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Journal of Interpersonal Violence

Min-Ah Lee, Cholkyun Shin, Jeong-Han Kang
This study investigated whether and how classroom-level bullies' friendship networks, which reflect the popularity of bullies, were associated with the self-esteem of middle school students in the classroom. We analyzed survey data from 2,444 students in 101 classrooms from 22 middle schools in Korea. Respondents reported their friends' and bullies' names from their classroom. For each student, we generated the number of close friends that a respondent reported (outdegree) and the number of classmates who nominated him or her as a close friend (indegree)...
August 16, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Lynette M Renner, Qi Wang, Mary E Logeais, Cari Jo Clark
Screening rates for intimate partner violence (IPV) among most health care providers are low; yet, positive interactions with providers can benefit people who experience IPV, with respect to increased safety, support, and self-efficacy. Missing is a broad assessment and comparison of knowledge, attitudes, and behavior across the range of providers who are likely to be involved in a response to IPV disclosure. The purpose of our study was to assess health care providers' IPV preparation, knowledge, opinions, and practices and examine differences across three types of health care providers (medical providers, nursing staff, and social/behavioral health providers)...
August 12, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sharon F Lambert, Rachel M Tache, Sabrina R Liu, Karen Nylund-Gibson, Nicholas S Ialongo
Youth community violence has been linked with depressive and anxious symptoms, and aggressive behavior; however, little research has examined different combinations of emotional and behavioral adjustment among community-violence-exposed youth, or individual characteristics that may account for different patterns of emotional and behavioral adjustment in community-violence-exposed youth. This research used person-centered methods to examine how gender, temperament characteristics, and prior exposure to community violence were linked with classes of community violence exposure and internalizing and externalizing adjustment among a sample of urban African American youth...
August 12, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Saeid Farmani, Eskandar Fathi Azar, Mir Mahmood Mirnasab, Shahrooz Nemati, Shahram Vahedi
Although a number of studies have been conducted on the subject of bullying, there is an absence of a standard instrument which can map the bullying network and identify the groups involved in it. The current study aimed to provide a standard instrument for screening bullies and victims in the classroom, which has validity and reliability indicators to map the network of relationships between the bullies and victims. In this regard, 337 high school students (176 males and 161 females) were selected via cluster sampling and, afterward, the Screening Instrument for Bullies and Victims in Classrooms (SIBVC) was used in the sample group...
August 12, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Arazais D Oliveros, Ashley S Coleman
Family-of-origin violence (FOV), including child maltreatment and exposure to interparental violence during childhood, is frequently cited as a risk factor for intimate partner violence (IPV) in adulthood. Emotion regulation (ER) difficulties have been linked to FOV and to IPV, but research has not identified the role of ER as a mechanism by which past exposure to FOV predicts current IPV. The current study examines whether greater FOV predicts ER difficulties, whether these difficulties can explain/mediate the relationship between FOV and IPV, and whether the process differs according to the gender of parent-child dyads...
August 12, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Mylène Fernet, Martine Hébert, Geneviève Brodeur, Valérie Théorêt
Sexual dating violence (DV) is highly prevalent and associated with deleterious outcomes. Unfortunately, this form of violence remains poorly understood. Furthermore, the measures used to assess sexual DV may not account for the various manifestations of sexual DV, which limits our understanding of this problem. This study aimed to (a) explore how girls and young women describe their experiences of sexual DV and (b) explore whether the taxonomy on intimate partner sexual violence developed by Bagwell-Gray and colleagues could be applicable to girls and young women's experiences of sexual DV...
August 12, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Amanda Browne, Cyril Bennouna, Khudejha Asghar, Catalina Correa, Arturo Harker-Roa, Lindsay Stark
Increasingly, researchers and practitioners are examining connections between public and private cycles of violence. In complex emergency settings, these cycles of violence often intersect with conflicting norms and values as societies work toward sustainable peace. Gender norms, particularly norms of masculinity, are not often highlighted in transdisciplinary violence studies. Furthermore, few studies on either subject capture the perspectives and experiences of adolescent boys. This study seeks to explore adolescent boys' (13-17 years) experiences with violence at home and in the community in "post-conflict" Colombia...
August 6, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Victoria A Knoche, Kristan N Russell
Minimal research has examined sentencing outcomes in teacher-student sexual abuse cases, while the research that has been conducted has primarily focused on gender and attractiveness. Furthermore, the body of literature examining how gender affects sentencing has contradictory findings. Age of the victim and number of victims may also play a role in sentencing outcomes. The current study aimed to better understand which factors (by examining how gender of the victim and defendant, age of the victim and defendant, and having multiple victims) are associated with sentencing outcomes in cases where teachers engage in inappropriate sexual relationships with students...
August 6, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Alison M Pickover, Thomas S Dodson, Han N Tran, Alexandra J Lipinski, J Gayle Beck
Understanding and addressing violence among intimate partners requires sound assessment of their communication patterns. In prior research, the 35-item, self-report Communication Patterns Questionnaire (CPQ) has been used to assess communication patterns in violent relationships. To date, psychometric analysis of the CPQ has been examined only among nonviolent couples; no studies have examined the psychometric properties of this measure in a sample of survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). Using confirmatory factor analysis, the present study evaluated the factor structure of the CPQ in a sample of women survivors of IPV who sought mental health assessments at a university research clinic...
August 6, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sarah Beshers, Margaret DiVita
The objective of this study is to characterize changes in rape myth acceptance (RMA) among college students from 2010 to 2017. Two samples of undergraduates in a northeastern university in the United States participated in the study, consisting of 464 students in the fall semester of 2010 and 534 students in the spring semester of 2017. Participants took an anonymous web-based survey to measure levels of RMA. The instrument was a revised and updated version of the Illinois Rape Myth Acceptance scale. Data analysis was both descriptive and inferential...
August 6, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Daniel C Semenza
Youth violence affects millions of young people in the United States every day, and violent victimization has significant consequences for mental and physical health, academic performance, and long-term well-being. Forms of youth violence such bullying and teen dating violence (TDV) are often studied separately from one another with disjointed attention paid to on- and offline aggression. Furthermore, gender differences in the victim/offender overlap for these diverse forms of aggression have been understudied...
August 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Polly Cheng, Peter Jaffe
Male depression has been recognized as an important factor in some cases of intimate partner violence but there is a paucity of literature connecting depression and intimate partner homicide (IPH). This retrospective study provides a preliminary analysis that distinguished depressed from nondepressed perpetrators of IPH from a sample of 135 cases analyzed by a coroner's homicide death review committee in Ontario, Canada. Depressed perpetrators were more likely to commit homicide-suicide and had almost 1.5 times the number of risk factors present than nondepressed perpetrators...
August 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Guido Veronese, Federica Cavazzoni, Sabrina Russo, Cindy Sousa
Research has widely documented the effects of war and political violence on the functioning and well-being of adults and children. Yet, within this literature, women's agency in the face of war-related adversity and political violence remains underexplored. The present study was conducted in the Gaza Strip in the aftermath of the most recent war on Gaza in 2014, with the aim of investigating the consequences of war and political violence for women's mental health and psychological functioning. Based on interviews with 21 Palestinian women exposed to extreme war-related traumatic events, the article offers an analysis of the risk and protective factors affecting their well-being and enhancing (or diminishing) their agency...
August 2, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Nicholas D Thomson, Kiril Bozgunov, Elena Psederska, Michel Aboutanos, Georgi Vasilev, Jasmin Vassileva
Psychopathy has long been associated with aggression. However, few studies have looked at differences between men and women. Studies that do exist demonstrate that psychopathy differentially relates to aggression in men and women and indicate that environmental factors may play a significant role in influencing these associations. A key environmental factor is a history of lifetime physical abuse (LPA), which has been linked to aggressive behavior in both men and women. The aim of the present study was to test if psychopathy differentially predicted physical, verbal, and indirect aggression in men and women, and if these associations were moderated by LPA...
July 31, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Julie Ritter, Anindita Dasgupta, Anita Raj, Michele R Decker, Saritha Nair, Amruta Trivedi, Dattaram Naik, Balaiah Donta, Niranjan Saggurti, Jay G Silverman
Emerging research has documented non-violent forms of abuse against wives in India. Gender-based household maltreatment (GBHM) has been linked to poor maternal and child health outcomes, but the measurement of GBHM requires statistical validation. The objective of this study is to evaluate a new measure of GBHM of women by husbands and in-laws during the perinatal period for validity and internal reliability (before, during, and post pregnancy). This study utilized cross-sectional quantitative data collected from women ( n = 1,049) seeking immunizations for their infants <6 months of age at large urban health centers in three major slum communities in Mumbai, India...
July 31, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Maria Isabel Roldós, Tilda Farhat
Interpersonal violence among racial and ethnic minority youth is of great concern in health disparity research. Child maltreatment (CM), adolescent dating abuse (ADA), sexual abuse, and polyvictimization are key forms of interpersonal violence that require surveillance and national epidemiological data. However, national data systems and published evidence do not depict this health burden for all racial and ethnic populations. Prevalence and incidence rates for American Indians, Eskimo, and Asian youth are absent from most estimates...
July 29, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Pengcheng Wang, Xingchao Wang, Li Lei
With the development of Internet technology, cyberbullying has become a serious social issue and public concern in modern society. Based on the general aggression model and an evolutionary psychological perspective, the present study aimed to examine (a) whether student-student relationship would be significantly related to cyberbullying, (b) whether materialism would mediate the link between student-student relationship and cyberbullying, (c) whether boys would be more likely to engage in cyberbullying than girls, and (d) whether there would be gender differences among the links between student-student relationship and cyberbullying...
July 29, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Emily F Rothman, Amy Farrell, Jennifer Paruk, Katherine Bright, Megan Bair-Merritt, Sarah R Preis
The commercial sexual exploitation (CSE) of children is a consequential public health and criminal justice problem, but no CSE prevention programs have been evaluated. The Boston-based My Life My Choice (MLMC) program offers a multisession psychoeducation group to girls who are identified as "at-disproportionate-risk" for CSE victimization and trains other agencies throughout the U.S. to offer this curriculum. The curriculum was designed to improve knowledge about the commercial sex industry and shift-related attitudes and behaviors...
July 27, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Emily A Waterman, Katie M Edwards, Christina M Dardis, Erika L Kelley, Stephanie Sessarego
Despite a growing number of research studies using experience sampling methodologies, little is known about feasibility of these methodologies to the study of intimate partner violence (IPV). In the current study, we examine (a) participant retention and completeness in a 3-week daily diary study, (b) the discrepancy between daily dairy reports of IPV and retrospective summary reports of IPV, and (c) participant reactions to a daily diary assessment of IPV experiences. Participants were 923 undergraduate students (primarily White, heterosexual, and middle to upper-middle class) at two medium-sized universities in New England and the Midwest who received course credit for completing daily diary surveys for 3 weeks about past 24-hour IPV experiences...
July 27, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Sasha N Canan, Kristen N Jozkowski, Jacquelyn D Wiersma-Mosley, Mindy Bradley, Heather Blunt-Vinti
Lesbian and bisexual women experience significantly higher rates of sexual assault and rape compared with heterosexual women. Despite this, researchers have yet to distinguish whether sexual orientation itself or some other related social characteristics explain these higher rates. The objective of this study was to analyze women's rates of sexual assault and rape across sexual orientation status while accounting for other social characteristics (e.g., race, education, income, outness). Women ( N = 1,366), who identified as lesbian (31%), bisexual (32%), and heterosexual (31%), completed a nationally distributed, cross-sectional online survey in 2016...
July 26, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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