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Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30931843/are-certain-factors-involved-in-calcium-metabolism-associated-with-temporomandibular-disorders
#1
Azamsadat Madani, Seyed Aliakbar Shamsian, Parvin Layegh, Seyyed Mohammad Abrisham, Ali Ravaghi, Niloufar Tayarani Najjaran
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether there is an association between serum concentrations of calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, parathyroid hormone (PTH), and vitamin D and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). METHODS: In this case-control study, 51 patients with TMDs (28 patients with TMJ clicking, 5 patients with muscular disorders, and 18 osteoarthritis patients) and 29 healthy subjects within the age range of 20-50 years as the control group, were referred to the laboratory for calcium, phosphate, alkaline phosphatase, PTH, and vitamin D (25 OHD) analysis tests...
March 31, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30931819/evaluation-of-the-effect-of-oral-appliance-treatment-on-upper-airway-ventilation-conditions-in-obstructive-sleep-apnea-using-computational-fluid-dynamics
#2
Hokuto Suga, Tomonori Iwasaki, Katsuaki Mishima, Hiroyuki Nakano, Yoshiya Ueyama, Youichi Yamasaki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of oral appliance (OA) treatment on upper-airway ventilation conditions in patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) using computational fluid dynamics (CFD). METHODS: Fifteen patients received OA treatment and underwent polysomnography (PSG) and computed tomography (CT). CT data were used to reconstruct three-dimensional models of nasal and pharyngeal airways. Airflow velocity and airway pressure measurements at inspiration were simulated using CFD...
March 31, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30916621/effectiveness-of-dry-needling-on-the-local-pressure-pain-threshold-in-patients-with-masticatory-myofascial-pain-systematic-review-and-preliminary-clinical-trial
#3
Ricardo De Souza Tesch, Leonora Cristina Da Silva Parente Macedo, Fabrício Sanches Fernandes, Gilberto Senechal De Goffredo Filho, Cristiana Pessoa De Queiroz Faria Goes
OBJECTIVE: To systematically review the literature to identify controlled clinical trials evaluating the effectiveness of deep dry needling (DDN) in the treatment of patients with chronic masticatory myofascial pain (MMP). METHODS: The sample size for a clinical trial was calculated and involved five patients who consecutively presented for treatment of MMP. The percentage of change in the means of three consecutive measurements of the pressure pain threshold (PPT) of myofascial trigger points (MTPs) was calculated and the statistical significance of this difference evaluated using the Wilcoxon test...
March 27, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30907703/self-reported-awake-bruxism-and-chronotype-profile-a-multicenter-study-on-brazilian-portuguese-and-italian-dental-students
#4
Junia Maria Serra-Negra, Ricardo Bernardo Dias, Maria João Rodrigues, Sara Oliveira Aguiar, Sheyla Marcia Auad, Isabela Almeida Pordeus, Luca Lombardo, Daniele Manfredini
OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between self-reported awake bruxism (AB) and the chronotype profile among Brazilian, Portuguese, and Italian dental students. METHODS: A cross-sectional study involving 205 dental students was developed. Self-reported AB as well as information on sleep characteristics were collected from a questionnaire. The Morningness-Eveningness Questionnaire (MEQ) was used to measure the chronotype profile. Descriptive statistical analysis, the chi-square test, and univariate analysis were used to evaluate the factors associated with AB...
March 25, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30896353/jaw-muscle-activity-patterns-in-women-with-chronic-tmd-myalgia-during-standardized-clenching-and-chewing-tasks
#5
Roberta Valentino, Iacopo Cioffi, Stefano Vollaro, Roberta Cimino, Roberta Baiano, Ambrosina Michelotti
OBJECTIVE: To examine jaw muscle activity of women with chronic temporomandibular myalgia (mTMD). It was hypothesized that mTMD patients had a different masticatory muscle activity, increased work during isometric clenching, and a reduced chewing frequency as compared to TMD-free subjects. METHODS: The electromyographic (EMG) activity of temporalis anterior (TA) and masseter (MM) of 27 women with mTMD and 18 TMD-free women was recorded during clenching tasks and while chewing...
March 21, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30896315/association-between-sleeping-time-and-temporomandibular-disorders-in-a-sample-of-the-south-korean-population
#6
Hyungkil Choi, Hye-Young Sim, Kyungdo Han, Kyoung-In Yun
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the relationship between sleeping time and temporomandibular disorders (TMDs). METHODS: This study used data from the Fifth Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 2010 to 2011. The final sample size consisted of 11,782 adults aged ≥19 years. Logistic regression analysis was performed to assess the relationship between sleeping time and TMD. RESULTS: The adjusted odds ratios of the TMD group were 1...
March 21, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30821659/pharyngeal-airway-spaces-in-different-skeletal-malocclusions-a-cbct-3d-assessment
#7
Maged Sultan Alhammadi, Abeer Abdulkareem Almashraqi, Esam Helboub, Samaher Almahdi, Tasneem Jali, Aisha Atafi, Fatima Alomar
OBJECTIVE: To three-dimensionally evaluate the upper pharyngeal airway spaces in adults with different anteroposterior and vertical skeletal malocclusions. METHODS: In this retrospective study, three-dimensional airway volume and the minimum constricted areas of 120 adults were measured from cone beam computed tomography volume scans. The sample was divided into skeletal Class I and Class II and subdivided into average and long face malocclusions in each skeletal Class...
March 1, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30810514/can-devices-for-the-instrumental-analysis-of-temporomandibular-joints-be-used-interchangeably
#8
Wojciech Kondrat, Teresa Sierpinska, John Radke
OBJECTIVE: To compare the results obtained in instrumental analysis of temporomandibular joints function using joint vibration analysis and computerized axiography in healthy young adults. METHODS: The study involved 187 people aged 18-21 years old. All the participants were subjected to a clinical examination and instrumental diagnostics that included joint vibration analysis and computerized axiography. RESULTS: Significant differences in the maximum range of condylar movement (p = 0...
February 27, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30806589/treatments-of-sleep-bruxism-in-children-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#9
Gaetano Ierardo, Marta Mazur, Valeria Luzzi, Francesca Calcagnile, Livia Ottolenghi, Antonella Polimeni
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of sleep bruxism (SB) in children is not well established. The aim of this study was to develop evidence-based recommendations on SB therapy in children between the ages of 2 and 17. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted. Literature searches were performed using MedLine (PubMed), Web of Science, Scopus, and the Cochrane Library (November 30 2017). RESULTS: The search strategy identified 268 potential articles; 10 papers were included in the qualitative synthesis and 3 in the meta-analysis, for a total of 94 patients...
February 26, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30786838/correlation-between-joint-effusion-and-morphology-of-the-articular-disc-within-the-temporomandibular-joint-as-viewed-in-the-sagittal-plane-in-patients-with-chronic-disc-displacement-with-reduction-a-retrospective-analytical-study-from-magnetic-resonance-imaging
#10
Gustavo Nascimento de Souza Pinto, Eduardo Grossmann, Liogi Iwaki Filho, Francisco Carlos Groppo, Rodrigo Lorenzi Poluha, Sable A Muntean, Lilian Cristina Vessoni Iwaki
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of joint effusion and morphology of the articular disc (AD) viewed in the sagittal plane in patients with disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) and to correlate the results with clinical findings. METHODS: The sample consisted of 116 patients with DDWR who were evaluated clinically and with magnetic resonance imaging. The AD's morphology was assessed from the sagittal view with the mouth both open and closed. The statistical analysis demonstrated a significance level of 5%...
February 21, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777516/association-between-buccal-mucosa-ridging-and-oral-feature-symptom-and-its-effects-on-occlusal-function-among-dentate-young-adults-in-a-cross-sectional-study-of-japan
#11
Koji Morita, Hiroki Tsuka, Ko-Ichi Kuremoto, Hitomi Kimura, Hiromichi Kawano, Miyuki Yokoi, Keisuke Yasuda, Mitsuyoshi Yoshida, Kazuhiro Tsuga
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the distinction in oral features/symptoms and occlusal function between young dentate individuals with and without buccal mucosa ridging (BMR). METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 200 young adults. The outcome variable was BMR state. The predictor variables were oral features/symptoms (torus palatinus, torus mandibularis, temporomandibular joint noise, bruxism, tongue thrusting habit, number of teeth present, and occlusal vertical dimension) and oral function (occlusal force, occlusal contact area, occlusal pressure, tongue pressure)...
February 19, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30774008/heart-rate-changes-associated-with-rhythmic-masticatory-muscle-activities-and-limb-movements-in-sleep-bruxers-preliminary-findings
#12
Junlan Lu, Yangping Zhang, Kangning Han, Chuanying Wang, Zhijun Zhong, Miao Xu, Xueliang Zou, Bin Yu, Dongyuan Yao
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relationship of rhythmic masticatory muscle activities (RMMAs) and limb movements (LMs) with heart rate (HR) acceleration. METHODS: The amplitude and duration of HR increases, the time to reach peak HR associated with RMMAs/LMs during sleep, duration of movement events, and their relationships with cortical arousal levels were determined in 9 sleep bruxers and 10 normal controls. RESULTS: A total of 48.15% and 49...
February 16, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30741126/modifications-in-class-i-and-class-ii-div-1-malocclusion-during-orthodontic-treatment-and-their-association-with-tmd-problems
#13
Bilgin Giray, Sanaz Sadry
OBJECTIVE: To observe changes in tooth movements of patients with Class I and Class II malocclusion during the first 6 months of orthodontic treatment and to investigate the relation between TMJ problems and these changes. METHODS: The sample was comprised of 63 individuals (20 control, 25 Class I malocclusion, 18 Class II Div. 1 malocclusion). Occlusion analysis was performed through T-Scan® record and chewing pattern examination before and after the 6-month period...
February 11, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30732552/the-impact-of-a-total-knee-arthroplasty-on-jaw-movements-upper-body-posture-plantar-pressure-distribution-and-postural-control
#14
Laura Heil, Laura Maltry, Sebastian Lehmann, Daniel Heil, Christoph Lehmann, Stefan Kopp, Eileen M Wanke, Michael H K Bendels, David A Groneberg, Daniela Ohlendorf
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the influence of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA) on linked cranial and caudal structures. METHODS: Thirty-five (14f/21m) subjects participated in this study: 15 subjects (9f, 6m) pre- and post- TKA and a control group of 20 subjects (5f, 15m). The measurements included: jaw condyle position and movement, back scan, plantar pressure distribution, and body sway. RESULTS: There were no significant differences in electronic position analysis of the jaw; however, the protrusion of the TKA group improved (p = 0...
February 7, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729883/association-between-posterior-crossbite-and-or-deep-bite-and-temporomandibular-disorders-among-palestinian-adolescents-a-sex-comparison
#15
Naser Azmi Rushdi Khayat, Nir Shpack, Alona Emodi Perelman, Pessia Friedman-Rubin, Reem Yaghmour, Ephraim Winocur
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) and posterior crossbite and/or deep bite and any possible association between them. METHODS: One thousand-nineteen adolescents responded to a questionnaire regarding oral habits and TMD symptoms. Afterwards, they were diagnosed according to the Axis I of the DC/TMD and underwent a dental examination. The chi-square test was used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: A significant association  was found between posterior crossbite and some TMD diagnosis, but no association was found between deep bite and TMD, nor between occlusal diagnosis and bruxism...
February 7, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30696376/awake-teeth-grinding-in-participants-with-canine-guidance-or-group-function-effect-on-diaphragm-emg-activity-heart-rate-and-oxygen-saturation
#16
Saúl Valenzuela, Rodolfo Miralles, María Ignacia Muñoz, Hugo Santander, Claudia Zúñiga, Gabriel Cavada, Ricardo Bull, Natalia Andrea Gamboa, Aler Daniel Fuentes
OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of canine guidance or group function on diaphragm activity, heart rate, and oxygen saturation during awake teeth grinding at different body positions. METHODS: Fifty healthy participants, 25 with canine guidance and 25 with group function, were included. Bilateral electromyographic (EMG) recordings of the diaphragm (DIA) during awake teeth grinding were performed in standing, seated upright, and right lateral decubitus positions...
January 30, 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973097/neuromuscular-dentistry-and-the-role-of-the-autonomic-nervous-system-sphenopalatine-ganglion-blocks-and-neuromodulation-an-international-college-of-cranio-mandibular-orthopedics-iccmo-position-paper
#17
Ira L Shapira
The Sphenopalatine Ganglion (SPG) is known to play an integral role in the pathophysiology of a wide variety of orofacial pains involving the jaws, sinuses, eyes and the trigeminal autonomic cephalalgias. It supplies direct parasympathetic innervation to the trigeminal and facial nerves. Sympathetic innervation from the superior sympathetic chain passes thru the SPG to the trigeminal and facial nerves.This paper reviews relevant and significant literature on SPG Blocks and Neuromodulation published in peer reviewed medical and dental journals...
May 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973096/the-many-faces-of-forward-head-posture-the-importance-of-differential-diagnosis
#18
Charles L Blum
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30973095/-the-times-they-are-a-changin
#19
Michael J Goldberg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30793674/the-alf-approach
#20
Tasha Turzo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2019: Cranio: the Journal of Craniomandibular Practice
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