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Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology

Yaolin Pei, Zhen Cong, Bei Wu
This study examined the association between widowhood and depressive symptoms and the extent to which the association is contingent upon risk and resiliency, including immigration status, functional limitations, financial strains, and intergenerational support, among older Mexican Americans. The sample included 344 parent-child pairs reported by 83 respondents. Clustered regression analysis showed that widowhood elevated risks for depressive symptoms. We found that having some functional limitations, having more children and living in the same city with children exacerbated the adverse effects of widowhood on depressive symptoms...
March 22, 2019: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Junghyun Kim, Katy-Lauren Ford, Giyeon Kim
This study examines whether English proficiency and geographic context explain health insurance status among older Latino and Asian immigrants in the U.S. Drawn from the 2010-2012 ACS PUMS, 57,936 Latino and 47,742 Asian immigrants aged 65 and older were selected. Logistic regression analysis was conducted for the U.S. as a whole and separately by geographic region. In the entire U.S., having limited English proficiency (LEP) and being proficient in English (EP) increased odds of being uninsured among Latino immigrants, whereas LEP and EP decreased odds of being uninsured among Asian immigrants...
March 2, 2019: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Junjie Zhou
This paper aims to examine the factors influencing older Chinese's social networking site (SNS) use and to help older people live a better life in this technology-oriented world. A proposed model composed of eight hypotheses was built according to Diffusion of Innovation Theory and was tested via 726 valid data points. The empirical results show that technical compatibility and relative advantages as technical factors and Internet self-efficacy as a personal cognitive factor promote older people's SNS use. Technical complexity as a technical factor and Internet anxiety as a personal cognitive factor hinder older people's SNS use...
February 21, 2019: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Parvin Ahmadi, Negin Masoudi Alavi, Hamid Reza Gilasi, Azade Safa, Mohammad Aghajani
Ageism implies negative views and attitudes towards older people. These unconscious behaviors could make the elderly feel as if they were no longer useful for the family and community. Ageism is common in healthcare services. The objective of this study was to develop a tool to assess ageism in nursing care in Kashan/Iran 2015. This psychometric study was carried out in four stages: literature review for item generation; content validity testing; exploratory factor analysis (EFA) for evaluation of construct validity; and reliability assessment...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Suk-Sun Kim, Yeoun Soo Kim-Godwin
The purpose of this study is to explore the cultural context of family religiosity/spirituality among Korean-American elderly families, and how this changed after families immigrated to the USA. Fifty one first-generation Korean-Americans participated in one or two hour, in-depth interviews in Korean at a participant's home or church. These included 27 older adults and 24 family members living together or within a radius of one-hour transit time from their elders, residing in the Southeastern United States...
January 21, 2019: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Shaan Gupta, Emmanuelle Bélanger, Susan P Phillips
John Henry (JH) theory provides a framework for understanding the physiological toll exerted on low socioeconomic status (SES) individuals as they overcome psychosocial stressors imposed by their environments. This theory suggests that resilience, a seemingly positive social adaptation, may in fact be physically deleterious. JH theory has been well-described in low-SES rural male African Americans, however it is currently unclear whether validity of this theory extends to women, other races and outside the rural US...
December 19, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Cristiano S Gomes, Catherine M Pirkle, Juliana F S Barbosa, Afshin Vafaei, Saionara M A Câmara, Ricardo O Guerra
Frailty at older ages is an adverse health condition that is more prevalent in women than men and the excess prevalence in women cannot be adequately explained by common risk factors. Reproductive history events may be among contributing factors. This study aims to examine associations between age at first childbirth, lifetime parity, and history of hysterectomy with frailty status in community dwelling older women. This is a cross-sectional study of 1047 women participating in the International Mobility in Aging Study at baseline (2012, aged between 65 and 74 years old)...
December 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Stephen Neville, Valerie Wright-St Clair, Jed Montayre, Jeffery Adams, Peter Larmer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Seungah H Lee, Kimberly J Johnson, Jiyoung Lyu
This study was a cross-sectional investigation of volunteer activity among four distinct Asian ethnic subgroups-Chinese, Filipino, Korean, and Vietnamese-who have immigrated to the United States. Data from the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) were used with an analytic sample of Chinese (n = 547), Filipino (n = 229), Korean (n = 490), and Vietnamese (n = 546) adults 50 and older. A series of logistic regression models were estimated to examine differences and similarities across the four ethnic groups in volunteer activity...
December 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Emiley Chang, Sarah Choi, Ivy Kwon, Daniel Araiza, Mignon Moore, Laura Trejo, Catherine Sarkisian
We described and compared seniors' stroke-related health beliefs among four racial/ethnic communities to inform a culturally-tailored stroke prevention walking intervention. Specific attention was paid to how seniors combined pathophysiology-based biomedical beliefs with non-biomedical beliefs. We conducted twelve language-concordant, structured focus groups with African American, Chinese American, Korean American, and Latino seniors aged 60 years and older with a history of hypertension (n = 132) to assess stroke-related health beliefs...
December 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Isok Kim, Suk-Young Kang, Wooksoo Kim
Older Asian immigrants are one of the fastest growing segments of the U.S. population and a growing number of them reside in non-traditional destination cities. However, there is a paucity of research on older Asian immigrants living in these non-traditional destination cities, and how this residential choice impacts their stress and mental health. In the current study, we examined how stressors and social support contribute to the overall mental health of older Asian immigrants who lack access to culturally responsive formal social support services...
December 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Conor Martin, Bob Woods, Siôn Williams
The loss of language skills is one of the most challenging aspects of living with dementia. This is particularly true for bilingual individuals, who have difficulty in maintaining fluency in more than one language. Language and culture overlap greatly, with potential implications for the well-being of people with dementia (PWD) being cared for in their 'second' language or culture. Our aim was to review the available relevant literature, together with an examination of the potential effects of linguistic incongruity on healthcare in general for Welsh speakers in Wales...
November 27, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Shoba Nayar, Valerie A Wright-St Clair
This study sought to uncover the process through which older Chinese, Indian and Korean immigrants residing in Auckland, New Zealand contribute to, and participate in, local community. There is a paucity of literature addressing the everyday activities of older Asian immigrants living in New Zealand. The few studies that do exist focus solely on one ethnic group with little discussion of how community participation occurs. Grounded theory methodology was employed. Focus groups and individual interviews with 76 Chinese, Indian or Korean older immigrants were recorded, transcribed, translated, and analysed using grounded theory methods of dimensional analysis to develop a theory of participation...
September 12, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Ojo Melvin Agunbiade, Dimeji Togunde
Emerging evidence has shown a gradual increase in sexually transmitted infections among elderly. This study explores the views of elderly Yoruba men and women (60+) on condoms use and its suitability against sexual infections. The research design was a sequential exploratory mixed method that consisted of vignettes based focus group discussion and a structured questionnaire. Twelve vignettes based Focus Group Discussion and a survey of 252 elderly Yoruba people (aged 60+) were carried out. The findings revealed limited awareness and experience with condoms...
September 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Emily H Eckemoff, S Sudha, Dan Wang
This pilot study examined immigrant Russian seniors and adult children's views on end-of-life care, and hospice staff members' experiences providing care to diverse immigrant clients, in areas of North Carolina with a high proportion of immigrants. Data were collected through individual in-depth interviews with informants, including Russian immigrant seniors, Russian adult children, and hospice staff, and analyzed by qualitative techniques. Findings indicate that there is little awareness of end-of-life care options among the Russian immigrant community in North Carolina...
September 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Agus Surachman, Anne B Edwards, Kathryn A Sweeney, Ralph L Cherry
This study analyzes mothers' preference of a future primary caregiver by using within-family analysis approach in the context of Sundanese population in rural West Java, Indonesia. This is a cross-sectional study involving healthy mothers (60-69 years old) with a perfect score of Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL), and who had at least two living children. The within-family analysis of a selection of future caregivers was conducted based on the report from 177 mothers of their 904 children using multilevel modeling with binomial outcome...
September 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Jordan P Lewis, Keri Boyd, James Allen, Stacy Rasmus, Tammy Henderson
This study explores continuity and change in the roles of rural Alaska Native grandparents, describing their importance in contemporary Yup'ik social life and structure. The study is distinctive in its focus on the experiences of Yup'ik grandparents who are primary caregivers raising their grandchildren in Southwest Alaska. Qualitative data were gathered using a semi-structured interview from 20 Yup'ik grandparents, ages 46 to 95, who raised their grandchildren as the primary caregiver for at least one year...
September 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Gina M McCaskill, Kathleen A Bolland, Cynthia J Brown, T Mark Beasley
Physical inactivity among older adults around the world is a growing concern. In the United States, older African Americans report high levels of physical inactivity, especially older African Americans with chronic conditions. This study examined the influence of chronic conditions on aerobic activity among a sample of community-dwelling, older African Americans with a self-reported diagnosis of type 2 diabetes and other chronic conditions, such as hypertension and arthritis. Findings indicate that regardless of age, the number of chronic conditions was a significant influence in self-report of aerobic activity...
September 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Mirkka Söderman, Sirpa Rosendahl, Christina Sällström
BACKGROUND: The total number of people with dementia symptoms is expected to double every 20 years and there will also be an increase in the number of older immigrants in several countries. There are considerable deficiencies in the present knowledge of how to conduct well-functioning health care for immigrants with dementia symptoms. The aim of this study was to explore caring and uncaring encounters between assistant nurses and immigrants in two group homes for persons with dementia symptoms in Sweden: a Finnish-speaking as well as a Swedish-speaking context...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
Leng Leng Thang, Wei-Jun Jean Yeung
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 2018: Journal of Cross-cultural Gerontology
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