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Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice

Roger Solow
OBJECTIVE: This analysis discusses common problems with systematic reviews (SRs) and presents a novel solution, the structured critical analysis (SCA) that can be incorporated into a SR or used as an alternative literature review design. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey of current SRs related to interdisciplinary restorative dentistry was obtained by evaluating 100 current SRs for their self-reported methodological quality and its effect on scientific validity...
May 14, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Cláudia Monteiro de Andrade, Leonardo Victor Galvão-Moreira, Jéssica Francisca Fernandes de Oliveira, Maria Rosa Quaresma Bomfim, Silvio Gomes Monteiro, Patricia de Maria Silva Figueiredo, Luciana Salles Branco-de-Almeida
OBJECTIVE: To assess salivary biomarkers for dental caries susceptibility and mental stress in young adults with perceived facial pain. METHODS: Males and females who reported facial pain and pain-free controls participated in this study. Facial pain was investigated using the RDC/TMD. Unstimulated saliva was then collected for the evaluation of salivary flow rate (SFR), pH, Streptococcus mutans counts, morning cortisol, and S-IgA. RESULTS: Women with facial pain had significantly lower SFR values, and the facial pain group showed different correlations among biomarkers for caries susceptibility and cortisol levels when compared to controls...
May 1, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Faizan Zaffar Kashoo, Mazen Alqahtani, Mehrunnisha Ahmad
BACKGROUND: Bell's palsy (BP) is a sudden onset of signs and symptoms of facial nerve dysfunction. The treatment of choice is corticosteroids and antiviral drugs. These drugs are risky for individuals with pre-existing conditions such as diabetes, high blood pressure, and digestive disturbances. Therefore, a beneficial complementary therapy would add to the success of treatment. CLINICAL PRESENTATION: A 42-year-old male presented with left side facial paralysis and asymmetry...
May 1, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Camilo Sandoval, Alejandro Díaz, Germán Manríquez
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationships between craniocervical posture and skeletal Class in cephalometric radiographs of adult subjects. METHODS: Sixty-five cephalometric radiographs were classified after Delaire, as skeletal Class II and III. The craniocervical posture was evaluated using the variables proposed by Solow (1976) and Rocabado (1983). In order to test the null hypothesis (absence of an association between craniocervical posture and skeletal Class), uni- and multivariate statistical protocols were carried out...
April 29, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Wagner Cesar Munhoz, Wu Tu Hsing
OBJECTIVE: Literature on the functional pathologies of the temporomandibular system (FPTS) in its relationships with body posture is plagued with inconclusiveness. Despite being sometimes altogether disregarded, the issue is most relevant, due to its clinical implications. This paper aims for a deeper understanding of the origins of the inconclusiveness of research on such relationships by means of a critical analysis of the scientific literature on the subject, in order that clinicians may better treat patients with FPTS...
April 29, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Bilal Ege, Ayse Ozcan Kucuk, Mahmut Koparal, Ismail Koyuncu, Ataman Gonel
OBJECTIVE: To investigate serum prolidase activity and oxidative stress in patients with temporomandibular joint internal derangement (TMJ-ID). METHODS: Seventy patients with Wilkes stage III, IV, and V joints and 70 healthy controls were included. Serum prolidase activity and oxidative stress parameters, including total antioxidant status (TAS), total oxidant status (TOS), oxidative stress index (OSI), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), glutathione (GSH), ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), and lipid hydroperoxide (LOOH) were measured...
April 25, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Zeynep Bayramoğlu, Sinan Tozoğlu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacies of single- and double-puncture arthrocentesis in patients with temporomandibular joint (TMJ) with closed lock (CL). METHODS: Arthrocentesis procedures were performed in 32 joints from 32 patients with magnetic resonance imaging-based diagnoses of anterior disc displacement without reduction. The patients were randomly divided into two groups according to the surgical procedure received (single-puncture arthrocentesis Type 1 or double-puncture)...
April 25, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Qiuyi Liang, Ronald Auvenshine
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed: (1) to assess the localization of the anatomic landmarks of the pharyngeal airway on cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) images; and (2) to evaluate if resolution of myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) changed the airway dimensions. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with pre- and post-treatment CBCT scans were randomly selected to locate five landmarks twice, with a two-week interval. The same landmarks were used to measure the airway volume and minimal cross-sectional area (CSAmin )...
April 22, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Alessandro Del Vecchio, Miriam Floravanti, Armando Boccassini, Gianfranco Gaimari, Annarita Vestri, Carlo Di Paolo, Umberto Romeo
OBJECTIVE: This study analyzed a home, low-level laser therapy (LLLT) protocol to manage temporomandibular joint disorders (TMJDs)-related pain. METHODS: Ninety TMJD patients (12M, 78F) between 18 and 73 years were randomly subdivided into three groups. Study group (SG) received 1-week home protocol LLLT by B-cure Dental Pro: 808 nm, 5 J/min, 250 mW, 15 KHz for 8', 40 J each, over pain area, twice daily. Placebo group (PG) followed the same protocol using sham devices...
April 19, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Azamsadat Madani, Seyed Aliakbar Shamsian, Parvin Layegh, Seyyed Mohammad Abrisham, Ali Ravaghi, Niloufar Tayarani Najjaran
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is an association between serum concentrations of calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and vitamin D and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). METHODS: In this case-control study, 51 patients with TMDs (28 patients with TMJ clicking, 5 patients with muscular disorders, and 18 osteoarthritis patients) and 29 healthy subjects within the age range of 20-50 years as the control group, were referred to the laboratory for calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, PTH, and vitamin D (25 OHD) analysis tests...
March 31, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Hokuto Suga, Tomonori Iwasaki, Katsuaki Mishima, Hiroyuki Nakano, Yoshiya Ueyama, Youichi Yamasaki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of oral appliance (OA) treatment on upper-airway ventilation conditions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). METHODS: Fifteen patients received OA treatment and underwent polysomnography (PSG) and computed tomography (CT). CT data were used to reconstruct three-dimensional models of nasal and pharyngeal airways. Airflow velocity and airway pressure measurements at inspiration were simulated using CFD...
March 31, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Ricardo De Souza Tesch, Leonora Cristina Da Silva Parente Macedo, Fabrício Sanches Fernandes, Gilberto Senechal De Goffredo Filho, Cristiana Pessoa De Queiroz Faria Goes
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature to identify controlled clinical trials evaluating the effectiveness of deep dry needling (DDN) in the treatment of patients with chronic masticatory myofascial pain (MMP). METHODS: The sample size for a clinical trial was calculated and involved five patients who consecutively presented for treatment of MMP. The percentage of change in the means of three consecutive measurements of the pressure pain threshold (PPT) of myofascial trigger points (MTPs) was calculated and the statistical significance of this difference evaluated using the Wilcoxon test...
March 27, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Junia Maria Serra-Negra, Ricardo Bernardo Dias, Maria João Rodrigues, Sara Oliveira Aguiar, Sheyla Marcia Auad, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Luca Lombardo, Daniele Manfredini
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between self-reported awake bruxism (AB) and the chronotype profile among Brazilian, Portuguese, and Italian dental students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 205 dental students was developed. Self-reported AB as well as information on sleep characteristics were collected from a questionnaire. The Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) was used to measure the chronotype profile. Descriptive statistical analysis, the chi-square test, and univariate analysis were used to evaluate the factors associated with AB...
March 25, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Roberta Valentino, Iacopo Cioffi, Stefano Vollaro, Roberta Cimino, Roberta Baiano, Ambrosina Michelotti
OBJECTIVE: To examine jaw muscle activity of women with chronic temporomandibular myalgia (mTMD). It was hypothesized that mTMD patients had a different masticatory muscle activity, increased work during isometric clenching, and a reduced chewing frequency as compared to TMD-free subjects. METHODS: The electromyographic (EMG) activity of temporalis anterior (TA) and masseter (MM) of 27 women with mTMD and 18 TMD-free women was recorded during clenching tasks and while chewing...
March 21, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Hyungkil Choi, Hye-Young Sim, Kyungdo Han, Kyoung-In Yun
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between sleeping time and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). METHODS: This study used data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2011. The final sample size consisted of 11,782 adults aged ≥19 years. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship between sleeping time and TMD. RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratios of the TMD group were 1...
March 21, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Maged Sultan Alhammadi, Abeer Abdulkareem Almashraqi, Esam Helboub, Samaher Almahdi, Tasneem Jali, Aisha Atafi, Fatima Alomar
OBJECTIVE: To three-dimensionally evaluate the upper pharyngeal airway spaces in adults with different anteroposterior and vertical skeletal malocclusions. METHODS: In this retrospective study, three-dimensional airway volume and the minimum constricted areas of 120 adults were measured from cone beam computed tomography volume scans. The sample was divided into skeletal Class I and Class II and subdivided into average and long face malocclusions in each skeletal Class...
March 1, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Wojciech Kondrat, Teresa Sierpinska, John Radke
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results obtained in instrumental analysis of temporomandibular joints function using joint vibration analysis and computerized axiography in healthy young adults. METHODS: The study involved 187 people aged 18-21 years old. All the participants were subjected to a clinical examination and instrumental diagnostics that included joint vibration analysis and computerized axiography. RESULTS: Significant differences in the maximum range of condylar movement (p = 0...
February 27, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Gaetano Ierardo, Marta Mazur, Valeria Luzzi, Francesca Calcagnile, Livia Ottolenghi, Antonella Polimeni
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of sleep bruxism (SB) in children is not well established. The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based recommendations on SB therapy in children between the ages of 2 and 17. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. Literature searches were performed using MedLine (PubMed), Web of Science, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library (November 30 2017). RESULTS: The search strategy identified 268 potential articles; 10 papers were included in the qualitative synthesis and 3 in the meta-analysis, for a total of 94 patients...
February 26, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Ira L Shapira
The Sphenopalatine Ganglion (SPG) is known to play an integral role in the pathophysiology of a wide variety of orofacial pains involving the jaws, sinuses, eyes and the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias. It supplies direct parasympathetic innervation to the trigeminal and facial nerves. Sympathetic innervation from the superior sympathetic chain passes thru the SPG to the trigeminal and facial nerves.This paper reviews relevant and significant literature on SPG Blocks and Neuromodulation published in peer reviewed medical and dental journals...
May 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Charles L Blum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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