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Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment

Timothy A Brown, Esther S Tung
Worry behaviors (i.e., overt acts to avoid or cope with worry-induced distress) have been recognized as being important in the psychopathology and treatment of generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). This study evaluated the worry behaviors criterion proposed for DSM-5 GAD, but was ultimately not adopted due to insufficient evidence. In 800 outpatients with emotional disorders (366 with GAD), most patients with GAD (92.6%) met the proposed worry behaviors criterion, which was at a rate significantly higher than other patient groups (e...
December 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Ann F Haynos, Linsey M Utzinger, Jason M Lavender, Ross D Crosby, Li Cao, Carol B Peterson, Scott J Crow, Stephen A Wonderlich, Scott G Engel, James E Mitchell, Daniel Le Grange, Andrea B Goldschmidt
Perfectionism is hypothesized to contribute to the etiology of anorexia nervosa (AN). However, there is little research regarding whether individuals with AN can be classified according to maladaptive (e.g., evaluative concerns) and adaptive (e.g., high personal standards) facets of perfectionism that predict distinct outcomes and might warrant different intervention approaches. In this study, a latent profile analysis was conducted using data from adults with AN ( n = 118). Frost Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale (Frost et al...
December 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Meridith L Eastman, Ashlee A Moore, Jennifer Cecilione, John M Hettema, Roxann Roberson-Nay
The Multidimensional Peer Victimization Scale (MPVS; Mynard & Joseph, 2000) is a 16-item self-report scale that captures peer victimization across four dimensions: physical victimization, verbal victimization, social manipulation, and attacks on property. Performance of the scale has not been evaluated among older adolescents. We examined the factor structure, internal consistency reliability, and performance of the scale in two separate epidemiological U.S. samples representing different age groups: 9-14 year olds (N=610) and 15-17 year olds (N=524)...
December 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Paula A Aduen, Taylor N Day, Michael J Kofler, Sherelle L Harmon, Erica L Wells, Dustin E Sarver
Recent models suggest that social skills training's inefficacy for children with ADHD may be due to target misspecification, such that their social problems reflect inconsistent performance rather than knowledge/skill gaps. No study to date, however, has disentangled social skills acquisition from performance deficits in children with ADHD. Children ages 8-12 with ADHD ( n =47) and without ADHD ( n =23) were assessed using the well-validated social behavioral analysis framework to quantify cross-informant social skills acquisition deficits, performance deficits, and strengths...
September 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Moran Hausman-Kedem, Barry E Kosofsky, Gail Ross, Kaleb Yohay, Emily Forrest, Margaret H Dennin, Reena Patel, Kristen Bennett, James P Holahan, Mary J Ward
To compare community diagnoses of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) reported by parents to consensus diagnoses made using standardized tools plus clinical observation. 87 participants (85% male, average age 7.4 years), with reported community diagnosis of ASD were evaluated using the Autism Diagnostic Observation Schedule) (ADOS-2), Differential Ability Scale (DAS-II), and Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (VABS-II). Detailed developmental and medical history was obtained from all participants. Diagnosis was based on clinical consensus of at least two expert clinicians, using test results, clinical observations, and parent report...
September 1, 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Rosmary Ros, Paulo A Graziano, Katie C Hart
Objective: The purpose of the study was to identify profiles of social functioning for preschoolers with externalizing behavior problems (EBP) and examine how profiles are predictive of response to a behavioral treatment program. Method: 139 preschoolers with EBP participated in an 8-week Summer Treatment Program for Pre-Kindergartners (STP-PreK). Latent profiles of social functioning were created from parent and teacher rated atypicality and social skills scales, along with child performance on an emotion knowledge and hostile attribution task...
September 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Brian W Bauer, Hanna C Gustafsson, Joel Nigg, Sarah L Karalunas
Objective: Children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are at greater risk for suicidal ideation and suicide attempts compared to those without ADHD. Increased risk is at least partially attributable to a subset of children with ADHD and comorbid depression or disruptive behavior disorders; however, the early predictors and mechanisms driving increased risk are not well understood. Here, we investigate the contributions of two candidate mechanisms for increased suicidal ideation in children with ADHD: executive function and negative affect...
June 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Matthew Price, Sarah Pallito, Alison C Legrand
Potentially traumatic events (PTEs) increase risk for psychopathology, including posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), major depressive disorder (MDD), and generalized anxiety disorder (GAD). Social support (SS) is associated with reduced symptoms for each disorder. Each disorder, however, is highly heterogeneous such that they are comprised of clusters of different symptoms. It is unclear if SS is associated with all clusters equally. The current study examined the relation between SS and the symptom clusters of each disorder...
June 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Jaclyn M Kamradt, Allison M Momany, Molly A Nikolas
Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) persists into adulthood in over 50% of cases, although its associated symptom profiles, comorbid problems, and neuropsychological deficits change substantially across development. Sluggish cognitive tempo (SCT) symptoms may contribute to associations between ADHD and comorbid problems and may partially explain the substantial heterogeneity observed in its correlates. 349 adults aged 18-38 years (M = 23.2, SD = 4.5, 54.7% male, 61.03% with ADHD) completed a multi-informant diagnostic procedure and a comprehensive neuropsychological battery...
June 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
R Ross MacLean, Aaron L Pincus, Joshua M Smyth, Charles F Geier, Stephen J Wilson
The Balloon Analogue Risk Task (BART) is a behavioral measure that is commonly used to assess risk taking propensity. The primary goal of the present study was to introduce a mobile version of the BART (mBART) that can be included within ambulatory assessment protocols to assess risk taking in daily life. Study 1 compared common BART indices (i.e., total money earned, adjusted average pumps, balloon explosions, and coefficient of variability [CV]) on a single administration of the laboratory BART on a computer and the mBART on a smartphone ( n = 78)...
March 2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Júlia Halamová, Martin Kanovský, Paul Gilbert, Nicholas A Troop, David C Zuroff, Nicola Hermanto, Nicola Petrocchi, Marion Sommers-Spijkerman, James N Kirby, Ben Shahar, Tobias Krieger, Marcela Matos, Kenichi Asano, FuYa Yu, Jaskaran Basran, Nuriye Kupeli
There is considerable evidence that self-criticism plays a major role in the vulnerability to and recovery from psychopathology. Methods to measure this process, and its change over time, are therefore important for research in psychopathology and well-being. This study examined the factor structure of a widely used measure, the Forms of Self-Criticising/Attacking & Self-Reassuring Scale in thirteen nonclinical samples ( N  = 7510) from twelve different countries: Australia ( N  = 319), Canada ( N  = 383), Switzerland ( N  = 230), Israel ( N  = 476), Italy ( N  = 389), Japan ( N  = 264), the Netherlands ( N  = 360), Portugal ( N  = 764), Slovakia ( N  = 1326), Taiwan ( N  = 417), the United Kingdom 1 ( N  = 1570), the United Kingdom 2 ( N  = 883), and USA ( N  = 331)...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Aniek Wols, Anna Lichtwarck-Aschoff, Elke A Schoneveld, Isabela Granic
Anxiety disorder is the most prevalent and frequently diagnosed disorder in youth, and associated with serious negative health outcomes. Our most effective prevention programs, however, have several limitations. These limitations can be addressed using game-based interventions. Results from two randomized controlled trials on the video game MindLight show improvements in anxiety that are maintained up to 6 months. The game was designed based on evidence-based therapeutic techniques; however, it is unclear if children's engagement with these techniques actually predict improvements in anxiety symptoms...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Laura M Heath, Lauren Drvaric, Christian S Hendershot, Lena C Quilty, R Michael Bagby
The Personality Inventory for DSM-5 (PID-5) is a questionnaire developed to assess the five domains represented in the alternative model for personality disorders proposed in Section III of the DSM-5 . This study examined the ability of the PID-5 to distinguish between different mental disorders compared to a questionnaire measure of the five-factor model (FFM) of normative personality. The study included the administration of the PID-5 and Revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R), a measure of the FFM, to treatment-seeking individuals with Depressive, Bipolar, Psychotic, and Alcohol Use Disorders (AUD)...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Olof Svensson, Karolina Sörman, Natalie Durbeej, Paul Lichtenstein, Henrik Anckarsäter, Nora Kerekes, Thomas Nilsson
Previous research has found a complex relationship between psychopathic traits, neurodevelopmental problems (NDPs), and conduct disorder (CD) in children. This study explores associations between psychopathic traits, assessed with the Child Problematic Traits Inventory-Short Version (CPTI-SV), and CD in children with and without coexisting NDPs (i.e., attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder [ADHD] and autism spectrum disorder [ASD]) in a community-based sample of Swedish twins ( n  = 8762). Findings indicate weak to moderately strong correlations between psychopathic traits and CD, ADHD, and ASD, respectively...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Angela A T Schuurmans, Karin S Nijhof, Rutger C M E Engels, Isabela Granic
Residential care is among the most intensive forms of treatment in youth care. It serves youths with severe behavioral problems and is primarily focused on targeting externalizing problems. Despite best efforts, effect sizes remain moderate, which may be due to the disregarding of internalizing symptoms - in particular anxiety - and to limitations regarding the delivery model of interventions. This initial randomized controlled trial ( n  = 37) aimed to examine the effectiveness of a biofeedback videogame intervention ( Dojo ) as an addition to treatment as usual for youths with and without intellectual disability (ID) in residential care with clinical levels of anxiety and externalizing problems...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Klaas J Wardenaar, Rob B K Wanders, Bertus F Jeronimus, Peter de Jonge
Psychometric work on the widely used Depression Anxiety and Stress Scales (DASS) has mostly used classical psychometrics and ignored common internet-administered versions. Therefore, the present study used not only classical, but also modern psychometrics based on item response theory (IRT) to evaluate an internet-administered version of the DASS (Dutch translation). Internet-administered DASS data were collected as part of a large internet-based study in the Dutch adult population ( n  = 7972). Initially, external correlates (i...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Johan Ahlen, Sarah Vigerland, Ata Ghaderi
The literature provides several examples of anxiety symptoms questionnaires for children. However, these questionnaires generally contain many items, and might not be ideal for screening in large populations, or repeated testing in clinical settings. The Spence Children's Anxiety Scale (SCAS) is an extensively used and evaluated 44-item questionnaire developed to assess anxiety symptoms in children, and provides a sound base for the development of an abbreviated anxiety symptoms questionnaire. Although methodological standards have been presented in how to develop abbreviated questionnaires, previous studies have often suffered from several limitations regarding validating procedures...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Nicole Hirschmann, Ursula Kastner-Koller, Pia Deimann, Manuel Schmelzer, Jakob Pietschnig
When using behavioral-observation methods for coding video footage, it is unknown how much time of an interaction needs to be coded to gain results that are representative for the behavior of interest. The current study examined this problem using the INTAKT, a standardized observational measure for assessing the quality of mother-child interactions. Results from coding only 10 min of each video (i.e., thin slices) were compared with results from coding the remaining parts (averaging about 40 min) of the interaction...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Sarah Jo David, Andrew J Marshall, Emma K Evanovich, Gregory H Mumma
A network analysis approach to psychopathology regards symptoms as mutually interacting components of a multifaceted system (Borsboom & Cramer, 2013). Although several studies using this approach have examined comorbidity between disorders using cross-sectional samples, a direct application of the network analysis approach to intraindividual dynamic relations between symptoms in a complex, comorbid case has not been reported. The current article describes an intraindividual dynamic network analysis (IDNA) approach to understanding the psychopathology of an individual using dynamic (over time) lead-lag interrelations between symptoms...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
Joyce Weeland, Jolien van Aar, Geertjan Overbeek
The Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) is one of the most widely used and well-validated parent rating scales for children's disruptive behavior. This screening instrument is a short, targetted and easy to implement inventory with good psychometric properties and is normed for different countries, among which the United States, Spain, Sweden and Norway. The ECBI has been successfully used for research and clinical purposes, in several countries including The Netherlands. To date, Dutch studies have relied on Scandinavian or US norm scores...
2018: Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment
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