journal
Journals Surgical and Radiologic Anatom...

Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38907851/three-dimensional-replica-of-the-temporal-bone-in-the-teaching-of-human-anatomy
#1
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Juliana Maria Sansevero Senne, Ademir Franco, Carolina de Paula Rossetto Lisboa, José Luiz Cintra Junqueira, Francine Kühl Panzarella, Mariana Quirino Silveira Soares
PURPOSE: The current study proposes the comparison of the visualization and identification of anatomical details between natural human temporal bone, its respective copy from three-dimensional printing, and the virtual model obtained from CBCT. METHODS: The sample consisted of undergraduate students in Dentistry (Group UE, n = 22), Postgraduate students in Radiology and Imaging (Group P-RI, n = 20), and Postgraduate students in Forensic Odontology (Group P-FO, n = 24)...
June 22, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900204/anatomy-of-mamillo-accessory-foramen-and-prevalence-of-ossified-mamillo-accessory-ligament-in-lumbar-vertebrae-related-to-age
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chanasorn Poodendaen, Athikhun Suwannakhan, Arada Chaiyamoon, Sararat Innoi, Sitthichai Iamsaard, Laphatrada Yurasakpong, Bupachad Khanthiyong, Joe Iwanaga, R Shane Tubbs
PURPOSE: Ossification of the mamillo-accessory ligament (MAL) results in the formation of a mamillo-accessory foramen (MAF), which is associated with aging. The MAL tethers the medial branches of the lumbar dorsal rami to the lumbar vertebrae. A MAL ossified at the lumbar vertebrae can cause low back pain by compressing the medial branch of a dorsal ramus. Age ranges related to ossification of the MAL have not been reported in previous studies. The objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of ossification of the MAL in the lumbar column and its relationship to aging, and to measure the newly formed MAF at each level of the lumbar vertebrae...
June 20, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38900203/contribution-of-the-cadaveric-recirculation-system-in-the-anatomical-study-of-lymphatic-drainage-of-the-ovary-applications-in-the-management-of-ovarian-cancer
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Floriane Murris, Ariane Weyl, Lobna Ouldamer, Jérôme Lorenzini, Julie Delvallee, Alejandra Martinez, Gwenael Ferron, Charlotte Chollet, Amaury De Barros, Elodie Chantalat
PURPOSE: The present knowledge about lymphatic drainage of the ovary is based on carcinological studies, but it has only rarely been studied under physiological conditions. However, it is one of the preferential routes of dissemination in ovarian cancer, and understanding it is therefore vital for optimal carcinological management.Our purpose was to evaluate the feasibility of an innovative technique to study the lymphatic drainage territories of the ovary using a recirculation module on the cadaveric model...
June 20, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38890187/different-anatomic-patterns-of-the-indirect-tendon-of-the-rectus-femoris
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S Mechó, I Iriarte, R Lisbona, R Pérez-Andrés, R Pruna, A Rodríguez-Baeza
PURPOSE: The rectus femoris forms the anterior portion of the quadriceps muscle. It has a proximal tendinous complex, which is constituted by a direct tendon, an indirect tendon, and a variable third tendon. Direct and indirect tendons converge into a common tendon. The purposes of this study are to add anatomical knowledge about the proximal tendinous complex and describe anatomical variants of the indirect tendon and, on these basis, categorize different anatomical patterns. METHOD: In this study, 48 hemipelvis from bodies donated to the Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona have been dissected to examine the proximal tendinous complex of the rectus femoris...
June 18, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38888835/arterial-vascularization-of-the-mandible-and-soft-tissues-anatomic-study
#5
JOURNAL ARTICLE
P Jeanneton, A De Barros, S Alshehri, V Poulet, Z Cavallier, A Prevost, R Lopez
PURPOSE: The literature has for too long described the arterial supply of the mandible as coming from a single artery, the inferior alveolar artery, and being of the terminal type. Rather, it appears to come from an extensive and complex arterial network dependent on the lingual, facial, and maxillary arteries and their collateral branches. Our study aims to confirm and demonstrate the arterial vascular richness of the mandible and to establish arterial mapping. METHODS: The arterial vascularization of the mandible was revealed in six anatomic specimens after performing selective injections of the lingual, facial, and maxillary arteries with different dyes...
June 18, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38888834/vascularization-of-the-menisci-a-descriptive-study-of-the-peri-meniscal-archs
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cyrille Decante, Céline Salaud, Stéphane Lagier, Yvan Blin, Stéphane Ploteau, Antoine Hamel
PURPOSE: The meniscal vascularization remains poorly documented, particularly its origin. The aim of this cadaveric study was to describe the origin of the arterial vascularization of the menisci. METHODS: This is an anatomical study on human specimens. Twenty knees were used. The average age of the subjects was 82.7 years old (56-97). Ten knees were injected with latex-neoprene and ten knees were injected with colored gelatin mixed with India ink. The same protocol for dissection was used in all cases...
June 18, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38888833/agenesis-of-the-left-hepatic-lobe-a-cadaveric-case-report
#7
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ella J R Fox, Madeline M Damjanovic, Isabella G Damjanovic, Jennifer A Flemming, Logan S W Bale
Agenesis of the left hepatic lobe is a rare anomaly described as the absence of liver tissue on the left side of the gallbladder fossa or falciform ligament. Here we report a case of agenesis of the left hepatic lobe identified during educational dissection of an 84-year-old male formalin-fixed cadaver. The gross anatomical characteristics, embryological origin, and clinical relevance of this rare variation are described in this report.
June 18, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38888832/the-anterior-loop-of-the-inferior-alveolar-nerve-within-the-mentonian-foramen-a-scoping-review
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Arthur Araújo Bezerra, Allya Francisca Marques Borges, Lidiane Oliveira Leão, Cristiano Miranda de Araujo, Karinna Veríssimo Meira Taveira
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to delineate the safety zone concerning the anteriorization of the AL and correlate it with the behavior of the AL, analyzing its feasibility. METHODS: Adhering to the Joanna Briggs Institute (JBI) manual guidelines, both the protocol and this review were conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR) checklist. MeSH terms, combined with free terms, were utilized to search for articles in the following databases: Embase, LILACS, LIVIVO, PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and grey literature...
June 18, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38874605/ultrasonographic-images-and-correspondence-with-real-color-sectioned-images-of-the-upper-limb
#9
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Seul Ki Kim, Mi-Sun Hur, Jin Seo Park
PURPOSE: For basic training in ultrasonography (US), medical students and residents must learn cross-sectional anatomy. However, the present educational material is not sufficient to learn the sectional anatomy for US. This study aimed to provide a criterion for reading ambiguous structures on US images of upper limb through the sectioned images of Visible Korean. METHODS: US images of the right arm of a volunteer were scanned (28 planes). For comparison with US images, the sectioned images of the right upper limb (24 bits color, 0...
June 14, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38874604/the-previously-undescribed-variant-of-the-thyrohyoid-muscle-and-its-potential-impact-on-surgical-procedures
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Krystian Maślanka, Nicol Zielinska, Piotr Karauda, Andrzej Węgiel, Małgorzata Niemiec, Łukasz Olewnik
The thyrohyoid muscle belongs to the infrahyoid group located in the carotid triangle. It normally originates from thyroid cartilage and inserts into hyoid bone. Quite often, it is continuous with the sternohyoid muscle. Furthermore, there are variants that have their origin in the cricoid cartilage only, however, this occurs very rarely. During anatomical dissection, a two-headed variant of this muscle was found. One head had its origin in the cricoid cartilage and the other in the thyroid cartilage. This variant of thyrohyoid had not been previously described in the available literature...
June 14, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38871860/frontal-trans-opercular-approaches-to-the-insula-building-the-mental-picture-from-procedure-guided-anatomical-dissection
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Salvatore Marino, Guillaume Dannhoff, Christophe Destrieux, Igor Lima Maldonado
BACKGROUND: Performing transopercular frontal approaches to the insula, widely used in glioma surgeries, necessitates a meticulous understanding of both cortical and subcortical neuroanatomy. This precision is vital for preserving essential structures and accurately interpreting the results of direct electrical stimulation. Nevertheless, acquiring a compelling mental image of the anatomy of this region can be challenging due to several factors, among which stand out its complexity and the fact that white matter fasciculi are imperceptible to the naked eye in the living brain...
June 13, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38858315/the-investigation-of-cranial-fossae-in-the-intracranial-cavity-of-fixed-cadaveric-skull-bases-associations-with-sex-laterality-and-clinical-significance
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Noor Abdelghani, Cagatay Barut, Eren Ogut
PURPOSE: Our study aims to investigate three parts of the intracranial cavity, their distances to essential anatomical landmarks, and the correlations between these distances with sex, laterality, and surgical significance. METHODS: The cranial nerve foraminae and essential surgical landmarks of each fossa were investigated bilaterally in 30 adult formalin-fixed cadaveric heads. Measurements, including lengths, depths, diameters, and horizontal distances to each other, to the midline of the skull, and to the outer lateral margin of the skull, were recorded on both sides...
June 10, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38858314/anatomical-study-of-the-safety-corridor-for-bridge-plating-positioned-on-the-lateral-border-of-the-humerus
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lourenço Galizia Heitzmann, Igel de Souza Aquino, Antonio Carlos Tenor Junior, Miguel Pereira da Costa, Monica Paschoal Nogueira
PURPOSE: This study shows the danger zone and the safety corridor in the lateral approach with bridge plating by measuring the distance between the lateral side of the plate positioned on the lateral aspect of the humerus and the radial nerve after it pierces the lateral intermuscular septum, in the different forearm positions. METHODS: Forty arms of 20 human cadavers were used, the radial nerve was identified and marked on the lateral surface the radial nerve at the exit of the lateral intermuscular septum and anteriorisation of the nerve in relation to the humeral shaft and the lateral epicondyle was also marked...
June 10, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38858313/a-case-report-of-bilateral-atypical-origin-of-pectoralis-minor
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Eren Ogut, Serdar Bagci, Gonul Kotil Aslan, Pedram Turkoglu, Merve Falay, Cagatay Barut
PURPOSE: In the existing literature, various insertion variations and classifications for the Pectoralis Minor (PMi) muscle have been reported. However, there is limited information on inferior origin variations of the PMi muscles and a certain classification is lacking. CASE PRESENTATION: During routine cadaver dissection of an adult male, variations in the origin of the bilateral PMi muscles were identified. Morphometric measurements of the PMi were conducted using ImageJ software, and the unusual origin patterns of the PMi were categorized into specific types...
June 10, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38856943/dynamics-of-the-suprapatellar-bursa-during-knee-joint-extension
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mutsuaki Edama, Yudai Tanaka, Tatuki Shirai, Yuki Takano, Kodai Sakamoto, Haruki Osanami, Hirotake Yokota, Ryo Hirabayashi, Tomonobu Ishigaki, Hiroshi Akuzawa, Chie Sekine, Noboru Sato
PURPOSE: The suprapatellar bursa is located in the proximal deep layer of the patella and is thought to reduce tissue friction by changing from a single-membrane structure to a double-membrane structure during knee joint motion. However, the dynamics of the suprapatellar bursa have only been inferred from positional relationships, and the actual dynamics have not been confirmed. METHODS: Dynamics of the suprapatellar bursa during knee joint motion were observed in eight knees of four Thiel-fixed cadavers and the angle at which the bursa begins to show a double membrane was revealed...
June 10, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847826/the-vertical-topography-of-the-carotid-bifurcation-original-study-and-review
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mihaela Daniela Manta, Mugurel Constantin Rusu, Sorin Hostiuc, Răzvan Costin Tudose, Bogdan Adrian Manta, Adelina Maria Jianu
PURPOSE: The vertical level of carotid bifurcation (CB) is commonly indicated at the superior margin of the thyroid cartilage. Few studies observed the CB vertical topography. It was aimed at studying the vertical location of the CB as referred to vertebral and anterior cervical landmarks. METHODS: An archived lot of 147 computed tomography angiograms was documented for the vertical level of CB referred to vertebral and anterior cervical landmarks. The topography of the CB in relation to anterior landmarks was classified into seven types: (1) at the superior margin of the thyroid cartilage; (2) between the hyoid and the thyroid cartilage; (3) at the hyoid level; (4) between the hyoid and mandible; (5) subgonial or supragonial CB; (6) lower cervical level; (7) intrathoracic...
June 7, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847825/jugular-bulb-anatomical-variations-and-pneumatization-patterns-a-comprehensive-cbct-analysis
#17
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Răzvan Costin Tudose, Mugurel Constantin Rusu, George Triantafyllou, Maria Piagkou, Liliana Moraru, Cătălin Constantin Dumitru
PURPOSE: This study aims to assess the anatomical possibilities of the jugular bulb (JB). METHODS: Fifty archived CBCT scans were analyzed. RESULTS: The average distance between the internal acoustic canal (IAC) and the JB was 7.97 mm on both sides (Right: SD = 2.56 mm, range 3.16-13.3 mm; Left: SD = 2.5 mm, range 2.9-13.6 mm). JB walls' pneumatization was classified into eight patterns...
June 7, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38847824/retrospective-evaluation-and-descriptive-analysis-of-the-prevalence-of-anatomical-structures-and-variations-in-cbct-images-before-dental-implant-planning-in-a-group-turkish-population-part-i
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Merdan Allaberdiyev, İsmail Hakan Avsever, Mesut Akyol, Şükran Ayran, Hilal Peker Öztürk, Savaş Özarslantürk
PURPOSE: The aim of this study is to emphasize the importance of using cone-beam computed-tomography in order to determine the anatomical structures and their variations before the treatment in patients who apply to the dentist clinic for implant treatment. METHODS: In the study, CBCT images of 500 adult patients (240 female and 260 male), aged between 21 and 82 years, who applied for implant treatment due to missing teeth, were retrospectively analyzed. Anatomical structures and variations such as nasopalatine canal(NPC), canalis sinuosus(CS), antral alveolar artery(AAA), were evaluated in multiplanar reformation(MPR) sections which are axial, sagittal and coronal can be viewed in consistence with each other...
June 7, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38834726/anatomical-factors-in-the-development-of-medial-sided-osteochondral-lesion-of-the-talus-a-comparative-analysis
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mehmet Cingoz, Eda Cingoz, Rana Gunoz Comert, Memduh Dursun
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine anatomical predictors for the occurrence of medial osteochondral lesions of the talus (OLT), by analyzing morphometric variables obtained from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). METHODS: A total of 430 ankles with 215 ankle MRIs from patients with nontraumatic OLTs on the medial side of the talar dome and an equal number of age, sex, and side-matched healthy controls were analyzed in this retrospective study. The specific MRI parameters that were measured include the anterior opening angle of the talus (AOT), the angle between the tibial axis and medial malleolus (TMM), the angle of the tibial plafond to the malleoli (PMA), the angle between the anterior and posterior talofibular ligaments (ATFL-PTFL angle), length of the trochlea tali arc (TAL), sagittal length of distal tibial articular surface (TAS), the ratio of the sagittal length of distal tibial articular surface to the length of the trochlea tali arc (TAS/TAL), and the depth of the incisura fibularis (IncDep)...
June 4, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38832953/bifurcation-of-the-mandibular-canal-according-to-sex-age-and-facial-skeletal-pattern-a-morphological-and-morphometric-study-of-cone-beam-computed-tomography
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Letícia Carvalho Lima Teixeira, Breno Gabriel da Silva, Matheus Kawana Couto, Elen de Souza Tolentino, Mariliani Chicarelli da Silva
PURPOSE: To assess the presence of mandibular canal bifurcation (BMC) and classify these variations by correlating findings with sex, age and facial skeletal pattern, measurements were made, including height, width, and distance from bifurcation to anatomical cortical bones. METHODS: BMC was identified in cone beam CT exams of 301 patients and classified according to its origin, location, direction, configuration and ending. The height and width of the MC before and after the bifurcation; height and width of the BMC; and distance from BMC to alveolar (C1), buccal (C2), lingual (C3) and basal (C4) bone cortices were measured...
June 4, 2024: Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy: SRA
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