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Journal of Interpersonal Violence | Page 2

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31057067/effect-of-implicit-prejudice-on-intergroup-conflict-the-cognitive-processing-bias-perspective
#21
Lian-Rong Sun, Pei Wang, Yong-Hai Bai
Principles of intergroup conflict are a core issue in social psychology fields. Studies have found that social prejudice has a significant correlation with intergroup conflict, apart from the personal characteristics and the contextual factors. However, none of those studies concentrated on the triggering role of the prejudice to the social phenomena in Eastern culture. Accordingly, the dependent variable detection paradigms used in three experiments were the Emotional Stroop Task, the Lexical Decision Task (LDT), and the Story Completion Protocol (SCP), the present research took the patient-physician conflict in domestic China as the example to detect the effect of social prejudice on the attention selective bias, memory accessibility, and the explanation of attribution bias of the aggressive information processing during the triggering of patient-physician intergroup conflict...
May 5, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31057045/route-choices-and-adolescent-adult-connections-in-mitigating-exposure-to-environmental-risk-factors-during-daily-activities
#22
Alison J Culyba, Charles C Branas, Wensheng Guo, Elizabeth Miller, Kenneth R Ginsburg, Douglas J Wiebe
While adolescent-adult connections have been shown to be protective against violence perpetration and victimization, mechanisms through which these connections confer protection from violence are poorly understood. We assessed whether adolescent-adult connections protected youth in lower resource urban neighborhoods from exposure to environmental risk factors for violence during daily activities. We overlaid on the city landscape minute-by-minute activity paths from 274 randomly sampled predominantly African American male youth, ages 10 to 24, enrolled in a population-based study of daily activities in Philadelphia, PA, to calculate environmental exposures and to compare exposures along actual versus shortest potential travel routes...
May 5, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31057040/experiences-of-reproductive-coercion-in-queensland-women
#23
Elizabeth Price, Leah S Sharman, Heather A Douglas, Nicola Sheeran, Genevieve A Dingle
Reproductive coercion is any interference with a person's reproductive autonomy that seeks to control if and when they become pregnant, and whether the pregnancy is maintained or terminated. It includes sabotage of contraceptive methods and intervention in a woman's access to health care. Our study sought to explore the prevalence and associations with reproductive coercion within Queensland, Australia, where legislation addressing domestic violence and abortion are largely state based and undergoing a period of law reform...
May 5, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31057038/additive-and-interactive-effects-of-victimization-on-adolescent-aggression-across-social-settings
#24
Laura Beckmann
Considering that children and adolescents can face multiple exposures to violence due to their involvement in different socialization domains, this study aimed to analyze additive and interactive effects of physical and verbal victimization by parents, peers, and schoolteachers on adolescent aggression across social settings. With regard to parent-child and teacher-adolescent relationships, physical and verbal forms of aggression were differentiated, whereas aggression by and toward peers was assessed by a composite measure of overt and indirect aggression...
May 5, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31057035/synergistic-effects-of-psychological-intimate-partner-violence-exposure-and-gender-discrimination-on-postnatal-mental-health-trajectories
#25
Danyelle N Dawson, Vanessa V Volpe, Heidemarie K Laurent
While the literature examining physical intimate partner violence (IPV) is extensive, the impact of psychological IPV on mental health during high-risk times such as the period following childbirth is not well understood. The current study examined associations between psychological IPV and the course and severity of women's postnatal mental health symptoms (depression, anxiety, and trauma symptoms). Both main effects of psychological IPV exposure and possible exacerbation by broader social victimization (i...
May 5, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31057032/development-and-initial-validation-of-three-culturally-sensitive-measures-of-intimate-partner-violence-for-sexual-and-gender-minority-populations
#26
Christina Dyar, Adam M Messinger, Michael E Newcomb, Gayle R Byck, Parks Dunlap, Sarah W Whitton
Measures of intimate partner violence (IPV) have largely been developed and validated in heterosexual, cisgender samples, with little attention to whether these measures are culturally appropriate for sexual and gender minority (SGM) populations. However, rates of IPV are two to three times higher among SGM than heterosexual populations, highlighting the importance of culturally appropriate measures of IPV for SGM populations. In this article, after reviewing key problems with the use of existing IPV measures with SGM samples, we describe the development of a toolkit of new and adapted measures of IPV for use with SGM assigned female at birth (SGM-AFAB) populations, including an adapted version of the Conflict Tactics Scale-Revised, an adapted measure of coercive control, and the newly developed SGM-Specific IPV Tactics Measure...
May 5, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31057024/the-impact-of-adolescent-sexual-harassment-experiences-in-predicting-sexual-risk-taking-in-young-women
#27
Candice Norcott, Kate Keenan, Kristen Wroblewski, Alison Hipwell, Stephanie Stepp
Early sexual behavior plays a vital role in female reproductive health. Victimization experiences such as sexual harassment may have a unique impact on girls' sexual health. We examined the prospective associations between sexual harassment during adolescence and high-risk sexual activity in early adulthood. Using mixed-effects logistic regression models, we tested associations between sexual harassment at ages 13 to 15 years and sexual risk behaviors at ages 16 to 20 years, controlling for depression and peer victimization...
May 5, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31046548/neighborhood-exposure-to-violence-and-delinquency-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-a-partial-test-of-social-structure-and-social-learning-theory
#28
Eric J Connolly, Mohammed Said Al-Ghamdi, Ahmed Nezar Kobeisy, Fathiyah H Alqurashi, Joseph A Schwartz, Kevin M Beaver
The social structure and social learning (SSSL) model for crime and deviance has received an impressive amount of empirical support in the United States and other Western industrialized countries. Comparatively, less research, however, has examined whether the SSSL model offers a viable framework for explaining variation in delinquent behavior in other geographic contexts, particularly, countries that place a stronger emphasis on social control stemming from both formal and religious sources. The current study addresses this void in the literature by examining a sample of youth from Saudi Arabia, a Middle Eastern country that enforces Sharia (a set of laws based in Islamic tradition) and strict gender roles...
May 3, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31046535/it-takes-two-to-tango-public-attitudes-toward-prevention-of-workplace-violence-against-health-care-staff-a-mixed-methods-study
#29
Sigalit Warshawski, Anat Amit Aharon, Michal Itzhaki
Workplace violence (WPV) directed toward health care staff by patients and their relatives has become one of the major problems faced by health care systems around the world. Incidences of WPV have increased over the past decade, crossing borders and cultures and creating a worrisome global phenomenon. To date, most of the research has examined health care workers' perceptions of strategies that might prevent violence. Although the public, as prospective patients, has a central role in this state of affairs, little is known about public attitudes to prevention of violence in health care settings...
May 3, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31046532/confounding-mediation-or-independent-effect-childhood-psychological-abuse-mental-health-mood-psychological-state-copd-and-migraine
#30
Mashhood Ahmed Sheikh
In some settings, it may be difficult to differentiate between a confounder and a mediator. For instance, the observed association of self-reported childhood psychological abuse (CPA) with onset of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and migraine may be confounded by current mood/psychological state (e.g., the subjective evaluation of one's own affective state), as well as mediated by an individual's psychopathological symptoms. In this study, we propose the "independence hypothesis," which could prove meaningful to explore in data that lack prospective or objective indices of CPA...
May 3, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31046530/the-characteristics-of-targets-of-bullying-among-chinese-youth-attending-key-versus-non-key-schools-a-mixed-methods-analysis
#31
Yongping Zhao, Yueh-Ting Lee, Yuanqiong Tang, Mary York
The current study examined the characteristics of targets of bullying using a sample of students from two distinct school types (key vs. non-key), wherein key middle schools are defined as having better teaching resources and higher performing students than non-key middle schools. Open-ended, self-report surveys were collected from 322 Chinese students in sixth to 11th grades. Two cycle coding methods analyses generated 3,566 original codes in which 21 main categories and 77 subcategories were extracted. Five major themes emerged: multiple deviant personalities; prominent puniness and imperfect body characteristics accompanied by polarization of appearance; polarization school engagement and academic performance; psychological and behavioral problems; and problematic family and social contexts...
May 3, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31046529/challenges-in-supporting-survivors-of-child-sexual-abuse-in-kenya-a-qualitative-study-of-government-and-non-governmental-organizations
#32
Cynthia Khamala Wangamati, Johanne Sundby, Chimaraoke Izgubara, Erick Otieno Nyambedha, Ruth Jane Prince
Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a global, social, and health challenge. Existing literature on post-sexual assault care has focused largely on health providers' skills and capacity to offer quality clinical, medicolegal, and psychosocial care. Services other than medical and psychosocial care provided to survivors of CSA remain poorly studied, particularly in the global south. The study aimed to explore challenges facing service providers supporting children who have experienced sexual abuse and make suitable recommendations...
May 3, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31046528/bounded-blame-the-effects-of-victim-perpetrator-relationship-and-victimization-history-on-judgments-of-sexual-violence
#33
Mary Catlin, Kyle C Scherr, Christopher P Barlett, Erin Jacobs, Christopher J Normile
Individuals often tend to irrationally blame victims for their plight. This research incorporated a bounded rationality framework to examine first-person perspectives (rather than third-person) of both victims' and nonvictims' perceptions and judgments of acquaintance and stranger sexual violence. Upon completing individual difference measures, including a just-world belief assessment, participants ( N = 296) were randomly assigned to read a scenario in which the vignette victim was either acquainted with or had no prior relationship with the perpetrator...
May 3, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31044645/changes-in-physical-assault-among-adults-moving-into-permanent-supportive-housing
#34
Robin Petering, Wichada La Motte-Kerr, Harmony Rhoades, Suzanne Wenzel
People experiencing homelessness experience high rates of physical assault. While this high risk for victimization is well established, there is no research that examines whether victimization rates change over time as persons transition into permanent supportive housing (PSH). Data are from a longitudinal study of adults moving into PSH in the Los Angeles, CA area. Interviews were conducted prior to or within 5 days of moving in, with follow-up interviews at 3, 6, and 12 months after move-in ( n = 370 participants completing all four interviews)...
May 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31044643/barriers-to-leaving-a-relationship-from-the-perspective-of-married-abused-iranian-women-secondary-analysis-of-the-interviews-with-abused-women
#35
Sakineh Taherkhani, Reza Negarandeh, Fatemeh Farshadpour
Violence has a heavy impact on the physical and mental health of women in developed and developing countries; however, most of the violence victims would suffer in silence and never leave their relationship. The aim of the present study was to identify the barriers to leaving a relationship from the perspective of married abused Iranian women. The present study was a secondary analysis of the interviews conducted in a primary study. The primary study that was conducted using the grounded theory approach has assessed the coping process with domestic violence in 24 married abused Iranian women...
May 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31044641/expanding-collective-efficacy-theory-to-reduce-violence-among-african-american-adolescents
#36
Christopher R Whipple, W LaVome Robinson, Leonard A Jason
Community violence is a complex phenomenon, and many theories have been put forth to explain the causes of community violence and disparities in community violence across neighborhoods. One notable theory, collective efficacy theory (CET), posits that collective efficacy (i.e., a neighborhood's social cohesion and informal social control) mediates the association between concentrated disadvantage and community violence. As CET theorizes an inverse feedback loop between collective efficacy and community violence, collective efficacy could mitigate the link between neighborhood disadvantage and community violence...
May 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31044635/dissecting-the-role-of-dominance-in-robberies-an-analysis-and-implications-for-microsociology-of-violence
#37
Lasse Suonperä Liebst, Marie Rosenkrantz Lindegaard, Wim Bernasco
The influential microsociological theory of violence advanced by Randall Collins suggests that emotional dominance preconditions physical violence. Here, we examine robbery incidents as counterevidence of this proposition. Using 50 video clips of real-life commercial robberies recorded by surveillance cameras, we observed, coded, and analyzed the interpersonal behaviors of offenders and victims in microdetail. We found no support for Collins's hypothesized link between dominance and violence, but evidence against it instead...
May 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31044634/prevalence-of-rape-myths-and-sexual-double-standards-among-university-students-in-pakistan
#38
Nida Jamshed, Anila Kamal
This study aimed to determine the prevalence of rape myths and sexual double standards among Pakistani university students. The sample size was 500 university students. The results indicated that 76.8 % students had more belief in rape myths, while 23.2 % had less belief on rape myths. In total, 71.4% had less sexual double standards, while 28.6 % had more sexual double standards. Furthermore, results showed that men believed more in rape myths as compared with women. Young adults of age ranging from 17 to 24 years had high sexual double standards as compared with adults of the age range of 25 to 32 years...
May 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31044632/a-longitudinal-analysis-of-disability-related-interpersonal-violence-and-some-implications-for-violence-prevention-work
#39
Anastasia Liasidou, Andros Gregoriou
This article explores the extent to which disabled individuals experience interpersonal violence due to victimization. Data on people injured by violence were collated directly from the accident and emergency units in hospitals. High frequency daily data were obtained from computerized records of 26 major accident and emergency departments in London for each day throughout the year of 2016. The final sample consisted of 408,000 observations. A fundamental distinction of our research lies in applying the Generalized Method of Moments system panel estimator to our sample...
May 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31027448/childhood-adversity-and-intimate-partner-violence-in-adulthood-the-mediating-influence-of-ptsd-in-a-sample-of-women-prisoners
#40
Melissa S Jones, B Mitchell Peck, Susan F Sharp, David A McLeod
Although past research documents strong linkages between adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and adult intimate partner violence (IPV) in the lives of women prisoners, researchers have often neglected to consider the potential mediating role of PTSD in the relationships between ACEs and adult IPV. Using data from a stratified random sample of all incarcerated women in Oklahoma ( N = 334), we explore the relationships between ACEs, PTSD symptomology, and adult IPV utilizing a feminist life course theoretical framework...
April 26, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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