Journals Indian Journal of Medical Micr...

Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Ramit Kundu, Kamali Murugadoss, Meerabai Manoharan, Jharna Mandal
BACKGROUND: Most studies on biocide resistance and its genetic determinants arise from environmental or food-borne microbial isolates and only a few from clinically relevant isolates. OBJECTIVES: This study determines the proportion of biocide resistance against five commonly used biocides and detects biocide resistance genes among MDR bacterial isolates using PCR. METHODS: Consecutive MDR isolates (n ​= ​180) were included (30 each of Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Acinetobacter baumannii, Staphylococcus aureus, and Enterococcus species) from clinical specimens of various inpatient units at JIPMER...
September 26, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Masoom Nathani, Vamika Singh, Anju Sharma, Vikas Manchanda, Sonal Saxena, Monica Juneja
Autoimmune encephalitis with anti-NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptor encephalitis is the most common type. This condition can be associated with underlying malignancy, making appropriate screening essential. Prompt identification and intervention of autoimmune encephalitis is essential for a successful outcome and full recovery from this serious and potentially fatal condition. Immunotherapy is typically used to suppress the immune response and reduce brain inflammation. The choice of therapy depends on the type and severity of autoimmune encephalitis, as well as the presence of an underlying tumour...
September 22, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Surinder Kumar, Sourabh Kumar
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasmas are the smallest prokaryotic microorganisms found in nature. Mycoplasma pneumoniae (M. pneumoniae) is the most commonly studied among human mycoplasmas. OBJECTIVES: In this review, we briefly focus on the recent developments that have enhanced our understanding of M. pneumoniae, one of the smallest pathogenic bacteria of great clinical importance in children. CONTENT: M. pneumoniae infections may involve either upper or lower respiratory tract or both of them...
September 21, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Vishesh Sood, Monil Singhai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 13, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
G Vithiya, T Rajendran, S Velvizhi, A Ramesh
Despite tuberculosis and melioidosis being endemic in many countries, coinfections are unusual. Only fourteen cases of tuberculosis melioidosis coinfections have been reported. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first case of coinfection of tuberculosis and neurologic melioidosis. We report a case of 48 year diabetic male presented with fever, headache and altered sensorium for two days. On examination, there was scalp abscess with subgaleal hematoma, pus culture of which grew B. pseudomallei. Sputum culture grew the same and sputum tuberculosis PCR was positive...
September 12, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Chandan Kumar Thakur, Vinayaraj E V, Tanu Sagar, Bimal Kumar Das, Sushil Kumar Kabra, Naveet Wig, Rama Chaudhry
BACKGROUND: Rickettsial pathogens are Gram-negative, obligate intracellular bacteria. They are transmitted by arthropods and are responsible for a wide variety of disease, from minor to life-threatening, which have a global effect on human health. Limited data are available on the prevalence of rickettsial diseases from India, and the disease epidemiology is not fully described. This study aimed to diagnose non-scrub typhus rickettsioses including spotted fever and typhus group of Rickettsia in clinically suspected patients by using standard serological tests and recognition of common epidemiological conditions and clinical manifestations...
September 10, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Dhruvi Patel, Vikas Khillan, Niharika Patel, Pratibha Kale
PURPOSE: Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast. It is a significant pathogen among immunocompromised people with HIV & Non-HIV vulnerable populations. These conditions include cancer, corticosteroid usage, immunosuppression following sarcoidosis, organ transplantation, immunosuppressive medication, and liver cirrhosis. In cirrhotic, it accounts for 6-21% of systemic infections. METHODS: The retrospective study was conducted in tertiary care hepatobiliary center in New Delhi, India...
September 8, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Shriya Goel, Taruna Kaura, Kamlesh Bisht, Jasleen Kaur, Abhishek Mewara, P V M Lakshmi, Gagandeep Singh Grover, Manisha Biswal
BACKGROUND: Changing climatic conditions and invasion of ticks in urban areas have led to a greater number of cases of tick-borne diseases, thus, becoming a matter of increasing concern. Tick borne rickettsioses are one of the important emerging diseases worldwide. Knowledge of epidemiology of the vector and pathogen in the community is essential in order to understand and prevent the transmission of the disease to healthy population. METHODS: In our present study, we trapped rodents in selected areas of Chandigarh and Punjab in north India...
September 7, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Valliappan Muthu, Ritesh Agarwal, Arunaloke Chakrabarti
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Sanjay Bhattacharya
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 4, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Jessy Skaria
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Rajesh Bhatia
Antimicrobial resistance cuts across different sectors mainly human health, animal health and environment. Joint surveillance for existence and spread of antimicrobial resistance is critical for mounting efficient interventions for its containment. Maximum interaction between these sectors takes place in rural areas with abundant animal population. In India, these areas are administratively covered under a comprehensive unit called District headed by an administrator called as Collector or Deputy Commissioner...
August 29, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Nazish Fatima, Shariq Ahmed, Mohammad Shameem, Aftab Ahmed, Wasil Hasan, Parvez A Khan
OBJECTIVE: An unprecedented rise in mucormycosis cases; apparently called 'an epidemic within a pandemic' was seen worldwide. Therefore, the following study was conducted to know the epidemiology, underlying risk factors, diagnostic approach, and possible outcome of mucormycosis during the Covid-19 pandemic. METHODS: A prospective observational study was conducted on patients with a high index of clinical suspicion of mucormycosis Data about demographics, co-morbidities, laboratory investigations, radiology, management, and outcomes were collected...
August 29, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Soma Dutta, Ujjwayini Ray
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) reactivation may be a cause of acute exacerbations in patients with severe ulcerative colitis (UC). Patients with exacerbation of symptoms by CMV have greater morbidity and mortality rate. The present study was conducted to evaluate the prevalence of CMV infection in UC patients by endoscopic examination, histopathological examination and CMV DNA PCR of colonic mucosal biopsy tissue and also to identify the associated risk factors and clinical outcomes.
August 29, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Shrimali Twishi, Radhakrishnan Anjuna, Aggarwal Alisha, Mehrotra Sukanya, Jain Vidhi, Abhishek S Kumar, Goyal Amit, Chugh Ankita, Khichar Satyendra, Kumar Deepak, Srinivasan Srikanth, Bharadwaj Pankaj, Aggarwal Ashwini, Misra Sanjeev
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: COVID-associated mucormycosis (CAM) was as a dreadful complication in India. The state of Rajasthan, reported remarkably more patients than others but the cause for such geographical variation was unclear. The demography, clinical presentation and pathogens of CAM were studied. METHODOLOGY: This was a prospective observational study where tissue specimens from CAM patients were subjected to microscopy and culture. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Out of 324 suspected CAM patients, the diagnosis was proven in 215 cases (66...
July 19, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Albina Arjuman
BACKGROUND: The COVID-19 pandemic exerted manifold pressures on the public health framework globally, but it also in a way unified different genres and allowed for strategizing and implementing regulatory decisions as best as possible, especially in India. There is an unmet need for such a unified and integrative approach in the area of scientific publishing which has also been touched by various dilemmas, either emergent or propagated during this pandemic. OBJECTIVES: This article intends to re-visit some of the dilemmas in scientific publishing, which have taken centre stage owing to a healthcare emergency, with the objective of highlighting an unmet need for developing unified criteria for research conduction and publishing from a futuristic view point, as one is not without the other...
April 3, 2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Divyaa Elangovan, Ayyanraj Neeravi, Rani Diana Sahni, Sridhar Santhanam, Manisha Madhai Beck, Ranjan Adhiya, Gaurav Kwatra, Dhanalakshmi Solaimalai, Balaji Veeraraghavan
Invasive group B Streptococcal disease (iGBS) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality in neonates for which the development of an efficacious vaccine remains a global health imperative. The knowledge about the serotype distribution of iGBS is important component for formulation of Capsular polysaccharide (CPS)-based vaccine. However, there were absolute lack of information on serotype distribution in invasive GBS isolates from Indian subcontinent. Methods This study has assessed the serotype distribution and antimicrobial susceptibility profile of invasive group B streptococcal isolates for a period of 13 years from 2009 to 2022 from a tertiary care Center in South India...
2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Nitin Bansal, Pankaj Goyal, Dharmishtha Basu, Ullas Batra, Neelam Sachdeva, Srujana Joga, Arpit Jain, D C Doval
BACKGROUND: Improving basic infection control (IC) practices, diagnostics and anti-microbial stewardship (AMS) are key tools to handle antimicrobial resistance (AMR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study done over 6 years (2016-2021) in an oncology centre in North India with many on-going interventions to improve IC practices, diagnostics and AMS. This study looked into AMR patterns from clinical isolates, rates of hospital acquired infections (HAI) and clinical outcomes...
2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Bijay Ranjan Mirdha, Debasish Biswal
Herein, we are presenting a case of chromatinless microfilaria in a patient with chyluria.
2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
Tapan Majumdar, Ashmita Banik, Viswanadham Allada, Banti Das
BACKGROUND: Rifampicin (RIF), one of the first line drug in treatment of tuberculosis. It acts on rpoB gene which encodes RNA polymerase β subunit. In 95% of RIF resistant cases, mutations are present in rpoB gene. Most of them are within 81bp RIF-resistance determining region (RRDR).Xpert MTB/RIF assay has been tremendously revolutionalised the diagnosis of tuberculosis (TB).Also sequencially detect bacteria and resistance to rifampicin (rif).Approximately 96% of rif-resistant Mycobacterium tuberculosis (MTB) strains worldwide, showed mutations in a region at the 507-533rd amino acid residuals (81 bp) in the MTB rpoB gene...
2023: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
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