Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice | Page 2

Sung Hyun Lee, Youngdeuk Kim, Tae Young Lim
Background: When intranasal contact points are the cause of headache and facial pain, opinions regarding whether to remove intranasal contact points when they are believed to be the cause of headache and facial pain are divided. Clinical Presentation: A 46-year-old woman visited the authors' pain clinic with complaints of right nasal pain accompanied by frontotemporal headache. She first met an Otorhinolaryngologist and a neurologist. Based on nasal endoscopy and pain pattern, they presumed that her pain was a nasal mucosal headache rather than migraine...
March 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Arturo Manns, Víctor Rojas, Nicolás Van Diest, Daniela Rojas, Camila Sobral
Objective : To compare maximum incisor ( MBFinc ) and molar ( MBFmol ) bite forces regarding the type of dentition and sex and to establish a relationship between them. Methods : One hundred-five individuals were divided into 3 groups: G1 - 22 females/13 males (4-5 years); G2 - 15 females/20 males (11-12 years); and G3 - 16 females/19 males (17- 18 years). The maximum bite force was recorded with an extraoral measuring device. Three measurements were recorded: right and left molar level ( MBFmol ) and incisor level ( MBFinc )...
February 29, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Fatih Yılmaz, Sevcihan Günen Yılmaz, Hasan Sözel, Feyza Bora, Ahmet Berhan Yılmaz
Objective : This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) in patients with chronic hemodialysis and evaluate the risk factors of developing TMD. Methods : One hundred forty-six subjects were included in the study. The examination for TMD was based on the standardized Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. Axis I protocol was used to evaluate the prevalence of TMD sub-diagnoses. Results : The prevalence of TMD was 41.5% in hemodialysis patients and significantly higher than in the control group...
February 20, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Funda Esra Yamaner, Tamer Celakil, Bilge Gökcen Roehlig
Objective : To investigate the effect of ozone and low-level laser (LLL) therapies on pain and function in patients with disc displacement with reduction. Methods : Eighty temporomandibular joints were divided into four groups, namely ozone and laser treatment groups, and two placebo groups. Ozone and LLL therapies were applied over six sessions. Results : Pain on palpation scores demonstrated a statistically significant decrease over time in the treatment groups. Sham laser therapy only reduced the pain on palpation in temporomandibular joints; whereas, sham ozone only affected masseter muscle pain...
February 15, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Hilal Başak Can, Filiz Tuna
Objective : To determine the reference values of deep cervical flexor muscle endurance and its relationship with associated parameters. Methods : The International Physical Activity Questionnaire, Perceived Stress Scale, Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, and Smartphone Addiction Scale-Short Version were used in the study. The craniocervical flexion test was performed to measure the endurance. Results : Endurance (mmHg) values were determined as 24.23 ± 2.39 (women), 24.15 ± 2.65 (men), and 24.19 ± 2.51 (students)...
February 6, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Heloísa Alves, Rita Raposo, Sadao Sato, Rudolf Slavicek
Objective: To evaluate the most frequent skeletal craniofacial pattern. Methods: Cone beam computed tomography images were obtained for a sample of 332 skulls from the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries. A sample of 150 individuals from the twenty-first century was also included. The different skeletal craniofacial patterns were then classified into subclasses according to Slavicek´s method. Results: Over the centuries, skeletal Class II malocclusion has been more prevalent, mainly in the nineteenth century...
February 6, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Suhyun Park, Hyun A Heo, Kyoung-In Yun, Sung Woon Pyo
Objective : To investigate the association between temporomandibular disorders (TMD) and psychological factors according to gender in a large representative sample. Methods : Participants provided demographic, socio-economic, and behavioral information and responded to questionnaires assessing mental health status regarding perceived stress, mood disturbance, suicidal ideation, and diagnosis of depression. The association between TMD and its risk factors by gender and the association between psychological factors and TMD were statistically analyzed...
January 30, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Amândio Dias, Luís Redinha, Maria João Rodrigues, Luís Silva, Pedro Pezarat-Correia
Objective : This study aims to determine whether changes in dental occlusion are correlated to body posture during walking and running. Methods : Fifteen healthy subjects were assessed by a prosthodontist and deemed asymptomatic. Analyses of gait and running were performed in three conditions, in random order: a) occlusal splint; b) placebo splint; and c) no splint. The occlusal splint used in this study positioned the mandible in a stable position. Kinematic data was collected using a 3D motion capture system...
January 29, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Joanna Smardz, Helena Martynowicz, Anna Wojakowska, Orit Winocur-Arias, Monika Michalek-Zrabkowska, Grzegorz Mazur, Mieszko Wieckiewicz
Objective : To evaluate the correlation between the Bruxism Episodes Index (BEI) that determines the number of bruxism episodes per hour of sleep and sleep quality as measured by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Methods : Seventy-seven participants (56 women and 21 men) in which probable sleep bruxism was diagnosed using guidelines of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine underwent video-polysomnography. Sleep quality was measured using PSQI. Results : The analysis showed the lack of a statistically significant correlation between the BEI and PSQI scores ( p = 0...
January 22, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Olivier Robin, Arthur Claude, Claudine Gehin, Bertrand Massot, Eric McAdams
Objective : The aim of this paper is to report quantitative and qualitative characteristics of bruxism events recorded in sleeping humans with a new smart ambulatory system specifically designed to measure dental clenching and grinding forces. The device is wireless and rechargeable, which enables its use over extended periods. Methods : Thirty recordings were obtained from volunteer subjects who wore the device at home during 10 consecutive nights ( N° NCT03363204). Results : The recordings showed that the system was able to successfully monitor bruxism during 10 consecutive nights, allowing a quantitative (number, duration, intensity, distribution during the night), as well as a qualitative characterization of the bruxism events (clenching vs...
January 8, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Aoben Chen, Maud S Burger, Margriet A W J Rietdijk-Smulders, Frank W J M Smeenk
Objective : To investigate the effectiveness and adverse events of mandibular advancement device (MAD) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and to identify predictive clinical parameters for therapy success. Methods : A retrospective analysis of 318 patients indicated for MAD therapy, observed in a large teaching hospital in the Netherlands. Results : Ninety-seven patients (65.5%) achieved therapy success. A significant decrease in AHI (apnea-hypopnea index) and OSA-related symptoms was observed. None of the analyzed OSA-characteristics proved to be a significant predictive parameter for therapy success...
January 7, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Gabriela Fontes Benassi, Lígia Gabrielle Sanches Mariotto, André Luís Botelho, Mariana Lima Da Costa Valente, Andréa Cândido Dos Reis
Introduction : This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between temporomandibular dysfunction (TMD), anxiety, and sleep disorder (DS) among dentistry students, relating the periods in which they are enrolled. Methods : The study consisted of 90 students: Group 1: 30 first-period students; Group 2: 30 fifth-period students; Group 3: 30 students from the ninth period. The participants responded to the RDC/TMD, Fletcher & Luckett questionnaires, and the Beck Anxiety Inventory to analyze symptoms of TMD, DS, and anxiety...
January 5, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Renata De Assis Fonseca Santos Brandão, Carlos Maurício Cardeal Mendes, Rivail Almeida Brandão Filho, Eduardo Pondé De Sena
Objective : The present study aimed to compare the clinical characteristics of volunteers with temporomandibular dysfunction before and after performing exercises with those of volunteers who only followed self-care guidelines. Methods : A parallel randomized controlled trial was performed. Individuals included underwent the intervention twice a week for one month, while the control group only followed self-care guidelines. Results : Twenty-three volunteers participated; however, during the study, four dropped out...
January 3, 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
David Dean
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Noshir R Mehta
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2020: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Rafaela Scariot, Leonardo Brunet, Bernardo Olsson, Marcelo Palinkas, Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo, Nelson Luis Barbosa Rebellato, João Armando Brancher, Carolina Paes Torres, Kranya Victoria Diaz-Serrano, Erika Calvano Küchler, João Cesar Zielak
Objective : To evaluate the association of bruxism phenotypes with single nucleotide polymorphisms in FKBP5, DRD2, ANKK1 , and COMT . Methods : Clinical oral examination was performed to diagnose bruxism phenotypes in 150 children. DNA was collected from saliva. Logistic univariate regression, Chi-square, and Fisher's exact tests were performed ( p < 0.05). Results : Bruxism was associated with DRD2 ( p = 0.02). Tooth grinding while awake was associated with ANKK1 ( p < 0.001), and tooth grinding while asleep was associated with DRD2 in the additive ( p = 0...
December 23, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Taishi Saito, Taihiko Yamaguchi, Saki Mikami, Miku Saito, Toshinori Nakajima, Wataru Yachida, Masana Maeda, Toshimitsu Sakuma, Hironobu Nakamura
Objective : Assessments of diurnal awake bruxism (d-AB) using masseteric electromyogram (EMG) during various lengths of measurement time within a day were examined as the first step of research to clarify the minimum measurement time required for assessment of d-AB by subject. Methods : Subjects were 33 outpatients. Assessment of d-AB by EMG during partial measurement time (PMT) with durations ranging from 30 minutes to 6 hours was compared with that during total measurement time (TMT) used as the reference standard...
December 19, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
A A Almashraqi, Eman A Ahmed, Nashwa S Mohamed, Sadeq A Al-Maweri, Esam S Halboub
Objective : This study explored the effect of qat chewing (QC) on the lateral pterygoid muscle (LPM), using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Methods : Forty qat chewers (QG), divided into three subgroups, according to duration of QC, and 20 non-qat chewers (NQG) were included. MRI sections were obtained to assess hypertrophy and atrophy of the superior belly (SB) and inferior belly (IB) of the LPM on the chewing and contralateral non-chewing side. Results : There was a significantly higher prevalence of atrophy of the IB ( p < 0...
December 18, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Paweł Mazurkiewicz, Monika Oblizajek, Julia Rzeszowska, Ewa Sobolewska, Halina Ey-Chmielewska, Renata Szymańska-Kozula
Objective : The purpose of the present review was to demonstrate the utility of articulator systems and link instrumentation in determining the occlusal plane. The impact of the natural head position and anatomical landmarks on the occlusal plane location has been reported in the literature. Properly chosen instrumentation and management methods eliminate errors in determining the occlusal plane. Methods : The PubMed and the Dentistry & Oral Sciences Source (through EbscoHost) databases were searched for ways to minimize the occurrence of errors when registering and determining the occlusal plane location, with or without the use of face-bows...
December 18, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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