Milene G Jannetti, Patricia Tachinardi, Veronica S Valentinuzzi, Gisele A Oda
Several wild rodents, such as the subterranean tuco-tucos ( Ctenomys famosus ), switch their time of activity from diurnal to nocturnal when they are transferred from field to the laboratory. Nevertheless, in most studies, different methods to measure activity in each of these conditions were used, which raised the question of whether the detected change in activity timing could be an artifact. Because locomotor activity and body temperature (Tb) rhythms in rodents are tightly synchronized and because abdominal Tb loggers can provide continuous measurements across field and laboratory, we monitored Tb as a proxy of activity in tuco-tucos transferred from a semi-field enclosure to constant lab conditions...
March 16, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Ibrahim A Cemel, Axel C R Diernfellner, Michael Brunner
The circadian clock of Neurospora crassa is based on a negative transcriptional/translational feedback loops. The frequency ( frq ) gene controls the morning-specific rhythmic transcription of a sense RNA encoding FRQ, the negative element of the core circadian feedback loop. In addition, a long noncoding antisense RNA, qrf , is rhythmically transcribed in an evening-specific manner. It has been reported that the qrf rhythm relies on transcriptional interference with frq transcription and that complete suppression of qrf transcription impairs the circadian clock...
March 1, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Gabrielle Gauthier-Gagné, Sujata Saha, Jana Jensen, Gail Sommerville, Reut Gruber
The objective of this study was to characterize the associations between light exposure in the free-living environment and multiple dimensions of sleep health of typically developing adolescents. Fifty-six (29 girls, 27 boys) typically developing adolescents (mean age = 13.59, SD = 0.89, range = 12-17 years) participated. For six consecutive nights, sleep was assessed in the home environment using actigraphy. During the same period, participants were asked to fill out a daily sleep log and a daily light exposure log, and to complete questionnaires regarding their alertness and subjective sleep satisfaction...
February 26, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Musharraf Yusifova, Aykhan Yusifov, Sydney M Polson, William D Todd, Emily E Schmitt, Danielle R Bruns
Circadian misalignment occurs with age, jet lag, and shift work, leading to maladaptive health outcomes including cardiovascular diseases. Despite the strong link between circadian disruption and heart disease, the cardiac circadian clock is poorly understood, prohibiting identification of therapies to restore the broken clock. Exercise is the most cardioprotective intervention identified to date and has been suggested to reset the circadian clock in other peripheral tissues. Here, we tested the hypothesis that conditional deletion of core circadian gene Bmal1 would disrupt cardiac circadian rhythm and function and that this disruption would be ameliorated by exercise...
February 20, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Casey-Tyler Berezin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 15, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Ueli Schibler, Charna Dibner, Jürgen Ripperger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 10, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Yasemin Kubra Akyel, Dilek Ozturk Civelek, Narin Ozturk Seyhan, Seref Gul, Isil Gazioglu, Zeliha Pala Kara, Francis Lévi, Ibrahim Halil Kavakli, Alper Okyar
The circadian timing system controls absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination processes of drug pharmacokinetics over a 24-h period. Exposure of target tissues to the active form of the drug and cytotoxicity display variations depending on the chronopharmacokinetics. For anticancer drugs with narrow therapeutic ranges and dose-limiting side effects, it is particularly important to know the temporal changes in pharmacokinetics. A previous study indicated that pharmacokinetic profile of capecitabine was different depending on dosing time in rat...
February 10, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Gene D Block, Fred C Davis, Carl Hirschie Johnson, Colin Sandy Pittendrigh, William J Schwartz, Fred W Turek, Russell N Van Gelder
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Atsumi Murakami, Kouki Tsuji, Minako Isoda, Masahiro Matsuo, Yoichiro Abe, Masato Yasui, Hitoshi Okamura, Keiko Tominaga
Astrocytes are densely present in the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN), which is the master circadian oscillator in mammals, and are presumed to play a key role in circadian oscillation. However, specific astrocytic molecules that regulate the circadian clock are not yet well understood. In our study, we found that the water channel aquaporin-4 (AQP4) was abundantly expressed in SCN astrocytes, and we further examined its circadian role using AQP4-knockout mice. There was no prominent difference in circadian behavioral rhythms between Aqp4 -/- and Aqp4 +/+ mice subjected to light-dark cycles and constant dark conditions...
January 24, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
María Laura Migliori, María Eugenia Goya, Melisa Luciana Lamberti, Francisco Silva, Rosana Rota, Claire Bénard, Diego Andrés Golombek
Circadian rhythms represent an adaptive feature, ubiquitously found in nature, which grants living beings the ability to anticipate daily variations in their environment. They have been found in a multitude of organisms, ranging from bacteria to fungi, plants, and animals. Circadian rhythms are generated by endogenous clocks that can be entrained daily by environmental cycles such as light and temperature. The molecular machinery of circadian clocks includes a transcriptional-translational feedback loop that takes approximately 24 h to complete...
January 21, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Simone Bruno, Davide Benedetti, Andrea Bazzani, Francesca Ferri, Iacopo Granieri, Francy Cruz-Sanabria, Simona Fiori, Paola d'Ascanio, Paolo Frumento, Ugo Faraguna
Adolescents' conflict between circadian rhythm and early school start time is more pronounced in evening chronotypes, who tend to reduce sleep duration during school days compensating during the free days by oversleeping (i.e., social jetlag). Cumulative weekly sleep debt may impair sport performance, which relies on physical and cognitive skills modulated by sleep. We hypothesized that chronotype predicts sport performance, and that it may interact with the day of the week. Moreover, given the role sleep plays in motor memory consolidation, we tested the hypothesis that school attendance, and the related chronic sleep deprivation, might be detrimental for participants in a training phase...
January 21, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Yang Xie, Xiaoyan Wu, Xingyue Mou, Meng Wang, Shuman Tao, Yuhui Wan, Fangbiao Tao
Understanding the biological rhythms that influence young adult health is vital because the combination of biological changes and a circadian phase delay lead to young adults being at high risk of circadian misalignment. We have previously established a self-rating of biological rhythm disorder for adolescents (SBRDA). However, we did not externally validate the SBRDA against objective measures of biological rhythms such as dim light melatonin onset (DLMO)-the gold standard of the endogenous circadian phase...
January 12, 2023: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Elizabeth B Klerman, Achim Kramer, Phyllis C Zee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 30, 2022: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Abigail L Tice, Joseph A Laudato, Bradley S Gordon, Jennifer L Steiner
The intrinsic skeletal muscle core clock has emerged as a key feature of metabolic control and influences several aspects of muscle physiology. Acute alcohol intoxication disrupts the core molecular clock, but whether chronic consumption, like that leading to alcoholic myopathy, is also a zeitgeber for skeletal muscle remains unknown. The purpose of this work was to determine whether chronic alcohol consumption dysregulates the skeletal muscle core molecular clock and clock-controlled genes (CCGs). C57BL/6Hsd female mice (14 weeks old) were fed a control (CON) or alcohol (EtOH) containing liquid diet for 6 weeks...
December 29, 2022: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Lilyan M Mather, Meghan E Cholak, Connor M Morfoot, Katherine C Curro, Jacob Love, Daniel J Cavanaugh
Organisms track time of day through the function of cell-autonomous molecular clocks. In addition to a central clock located in the brain, molecular clocks are present in most peripheral tissues. Circadian clocks are coordinated within and across tissues, but the manner through which this coordination is achieved is not well understood. We reasoned that the ability to track in vivo molecular clock activity in specific tissues of the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster , would facilitate an investigation into the relationship between different clock-containing tissues...
December 10, 2022: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Hideyuki Komoto, Che-Hung Lin, Yoko Nozawa, Akiko Satake
Many marine organisms synchronously spawn at specific times to ensure the success of external fertilization in the ocean. Corals are famous examples of synchronized spawning at specific lunar phases, and two distinct spawning patterns have been observed in two dominant taxa: merulinid corals spawn at regular lunar phases, several days after the full moon, whereas Acropora corals spawn at more irregular lunar phases around the full moon. Although it has been suggested that the two coral taxa have different responses to moonlight and seawater temperature, their spawning times have never been analyzed by integrating the two environmental factors, resulting in an incomplete understanding of the regulatory mechanisms of spawning...
December 2, 2022: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Dora Obodo, Elliot H Outland, Jacob J Hughey
Biomedical research on mammals has traditionally neglected females, raising the concern that some scientific findings may generalize poorly to half the population. Although this lack of sex inclusion has been broadly documented, its extent within circadian genomics remains undescribed. To address this gap, we examined sex inclusion practices in a comprehensive collection of publicly available transcriptome studies on daily rhythms. Among 148 studies having samples from mammals in vivo, we found strong underrepresentation of females across organisms and tissues...
November 23, 2022: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Brian Heckler, Miryoung Lee, Katie Stone, Cici Bauer, Qian Xiao
Growing evidence supports a role for rest-activity rhythms (RARs) in metabolic health. Epidemiological studies in adolescents and young adults showed that RAR characteristics consistent with weakened rhythmicity were associated with obesity. However, studies in older adults are lacking. The objective of this study was to examine the cross-sectional and prospective associations between RAR and obesity in older men using the Harmonic Hidden Markov Model (HHMM), a novel analytical approach with several advantages over conventional methods for characterizing RAR...
November 23, 2022: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Lauren E Hartstein, Cecilia Diniz Behn, Kenneth P Wright, Lameese D Akacem, Shelby R Stowe, Monique K LeBourgeois
Late sleep timing is prevalent in early childhood and a risk factor for poor behavioral and health outcomes. Sleep timing is influenced by the phase of the circadian clock, with later circadian timing linked to delayed sleep onset in young children. Light is the strongest zeitgeber of circadian timing and, in adults, evening light produces circadian phase delay in an intensity-dependent manner. The intensity-dependent circadian phase-shifting response to evening light in children, however, is currently unknown...
November 22, 2022: Journal of Biological Rhythms
Jonathan P Riggle, Leslie M Kay, Kenneth G Onishi, David T Falk, Benjamin L Smarr, Irving Zucker, Brian J Prendergast
Circadian rhythms provide daily temporal structure to cellular and organismal biological processes, ranging from gene expression to cognition. Higher-frequency (intradaily) ultradian rhythms are similarly ubiquitous but have garnered far less empirical study, in part because of the properties that define them-multimodal periods, non-stationarity, circadian harmonics, and diurnal modulation-pose challenges to their accurate and precise quantification. Wavelet analyses are ideally suited to address these challenges, but wavelet-based measurement of ultradian rhythms has remained largely idiographic...
November 15, 2022: Journal of Biological Rhythms
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