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Journal of Interpersonal Violence

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30983482/socioeconomic-and-demographic-factors-influencing-women-s-attitude-toward-wife-beating-in-ethiopia
#1
Alemu A Mengistu
This study used data from the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey (EDHS) for a total of 42,054 women (15-49 years) from Ethiopia's 11 geographic/administrative regions using a stratified, two-stage cluster sample design to reflect the country's huge geographical, cultural, ethnic, and linguistic diversity. The study first identified the major socioeconomic and demographic factors influencing women's attitude toward wife beating in Ethiopia, and then provided some suggestions on what types of interventions are required to address the problems...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30983481/bullying-victimization-among-left-behind-children-in-rural-china-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors
#2
Huiping Zhang, Huazhen Zhou, Ruixin Cao
Bullying victimization among Chinese school-aged children has recently been recognized as a serious problem. However, studies on the prevalence and correlates of bullying victimization among left-behind children-whose parents live and work in urban areas while they remain at home in a rural area-have fallen far behind. We conducted a study based on one representative sample of 742 left-behind children in Grades 6 to 10 from rural China in 2010. The results indicate that a total of 31.6% of the left-behind children report recurrent bullying victimization, which is higher than that of their rural counterparts who live with their parents...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30983473/weighing-risk-factors-for-adolescent-victimization-in-the-context-of-romantic-relationship-initiation
#3
Rosaura Gonzalez-Mendez, Laura Aguilera, Gustavo Ramírez-Santana
Research has paid little attention to the link between the characteristics of the relational context where adolescents are likely to initiate their romantic relationships and teen dating violence (TDV). Hence, the findings are still scattered. This study examined different risks in the female teenagers' relational context (peer group characteristics, participants' risky activities, and pressure to start dating) and their TDV victimization, which had not been previously studied in the Spanish population. The moderating role of parental monitoring strategies was also analyzed...
April 15, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30982416/longitudinal-fluctuations-of-national-help-seeking-reports-for-domestic-violence-before-during-and-after-the-financial-crisis-in-cyprus
#4
Marilena Kyriakidou, Alexia Zalaf, Stephanie Christophorou, Ariel Ruiz-Garcia, Constantinos Valanides
Although many studies generally agree that unemployment may affect domestic violence, little is known about these effects in small nations. The relationship between unemployment and domestic violence in large and small nations may be different. This is because small nations have more expensive public sectors and limited employment opportunities in comparison with larger nations. We examined how longitudinal rates of national help-seeking domestic violence contacts (DVCs) from the only nongovernmental domestic violence support agency in Cyprus (a small nation) fluctuated in relation to national unemployment data between 1996 and 2016...
April 13, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30982392/the-relationship-between-exposure-to-violence-in-the-family-of-origin-during-childhood-psychological-distress-and-perpetrating-violence-in-intimate-relationships-among-male-university-students
#5
Muhammad M Haj-Yahia, Cindy A Sousa, Ranit Lugassi
Witnessing or experiencing violence early in childhood is a significant risk factor for later perpetration of intimate partner violence (IPV) by men against women. Despite a large body of research on the topic, there is a need for more specific information about how differing patterns of family violence might pose distinct risks of later mental health problems and violence perpetration. Using a self-administered questionnaire, a cross-sectional survey was conducted among 745 male university students in Israel (age = 21-43, M = 25...
April 13, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30982385/psychological-aggression-attitudes-about-violence-violent-socialization-and-dominance-in-dating-relationships
#6
Esteban Eugenio Esquivel-Santoveña, Rogelio Rodríguez-Hernández, Marisela Gutiérrez-Vega, Nemesio Castillo-Viveros, Francisco López-Orozco
Psychological aggression is a widespread form of abuse in dating relationships, especially in collectivist societies with ties to patriarchal beliefs. Despite the prevalence of psychological aggression, it has seldom been studied in connection with known antecedents of interpersonal violence, including dominance, attitudes supportive of violence, and violence socialization processes during childhood. The present study sought to test relationships among these variables in young men and women. A total of 500 Mexican undergraduate students in northern Mexico reported on their experiences with psychological aggression, the dominance of a dating partner, and violent socialization during childhood, as well as on their approval of violence within and outside the family...
April 13, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30975022/parental-warmth-and-interpersonal-empathy-as-predictors-of-sexual-assault-bystander-intervention-efficacy
#7
Jan-Louw Kotze, Lisa A Turner
Sexual victimization rates of women in the United States remain worryingly high. Much research has focused on the reduction of sexual violence with varying levels of success. One promising avenue of sexual violence reduction research provides evidence that bystanders who intervene appropriately can effectively contribute to a reduction in sexual assault. The Ecological Model for Bystander Intervention provides a conceptual framework for investigating what motivates and what inhibits bystanders. Empirical evidence on various levels of the model has been garnered; however, little is known about the association between particular developmental variables and bystander intervention efficacy situated in the microsystem...
April 12, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973051/young-women-s-acknowledgment-of-reproductive-coercion-a-qualitative-analysis
#8
Sylvie Lévesque, Catherine Rousseau
Reproductive coercion (RC) is a form of violence perpetuated against women. It occurs when male partners adopt behaviors meant to control a woman's birth control or pregnancy despite her wishes. This amounts to interference with a woman's autonomy in reproductive decisions. The three main forms of RC are birth control sabotage (including nonconsensual condom removal), pregnancy coercion, and controlling the outcome of a pregnancy. This qualitative exploratory study examines issues in the acknowledgment of RC...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973050/hooking-up-and-sexual-victimization-on-campus-examining-moderators-of-risk
#9
Tara E Sutton, Leslie Gordon Simons, Kimberly A Tyler
Hooking-up among college students presents an increased risk of sexual victimization, perhaps due to increased contact with potential perpetrators in a risky context. However, little work has examined factors that might increase the risk of victimization associated with hooking-up, and few studies examine victimization among both men and women. To address this gap in the literature, we utilize data from 702 college women and 677 college men to explore childhood sexual abuse, family violence, sexual minority (SM) status, and problematic alcohol use as potential moderators of the association between hooking-up and three forms of sexual victimization: coerced, incapacitated, and forced...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973049/predictors-of-treatment-access-and-initiation-among-diverse-low-income-victims-of-violence-offered-a-trauma-focused-evidence-based-psychotherapy
#10
Bita Ghafoori, Marissa C Hansen, Erika Garibay
Many victims of violence may benefit from trauma-focused evidence-based psychotherapies (EBPs), but fail to utilize treatment. The current study investigated factors associated with treatment access and treatment initiation in a low-income, racially and ethnically diverse, urban population of victims of violence who were screened for EBPs. The sample consisted of 941 adults, mean age = 35.87 ( SD = 12.8), who were screened for mental health treatment and offered an EBP. Overall, 55.7% of individuals accessed treatment by attending an in-person screening appointment and intake, and 79...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973047/gender-specific-differences-in-corporal-punishment-and-children-s-perceptions-of-their-mothers-and-fathers-parenting
#11
David Mehlhausen-Hassoen
Corporal punishment is a widespread phenomenon and a common malformation of parenting. Gender is a core category of social order and family structure. Gender-specific differences in parenting and violent behavior have been studied for many years. Yet, relatively little is known about the impact of gender interactions on parent-to-child physical violence or the impact of such violence on children's perceptions of their parents' behavior. This study used data collected from 618 students in academic institutions in northern Israel to examine the relationship between different gender interactions (e...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973044/racial-ethnic-disparities-in-sexual-harassment-in-the-united-states-2018
#12
Anita Raj, Nicole Johns, Rupa Jose
This study was designed to assess racial/ethnic disparities in victimization from sexual harassment and assault by sex in the United States, and to assess racial/ethnic differences in depression/anxiety as a consequence of sexual harassment or assault, among those victimized. In January 2018, the organization Stop Street Harassment led a nationally representative online survey regarding lifetime experiences of sexual harassment and assault with women and men aged 18+ ( N = 2,009). We used sex-stratified multinomial logistic regression models to assess racial/ethnic differences in (a) self-reported victimization from these sexual abuses and (b) depression/anxiety due to these abuses among those reporting victimization...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973043/intimate-partner-violence-in-nicaragua-the-role-of-possessive-jealousy-intrasexual-competitiveness-life-history-mate-value-and-stress
#13
Abraham P Buunk, Karlijn Massar
Using an evolutionary perspective, we examined predictors of intimate partner violence (IPV) in the Department of the Rio San Juan in Nicaragua. Specifically, we focused on possessive jealousy, intrasexual competitiveness, life history strategy, mate value, and stress. The sample consisted of 199 men and 201 women (mean age = 36.48, SD = 10.47) from the general population who were all personally interviewed. For all variables, validated measures were used. The data were analyzed for men and women separately, using regression analyses...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973042/a-cross-cultural-comparison-of-the-role-of-sexual-objectification-in-the-relationship-between-alcohol-use-and-sexual-assault-perpetration
#14
Antover P Tuliao, Bernice Vania N Landoy, Natira D Mullet, Nico Canoy, Alicia K Klanecky, Dennis E McChargue
In this study, we examined how sexual objectification can help explicate the relationship between alcohol use and sexual assault perpetration. Specifically, we examined a mediation and a moderation model. Moreover, given that gender roles and sexual norms vary across cultures, we also examined the structural invariance of the models between a U.S. male ( n = 404) and Philippines male ( n = 100) college sample. Path analyses were used to examine the mediation and the moderation model, and multiple groups analysis was utilized to examine model differences between samples...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973037/a-qualitative-analysis-of-beliefs-about-sexual-consent-among-high-school-students
#15
Mary Kirtley Righi, Katherine W Bogen, Caroline Kuo, Lindsay M Orchowski
Examining how adolescents understand the concept of sexual consent, and expect to garner or confer consent in sexual encounters, can contribute to the design of age- and developmentally appropriate prevention programs that promote healthy adolescent dating and sexual relationships. The current qualitative study utilized semi-structured in-depth interviews ( N = 33) to explore perceptions of sexual consent among high school students (ages 14-18). Thematic analysis identified three salient themes pertaining to (a) the definition of consent as indicating a verbal "yes" to engage in sexual activity, (b) beliefs that an array of verbal and nonverbal strategies would be utilized to garner or convey consent in actual sexual encounters, and (c) expectations that consent would be communicated differently following an initial sexual encounter...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973034/the-role-of-illicit-drug-use-in-family-and-domestic-violence-in-australia
#16
Kerri Coomber, Richelle Mayshak, Paul Liknaitzky, Ashlee Curtis, Arlene Walker, Shannon Hyder, Peter Miller
Drug use has been shown to interact in complex ways with the occurrence and prevalence of family and domestic violence (FDV), with illicit drug use being associated with an increased risk for FDV. The current study aims to extend upon the literature by investigating the role of illicit drugs in intimate partner violence (IPV), family violence (FV), and other violence (violence between people other than partners or family) within a representative Australian sample ( n = 5,118). Participants were recruited through an online survey panel and completed an online self-report survey assessing the role of alcohol and other drugs on violence, with a specific focus on FDV...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973033/female-intimate-partner-violence-survivors-experiences-with-disclosure-to-informal-network-members
#17
Ingrid Diane Johnson, Steven Belenko
With the growing recognition of the importance of disclosure to informal network members (INMs) in shaping experiences for survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV), numerous quantitative studies have examined these processes, but have not provided detailed descriptive analyses of the disclosure process. Yet, these descriptive data can be a rich contribution in their own right given the dearth of knowledge about IPV disclosure. This article presents in-depth descriptive data on a Mid-Atlantic metropolitan area sample of 200 female IPV survivors' experiences with disclosure to their INMs (collected using a one-time, online survey)...
April 11, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30966847/polyvictimization-among-russian-sex-workers-intimate-partner-police-and-pimp-violence-cluster-with-client-violence
#18
Sarah M Peitzmeier, Andrea L Wirtz, Chris Beyrer, Alena Peryshkina, Susan G Sherman, Elizabeth Colantuoni, Michele R Decker
Female sex workers (FSW) are a key population in the HIV epidemic and face high levels of violence. While women globally are predominantly at risk of intimate partner violence (IPV), FSW are additionally vulnerable to violence from clients, police, and pimps associated with their occupation. FSW are therefore at risk of cumulative trauma from polyvictimization, or violence from multiple types of perpetrators. Polyvictimization is a driver of morbidity and mortality in numerous populations, but there has been little research on how multiple types of victimization are related to one another in FSW...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30964387/-you-just-come-to-school-if-you-made-it-its-grace-young-black-women-s-experiences-of-violence-in-utilizing-public-minibus-taxi-transport-in-johannesburg-south-africa
#19
Gillian Eagle, Kgomotso Kwele
The "minibus taxi" industry in South Africa is a dominant transport provider for many scholars and students. The industry is characterized by a misogynistic culture and high risk of exposure to violence. What forms of violence are young Black women students in Johannesburg, South Africa, exposed to as commuters compelled to use "minibus taxis" to travel to university? What is the psychological impact of this exposure" What coping mechanisms are employed to manage in this environment? Ten Black female students aged between 19 and 24 registered at a Johannesburg-based university were interviewed...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30964383/physical-maltreatment-and-its-associated-factors-among-adolescents-in-karachi-pakistan
#20
Maryam Pyar Ali Lakhdir, Naureen Akber Ali, Fauzia Basaria Hasnani, Salima Farooq, Yasmin Parpio, Uzma Rahim Khan, Syed Iqbal Azam, Muhammad Masood Kadir
In many developing countries, physical child maltreatment is considered as an acceptable disciplinary strategy. The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with physical maltreatment among adolescents in Karachi, Pakistan. A survey of 800 adolescents was done using a structured questionnaire adopted by The International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect. Multiple linear regression methods were used to measure the factors associated with child physical maltreatment. The mean physical score was 17...
April 9, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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