Nnenna Loveth Anosike, Joy Funsho Adejuwon, Godslove Emeka Emmanuel, Oluwatosin Samuel Adebayo, Hassanat Etti-Balogun, Jannie Nathaniel Nathaniel, Omolabake Ifeoluwa Omotosho, Michael Aschner, Omamuyovwi Meashack Ijomone
Cell death is vital to various organismal developmental processes including brain development. Apoptosis, the most recognized programmed cell death, has been linked to several developmental processes and implicated in pruning cells to provide the ultimate tissue integrity. However, more recently, other forms of non-apoptotic programmed cell death have been identified, of which necroptosis is of predominant interest. Necroptosis is a regulated form of necrosis, activated under apoptotic-deficient conditions...
March 25, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Jalal Gharesouran, Hassan Hosseinzadeh, Ali Naghiloo, Soudeh Ghafouri-Fard, Bashdar Mahmud Hussen, Mohammad Taheri, Maryam Rezazadeh, Mohammad Samadian
Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) comprises a group of hereditary neuropathies with clinical, epidemiological, and molecular heterogeneity in which variants in more than 80 different genes have been reported. One of the important genes which cause 5% of all CMT cases is Myelin protein zero (P0, MPZ). Variants in this gene have been reported in association with different forms of CMT including classical CMT1, severe DSS (CMT3B), DI-CMT, CMT2I and CMT2J with autosomal dominant (AD) inheritance. To our knowledge, MPZ variants have not been described in autosomal recessive (AR) form of CMT in previous studies...
March 23, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Xi Jiang, Qizhi Yan, Wendie Lao, Qian Lin, Haoran Cao, Lei Chen, Jin Chen, Xuefeng Yu, Fuhe Liu
This study aims to investigate the effect of irisin on ethanol-induced behavioral deficits and explore the underlying mechanisms. A mouse model of ethanol addiction/withdrawal was constructed through chronic ethanol administration. Depressive-like behaviors were evaluated by the tail suspension test and forced swimming test, and anxiety-like behaviors were evaluated by the marble-burying test and elevated plus maze test. The expression of Nrf2 was measured by western blotting. Levels of inflammatory mediators (NF-κB, TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6) and oxidative stress factors (ROS, MDA, GSH and SOD) were detected by ELISA...
March 22, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Parul Sood, Varinder Singh, Richa Shri
Mounting evidence shows that dietary intake of fruits with polyphenols is beneficial to improve impaired memory functions. This study explored the preventive as well as therapeutic effects of diet enriched with Morus alba fruits extract (DEMA) in streptozotocin (STZ) induced mouse model of memory impairment. The study consisted of two facets: one aspect consisted of pretreatment of animals with DEMA for two weeks followed by STZ (i.c.v) intervention and the second phase involved induction of dementia with STZ (i...
March 22, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Chunwang Zhou, Mengyuan Li, Yingxin Chu, Liyan Zheng, Shubo Zhang, Xiujiang Gao, Ping Gao
Ischemic stroke is a disabling and fatal disease caused by the insufficient blood supply to the brain. Stellate ganglion block (SGB) is a type of anesthesia commonly used to relieve pain. Here, we sought to identify the effects of SGB on cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury. The middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) model was established in rats. The brain injury was assessed using the 2,3,5-triphenyl-tetrazolium-chloride (TTC) staining assay and neurological score. Ferroptosis was analyzed by detecting cell death, Fe2+ content, glutathione (GSH), malonic dialdehyde (MDA), superoxide dismutase (SOD), and ferroptosis-related factors...
March 16, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Rongrong Lv, Fang Lu, Shanshan Xu
Circular RNAs (circRNAs) can regulate the progression of neuroblastoma (NB) via miRNA/mRNA axis. This study aimed to investigate the functional mechanism of hsa_circ_0001361 in NB. Hsa_circ_0001361, miR-490-5p and tripartite motif 2 (TRIM2) were detected through reverse transcription-quantitative polymerase chain reaction. The proliferation ability was examined using cell counting kit-8 assay, colony formation assay and ethynyl-2'-deoxyuridine assay. Cell migration and invasion were assessed via transwell assay and wound healing assay...
March 15, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Xue-Fei Liu, Jing-Jing Lu, Ying Li, Xiu-Ying Yang, Jin-Wei Qiang
Orally administered ferrous iron was previously reported to significantly improve the cognition and locomotion of patients with minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE). However, the metabolic mechanisms of the therapeutic effect of ferrous iron are unknown. In this study, MHE was induced in rats by partial portal vein ligation (PPVL), and was treated with ferrous sulfate. The Morris water maze was used to evaluate the cognitive condition of the rats. The metabolites observed by NMR and validated by liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry were defined as the key affected metabolites...
March 14, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Liang Meng, Yuefei Wang, Qin Tu, Yuan Zhu, Xiaoqin Dai, Ji Yang
BACKGROUND: Histone deacetylase (HDAC) inhibitor-based therapeutic drug tolerance is a major obstacle to glioblastoma (GBM) treatment. Meanwhile, non-coding RNAs have been reported to be involved in the regulation of HDAC inhibitor (SAHA) tolerance in some human tumors. However, the relationship between circular RNAs (circRNAs) and SAHA tolerance is still unknown. Herein, we explored the role and mechanism of circ_0000741 on SAHA tolerance in GBM. METHODS: Circ_0000741, microRNA-379-5p (miR-379-5p), and tripartite motif-containing 14 (TRIM14) level were detected by real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR)...
March 11, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Kumari Preeti, Valencia Fernandes, Anika Sood, Islauddin Khan, Dharmendra Kumar Khatri, Shashi Bala Singh
Type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is associated with neuroinflammation and cognitive decrement. Necroptosis programmed necrosis is emerging as the major contributing factor to central changes. It is best characterized by the upregulation of p-RIPK(Receptor Interacting Kinase), p-RIPK3, and the phosphorylated-MLKL (mixed-lineage kinase domain-like protein). The present study aims to evaluate the neuroprotective effect of Necrostatin (Nec-1S), a p-RIPK inhibitor, on cognitive changes in the experimental T2DM model in C57BL/6 mice and lipotoxicity-induced neuro-microglia changes in neuro2A and BV2 cells...
March 10, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Franciele Rabelo, Isabela da S Lemos, Camila P Dal Toé, Débora D Casagrande, Maria Luisa S Freitas, Micaela R Quadra, Igor R Lima, Jaqueline S Generoso, Monique Michels, Paulo C L Silveira, Felipe Dal Pizzol, Emilio Luiz Streck
Maple Syrup Urine Disease (MSUD) is an autosomal recessive inborn error of metabolism (IEM), responsible for the accumulation of the branched-chain amino acids (BCAA) leucine, isoleucine, and valine, in addition to their α-keto acids α-ketoisocaproic acid (KIC), α-keto-β-methylvaleric acid (KMV), and α-ketoisovaleric acid (KIV) in the plasma and urine of patients. This process occurs due to a partial or total blockage of the dehydrogenase enzyme activity of branched-chain α-keto acids...
March 10, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Kosar Namakin, Meysam Hassani Moghaddam, Sara Sadeghzadeh, Maryam Mehranpour, Kimia Vakili, Mobina Fathi, Ahmadreza Golshan, Amir-Hossein Bayat, Amir-Hossein Tajik, Neda Eskandari, Ibrahim Mohammadzadeh, Soheila Zamanlui Benisi, Abbas Aliaghaei, Mohammad-Amin Abdollahifar
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is related to a problem in the gut-brain axis. This experimental research aimed to shed light on the potential therapeutic application of elderberry (EB), which can work on the axis and get better the IBS symptoms. There were three groups (36 Sprague-Dawley rats) in this experiment, including control, IBS, and IBS with EB diet (IBS + EB). Making use of intracolonic instillation of 1 ml of 4% acetic acid for 30 s, IBS was induced. 7 days later, the EB extract (2%) was added to the diets of all animals for 8 weeks...
March 6, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Xuan Yao, Chao Li
Cerebral ischemia (CI), as the cerebrovascular disease with the highest incidence rate, is treated by limited intravenous thrombolysis and intravascular therapy to recanalize the embolized vessels. Recently, the discovery of histone lactylation proposes a potential molecular mechanism for the role of lactate in physiological and pathological processes. This study aimed to analyze the lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA) mediated histone lactylation in CI reperfusion (CI/R) injury. Oxygen-glucose deprivation/reoxygenation (OGD/R) treated N2a cells and middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) treated rats was used as the CI/R model in vivo and in vitro...
March 4, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Yunji Yan, Hongyu Wang, Jianhong Hu, Tianxue Guo, Qiang Dong, Hang Yin, Guoqiang Yuan, Yawen Pan
Increasing number of studies have proven that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play a major role in the biological processes of many different cancers, including glioma, especially as competitive molecular sponges of microRNAs (miRNAs). However, the clear molecular mechanism of the circRNA network in glioma is still not well understood. The expression level of circRNA-104718 and microRNA (miR)-218-5p in glioma tissues and cells were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The target protein's expression level was assessed by western blotting...
March 3, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Parisa Arvin, Samireh Ghafouri, Kowsar Bavarsad, Somayeh Hajipour, Seyed Esmaeil Khoshnam, Alireza Sarkaki, Yaghoub Farbood
Total sleep deprivation (TSD) causes several harmful changes including anxiety, inflammation, and increased expression of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) and tropomyosin receptor kinase B (TrkB) genes in the hippocampus. The current study was conducted to explain the possible effects of exogenous GH against the above parameters caused by TSD and the possible mechanisms involved. Male Wistar rats were divided into 1) control, 2) TSD and 3) TSD + GH groups. To induce TSD, the rats received a mild repetitive electric shock (2 mA, 3 s) to their paws every 10 min for 21 days...
March 2, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Bruna R Kouba, Anderson Camargo, Ana Lúcia S Rodrigues
Alzheimer's disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia. In recent years, several studies have robustly shown that neuroinflammation plays a crucial role in the pathophysiology of this disease. The co-localization of amyloid-β plaques near activated glial cells and the increased levels of inflammatory cytokines in AD patients indicate the involvement of the neuroinflammatory process in AD progression. Considering that pharmacological treatment remains a challenge for the management of this disease, compounds with anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties are promising therapeutic strategies...
March 2, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Amir Arabi, Seyed Asaad Karimi, Iraj Salehi, Rasool Haddadi, Alireza Komaki
The present study examined the protective effect of sesamin (Ses) on β-amyloid (Aβ)-induced long-term potentiation (LTP) impairment at the PP-DG synapses in male rats. Wistar rats were randomly assigned to seven groups: control, sham, Aβ; ICV Aβ1-42 microinjection, Ses, Aβ + Ses; first, ICV Aβ injections and then receiving Ses, Ses + Aβ: four weeks of pretreatment with Ses and then Aβ injection, and Ses + Aβ + Ses: pre (four weeks) and post (four weeks) treatment with Ses...
February 27, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Engy K Tharwat, Ahmed O Abdelaty, Alaa I Abdelrahman, Hebatallah Elsaeed, Ayatallah Elgohary, Amena S El-Feky, Yasmina M Ebrahim, Alaa Sakraan, Hossam A Ismail, Yasser A Khadrawy, Heba S Aboul Ezz, Neveen A Noor, Heba M Fahmy, Haitham S Mohammed, Faten F Mohammed, Nasr M Radwan, Nawal A Ahmed
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most prevalent neurodegenerative disease worldwide and represents a challenge for clinicians. The present study aims to investigate the effects of cerebrolysin and/or lithium on the behavioral, neurochemical and histopathological alterations induced by reserpine as a model of PD. The rats were divided into control and reserpine-induced PD model groups. The model animals were further divided into four subgroups: rat PD model, rat PD model treated with cerebrolysin, rat PD model treated with lithium and rat PD model treated with a combination of cerebrolysin and lithium...
February 27, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Neha Dhir, Ashish Jain, Amit Raj Sharma, Ajay Prakash, Bishan Das Radotra, Bikash Medhi
The protein kinase R-like endoplasmic reticulum kinase/eukaryotic initiation factor 2ɑ (PERK/eIF2α), the branch of unfolded protein response (UPR), is responsible for transient arrest in translation to counter the enhanced levels of misfolded or unfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) following any acute condition. In neurological disorders, overactivation of PERK-P/eIF2-P signaling, leads to a prolonged decline in global protein synthesis resulting in synaptic failure and neuronal death...
February 27, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Fatemeh Forouzanfar, Nima Khalili Tanha, Ali Mohammad Pourbagher-Shahri, Saeide Mahdianpour, Mahdiyeh Esmaeili, Hamed Ghazavi
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic pain is a subtype of chronic pain characterized by a primary lesion or dysfunction of the peripheral or central nervous system. The current pain management of neuropathic pain is inadequate and needs new medications. AIM: We studied the effects of 14 days of intraperitoneal ellagic acid (EA) and gabapentin administration in a rat model of neuropathic pain induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI) of the right sciatic nerve. METHODS: Rats were divided into six groups: (1) control, (2) CCI, (3) CCI + EA (50 mg/kg), 4) CCI + EA (100 mg/kg), 5) CCI + gabapentin (100 mg/kg), and 6) CCI + EA (100 mg/kg) + gabapentin (100 mg/kg)...
February 22, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
Karthik Sekaran, Alsamman M Alsamman, C George Priya Doss, Hatem Zayed
The progressive, chronic nature of Alzheimer's disease (AD), a form of dementia, defaces the adulthood of elderly individuals. The pathogenesis of the condition is primarily unascertained, turning the treatment efficacy more arduous. Therefore, understanding the genetic etiology of AD is essential to identifying targeted therapeutics. This study aimed to use machine-learning techniques of expressed genes in patients with AD to identify potential biomarkers that can be used for future therapy. The dataset is accessed from the Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database (Accession Number: GSE36980)...
February 21, 2023: Metabolic Brain Disease
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