Anna Spicher, Richard Andreas Lindtner, Michael Josef Zegg, Rene Schmid, Romed Hoermann, Werner Schmoelz
BACKGROUNDS: To evaluate the effects of different pedicle screw augmentation strategies on screw loosening and adjacent segment collapse at the proximal end of long-segment instrumentation. METHODS: Eighteen osteoporotic (9 male, 9 female donors; mean age: 74.7 ± 10.9 [SD] years) thoracolumbar multi-segmental motion segments (Th11 - L1) were assigned as follows: control, one-level augmented screws (marginally), and two-level augmented screws (fully augmented) groups (3 × 6)...
May 24, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Nathan Schilaty, Nathaniel Bates, Benjamin Holmes, Takashi Nagai
BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic low back pain can exhibit altered slower gait, poor balance, and lower strength/power, and psychological dysfunctions such as pain catastrophizing and fear of movement. Few studies have investigated the relationships between physical and psychological dysfunctions. This study examined associations between patient-reported outcomes (pain interference, physical function, central sensitization, and kinesiophobia) and physical characteristics (gait, balance, and trunk sensorimotor characteristics)...
May 22, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Harriet Talbott, Shilpa Jha, Aashish Gulati, Claire Brockett, Jitendra Mangwani, Elise C Pegg
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical simulation of the foot and ankle complex is a growing research area but compared to simulation of joints such as hip and knee, it has been under investigated and lacks consistency in research methodology. The methodology is variable, data is heterogenous and there are no clear output criteria. Therefore, it is very difficult to correlate clinically and draw meaningful inferences. METHODS: The focus of this review is finite element simulation of the native ankle joint and we will explore: the different research questions asked, the model designs used, ways the model rigour has been ensured, the different output parameters of interest and the clinical impact and relevance of these studies...
May 20, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Xuan Huang, Guangming Zhang, Xiaobo Zhou, Xiaoyan Yang
BACKGROUND: Recent trials indicated a further expansion of clinical indication of transcatheter aortic valve replacement to younger and low-risk patients. Factors related to longer-term complications are becoming more important for use in these patients. Accumulating evidence indicates that numerical simulation plays a significant role in improving the outcome of transcatheter aortic valve replacement. Understanding mechanical features' magnitude, pattern, and duration is a topic of ongoing relevance...
May 19, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Thomas Whitehead-Clarke, Christopher Brown, Geetika Ail, Vivek Mudera, Claire Smith, Alvena Kureshi
BACKGROUND: Our work aims to investigate the mechanical properties of the human posterior rectus sheath in terms of its ultimate tensile stress, stiffness, thickness and anisotropy. It also aims to assess the collagen fibre organisation of the posterior rectus sheath using Second-Harmonic Generation microscopy. METHODS: For mechanical analysis, twenty-five fresh-frozen samples of posterior rectus sheath were taken from six different cadaveric donors. They underwent uniaxial tensile stress testing until rupture either in the transverse (n = 15) or longitudinal (n = 10) plane...
May 18, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Conor R Lanahan, Kendrick A Coburn, Brian J Hafner, Daniel Ballesteros, Katheryn J Allyn, Janna L Friedly, Marcia A Ciol, Ryan V Carter, Joseph C Mertens, Adam J Krout, Joan E Sanders
BACKGROUND: A challenge often faced by people with lower extremity amputation is management of prosthetic socket fit due to changes in fluid volume within their residual limb. Prior research suggests that intermittently doffing the prosthetic socket may help stabilize daily residual limb fluid volume. METHODS: To assess the effects of partial doff duration on residual limb fluid volume retention, participants with transtibial amputation were tested by walking on a treadmill in a controlled, laboratory setting under three conditions...
May 13, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Nicholas E Fears, Gabriela M Sherrod, Danielle Blankenship, Rita M Patterson, Linda S Hynan, Indika Wijayasinghe, Dan O Popa, Nicoleta L Bugnariu, Haylie L Miller
BACKGROUND: Difficulty with imitative gesturing is frequently observed as a clinical feature of autism. Current practices for assessment of imitative gesturing ability-behavioral observation and parent report-do not allow precise measurement of specific components of imitative gesturing performance, instead relying on subjective judgments. Advances in technology allow researchers to objectively quantify the nature of these movement differences, and to use less socially stressful interaction partners (e...
May 13, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Sabina Manz, Dirk Seifert, Bjoern Altenburg, Thomas Schmalz, Strahinja Dosen, Jose Gonzalez-Vargas
BACKGROUND: Biomechanical gait analyses are typically performed in laboratory settings, and are associated with limitations due to space, marker placement, and tasks that are not representative of the real-world usage of lower limb prostheses. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to investigate the possibility of accurately measuring gait parameters using embedded sensors in a microprocessor-controlled knee joint. METHODS: Ten participants were recruited for this study and equipped with a Genium X3 prosthetic knee joint...
May 12, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Gisele Francini Devetak, Roberta Castilhos Detanico Bohrer, Carla Rinaldin, André Luiz Felix Rodacki, Elisangela Ferretti Manffra
BACKGROUND: In stroke subjects, the motor skills differ between sides and among subjects with different levels of motor recovery, impacting inter-joint coordination. How these factors can affect the kinematic synergies over time during gait has not been investigated yet. This work aimed to determine the time profile of kinematic synergies of stroke patients throughout the single support phase of gait. METHODS: Kinematic data from 17 stroke and 11 healthy individuals was recorded using a Vicon System...
May 12, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Qida Zhang, Yinghu Peng, Zhenxian Chen, Zhongmin Jin, Ling Qin
BACKGROUND: Component alignment is essential to improve knee function and survival in total knee arthroplasty. However, it is still unclear whether the conformity design of tibiofemoral component can mitigate abnormal knee biomechanics caused by component malrotation. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the sagittal/coronal conformity design of the tibial component could change the effect of the tibial component malrotation on knee biomechanics in total knee arthroplasty...
May 9, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Takumi Nakanishi, Michitaka Kato, Lisa Kizawa, Hideki Warashina, Shingo Mitamura, Akito Kataoka
BACKGROUND: We aimed to measure the posterior pelvic tilt angle at maximum hip flexion and hip flexion range of motion at the femoroacetabular joint using a pelvic guide pin and to examine the difference in flexion range of motion when determined by a physical therapist and under anesthesia. METHODS: Data of 83 consecutive patients undergoing primary unilateral total hip arthroplasty were assessed. Using a pin inserted into the iliac crest to define the cup placement angle under anesthesia before and after total hip arthroplasty, the posterior pelvic tilt angle was determined as the change in pin tilt from the supine position to maximum hip flexion...
May 4, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Jose Carlos Cohen, Adriane Mara de Souza Muniz, Roberto B Carvalho Junior, Henrique Lelis Clemente de Oliveira, Silvana T Miranda, Maria Kátia Gomes, Antonio José Ledo Alves da Cunha, Luciano L Menegaldo
BACKGROUND: Peripheral nerve injury caused by leprosy can lead to foot drop, resulting in an altered gait pattern that has not been previously described using 3D gait analysis. METHODS: Gait kinematics and dynamics were analyzed in 12 patients with unilateral foot drop caused by leprosy and in 15 healthy controls. Biomechanical data from patients' affected and unaffected limbs were compared with controls using inferential statistics and a standard distance, based on principal components analysis (PCA)...
May 4, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Toni Wendler, Benjamin Fischer, Stefan Schleifenbaum, Jan Theopold, Pierre Hepp
BACKGROUND: Complex proximal humerus fractures place high demands on osteosynthetic treatment. In some cases, double plating has already been used to increase primary stability of the osteosynthesis. This approach was advanced in the present study by developing an additive plate for the sulcus bicipitalis. To demonstrate the superior primary stability of the newly developed plate osteosynthesis, a biomechanical comparison against a conventional locking plate with an additional calcar screw was performed...
May 4, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Koen van Dijk, Raad M Khair, Maria Sukanen, Neil J Cronin, Taija Finni
BACKGROUND: To better understand muscle remodelling in dynamic conditions after an Achilles tendon rupture, this study examined the length of medial gastrocnemius muscle fascicles during a heel-rise at 6- and 12-months after non-operative ATR treatment. METHODS: Participants (15 M, 3F) were diagnosed with acute Achilles tendon rupture. Medial gastrocnemius subtendon length, fascicle length and pennation angle were assessed in resting conditions, and fascicle shortening during bi- and unilateral heel-rises...
May 3, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Jesse M Charlton, Natasha M Krowchuk, Janice J Eng, Linda C Li, Michael A Hunt
BACKGROUND: Gait modification interventions have reported variable results and relied on in-person biofeedback limiting clinical accessibility. Our objective was to assess a remotely delivered and self-directed gait modification for knee osteoarthritis. METHODS: This was an unblinded, 2-arm, delayed control, randomized pilot trial (NCT04683913). Adults aged ≥50 years with symptomatic medial knee osteoarthritis were randomized to an immediate group (Week 0: Baseline, Intervention; Week 6: Follow-up, Week 10: Retention) or delayed group (Week 0: Baseline, Wait Period, Week 6: Secondary Baseline, Intervention, Week 12: Follow-up, Week 16: Retention)...
April 29, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Chantal M Hulshof, Jaap J van Netten, Maartje G Dekker, Mirjam Pijnappels, Sicco A Bus
BACKGROUND: In evaluating therapeutic footwear, in-shoe plantar pressure is usually obtained during mid-gait steps at self-selected walking speed in a laboratory setting. However, this may not accurately represent plantar pressures or indicate the cumulative stress experienced in daily life. We investigated the effects of walking speed and different weight-bearing activities on in-shoe plantar pressure in people with diabetes at high risk of ulceration. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study including 30 participants we compared in-shoe plantar pressures between three standardized walking speeds (0...
April 29, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Elizabeth Bjornsen, Hope Davis-Wilson, Alyssa Evans-Picket, W Zachary Horton, Caroline Lisee, Amanda E Munsch, Daniel Nissman, J Troy Blackburn, Jason R Franz, Brian Pietrosimone
BACKGROUND: Ultrasonography is capable of detecting morphological changes in femoral articular cartilage cross-sectional area in response to an acute bout of walking; yet, the response of femoral cartilage cross-sectional area varies between individuals. It is hypothesized that differences in joint kinetics may influence the response of cartilage to a standardized walking protocol. Therefore, the study purpose was to compare internal knee abduction and extension moments between individuals with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction who demonstrate an acute increase, decrease, or unchanged medial femoral cross-sectional area response following 3000 steps...
April 29, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Aurore Bonnet-Lebrun, Agnès Linglart, Marine De Tienda, Virginie Nguyen Khac, Younes Ouchrif, Jugurtha Berkenou, Hélène Pillet, Ayman Assi, Philippe Wicart, Wafa Skalli
BACKGROUND: X-linked hypophosphataemia causes bone deformities and gait abnormalities that tend to worsen with age in the absence of appropriate treatment. However, doctors do not currently use quantitative tools to characterize these symptoms and their possible interactions. METHODS: Radiographs and 3D gait data from 43 non-surgical growing children with X-linked hypophosphataemia were acquired prospectively. Data from age-matched typically developing children were used to form the reference group...
April 28, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Reihaneh Ravari, Justin Lewicke, Albert H Vette, Jacqueline S Hebert
BACKGROUND: The Helen Hayes anatomical model is commonly used in clinical gait analysis with standard medial/lateral knee and thigh markers. METHODS: To quantify soft-tissue artifacts associated with the thigh marker following osseointegration surgery, we added an "implant marker" on the implant extending from the femur, with the objective of identifying the differences in the angular kinematics when using the standard versus implant marker. One female adult with an osseointegrated transfemoral prosthesis walked overground for three trials, and common kinematic measures were calculated from motion capture data...
April 25, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
Brendan P Stewart, Julianna Y Lee, Ian J Wellington, Elifho Obopilwe, Benjamin C Hawthorne, Caitlin G Dorsey, Craig M Rodner
BACKGROUND: We aimed to biomechanically evaluate the distal pronator quadratus and compare two locations of distal transection on the strength of the subsequent repair. METHODS: Eighteen fresh-frozen cadaveric specimens were dissected to the pronator quadratus muscle. Specimens were randomly allocated for transection of the pronator quadratus at the myotendinous junction (red group) or parallel to the myotendinous junction at the midsection of the distal tendinous zone (white group)...
April 25, 2023: Clinical Biomechanics
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