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Journal of Interpersonal Violence | Page 2

Polly Cheng, Peter Jaffe
Male depression has been recognized as an important factor in some cases of intimate partner violence but there is a paucity of literature connecting depression and intimate partner homicide (IPH). This retrospective study provides a preliminary analysis that distinguished depressed from nondepressed perpetrators of IPH from a sample of 135 cases analyzed by a coroner's homicide death review committee in Ontario, Canada. Depressed perpetrators were more likely to commit homicide-suicide and had almost 1.5 times the number of risk factors present than nondepressed perpetrators...
August 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Guido Veronese, Federica Cavazzoni, Sabrina Russo, Cindy Sousa
Research has widely documented the effects of war and political violence on the functioning and well-being of adults and children. Yet, within this literature, women's agency in the face of war-related adversity and political violence remains underexplored. The present study was conducted in the Gaza Strip in the aftermath of the most recent war on Gaza in 2014, with the aim of investigating the consequences of war and political violence for women's mental health and psychological functioning. Based on interviews with 21 Palestinian women exposed to extreme war-related traumatic events, the article offers an analysis of the risk and protective factors affecting their well-being and enhancing (or diminishing) their agency...
August 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Nicholas D Thomson, Kiril Bozgunov, Elena Psederska, Michel Aboutanos, Georgi Vasilev, Jasmin Vassileva
Psychopathy has long been associated with aggression. However, few studies have looked at differences between men and women. Studies that do exist demonstrate that psychopathy differentially relates to aggression in men and women and indicate that environmental factors may play a significant role in influencing these associations. A key environmental factor is a history of lifetime physical abuse (LPA), which has been linked to aggressive behavior in both men and women. The aim of the present study was to test if psychopathy differentially predicted physical, verbal, and indirect aggression in men and women, and if these associations were moderated by LPA...
July 31, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Julie Ritter, Anindita Dasgupta, Anita Raj, Michele R Decker, Saritha Nair, Amruta Trivedi, Dattaram Naik, Balaiah Donta, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G Silverman
Emerging research has documented non-violent forms of abuse against wives in India. Gender-based household maltreatment (GBHM) has been linked to poor maternal and child health outcomes, but the measurement of GBHM requires statistical validation. The objective of this study is to evaluate a new measure of GBHM of women by husbands and in-laws during the perinatal period for validity and internal reliability (before, during, and post pregnancy). This study utilized cross-sectional quantitative data collected from women ( n = 1,049) seeking immunizations for their infants <6 months of age at large urban health centers in three major slum communities in Mumbai, India...
July 31, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Maria Isabel Roldós, Tilda Farhat
Interpersonal violence among racial and ethnic minority youth is of great concern in health disparity research. Child maltreatment (CM), adolescent dating abuse (ADA), sexual abuse, and polyvictimization are key forms of interpersonal violence that require surveillance and national epidemiological data. However, national data systems and published evidence do not depict this health burden for all racial and ethnic populations. Prevalence and incidence rates for American Indians, Eskimo, and Asian youth are absent from most estimates...
July 29, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Pengcheng Wang, Xingchao Wang, Li Lei
With the development of Internet technology, cyberbullying has become a serious social issue and public concern in modern society. Based on the general aggression model and an evolutionary psychological perspective, the present study aimed to examine (a) whether student-student relationship would be significantly related to cyberbullying, (b) whether materialism would mediate the link between student-student relationship and cyberbullying, (c) whether boys would be more likely to engage in cyberbullying than girls, and (d) whether there would be gender differences among the links between student-student relationship and cyberbullying...
July 29, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Emily F Rothman, Amy Farrell, Jennifer Paruk, Katherine Bright, Megan Bair-Merritt, Sarah R Preis
The commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) of children is a consequential public health and criminal justice problem, but no CSE prevention programs have been evaluated. The Boston-based My Life My Choice (MLMC) program offers a multisession psychoeducation group to girls who are identified as "at-disproportionate-risk" for CSE victimization and trains other agencies throughout the U.S. to offer this curriculum. The curriculum was designed to improve knowledge about the commercial sex industry and shift-related attitudes and behaviors...
July 27, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Emily A Waterman, Katie M Edwards, Christina M Dardis, Erika L Kelley, Stephanie Sessarego
Despite a growing number of research studies using experience sampling methodologies, little is known about feasibility of these methodologies to the study of intimate partner violence (IPV). In the current study, we examine (a) participant retention and completeness in a 3-week daily diary study, (b) the discrepancy between daily dairy reports of IPV and retrospective summary reports of IPV, and (c) participant reactions to a daily diary assessment of IPV experiences. Participants were 923 undergraduate students (primarily White, heterosexual, and middle to upper-middle class) at two medium-sized universities in New England and the Midwest who received course credit for completing daily diary surveys for 3 weeks about past 24-hour IPV experiences...
July 27, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sasha N Canan, Kristen N Jozkowski, Jacquelyn D Wiersma-Mosley, Mindy Bradley, Heather Blunt-Vinti
Lesbian and bisexual women experience significantly higher rates of sexual assault and rape compared with heterosexual women. Despite this, researchers have yet to distinguish whether sexual orientation itself or some other related social characteristics explain these higher rates. The objective of this study was to analyze women's rates of sexual assault and rape across sexual orientation status while accounting for other social characteristics (e.g., race, education, income, outness). Women ( N = 1,366), who identified as lesbian (31%), bisexual (32%), and heterosexual (31%), completed a nationally distributed, cross-sectional online survey in 2016...
July 26, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Claudia L Campbell, Rachel Wamser-Nanney, Julia C Sager
Despite an emphasis on coping following childhood sexual abuse (CSA) to reduce trauma-related symptoms, very few studies have researched the associations between sexually abused children's coping and trauma-related difficulties, and perceived coping efficacy has been largely overlooked. The current study investigated whether children's use and perceived efficacy of avoidant, internalized, angry, and active/social coping strategies were associated with caregiver- and child-reported posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS), and caregiver-reported internalizing and externalizing symptoms among 202 sexually abused children (8-12 years; M = 10...
July 26, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Robert G Maunder, Lesley Wiesenfeld, Andrea Lawson, Jonathan J Hunter
Childhood abuse, neglect, and loss are common in psychiatric patients, and the relationship between childhood adversity and adult mental illness is well known. However, beyond diagnoses that are specifically trauma-related, such as posttraumatic stress disorder, there has been little research on how childhood adversity contributes to complex presentations that require more intensive treatment. We examined the relationship between childhood adversity and other contributors to clinical complexity in adult outpatients seeking mental health assessment...
July 24, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Michael Goodman, Salome A Wangamati, Florence K N Maranga, Stanley Gitari, Sarah Seidel, Philip Keiser
This study evaluates associations between childhood social environments and current intimate partner conflict tactics in early adulthood. The subsample for this study ( n = 251 men) were participants in a larger community-based study of men's mental and behavioral health in semirural Kenya. A survey questionnaire was administered by trained interviewers, including validated recall measures from childhood, collective self-esteem and impulsivity, and the conflict tactics scale short form. Analyses utilized regression and mediation methods...
July 24, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Nafiseh Ghafournia, Patricia Easteal
There has been significant research on women's experiences of domestic violence (DV) as well as on the women's help-seeking behaviors when living with partner abuse. Most of the Australian literature has focused on nonimmigrant women. We know that help seeking can include informal sources such as family, friends, religious leaders, and colleagues or formal assistance from police, doctors, social workers, counselors, and DV agencies. The current study aims to contribute to the literature on help seeking by looking at what has been found concerning immigrant DV survivors and complementing that with interview material from a sample of 14 Muslim immigrant DV survivors in New South Wales...
July 24, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Kathleen Brewer-Smyth, Ann Wolbert Burgess
Neurobiology of female homicide perpetrators is not well understood. Data from private interviews and examinations of females were re-analyzed comparing those who committed homicide ( n = 9); other violent crimes, no known homicide ( n = 51); nonviolent crimes, no known violent convictions ( n = 49); and noncriminals ( n = 12). Homicide perpetrators suffered the most childhood sexual abuse (CSA); most recent abuse; had the most neurological histories, mainly traumatic brain injuries (TBIs); most health care access for abuse-related injuries; lowest AM and PM salivary cortisol; and greatest proportion who committed crime under the influence of alcohol...
July 22, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Azusa Arimoto, Etsuko Tadaka
This study aimed to develop a scale assessing the early signs of infant neglect and to test its reliability and validity. Neglect is a frequent type of child maltreatment and a serious problem worldwide, but it has received limited research attention. Previous studies of neglect assessment have mainly been targeted toward assessing the risk of apparent neglectful caregivers and neglected children. Early needs assessment scale focused on neglect evaluated by public health professionals in infants is necessary for the urgency of preventing neglect from infancy...
July 22, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Elad Cohen, Yohanan Eshel, Shaul Kimhi, Jenny Kurman
Peer violence in school has become a major issue for schools around the world. The present study examined the impacts of cultural settings and of protective individual attributes on peer bullying and victimization in school. These protective attributes were self-esteem, sense of autonomy, emotional regulation, and individual resilience. Participants were 112 Jewish and 55 Arab Bedouin pupils 10 to 11 years old. It was hypothesized that Jewish pupils would score lower than Bedouin pupils on bullying and on victimization, and will score higher than them on these protective individual attributes...
July 22, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Cemile Hurrem Ayhan Balik, Hulya Bilgin
Intimate partner violence (IPV) has been recognized as an important public health problem over the past two decades, and increased attention to violence in intimate relationships has been given to heterosexual couples. Although the vast majority of literature has determined the rate of IPV among lesbian, gay, bisexual couples, and relationship quality, few studies investigated how stress specific to living as a lesbian or bisexual woman might correlate with IPV in these relationships. For this reason, the purpose of this descriptive study was to determine the experiences of minority stress and IPV among homosexual women ( n = 149) in Turkey...
July 22, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Katie M Edwards, Emily A Waterman, Julia Kagunda, Catherine Bikeri
Gender-based violence (GBV) occurs at alarmingly high rates among college students in a number of countries, including Kenya. To comprehensively address GBV and co-occurring public health issues (e.g., problem drinking), the nonprofit organization Elim Trust has begun to develop a student-led university outreach program (i.e., Vunja Kalabash Campus Project [VKCP]) in Kenya. The purpose of the current study was to examine the perspectives of popular opinion leaders (POLs) on GBV and related public health issues, and on the perceived effectiveness of the VKCP...
July 22, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Pamela Therese Roesch, Alisa Joy Velonis, Sayli M Sant, Lauren Elisabeth Habermann, Jana L Hirschtick
Research links interpersonal violence (IPV) perpetrated by a close personal contact, such as a family member or partner, to poor mental health; however, few studies assess associations by gender and explore the community-wide impacts of IPV on rates of depression and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Using Sinai Community Health Survey (2015-2016), a face-to-face probability survey in 10 Chicago neighborhoods, we examined the association of a broad IPV measure, ever being emotionally or physically abused by a partner or someone important to you, with current depressive (DEPsym) or PTSD symptoms (PTSDsym), stratified by gender...
July 18, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Kristen N Jozkowski, Malachi Willis, Lauren E Hurd, Lindsay S Ham, Ana J Bridges, Jacquelyn D Wiersma-Mosley
Bystander interventions for sexual assault promote third-party interference. People who endorse rape myths blame victims more and perpetrators less; consequently, rape myth acceptance (RMA) can impede helping behaviors toward sexual assault victims. Acute alcohol intoxication may exacerbate the effects of RMA on bystander intervention. In this study, we examined the influence of RMA-and potential moderating effect of acute alcohol intoxication-on predictors of bystander intervention. Young adults ( N = 128) completed a survey in a lab setting, then consumed either an alcoholic or control beverage, read and listened to a fictional sexual assault scenario, and finally completed a semi-structured interview and postexperiment survey assessing their perceptions of the scenario...
July 17, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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