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Health Education Research

T Rahimdel, M A Morowatisharifabad, A SalehiAbargouei, M Mirzaei, H Fallahzadeh
This study was conducted to evaluate an education program based on the theory of planned behavior (TPB) for salt intake in individuals at risk of hypertension. This randomized controlled trial was conducted from February 2017 to December 2017 in Shahediyeh, Yazd Province, Iran. For this purpose, 140 people were selected and assigned to two groups of 70 each, namely, intervention and control. Data were gathered by a self-administered TPB based questionnaire, and also 24-h urinary sodium and potassium levels and systolic and diastolic blood pressure were measured...
March 5, 2019: Health Education Research
B Nandha, V Meenakshy, Nazer Abdul Khader, K N Vijayakumar, P Jambulingam
Lymphatic filariasis (LF), a neglected tropical disease is targeted for elimination globally by 2020. National Health Policy of India set the goal by 2017 and annual single-dose mass drug administration (MDA) with anti-filarial drugs is in operation in endemic districts since 2004. Performance and effectiveness of MDA was diverse across the nation and prevalence of infection continues above threshold level in 50% of endemic districts which requires alternative strategies. National programme aims at achieving >65% consumption for transmission control...
February 25, 2019: Health Education Research
Xiaoquan Zhao, Emily B Peterson, Kyeung Mi Oh, Xiaomei Cai
First-generation Chinese and Korean male immigrants in the United States are at high risk for tobacco use. This study pilot-tested a graphic, native-language text-messaging intervention to promote smoking cessation among these groups. First-generation Chinese and Korean male immigrant smokers (N = 71) were recruited from the Washington DC area. Participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions based on a between-subjects 2 (graphic plus text or text-only messages) × 2 (quitline information or quitting tips) design...
February 25, 2019: Health Education Research
Morvarid Ghasab Shirazi, Ashraf Kazemi, Roya Kelishadi, Firoozeh Mostafavi
This study aims to evaluate the impact of a social cognitive theory (SCT)-based intervention on dietary behaviors and behavioral determinants. A randomized controlled trial was conducted with 230 adolescent girls (13-15 years old) in the intervention (n=115), and control group (n = 115), in Isfahan, Iran. Interventions were focused on changing SCT determinants including, knowledge, self-efficacy, intention, situation, self-regulation, social support, outcome expectations and expectancies. The intervention program included multicomponent intervention packages for adolescents, parents and teachers...
February 20, 2019: Health Education Research
Dami Ko, Eunyoung Myung, Tae-Joon Moon, Dhavan V Shah
Although low socio-economic status (SES) persons with diabetes show low levels of physical activity (PA), there is limited knowledge regarding which media is effective in improving their PA. This study aimed to determine the appropriate media for providing PA-related information to persons with diabetes in low SES compared with those in high SES. The data of 770 persons with diabetes in low or high SES were extracted from Multimedia Audience Research Systems 2013, a nationwide cross-sectional study. The relationships among media use for health information (i...
February 12, 2019: Health Education Research
Violeta González-Salvado, Cristian Abelairas-Gómez, Carlos Peña-Gil, Carmen Neiro-Rey, Roberto Barcala-Furelos, José Ramón González-Juanatey, Antonio Rodríguez-Núñez
The aim of this study was to examine the effectiveness of a novel cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) training method embedded in a cardiac rehabilitation program at enhancing patients' CPR and defibrillation skills. One hundred and fourteen participants with coronary heart disease enrolled on an exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation program were included. Two groups were randomly allocated to different training programs: CPR-retraining based on hands-on rolling refreshers during the 2-month program (G-CPR, n = 53) versus standard one-time training (G-Stan, n = 61)...
February 11, 2019: Health Education Research
Dana A Cavallo, Grace Kong, Daniel M Ells, Deepa R Camenga, Meghan E Morean, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
Rates of e-cigarette use are high among youth, and there is little known about the long-term health effects of e-cigarettes. Since peer influence is a powerful determinant of tobacco use, we aimed to identify message themes about e-cigarettes that youth would use to encourage or discourage peers from using e-cigarettes. We conducted 10 focus groups (N = 69) with non-smokers and smokers from one middle school, high school and college in Connecticut. Participants engaged in a discussion about e-cigarettes, and each participant created one written message to encourage e-cigarette use and one to discourage use among peers...
February 8, 2019: Health Education Research
M K Buller, E P Bettinghaus, L Fluharty, P A Andersen, M D Slater, K L Henry, X Liu, S Fullmer, D B Buller
The homophily principle, that perceived similarities among people produce positive reactions, is a cross-cultural, global phenomenon. This study aimed to test the prediction that photographs that depict models similar to the target population improve health communication by increasing perceived identification in three racial/ethnic populations. Three separate nationally representative stratified samples (n = 1638) of African American, Hispanic and Native American adults were drawn from GfK's Knowledge Panel®...
February 5, 2019: Health Education Research
G Musekamp, C Gerlich, I Ehlebracht-König, M Dorn, A Höfter, C Tomiak, D Schlittenhardt, H Faller, A Reusch
The objective was to evaluate the effectiveness of a self-management patient education programme for fibromyalgia syndrome (FMS) as compared with usual care education in inpatient rehabilitation. In a multicentre cluster-randomized controlled trial, 583 inpatients in 3 rehabilitation centres received an advanced self-management patient education programme or usual care education. Patients completed questionnaires at admission, discharge and after 6 and 12 months. Primary outcomes were disease- and treatment-specific knowledge at discharge, and self-management-competencies after 6 months...
January 28, 2019: Health Education Research
Michelle C Kegler, Jaimie Lea, Erin Lebow-Skelley, Adrienne M Lefevre, Pam Diggs, Regine Haardörfer
Smoke-free policies such as those required by the US Department of Housing and Urban Development have the potential to reduce persistent income-related disparities in secondhand smoke exposure. To understand the implementation and enforcement process, as well as barriers and facilitators to compliance and enforcement, we conducted semi-structured interviews (n=37) with representatives from 23 Public Housing Authorities (PHAs) with some level of smoking restriction in place, along with residents from 14 of these PHAs, from January to August 2016...
January 8, 2019: Health Education Research
J A Bernhart, C G Dunn, S Wilcox, R P Saunders, P A Sharpe, J Stucker
Faith-based health promotion programs have been effective in increasing healthy eating (HE) and physical activity (PA). Very few reports exist regarding church leaders' anticipated and experienced barriers and facilitators to program implementation. Pastors (n = 38, 70%) and program coordinators (n = 54, 100%) from churches (N = 54) who attended a program training answered open-ended questions about anticipated barriers and facilitators to implementing the HE and PA parts of the Faith, Activity, and Nutrition (FAN) program...
January 2, 2019: Health Education Research
Laurie S Abbott, Elizabeth H Slate, Jennifer L Lemacks
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a major cause of death among people living in the United States. Populations, especially minorities, living in the rural South are disproportionately affected by CVD and have greater CVD risk, morbidity and mortality. Culturally relevant cardiovascular health programs implemented in rural community settings can potentially reduce CVD risk and facilitate health behavior modification. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a cardiovascular health promotion intervention on the health habits of a group of rural African American adults...
January 2, 2019: Health Education Research
Emma E McGinty, Sameer Siddiqi, Sarah Linden, Joshua Horwitz, Shannon Frattaroli
Many of the policies shown to benefit the public's health in research studies are never widely implemented. We conducted a qualitative and exploratory multiple-case study of three U.S. academic research-policy translation initiatives that resulted in the development, enactment and/or implementation of evidence-based policies to address public health issues: gun policy (Case 1); opioid policy (Case 2) and drug control policy (Case 3). We conducted semi-structured qualitative interviews with 25 key stakeholders involved in the three cases and analysed transcripts using a hybrid a priori and data-driven approach...
January 2, 2019: Health Education Research
Kabiru K Salami, Matthew Ayegboyin, Isaac A Adedeji
The outbreak of deadliest and most widespread Ebola virus disease (EVD) in West African countries was not only unexpected but also sudden in places like Nigeria. The epidemic was an indication of weak health systems characterised by inadequate precautions and low knowledge of containment. Although Nigeria was able to contain EVD much earlier, people's perception, which also influenced their responses, might enhance the spread and retard containment. This study utilized 25 in-depth interviews conducted with commercial motorcycle-taxi (Okada) riders in key locations in Ibadan, Oyo state, to document their perception about EVD outbreak...
December 24, 2018: Health Education Research
Rasha M Arabyat, Matthew Borrego, Ajna Hamidovic, Betsy Sleath, Dennis W Raisch
The non-medical use of prescription drugs (NMUPD) among college students is escalating at an alarming rate. A limited number of studies have utilized a theoretical framework to influence this behavior. To utilize the reasoned-action approach theory to design and evaluate a web-based intervention to influence students' attitudes, perceived norms (PNs), perceived behavioral control (PBC) and intentions toward NMUPD. Using a two-group post-test only controlled trial, students were randomized to view either a general health website or a web-based intervention focused on NMUPD...
December 24, 2018: Health Education Research
Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Taren M Swindle
This study examined nutrition intervention curriculum, Together We Inspire Smart Eating (WISE). WISE is a research-based, nutrition promotion curriculum specifically designed for pre-school children from families with limited resources. The design was non-randomized treatment/control with standardized pre-/post-test assessments. Children (n = 268) in six Head Start centers received weekly food experiences from educators trained in WISE. Children (n = 258) in nine Head Start centers received weekly food experiences structured at the discretion of the educators untrained in WISE...
February 1, 2019: Health Education Research
J Jones, B Carter, R Wilkerson, C Kramer
This study assessed attitudes toward HIV and awareness of previous HIV prevention campaigns among young black men in the United States of America (USA). The study also ascertained the appropriateness of HIV testing messages for young black men and explored the use of social networking sites to deliver HIV testing messages for social media marketing campaigns. Nineteen (n = 19) black male college students attending a public university in Atlanta, GA, USA from September 2016 to October 2016 participated in three focus groups...
February 1, 2019: Health Education Research
Ingo Menrath, Gundula Ernst, Karin Lange, Nora Eisemann, Ruediger Szczepanski, Doris Staab, Mareike Degner, Ute Thyen
For frequent pediatric chronic conditions, especially less common chronic conditions patient education programs are missing. A recently developed modular patient education approach (ModuS) combines disease-specific modules with generic psychosocial topics. ModuS was associated with increased disease-specific knowledge and improvements in families' well-being in children with asthma. In this study we tested if new developed ModuS programs for seven, mostly less common, chronic conditions show comparable program-associated effects...
December 10, 2018: Health Education Research
Adi Nugroho, Robert W S Coulter, Vicki Erasmus, Pipiet A Laksmono, Tengku S Mihari, Jan Hendrik Richardus
Implementers of outreach program in Indonesia often provide formal training for their outreach workers (OWs) only at the startup. We believe continuous training can be provided by experienced OWs at any time if an appropriate training package is available. Using a one-group pre-test-post-test study design; we developed, implemented and evaluated an OW-informed training program aimed at increasing OWs' knowledge and skills for outreaching to men who have sex with men and transgender women. We analyzed longitudinal data from 75 OWs from 7 Indonesian cities using one-way within-subjects ANOVA to examine the effects of the training program on participants' knowledge and perceived skills over time Average overall knowledge among participants increased from pre-test to immediate post-test (P < 0...
December 1, 2018: Health Education Research
Josephine Pui-Hing Wong, Roula Kteily-Hawa, Lori A Chambers, Shriya Hari, Chikermane Vijaya, Ragulan Suruthi, Shazia Islam, Mandana Vahabi
Story-based learning is well recognized as an effective strategy for adult health education. However, there is a scarcity of research on story-based health education among women in South Asian diasporic communities. To address this gap, we undertook a pilot study in Toronto to explore how South Asian women respond to the use of fact-based and story-based materials for HIV/STI prevention. A total of 78 women were recruited from across the city. We engaged nearly half of the women (n=40) using fact sheets on HIV/STIs, and the remainder (n=38) using stories written by South Asian women on HIV/STIs...
November 27, 2018: Health Education Research
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