James Pietris, Antoinette Lam, Stephen Bacchi, Aashray K Gupta, Joshua G Kovoor, Sumu Simon, Mark Slee, WengOnn Chan
INTRODUCTION: Optic neuritis may occur in a variety of conditions, including as a manifestation of multiple sclerosis. Despite significant research into the efficacy of corticosteroids as a first-line treatment, the optimal route of administration has not been well defined. This review aims to explore the efficacy, adverse effects and economic implications of using oral versus intravenous methylprednisolone to treat acute optic neuritis. METHODS: A systematic search of the databases PubMed/MEDLINE, Embase and CENTRAL was performed to July 2022, prior to data collection and risk of bias analysis in accordance with the PRISMA guidelines...
November 27, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Mrittika Sen, Mohammad Javed Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 24, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Antonios Ragkousis, Dimitrios Kazantzis, Ilias Georgalas, Panagiotis Theodossiadis, Christos Kroupis, Irini Chatziralli
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether specific genetic polymorphisms affect the response to intravitreal anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) treatment in patients with macular oedema secondary to retinal vein occlusion (RVO). METHODS: Participants in this prospective study were 50 patients with macular oedema secondary to RVO, who were treated with intravitreal ranibizumab or aflibercept, and were followed-up for 12 months after initiation of treatment...
November 24, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Xian-Shan Liao, Hui-Yu Jin, Li-Ping Zhu, Wen-Jing Luo, Yong Wang, Shu-Qiong Hu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the clinical effect of piggyback multifocal intraocular lens (IOL) implantation in treating patients with high myopia complicated with cataract. METHODS: This was a prospective controlled study. We compared 32 eyes of 32 patients who underwent femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery with piggyback IOL implantation (two IOLs were implanted into the capsule) with 32 eyes of 32 patients who also underwent the same surgery (one IOL implanted into the capsule) due to high myopia complicated with cataract at the Wuhan Aier Eye Expert Hospital between January 2019 and October 2020...
November 23, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Miguel A Quiroz-Reyes, Erick A Quiroz-Gonzalez, Miguel A Quiroz-Gonzalez, Virgilio Lima-Gomez
BACKGROUND: The choroidal vasculature supplies the outer retina and is altered in many retinal diseases, including myopic traction maculopathy (MTM). Choroid health is typically assessed by measuring the choroidal thickness; however, this method has substantial limitations. The choroidal vascularity index (CVI) was recently introduced to provide quantitative information on the vascular flow in the choroid. This index has been evaluated in a wide range of diseases but has not been extensively used to characterize MTM...
November 21, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Zhigang Chen, Weiming Liu, Gaoqin Liu, Peirong Lu
PURPOSES: To investigate the incidence and factors influencing the occurrence of metamorphopsia in patients with simple rhegmatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) after surgery. METHODS: Relevant studies of metamorphopsia were identified by searching in PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane until August 2022. Meta-analysis of the incidence of metamorphopsia after rhegmatogenous retinal detachment surgery was performed using Review Manager 5.4 statistical software. RESULTS: A total of 12 studies reported 1133 participants with 469 patients with postoperative metamorphopsia...
November 8, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Jared Moon, Saima Khan, Sara Tao, Gene Kim
BACKGROUND: Ophthalmology residency programs are highly competitive and each year there are many unmatched reapplicants who must make time-sensitive decisions on how to prepare for their reapplication. Our analysis of reapplication factors will be the first evidence-based guide to reapplying ophthalmology. OBJECTIVE: To determine the components of a reapplicants application that contribute and that do not contribute to ophthalmology residency match success. METHODS: Eighty-eight total reapplicants to Dell Medical School's Department of Ophthalmology residency program for the year of 2022 and 2023 were analyzed in a retrospective review in 2023 based on their San Francisco match applications...
November 8, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Mrittika Sen, Mohammad Javed Ali
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 5, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Yu-Te Huang, Sheng-Chun Lin, Li-Ying Huang, Kewalee Rujikajorn, Po-Yu Jay Chen, Jamie Jiin-Yi Chen, Ming-Yen Wu, Hui-Ju Lin, Lei Wan
OBJECTIVE: To report the incidence, risk factors and management of postoperative complications after horizontal strabismus surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective Cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: The study assessed 1,273 patients with 1,035 cases of exotropia and 238 cases of esotropia, with a minimum 18-month follow-up. METHODS: Retrospective review of strabismus operation patients' medical records included baseline demographics, age at surgery, pre/postoperative visual acuity, and deviation...
November 3, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Seyed Mohsen Rafizadeh, Masoud Mirghorbani, Mehdi Tavakoli, Ali A Haydar
BACKGROUND: Cicatricial lower eyelid retraction is a challenging condition. It involves scarring of the lower eyelid, which causes it to retract and expose the sclera. This can lead to complications such as dry eye syndrome and corneal melting. It can be caused by trauma, burns, or previous eyelid surgery. Detailed assessment and understanding of eyelid anatomy and retraction are critical for successful surgical planning. Dynamic and static examinations of the eyelid including measurements of the lower eyelid margin reflex distance (MRD2) and scleral show are also essential to determine the appropriate treatment approach...
October 30, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Daphna Landau Prat, Ella Nissan, Eilon Shcolnik, Alon Weissman, Alik Rosenfeld, Mattan Arazi, Gahl Greenberg, Guy J Ben Simon
PURPOSE: To evaluate the usefulness of measuring orbital fat density in identifying post-septal involvement when initial differential diagnosis between orbital and periorbital cellulitis (OC and POC) is unclear. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective study of patients with clinical diagnosis of OC or POC who underwent contrast-enhanced computerized tomographic scans over a span of 10 years. Intraconal orbital fat density was measured with Hounsfield units (HU) in six areas on axial scans consisting of nasal and temporal intraconal sites...
October 29, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Lucy V Cobbs, Raziyeh Mahmoudzadeh, Mirataollah Salabati, Jacquelyn Hamati, Yoshihiro Yonekawa, Rebecca Russ Soares
PURPOSE: We aimed to describe changes in the geographic distribution of self-reported visual impairment (VI) over the last decade (2010-2019) in the U.S. METHODS: Our study was an analysis of publicly available data collected between 2010 and 2019 from the Census Bureau American Community Survey. RESULTS: The mean overall prevalence of self-reported VI from 2010 to 2019 was 2.31% in the United States, and there was a significant increase in VI over the past decade from 2...
October 24, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Mudit Tyagi, Nikitha Gurram Reddy, Niroj Kumar Sahoo
METHODS: This pilot clinical trial included 10 eyes of 10 patients with idiopathic MH, where PPV along with ILMP was done. Fibrin glue was used as a tamponade, and no postoperative positioning was given to any patient. The primary outcome measure was successful anatomical closure of the MH. The secondary outcome measures were postoperative improvement in best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and any complications of the procedure. RESULTS: The median age of patients was 62...
October 21, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Gema Corpus, Ainhoa Molina-Martin, David P PiƱero
PURPOSE: To summarize and analyze critically the scientific evidence focused on the effectiveness of the use of hydrophilic contact lenses (HCLs) in myopia control, as well as their impact on visual quality and the involvement on the accommodative and binocular function. METHODS: This systematic review was developed selecting all original studies which evaluated HCLs for myopia control with follow-up of at least 1 year. Eligible randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved from PubMed MEDLINE and Scopus...
October 18, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Hashem Abu Serhan, Mohammad J J Taha, Mohammad T Abuawwad, Abdelaziz Abdelaal, Sara Irshaidat, Leen Abu Serhan, Qusai Faisal Abu Salim, Nour Awamleh, Basel Abdelazeem, Ayman G Elnahry
PURPOSE: To investigate the efficacy and safety of brolucizumab in diabetic macular edema (DME) and diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: In this systematic review and meta-analysis, an electronic search was done to acquire all articles describing brolucizumab use in patients with DME and DR. The review was prospectively registered on PROSPERO (CRD42022382625). Collected articles were filtered through two stages by independent reviewers. Data were extracted from the included articles and then analyzed accordingly...
October 18, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Tae Hwan Kim, Yoon Hyung Kwon, Myo Jing Kim, Sang Wook Jin
PURPOSE: To evaluate the longitudinal change of cup to disc ratio (CDR) in premature infants with enlarged CDR and normal intraocular pressure (IOP). METHODS: This retrospective, observational study included 283 eyes of 283 premature infants at single center. Infants were divided into enlarged CDR and control groups. Data on demographics, gestational age (GA), birth weight (BW), vertical cup to disc ratio (vCDR), IOP, and corneal diameter were analyzed. RESULTS: Of the 283 patients, 38 (13...
October 6, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Mahraz Parvand, Maryam Eslami, Natalie Doughty, Sonia N Yeung, Femida Kherani
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate gender distribution in Canadian ophthalmology societies' leadership and to determine associations between gender, academic productivity, and institutional rank. METHODS: We identified members and assessed their gender composition using publicly available updated webpages. SCOPUS database was used to gather research metrics. RESULTS: In this study, data was collected from 12 Canadian ophthalmology societies, which included 277 executive committee members...
September 20, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Mohammad Javed Ali, Ali Djalilian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 15, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Carmelo Zak Macri, Yinon Shapira, Jessica Tong, Kylie Hood, Peter Drivas, Sandy Patel, Dinesh Selva
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate dynamic magnetic resonance dacryocystography (MRDCG) in eyes with functional epiphora. METHODS: We included prospective eyes with epiphora if no alternative cause was found on clinical examination, were patent on syringing, had no obstruction or stenosis on DCG, and had an abnormal DSG. MRDCG was performed to qualitatively assess for block or patency and quantitatively measure tear transit time. We compared measurements to asymptomatic fellow eyes and to historical reference values from asymptomatic eyes...
September 11, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
Brendan Tao, Jonathan Micieli
PURPOSE: This review analyzed the top 100 most-cited thyroid eye disease (TED) papers. METHODS: In November 2022, Scopus was searched for the most highly cited TED works since inception. For each paper, journal of origin and impact factor, corresponding author country and specialty affiliation, citation count, publication year, database-affirmed study funding, and open-access status were extracted. RESULTS: A total of 76 primary and 24 secondary articles were published between 1969 and 2021 across 29 journals, with a median (range) of 186...
September 11, 2023: Seminars in Ophthalmology
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