workshops were designed to provide parents with the skills and resources needed to promote PA for their family...
October 28, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Øyvind F Standal, Tor Erik H Nyquist, Hanne H Mong
Adapted physical activity (APA) is characterized by a strong orientation to professional practice. Currently, there exists limited empirical research about the professional status of APA in the context of rehabilitation. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to describe and understand the professional status, role, and work tasks of APA specialists in Norway. For the purpose of the study, the authors conducted group interviews with APA specialists and individual interviews with unit leaders at six rehabilitation institutions in the national specialist health care services...
October 26, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
ZáNean McClain, Daniel W Tindall, E Andrew Pitchford
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 26, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Alison B Pritchard Orr, Kathy Keiver, Chris P Bertram, Sterling Clarren
Physical activity (PA) has been demonstrated to have positive effects on cognitive function, particularly executive function (EF) skills. Animal models suggest PA may be effective in ameliorating some of the neuropsychological effects of fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD), but this approach has not been extended to humans. The purpose of this study was to develop a PA program, FAST Club, for children with FASD and to evaluate its effect on a measure of EF. Using a wait-list control design, 30 children age 7-14 yr participated in FAST Club for 2 × 1...
October 25, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
Donna L Goodwin, Amanda Ebert
Locating suitable, inclusive community physical activity programs for disabled children can be challenging for parents. The aim of this study was to uncover everyday hidden labor experienced by parents, as they sought inclusive physical activity opportunities for their children. Focus group interviews with eight families of youth aged 13-19 years were completed using an interpretative phenomenological case study research approach. Four themes, interpreted through the framework of relational ethics, captured their experiences: (a) inclusion is immensely effortful; (b) judged by their impairments, not their possibilities; (c) ongoing education needed to open doors and sustain participation; and (d) the guilt of staying home...
October 18, 2018: Adapted Physical Activity Quarterly: APAQ
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