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Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice

Mandovi Nath, Junaid Ahmed, Ravikiran Ongole, Ceena Denny, Nandita Shenoy
Objective : To study the influence of skeletal malocclusion on the oropharyngeal airway volume and the difference in the airway volume among gender and the different types of skeletal malocclusion. Methods : A retrospective analysis of 180 full-field of view (FOV) CBCT scans (55 in Class 1, 55 in Class II, and 70 in Class III) were assessed to measure the oropharyngeal airway volume, ANB angle, SNB angle, and Wits appraisal. The values were compared among different skeletal malocclusions and were correlated to gender...
August 12, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Kamal G Effat
Objective : Costen's syndrome involves otoneurological and sinonasal symptoms associated with temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The current study compared the symptoms related to Costen's syndrome in patients with arthrogenous versus myogenous TMD. Methods : The study involved 294 consecutive patients with TMD, prospectively examined over a period of 6 months. These were stratified into 180 patients with arthrogenous TMD and 114 patients with myogenous TMD. A questionnaire and examination protocol was applied for each patient...
August 10, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Carlos Eduardo Medeiros Santos, Vandilson Pinheiro Rodrigues, Izabel Cristina Vieira De Oliveira, Diogo Souza Ferreira Rubim De Assis, Márcio Moysés De Oliveira, Cristiane Fiquene Conti
Objective: This study investigated the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) morphological changes in women with fibromyalgia (FM) through clinical and tomographic evaluation. Methods : Ten women diagnosed with myofascial pain who were being treated for FM in a university hospital were included in this study. The data were collected through clinical examination and cone beam computed tomography evaluation of the TMJ in closed and open mouth positions. Results : All patients had crackling in the joint, a habit of grinding teeth during sleep, muscle stiffness, and tinnitus...
August 3, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Naser Khayat, Ephraim Winocur, Alona Emodi Perelman, Pessia Friedman-Rubin, Yosef Gafni, Nir Shpack
Objective : To assess the prevalence of posterior crossbite and/or deep bite among patients diagnosed with temporomandibular disorders (TMD) compared to a non-TMD population. Methods : Four hundred ninety-four patients were enrolled: 345 with TMD according to the diagnostic criteria for TMD and 149 without TMD (control group). The chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. Results : A statistically significant association was found between sleep and awake bruxism and painful TMDs ( p < .001 for both), but not with disc displacement...
August 2, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Ziyad Abdulaziz AlHammad, Ahmed Fathi Alomar, Talal Alhemmedi Alshammeri, Majd Ammar Qadoumi
Objective : To investigate maximum mouth opening (MMO) and its correlation with gender, age, height, weight, Body Mass Index, and temporomandibular joint disorders in a Saudi population. Methods : This is an observational cross-sectional study of 222 Saudi patients (46% male and 54% female). Patients were clinically examined, and files were accessed to record data. Frequency test was mainly used along with correlation tests. Results : The mean MMO for all subjects was 47.8 ± 6.9 mm. The mean MMO for male subjects was 50...
July 27, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Fulvia Costantinides, Federico Della Flora, Ingrid Tonni, Christiane Bodin, Gabriele Bazzocchi, Mary Louise Artero, Gaetano Castronovo, Erica Vettori, Vanessa Nicolin, Roberto Di Lenarda
Objective : To investigate the relationship between the presence of ectopic calcification in the elongation of the styloid process (SP) and its possible clinical manifestation (Eagle syndrome) in a population of kidney-transplant patients previously treated with hemodialysis. Methods : Digital orthopantomography of 92 kidney-transplanted patients and 68 control subjects were analyzed to measure the length of SPs. Calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, and parathyroid hormone (PTH) blood levels were also available for comparison...
July 11, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Jérémie Bettoni, Matthieu Olivetto, Jebrane Bouaoud, Jérôme Duisit, Stéphanie Dakpé
Background : Bifid mandibular condyle (BMC) is a rare etiology of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders characterized by a duplication of the head of the mandibular condyle. Case report : The authors report the case of a 20-year-old patient complaining of a painful and clicking TMJ and mandibular hypomobility, which had been progressing for several months. Radiological investigations (dental panoramic radiograph and X-ray CT scan) revealed right and left abnormalities of the TMJ due to bilateral BMC requiring surgical management...
July 4, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Tatu E Joy, Shashi Kiran M, Rahul R, Sajitha Jasmin Sl, Sarath Babu Kurra
Objective : This study was designed to evaluate the correlation between vertical dimension at occlusion (VDO) and various grades of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) versus controls. Methods : Clinically measured Shimbashi number and radiographic cemento-enamel junction (CEJ-CEJ) measurements on 120 TMD patients and 40 controls were evaluated. Radiographic lateral cephalometric skull images of the patients were subjected to cephalometric analysis. The relationship between Shimbashi number, the cephalometric values, and its correlation with the degree of TMD were evaluated and statistically analyzed...
July 4, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Letícia Ladeira Bonato, Valquiria Quinelato, Patrícia Cataldo de Felipe Cordeiro, Alexandre Rezende Vieira, José Mauro Granjeiro, Ricardo Tesch, Priscila Ladeira Casado
Objective : To evaluate the association between polymorphisms in genes and comorbid presence of arthralgias and TMD. Methods : This is a case-control study. The groups formed were individuals with chronic arthralgia and 1) myofascial pain (n = 42); 2) articular (n = 16); 3) multiple diagnoses (n = 69); 4) with TMD and without some other arthralgia (n = 16); 5) without TMD but with pain in other joints (n = 82); and 6) a control group (n = 72). SNPs in COMT, ADRB2 , and HTR1A genes were investigated...
July 2, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Mugurel Constantin Rusu, Dănuţ Dincă
Background : The pterygoid fovea on the mandibular neck is superomedial to the mandibular notch and serves to attach the lateral pterygoid muscle. Clinical presentation : During a retrospective cone beam computed tomography study, a 67-year-old male patient was found to exhibit a peculiar variant that contradicted normal anatomy. The patient's mandibular condyles were asymmetrical in terms of their shapes and sizes, although their lateral poles (lateral condylar tubercles) were both prominent. On the left side, the lateral condylar tubercle had a second, or accessory, pterygoid fovea, which was located outside the mandibular notch...
June 26, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Alessandra Marino, Alessandro Nota, Silvia Caruso, Roberto Gatto, Caterina Malagola, Simona Tecco
Objective : The aim of this study was to compare the dimensions of the upper and lower arches in children affected by OSAS with different levels of severity of obstruction. Methods : Twenty-seven Caucasian children (14 males, 13 females; mean age 6, range 5.2-6.1 years) with a diagnosis of OSAS determined by polysomnography were enrolled in this study. The dimensions of both dental arches were measured, and the data were compared among children affected by severe, moderate, and mild OSAS. Results : Statistically significant differences among the three groups revealed that children with severe OSAS had the highest values of upper intercanine and intermolar distances in the sample...
June 25, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Luan César da Silva, Silvia Amelia Scudeler Vedovello, Mario Vedovello Filho, Marcelo de Castro Meneghin, Glaucia Maria Ambrosano Bovi, Viviane Veroni Degan
Objective : The aim of this study was to associate the presence of oral habits with anxiety and malocclusion. Methods : Cross-sectional observational study with 199 schoolchildren 6-14 years old. Malocclusion was evaluated by using the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need (IOTN). Oral Habits Questionnaire and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were used to assess oral habits and anxiety. The schoolchildren were divided into two groups: mixed and permanent dentition. The associations between the outcome variable (oral habits) and the independent variables (anxiety and malocclusion) were evaluated using the Exact Fischer test and the Chi square test...
June 23, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Camila Maria Bastos Machado de Resende, Fernanda Gondim Lemos de Oliveira Medeiros, Cássia Renata de Figueiredo Rêgo, Andressa de Sousa Leite Bispo, Gustavo Augusto Seabra Barbosa, Erika Oliveira de Almeida
Objective : To evaluate, in the short term, the effectiveness of conservative therapies in pain, quality of life, and sleep in TMD patients. Methods : Eighty-nine TMD patients diagnosed by RDC-TMD were distributed in occlusal splints (OS; n= 24), manual therapy (MT; n= 21), counseling (C; n= 19), and OS associated with C (OSC; n= 25) therapy groups. Data collection was performed at baseline and within one month by VAS (pain), PSQI (sleep quality -SQ), WHOQOL-BREF (Quality of life - QL) and OHIP-14 (quality of life related to oral health -QLOH)...
June 15, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Roland Hülse, Angela Wenzel, Brigitte Dudek, Brigitte Losert-Bruggner, Matthias Hölzl, Manfred Hülse, Daniel Häussler
Objective : Nonrestorative sleep and sleep disorders are commonly reported in patients suffering from craniomandibular (CMD) and craniocervical dysfunctions (CCD). This study aimed to investigate polysomnographic characteristics and the reduction of pain before and after treatment in these patients. Methods : Seventy-four patients with sleep disorders and evident CMD and CCD were included. Manual therapy and an Aqualizer® were used in the therapeutic group. Polysomnographic measurements were conducted pre- and post-therapy...
June 14, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Giovanni Galeoto, Alessia Scialpi, Maria Letizia Grassi, Anna Berardi, Donatella Valente, Marco Tofani, Marco Paoloni
Objective : The aim of this study was to translate, culturally adapt, and test the psychometric characteristics of the General Sleep Disturbance Scale (GSDS) and to detect and explore the presence of sleep disorders in the healthy Italian population. Methods : Reliability was assessed through Cronbach's alpha and intraclass correlation coefficient; concurrent validity was assessed with the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI). Results : The scale was administered to 426 subjects recruited all over Italy. The Italian GSDS was found to have good internal consistency (Cronbach's α was 0...
June 11, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Hiroyuki Yoshitake, Kou Kayamori, So Wake, Kentaro Sugiyama, Tetsuya Yoda
Background : Synovial chondromatosis is usually detected at a late stage based on free bodies in joint space. The purpose of this study was to identify biomarkers for cell proliferation and chondrogenesis in the primary stage of synovial chondromatosis in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Clinical Presentation : A 67-year-old female was referred for right side TMJ pain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings suggested an intra-joint space lesion, but no free bodies were observed intraoperatively. Pathological examination led to diagnosis of Milgram stage 1 synovial chondromatosis...
June 3, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Mirela Ioana Fluerașu, Ioana Corina Bocsan, Smaranda Buduru, Raluca Maria Pop, Stefan Cristian Vesa, Alina Zaharia, Marius Negucioiu, Simona Maria Iacob
Objective : To analyze the association between sleep bruxism (SB), salivary cortisol, and psychological state in healthy adults. Methods : Sixty healthy students (with or without SB) were included in the study. The subjects completed a questionnaire that evaluated the presence of SB and analyzed the general and work-related psychological states and job-related frustration. Clinical examinations of TMJs and dental wear were performed. The salivary cortisol was determined using ELISA technique. Results : Subjects with SB had a general status characterized by anxiety or stress compared to subjects without SB...
May 27, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Ali Balik, Kadriye Peker, Meltem Ozdemir-Karatas
Objective : To analyze the oral and general health related quality of life (HRQOL) measures, and to establish their ability to categorize chronic temporomandibular disorders (TMD). Methods : Data were collected from 104 patients through a questionnaire with detailed socio-demographic information, the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), the Short-Form-36 (SF-36), the Revised Symptom Checklist-90-R (SCL-90-R), and the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders (RDC/TMD) Axis I and II. Descriptive statistics were computed...
May 25, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Joseph R Cohen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
Robert L Talley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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