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Dysphagia

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/31410568/assessment-of-the-concerns-of-caregivers-of-children-with-repaired-esophageal-atresia-tracheoesophageal-fistula-related-to-feeding-swallowing-difficulties
#1
Selen Serel Arslan, Numan Demir, Aynur Ayşe Karaduman, Feridun Cahit Tanyel, Tutku Soyer
The study aimed to assess concerns of caregivers of children with EA-TEF related to feeding-swallowing difficulties, compare the concerns according to type of atresia and repair time, and investigate its relationship with time to start oral feeding. Caregivers accompanying 64 children with EA-TEF were included. Age, sex, type of atresia, repair time, and time to start oral feeding were noted. Parents completed the Turkish version of the Feeding/Swallowing Impact Survey (T-FS-IS) to assess the concerns of caregivers related to feeding-swallowing difficulties...
August 13, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31392421/management-of-an-unusual-case-of-dysphagia
#2
R S Shah, K A Mayuga, S Gabbard
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 7, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31388736/a-surgical-mouse-model-for-advancing-laryngeal-nerve-regeneration-strategies
#3
Alexis Mok, Jakob Allen, Megan M Haney, Ian Deninger, Brayton Ballenger, Victoria Caywood, Kate L Osman, Bradford Zitsch, Bridget L Hopewell, Aaron Thiessen, Marlena Szewczyk, Daniel Ohlhausen, Christopher I Newberry, Emily Leary, Teresa E Lever
Iatrogenic recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is a morbid complication of anterior neck surgical procedures. Existing treatments are predominantly symptomatic, ranging from behavioral therapy to a variety of surgical approaches. Though laryngeal reinnervation strategies often provide muscle tone to the paralyzed vocal fold (VF), which may improve outcomes, there is no clinical intervention that reliably restores true physiologic VF movement. Moreover, existing interventions neglect the full cascade of molecular events that affect the entire neuromuscular pathway after RLN injury, including the intrinsic laryngeal muscles, synaptic connections within the central nervous system, and laryngeal nerve anastomoses...
August 6, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31377863/whiplash-associated-dysphagia-considerations-of-potential-incidence-and-mechanisms
#4
D Stone, H Bogaardt, S D Linnstaedt, B Martin-Harris, A C Smith, D M Walton, E Ward, J M Elliott
Non-specific self-reports of dysphagia have been described in people with whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) following motor vehicle collision (MVC); however, incidence and mechanistic drivers remain poorly understood. Alterations in oropharyngeal dimensions on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), along with heightened levels of stress, pain, and changes in stress-dependent microRNA expression (e.g., miR-320a) have been also associated with WAD, suggesting multi-factorial issues may underpin any potential swallowing changes...
August 3, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31375916/which-factors-affect-the-severity-of-dysphagia-in-lateral-medullary-infarction
#5
Yong-Jin Cho, Wi-Sun Ryu, Hojun Lee, Dong-Eog Kim, Jin-Woo Park
The purpose of this study was to identify factors associated with the severity of dysphagia after lateral medullary infarction (LMI). Patients with dysphagia after lateral medullary infarction who were admitted to a rehabilitation unit were included and divided into two groups (non-severe vs. severe). Severe dysphagia was defined as the condition showing decreased bilateral pharyngeal constriction without esophageal passage in a videofluoroscopic swallowing study that initially required enteral tube feeding...
August 3, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31372756/interventions-for-feeding-and-swallowing-disorders-in-adults-with-intellectual-disability-a-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Beatrice Manduchi, Gina Marni Fainman, Margaret Walshe
Feeding and swallowing disorders are prevalent in adults with Intellectual Disability (ID) and can potentially lead to discomfort, malnutrition, dehydration, aspiration, and choking. Most common interventions include: diet modification, compensatory strategies, swallowing therapy, and non-oral feeding. Despite their common use, the research evidence for these interventions is lacking. The current study aimed to systematically review the evidence for the safety and the effectiveness of interventions for feeding and swallowing disorders in adults with ID...
August 1, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31367903/posterior-tongue-tie-base-of-tongue-movement-and-pharyngeal-dysphagia-what-is-the-connection
#7
Laura Brooks, April Landry, Anita Deshpande, Cinzia Marchica, Anthony Cooley, Nikhila Raol
Ankyloglossia, or tongue tie, and its impact on the oral phase of feeding has been studied and debated for decades. However, the impact of posterior tongue ties on the pharyngeal phase of swallowing is not well documented in the literature. A videofluoroscopic swallow study (VFSS) allows for visualization of the oral, pharyngeal, and esophageal phases of the swallow. When decreased base of tongue movement, impaired pharyngeal pressure generation, and presence of pharyngeal residue are noted during a VFSS, a neurologic etiology can be suspected...
July 31, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31363846/telepractice-for-the-delivery-of-pediatric-feeding-services-a-survey-of-practice-investigating-clinician-perceptions-and-current-service-models-in-australia
#8
Madeline K Raatz, Elizabeth C Ward, Jeanne Marshall
The provision of speech-language pathology (SLP) services via telepractice is expanding. However, little is known about the use of telepractice to deliver pediatric feeding services. The current study aimed to investigate SLPs perceptions, and current use of, telepractice in pediatric feeding. An electronic survey was distributed to SLPs with pediatric feeding experience within Australia. Questions pertained to general demographics, feeding experience, telepractice experience and perceptions of telepractice...
July 30, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31363845/a-patient-with-dysphagia
#9
Elias E Mazokopakis, Konstantinos C Tsekouras, Triantafillos G Giannakopoulos
We report a case of an uncommon type of dysphagia, due to esophagus compression by an aberrant right subclavian artery. This condition, known as dysphagia lusoria, was first recorded in 1787 by London physician David Bayford.
July 30, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31327077/aspiration-in-the-fiberoptic-endoscopic-evaluation-of-swallowing-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-mortality-in-a-cohort-of-patients-suspected-of-oropharyngeal-dysphagia
#10
Luis F Giraldo-Cadavid, Jaime A Pantoja, Yency J Forero, Hilda M Gutiérrez, Alirio R Bastidas
There is a general lack of published studies on the risk of mortality due to alterations in the safety of swallowing detected during the fiberoptic endoscopic evaluation of swallowing (FEES). We aimed at assessing the risk of mortality of the detection of aspiration, penetration, and pharyngeal residues by FEES. A cohort of consecutively evaluated patients suspected of experiencing oropharyngeal dysphagia undergoing FEES at a tertiary care university hospital were prospectively followed up on to assess mortality...
July 20, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31317266/association-of-neck-range-of-motion-and-skin-caliper-measures-on-dysphagia-outcomes-in-head-and-neck-cancer-and-effects-of-neck-stretches-and-swallowing-exercises
#11
Alice K Silbergleit, Lonni Schultz, Gintas Krisciunas, Susan Langmore
To date, there is a paucity of information in the literature regarding the association between cervical range of motion (CROM) and skin caliper measures (SCM) and swallowing outcomes in post-RT individuals with head and neck cancer. Also lacking in the literature are reports of the effect of swallowing exercises and neck stretches on changes in CROM and SCM and their associations with swallowing outcomes. The aim of this study was to assess the associations between CROM and SCM before initiation of a neck stretching and swallowing exercise program and to determine if 12 weeks of twice daily practice changes in CROM and SCM were associated with changes in swallowing outcomes in a cohort of 119 head and neck cancer survivors...
July 17, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31300881/optimizing-the-translational-value-of-mouse-models-of-als-for-dysphagia-therapeutic-discovery
#12
Kate L Osman, Sabrina Kohlberg, Alexis Mok, Ryan Brooks, Lori A Lind, Katelyn McCormack, Andries Ferreira, Matan Kadosh, Mary K Fagan, Elizabeth Bearce, Nicole L Nichols, Joan R Coates, Teresa E Lever
The goal of this study was to compare dysphagia phenotypes in low and high copy number (LCN and HCN) transgenic superoxide dismutase 1 (SOD1) mouse models of ALS to accelerate the discovery of novel and effective treatments for dysphagia and early amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) diagnosis. Clinicopathological features of dysphagia were characterized in individual transgenic mice and age-matched controls utilizing videofluoroscopy in conjunction with postmortem assays of the tongue and hypoglossal nucleus...
July 12, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31297599/reduced-coordination-of-hyolaryngeal-elevation-and-bolus-movement-in-a-pig-model-of-preterm-infant-swallowing
#13
Emily Catchpole, Laura Bond, Rebecca German, Christopher Mayerl, Bethany Stricklen, François D H Gould
Preterm infants often have dysphagia. Because reducing lifetime cumulative exposure to radiation in the context of diagnosis and treatment is a continuing goal of all medical fields which use X-ray imaging, efforts exist to reduce reliance on the gold standard diagnostic tool for dysphagia, VFSS. Alternatives, such as video of external hyolaryngeal movement using video recordings of the anterior surface of the neck, must be evaluated and validated against videofluoroscopy, a task for which non-human animal models are appropriate...
July 11, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31292728/turkish-version-of-the-mastication-observation-and-evaluation-moe-instrument-a-reliability-and-validity-study-in-children
#14
Selen Serel Arslan, Numan Demir, Aynur Ayşe Karaduman
The Mastication Observation and Evaluation (MOE) instrument is an objective assessment of the chewing process in children. This study aimed to translate the MOE into Turkish and to test its reliability and validity in children with cerebral palsy (CP). A total of 53 children with CP and 27 typical children were included in the study. The MOE was translated from Dutch into Turkish by using the forward, backward, forward translation method. The internal consistency, intra- and inter-observer reliability, criterion, and discriminant validity of the Turkish version of the MOE (T-MOE) were investigated...
July 10, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31278485/respiratory-swallow-pattern-following-total-laryngectomy
#15
Amy Fullerton, Yuhan Mou, Natalie Silver, Neil Chheda, Donald Bolser, Karen Hegland
The goal of this study was to further characterize respiratory patterns in total laryngectomees with attention to respiratory-swallow pattern as it relates to presence/absence of tracheoesophageal puncture (TEP) and bolus consistency. It was hypothesized that participants with TEP would exhibit respiratory-swallow patterns that were significantly different than those without TEP and that bolus consistency (thin or solid) would modulate respiratory-swallow pattern. Data were collected from 12 adults (8 male), aged 46-67 years (mean 57) status post total laryngectomy (1-30 years; average 6 years)...
July 5, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31264004/quality-of-life-in-treating-persistent-neurogenic-dysphagia-with-cricopharyngeal-myotomy
#16
Xiaofeng Jin, Wei Gu, Wuyi Li, Jian Wang
Neurological impairment is an important cause of dysphagia. This study analyzed whether quality of life (QoL) is improved after coblation-assisted endoscopic cricopharyngeal myotomy (CAECPM) for patients with persistent neurological dysphagia who meet the criteria by using the Chinese version of the Swallow Quality-of-Life Questionnaire (CSWAL-QOL). 22 patients with dysphagia for more than 6 months after stroke or lateral skull base surgery were screened. All patients exhibited a poor response to conservative treatment such as swallowing rehabilitation...
July 1, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31230142/hypopharyngeal-diverticulum-toward-a-unified-understanding-of-its-etiopathogenesis
#17
David A Kasle, Sina J Torabi, Howard Boey, Clarence T Sasaki
The etiopathogenesis of Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) remains uncertain. Increased hypopharyngeal pressure due to a hypertonic upper esophageal sphincter results in herniation proximal to the sphincter producing a pulsion diverticulum. Gastroesophageal reflux, which is known to induce shortening of the injured esophagus, likely plays a prominent role in ZD formation by pulling the cricopharyngeus muscle (CPM) away from the anchored inferior constrictor muscle. This creates a "weak zone" encouraging herniation...
June 22, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31227886/alteration-of-swallowing-and-ventilation-coordination-in-respiratory-diseases-in-small-mammals
#18
I Ghannouchi, J P Marie, C Duclos, E Verin
In human and animal, swallowing and ventilation are coordinated to avoid laryngeal penetration or tracheal aspiration, and respiration is interrupted during swallowing and resumes in the expiratory phase. Some respiratory diseases may alter this coordination due to impaired lung function. The aim of this study was to evaluate swallowing-ventilation coordination in unrestrained rats with pulmonary emphysema or with pulmonary fibrosis. Two protocols were performed in 38 male Sprague-Dawley rats (2-3 months, 250-300 g): pulmonary emphysema and pulmonary fibrosis...
June 21, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31214800/society-for-neuroscience-2018-satellite-symposium-neural-mechanisms-of-feeding-and-swallowing-and-their-applications-for-neural-rehabilitation
#19
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 18, 2019: Dysphagia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31209638/transcutaneous-electrical-stimulation-on-the-submental-area-the-relations-of-biopsychological-factors-with-maximum-amplitude-tolerance-and-perceived-discomfort-level
#20
Ali Barikroo, Karen Hegland, Giselle Carnaby, Donald Bolser, Todd Manini, Michael Crary
Transcutaneous electrical stimulation (TES) is a frequently used adjunctive modality in dysphagia rehabilitation. Stimulating deeper swallowing muscles requires higher TES amplitude. However, TES amplitude is limited by maximum amplitude tolerance (MAT). Previous studies have reported high interindividual variability regarding MAT and perceived discomfort. This variability might be one of the potential reasons of conflicting outcomes in TES-based swallowing studies. MAT and perceived discomfort are influenced by a variety of biopsychological factors...
June 17, 2019: Dysphagia
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