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Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Meifang Wang, Fang Wang, Yuzhu Wang, Xiaopei Xing
The present study examined the intergenerational patterns in the transmission of parental psychological aggression in China and the moderating effects of parental anxiety and depression. Participants were 552 children ( Mage = 12.81 years, 250 boys) and their parents who were recruited from two junior high schools in Jinan, the capital city of Shandong Province in China. The results showed that both maternal and paternal psychological aggressions were transmitted in Chinese societies, and maternal but not paternal anxiety and depression moderated the transmission of psychological aggression...
May 22, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Lauren Francis, Dominic Pearson
Emotional abuse in relationships is widespread and can have serious detrimental effects on subsequent functioning. Despite this, and despite the knowledge that adolescents aged 16 to 19 years are most likely to fall victim to abuse in romantic relationships when compared with older age groups, research surrounding warning signs of abuse and adolescents' responses to them has been lacking. This study explored adolescents' attitudes toward, and responses to, warning signs of emotional abuse. Males and females aged 16 to 19 years ( N = 171) from two high schools and one University completed a purpose-designed questionnaire containing 20 statements of warning sign behaviors...
May 22, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Katherine W Bogen, Kaitlyn K Bleiweiss, Nykia R Leach, Lindsay M Orchowski
Communication on Twitter surrounding violence against women often occurs through the use of "hashtags" that allow users to engage in shared discourse. The present study examined utilization of the Twitter hashtag #MeToo, which emerged in 2017 as a method for disclosing personal experiences of sexual victimization. Specifically, the present study sought to clarify how Twitter users utilized the #MeToo tag to disclose and respond to sexual violence by conducting a qualitative analysis of a random sample of tweets using #MeToo ( N = 1,660)...
May 22, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Solveig K B Vatnar, Christine Friestad, Stål Bjørkly
Homicide-suicide incidents make up a relatively small proportion of homicides overall, but occur more frequently in certain subtypes of homicide, such as men who kill their female partners. This study investigates aspects of intimate partner homicide-suicide (IPHS) by comparing it with intimate partner homicide (IPH). All IPHs in Norway from 1990 to 2012 ( N = 177) were included. Quantitative data were extracted from court documents. Qualitative data were collected by interviews with bereaved. Multivariate logistic regression analyses and systematic text condensation were conducted...
May 20, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Chunrye Kim
This study aims to explore the potential role of hairstylists in helping intimate partner violence (IPV) victims in the Korean immigrant communities using a cross-sectional survey design that includes open- and close-ended survey questions. In all, 47 Korean hair salon stylists were surveyed on their experience with their clients related to IPV. The findings of this study reveal that a high percentage of clients disclosed their and their friends' IPV victimization to the hair salon stylists. Some of the hair salon stylists' characteristics, such as years of working and the length of residence in the United States, were statistically associated with IPV disclosure among their clients...
May 18, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Jourdan R Jackson, Kelly A Bennion
Individuals with a prior criminal record are viewed more negatively than those with a clean record, which is often exemplified in harsher sentencing, higher risk assessment ratings, and higher psychopathy ratings. However, what has not yet been explored is whether the age of the targeted victim population (children vs. adults) affects these perceptions. Given that school shooting incidents are a current societal issue, this study aimed to investigate whether the presence of a prior criminal record and age of the victim population affect decisions regarding school shooting offenders...
May 17, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Marleen M de Waal, Carolien Christ, Terri L Messman-Moore, Jack J M Dekker
Sexual abuse is a major public health concern with detrimental effects on both mental and physical health. Several studies have reported that victims of sexual abuse have a decreased ability to recognize risk in potentially threatening situations compared with nonvictims, although others were not able to replicate this finding. In addition, although emotion dysregulation has been linked to risk perception and sexual victimization, results have been contradictory. To strengthen the theoretical framework needed for the development of interventions to reduce women's likelihood of sexual assault, it is crucial to further examine the role of emotion dysregulation in relation to sexual victimization history and risk perception...
May 17, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Chad Posick, Dylan B Jackson, Jonathan A Grubb
Sexual and physical assaults have many serious and persistent negative impacts on individual health. There is now a considerable literature base identifying and discussing these health outcomes. Less is known about the mediating mechanisms that link these types of assault with later outcomes. This study examines the role of sexual and physical assaults in self-perceptions of individual health on missing or cutting back on work responsibilities. In particular, perceptions of both mental and physical health are investigated to further refine understanding of the different impacts of assault on survivor health and behavior...
May 17, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Stephanie L Baird, Ramona Alaggia, Angelique Jenney
Despite increasing acknowledgment of intimate partner violence (IPV) as a potentially traumatic experience, there is a gap in research investigating women's perspectives of trauma related to their experiences of IPV from an intersectional lens. Intersectionality, which illuminates interconnected inequalities due to constructions of race, gender, sexuality, class, and culture, is particularly important for exploring the broader contexts of women's experiences of IPV and trauma. In response to this dearth in research, this paper presents qualitative findings from a constructivist grounded theory study of 15 women's experiences of IPV and trauma...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Damion J Grasso, Susan DiVietro, Rebecca Beebe, Meghan Clough, Garry Lapidus
Children referred to child protective services (CPS) for allegations of abuse or neglect often have diverse experiences of maltreatment, adversity, and trauma. Severity of these experiences is associated with greater mental health impairment and increased risk of revictimization and other adversities. Although aspects of these experiences are often captured during CPS investigations and stored in case records as narrative documents, much of this information is underutilized in estimating risk and service planning...
May 16, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Aisha Sarwar, Sajid Bashir, Abdul Karim Khan
Utilizing temporally segregated field data from a sample of nurses ( n = 251), the present study examined the relationship between workplace bullying and family incivility. We drew on spillover theory and the emotions literature to answer our research questions. We hypothesized that emotions would serve as an explanatory mechanism for the relationship between workplace bullying and family incivility. We further tested the moderating role of neuroticism on the relationship between emotions and family incivility...
May 15, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Jillian R Scheer, Laura Baams
Although intimate partner violence (IPV) is highly prevalent among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) young adults, only little is known regarding gender identity disparities in this population. Furthermore, virtually no research has examined IPV-related help-seeking patterns among LGBTQ young adults, including whether there are gender identity disparities in these rates and whether specific services are most likely to be used by LGBTQ young adults across IPV type. Participants were 354 LGBTQ young adults (ages: 18-25, 33...
May 14, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Colleen E Mills
Recent years have seen increased attention to the problem of hate crime, including such crime motivated by anti-gay bias. Although there is a growing body of research regarding the context of hate crime offending, there is a relative dearth of work investigating the community-level context of anti-gay hate crime. The current study investigates the community-level determinants of anti-gay hate crime in New York City from 2006 to 2010, using data obtained from the New York Police Department (NYPD)'s Hate Crimes Task Force (HCTF), one of the nation's leading hate crime police units...
May 14, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Carly B Dierkhising, Jose A Sanchez, Luis Gutierrez
An especially vulnerable population to traumatic loss, violence exposure, and posttraumatic stress symptoms are those involved in the juvenile justice system. However, justice-involved youth are not a homogeneous group. Research looking at subpopulations within juvenile justice systems highlight the diverse backgrounds and treatment needs of justice-involved youth such as those who are also gang-involved. The current study seeks to address the interrelated issues of behavioral health, traumatic grief, loss, and self-reported turning points among a sample of formerly incarcerated youth who report extensive juvenile justice histories ( N = 62)...
May 13, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sara E Crann, Paula C Barata
Helping others has been identified as an important component in recovery and resilience for women following intimate partner violence (IPV). However, little is known about the experiences of women who are IPV survivors and who also engage in formal and informal violence against women (VAW) advocacy work, such as supporting IPV survivors in a social work role or volunteering on VAW advocacy committees. Using in-depth semistructured interviews with nine "survivor-advocates" who were part of a larger study on IPV and resilience, this study extends the existing literature to examine the multidirectional relationship between IPV, advocacy work, and resilience using narrative analysis...
May 13, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Lisa van Reemst, Joran Jongerling
The measurement properties of indices about workplace aggression initiated by the public, referred to as external workplace aggression, are under-researched. This study addressed how exposure to external workplace aggression is best measured and modeled in three types of emergency responders. The study inspected the factor structure and explored the addition of severity to an existing measure of frequency of exposure to workplace aggression, which addresses forms of physical aggression, threats, and verbal and nonverbal/nonphysical aggression (gestures) by people outside the organization directed toward employees...
May 10, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Claudio Alberto Dávila-Cervantes, Marcela Agudelo-Botero, Héctor Gómez-Dantés
Colombia and Mexico are among the countries in the region with the highest rates of homicide mortality and are also the drug traffickers in the world. The objective of this study was to analyze the trends and differences in homicide mortality in Colombia and Mexico between 1990 and 2016. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease Study, we report mortality rates and trends in years of life lost to homicides. This study looked at injuries occurring because of interpersonal violence, which was divided into three types (firearm, sharp object, and others)...
May 9, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Michaela M Mozley, Crosby A Modrowski, Patricia K Kerig
Engagement in intimate partner violence (IPV) is related to a host of negative outcomes for youth, including posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Moreover, research indicates that the perpetration of violence may constitute a traumatic experience, termed perpetration trauma (PT), which, in turn, is related to elevated levels of PTSS. Little research to date, however, has illuminated the underlying processes that may link IPV perpetration, PT, and PTSS. One potential contributor to this association is rumination on negative emotions...
May 8, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Martyna Bendlin, Lorraine Sheridan
Stalkers can be violent, and empirical studies have sought to identify factors associated with violence perpetrated by the stalker. Most of these works view physical violence as a homogeneous construct and do not differentiate between moderate and severe violence. The present study aims to identify correlates of nonviolent, moderate, and severe physical violence within an archival sample of 369 domestically violent police incident reports, where stalking behavior was indicated. The incident reports utilized in this study occurred between 2013 and 2017, among intimate or ex-intimate partners...
May 7, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Ofer Amram, Kate Shannon, Melissa Braschel, Sylvia Machat, Sarah Moreheart, Tara Lyons, Shira M Goldenberg
Mobility among sex workers has been linked not only to improved economic and social opportunities, but also to concerns regarding displacement, criminalization, and violence. In 2014, new "end-demand" legislation criminalized new aspects of sex work in Canada (e.g., third-party advertising, purchasing) while leaving the sale of sex legal. Utilizing data from a longitudinal community-based cohort of women sex workers in Metro Vancouver (An Evaluation of Sex Workers Health Access [AESHA], 2010-2016), we used kernel density mapping to understand and identify geographic patterns of workplace neighborhood mobility (i...
May 7, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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