Sadhana Rai, Nagarathinam Sundaramoorthy, Sekar Mahalaxmi, Pranav Vanajassun Purushothaman
This study aimed to comparatively evaluate the disinfecting potential of sodium hypochlorite, diode laser, and photodynamic therapy in non-vital teeth with or without periapical rarefaction. Forty-five patients with the diagnosis of pulp necrosis with apical rarefaction were randomly assigned to three groups (n = 15) based on the disinfection protocol. Access cavities were prepared and pre-instrumentation microbial samples were taken using a paper point. Working length determination followed by cleaning and shaping with rotary files was performed...
September 22, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Luísa Valente Gotardo Lara Alves, Marcelle Beathriz Fernandes da Silva, Maria Cristina Borsatto, Silmara Aparecida Milori Corona
The longevity of ceramic laminate veneers can be influenced by several factors, which can result in the need for a removal process. Laser removal has emerged as a good alternative to facilitate the procedure, and its repercussions on tooth enamel have been investigated. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of erbium lasers for debonding ceramic laminate veneers without damaging the tooth enamel. This systematic review based on the PICOS model adhered to the PRISMA statement. The PubMed/MEDLINE, Web of Science, Embase, and Scopus databases were systematically searched until December 1, 2022, and 2902 studies were retrieved...
September 22, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Farzaneh Afkhami, Golriz Rostami, Chun Xu, Laurence J Walsh, Ove A Peters
Vital pulp therapy (VPT) is primarily intended to preserve the vitality of pulp tissues, which have been exposed for any reason. Various materials and techniques have been proposed to improve treatment outcomes, including the use of lasers. This study aimed to review the histological results of different dental lasers including low-level lasers, carbon dioxide (CO2 ), erbium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser (Er:YAG), neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet (Nd:YAG), erbium, chromium:yttrium-scandium-gallium-garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) lasers, and diode lasers for VPT...
September 21, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Jianfeng Zhang, Fan Xu, Haiyue Lin, Yuxiao Ma, Yi Hu, Qifeng Meng, Peng Lin, Yu Zhang
The present work aimed to systematically identify the efficacy and safety of fractional carbon dioxide (CO2 ) laser plus hyaluronic acid (HA) dressing in dealing with facial atrophic acne scars. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) concerning fractional CO2 laser in combination with HA dressing for treating atrophic acne scars were screened in 8 electronic databases (containing PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, Web of Science, China National Knowledge Internet, Wanfang, Sinomed as well as VIP). Besides, for the purpose of evaluating the risk of bias of the enrolled RCTs, the Cochrane Collaboration tool was adopted...
September 19, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Diaa Atta, Abdelrahman Elarif, Mohamed Al Bahrawy
Applications of lasers in phototherapy have been the trend for the last few decades. The photodynamic therapy process normally depends on photosensitizers and laser beams. Through this study, indocyanine green has been used as a photosensitizer, which is normally activated using laser lines between 750 and 805 nm. The activity of the indocyanine green to do fluorescence by other pulsed laser sources has been tested by fluorescence technique, and it has been proven that the laser lines at 810, 940, and 980nm are able to excite the indocyanine green with different extents...
September 14, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Mika Yasutomi, Daisuke Yunaiyama, Yuki Takara, Toru Saguchi, Motoki Nakai, Kazuhiro Saito
Implantable central venous (CV) ports are widely used for chemotherapy and parenteral nutrition. Generally, CV ports are used safely; however, some patients suffer from drug leakage around the port septum due to mispuncture. Therefore, we developed a CV port that is visible under the skin. We created a prototype of a CV port using a 3D printer. Three red light-emitting diodes (LEDs) were attached around the septum that made the puncture site visible by applying wireless energy transmission technology using electromagnetic resonance...
September 13, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Rahime Zeynep Erdem, Ömer Çellik
The aim of this in vitro study is to evaluate the bleaching efficiency of 5 different office bleaching methods and the changes in enamel morphology after bleaching. In this study, 75 human molar teeth are used. The teeth are divided in half in the mesiodistal direction, and a total of 150 enamel samples are obtained. The obtained samples are split into 3 main groups to evaluate the bleaching efficiency, surface roughness, and enamel surface hardness, and each group is composed of 50 samples. Then, each main group was divided into 5 separate subgroups (n = 10) containing 5 varied bleaching techniques...
September 13, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Aggeliki Papadopoulou, Dimitrios Dionysopoulos, Dimitrios Strakas, Pantelis Kouros, Olga-Elpis Kolokitha, Kosmas Tolidis
The aim of this in vitro study was to investigate the safety of using blue diode laser (445 nm) for tooth bleaching with regard to intrapulpal temperature increase operating at different average power and time settings. Fifty human mandibular incisors (n = 10) were used for evaluating temperature rise inside the pulp chamber and in the bleaching gel during laser-assisted tooth bleaching. The change in temperature was recorded using K thermocouples for the five experimental groups (without laser, 0...
September 12, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Ana Cristina Castro Goulart, Renato Amaro Zângaro, Henrique Cunha Carvalho, Igor K Lednev, Landulfo Silveira
Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, the scientific community has sought to develop fast and accurate techniques for detecting the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Raman spectroscopy is a promising technique for diagnosing COVID-19 through serum samples. In the present study, the diagnosis of COVID-19 through nasopharyngeal secretion has been proposed. Raman spectra from nasopharyngeal secretion samples (15 Control, negative and 12 COVID-19, positive, assayed by immunofluorescence antigen test) were obtained in triplicate in a dispersive Raman spectrometer (830 nm, 350 mW), accounting for a total of 80 spectra...
September 12, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Rai Matheus Carvalho Santos, Renata Siqueira Scatolin, Sérgio Luiz de Souza Salvador, Aline Evangelista Souza-Gabriel, Silmara Aparecida Milori Corona
This study evaluated the effect of chitosan on dentin treatment after selective removal of caries lesions with Er:YAG laser in reducing Streptococcus mutans, as well as its effect on the performed restorations. The sample consisted of children (aged 7 to 9 years) with active carious lesions and dentin cavitation located on the occlusal surface of deciduous molars. Eighty teeth were randomly distributed into 4 groups according to the caries removal method: Er:YAG laser (250 mJ/4 Hz) or bur and dentin surface treatment: 2...
September 12, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Yung-Ling Tseng, Chi-Feng Su
Urinary incontinence (UI) is a prevalent condition affecting 25-45% of women and is linked to factors such as menopause, parity, high body mass index, and radical pelvic surgery. Among the three types of UI, stress incontinence (SUI) is the most common, accounting for almost 50% of cases, followed by urgency and overflow incontinence. UI has been found to be associated with reduced quality of life and mental stress. Non-invasive laser treatment is the safest and most effective option for managing SUI, with intraurethral Erbium SMOOTHTM laser treatment holding promise for patients experiencing SUI even after undergoing previous failed intravaginal Erbium:YAG laser treatment...
September 9, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Virginia Benitez-Roig, Pedro A Martínez-Carpio, Mario A Trelles, Antoaneta Cosmina-Timircan, Elena G Arias-Salgado, Rosario Perona
Thermal deposition of laser energy in the vaginal epithelium in genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) results in clinical and biological effects, but many cellular and molecular changes indicating cell proliferation or senescence inhibition are unknown. The aim of this study is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of the fractional-pixel-CO2 laser in the possible improvement of GMS signs and symptoms that can be correlated with histological changes or with cellular or molecular indicators of restoration. A detailed prospective study was designed to assess 17 women diagnosed with GSM who were treated intravaginally with two laser sessions...
September 8, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Liuyi Xiao, Junli Guo, Huan Wang, Qianxiong He, Yang Xu, Lu Yuan, Qianya Yi, Qian Zhang, Jin Wang, Shaokun Min, Menghan Zhao, Xiaorong Xin, Hui Chen
In recent years, an increasing number of scientists have focused on conducting experiments on laser ablation of bone tissue. The purpose of this study was to summarize the prognosis of tissue and the extent of thermal damage in past hard tissue ablation experiments, and review the evidence for the feasibility of laser osteotomy in surgery. An electronic search of PubMed, China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), and Web of Science (WOS) for relevant English-language articles published through June 2023 was conducted...
September 7, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Luyao Tang, Hui Jiang, Miao Sun, Muqing Liu
Previous research has demonstrated the beneficial effect brought by transcranial photobiomodulation (tPBM). The present study is a further investigation of pulsed transcranial light delivery, from the perspective of wavelength, operation mode, and pulse frequency. A total of 56 healthy young adults (28 males and 28 females) were included in this randomized, sham-controlled experimental study. The wavelength of tPBM was 660 nm and 850 nm, and under each wavelength, subjects were randomly assigned to one of the following four treatments: (1) sham control; (2) continuous-wave (CW) tPBM; (3) pulsed-wave (PW) tPBM (40 Hz); and (4) PW tPBM (100 Hz)...
September 5, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Waseem Jerjes
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 5, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Rasha Zohdy, Jehan Alsharnoubi, Wafaa Kandeel, Maha Saber, Ola Dabbous
The purpose was to compare the effects of diet and exercise and laser interference and maneuver on anthropometric parameters and blood effects of object agents. The study was a randomized controlled longitudinal study. It included 45 adolescents from both sexes who were divided randomly into two groups: one group was treated with low calorie diet and exercise as group A and group B was treated with low calorie diet, exercise, and laser acupuncture. All parameters and blood samples were done before and after the interventions...
September 5, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Lin Cheng, Rui Yuan, Hao Fan, Minmin Si, Zhaonan Hao, Zhiyuan Feng
The purpose of this systematic review and meta-analysis of in vitro studies was to evaluate the effect of the 2780 nm Er,Cr:YSGG laser combined with casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) for enamel remineralisation. The electronic PubMed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, and EMBASE databases were searched, with no language or date restrictions, up to January 2023. Two reviewers independently performed research information extraction and quality assessment. Continuous variables were analysed by standard mean difference (SMD) with a 95% confidence interval (CI)...
September 5, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Marggie Grajales, Nestor Ríos-Osorio, Oscar Jimenez-Peña, Juan Mendez-Sanchez, Kelly Sanchez-Fajardo, Herney Andrés García-Perdomo
Although several studies have evaluated the effect of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) on orthodontic movement acceleration, results are still inconsistent. Such inconsistencies may be attributed to the differences in the LLLT application protocols, especially in terms of wavelength ranges. Objective: (i) to assess the clinical effects of LLLT on the acceleration of orthodontic movement and (ii) to establish the most effective LLLT wavelength to accelerate tooth movement during orthodontic treatments. MEDLINE (PubMed), Scopus, ScienceDirect, and LILACS were searched from inception to October 2022...
September 4, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Shankargouda Patil, Shilpa Bhandi, Khalid J Alzahrani, Mrim M Alnfiai, Luca Testarelli, Burke W Soffe, Frank W Licari, Kamran H Awan, Eiji Tanaka
Despite their high success rates, peri-implantitis can affect the stability and function of dental implants. Various treatment modalities have been investigated for the treatment of peri-implantitis to achieve re-osseointegration. An electronic literature search was performed supplemented by a manual search to identify studies published until January 2022. Articles that evaluated re-osseointegration in peri-implantitis sites in animal models following laser therapy or antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) were included...
September 2, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Ge Tian, Tong Chen, Xin Liu, Yue Lin, Na Li, Hua Gao, Mingna Liu
To compare the central corneal thickness (CCT) treated with small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE), femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK), or laser-assisted subepithelial keratomileusis (LASEK) for myopia correction. This was a retrospective case series study. Patients who had completed 1-year follow-up after receiving SMILE, FS-LASIK, or LASEK at our hospital from January 2019 to July 2021 were included. Pentacam pachymetry was performed to measure the CCT. The predicted CCT reduction was obtained through laser platform...
September 1, 2023: Lasers in Medical Science
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.