journal

Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology | Page 4

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31733109/infection-antibiotic-exposure-and-risk-of-celiac-disease-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#61
Hai-Yin Jiang, Xue Zhang, Yuan-Yue Zhou, Chun-Min Jiang, Yu-Dan Shi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There is evidence of a relationship between infection (and the associated antibiotic exposure) and the risk of celiac disease (CD). This study performed a meta-analysis to investigate this relationship. METHODS: To identify relevant studies, we conducted systematic searches of the PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases for articles published up to April 2019. Random effects models were used to determine overall pooled estimates and 95% confidence intervals (CIs)...
November 16, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31733067/cumulative-evidence-for-relationship-between-body-mass-index-and-risk-of-esophageal-cancer-an-updated-meta-analysis-with-evidence-from-25-observational-studies
#62
Jie Tian, Chunjian Zuo, Guanchu Liu, Pengyu Che, Gang Li, Xiang Li, Huanwen Chen
BACKGROUND AND AIM: A large number of papers reporting the relationships between body mass index (BMI) and esophageal cancer (EC) risk have been published in the past few decades, however, these result are inconsistent. Therefore, we carried out meta-analyses to explore the relationships between BMI and risk of EC (including esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EADC)). METHODS: We used the Web of science, PubMed and Embase to identify all published/online articles before December 30th, 2018, which yielded 25 articles eligible for data extraction (including 16,561 cases and 11,954,161 controls), and then pooled the relative risks (RRs) and corresponding 95% confidence intervals (CIs) using random-effects model...
November 16, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31730727/gastrointestinal-antegrade-metal-stent-deployment-for-pancreaticojejunostomy-stricture-under-eus-guidance-with-video
#63
REVIEW
T Ogura, S Ueno, T Yamada, M Yamada, K Higuchi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31730238/gastrointestinal-sarcina-ventriculi-complicating-gastric-stasis
#64
REVIEW
L Hillman, P Jeans, P Whiting
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31724755/clinical-utility-of-fibroscan-as-a-non-invasive-diagnostic-test-for-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#65
Satoru Joshita, Yuki Yamashita, Ayumi Sugiura, Takeshi Uehara, Yoko Usami, Tomoo Yamazaki, Naoyuki Fujimori, Akihiro Matsumoto, Eiji Tanaka, Takeji Umemura
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is a chronic, slowly progressive, autoimmune liver disease. Some PBC patients display disease progression regardless of medical treatment. Therefore, it is important to accurately diagnose the clinical stage of PBC. This study investigated clinical merits of vibration-controlled transient elastography using FibroScan for assessing disease stage in PBC. METHODS: A total of 74 treatment-naïve PBC patients (84% female, median age: 64 years), 69 of whom having undergone histological assessment and five clinically diagnosed as at the cirrhosis stage, were enrolled for clinical comparisons of liver stiffness measurement (LSM) with other established indices...
November 14, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31711267/hepatobiliary-and-pancreatic-biliary-hamartoma-manifests-as-liver-cysts
#66
REVIEW
H-H Lin, S-H Liao, Y-L Huang, K-L Liu, J-H Kao
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 11, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31711261/development-and-validation-of-a-prognostic-nomogram-to-predict-survival-in-patients-with-advanced-pancreatic-cancer-receiving-second-line-palliative-chemotherapy
#67
Chih-Chung Hsu, Keng-Hao Liu, Pei-Hung Chang, Ping-Tsung Chen, Chia-Yen Hung, Shun-Wen Hsueh, Kun-Yun Yeh, Yen-Yang Chen, Chang-Hsien Lu, Yu-Shin Hung, Wen-Chi Chou
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Given that a wide variation in tumor response rates and survival times suggests heterogeneity among the patients with advanced pancreatic cancer (APC) who underwent second-line (L2) chemotherapy, it is a challenge in clinical practice to identify patients who will receive the most benefit from L2 treatment. METHODS: We selected 183 APC patients who received L2 palliative chemotherapy between 2010 and 2016 from a medical center as the development cohort...
November 11, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31711259/prevalence-of-prothrombotic-factors-in-patients-with-budd-chiari-syndrome-or-noncirrhotic-nonmalignant-portal-vein-thrombosis-a-hospital-based-observational-study
#68
Jiahao Fan, Qiuhe Wang, Bohan Luo, Hui Chen, Zhengyu Wang, Jing Niu, Jie Yuan, Xulong Yuan, Wei Bai, Chuangye He, Wengang Guo, Kai Li, Zhanxin Yin, Daiming Fan, Guohong Han
Background and Aims Comprehensive investigations on the prothrombotic factors of splanchnic vein thrombosis (SVT), including Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) and noncirrhotic nonmalignant portal vein thrombosis (PVT), in Eastern patients are scarce. METHODS: Between March 2012 and July 2017, 812 consecutive patients, including 418 BCS and 394 noncirrhotic nonmalignant PVT patients, were admitted to Xijing Hospital (a Chinese tertiary academic hospital) and screened for prothrombotic factors...
November 11, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31698521/hepatocellular-adenoma-in-taiwan-distinct-ensemble-of-male-predominance-overweight-obesity-and-inflammatory-subtype
#69
Wen-Chih Huang, Jau-Yu Liau, Yung-Ming Jeng, Kao-Lang Liu, Chia-Nan Lin, Hsiang-Lin Song, Jia-Huei Tsai
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The clinicopathologic features of hepatocellular adenoma in Asian populations have been poorly defined. The study aimed to characterize this rare entity in a single institution in Taiwan. METHODS: In total, 45 hepatocellular adenomas from 1995 to 2018 were included and sent for pathologic review and molecular subtyping. RESULTS: The numbers of patients with hepatocellular adenoma has doubled in the recent decade. Surprisingly, men outnumbered women in our cohort (n = 26, 58% vs N = 19, 42%)...
November 7, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31698517/gastrointestinal-anterior-mediastinal-colonic-interposition-on-f-18-fdg-pet-ct-imaging
#70
REVIEW
K N Huynh, B D Nguyen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 7, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31696975/efficacy-of-adjuvant-curcumin-therapy-in-ulcerative-colitis-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#71
Ting Zheng, Xin Wang, Zongran Chen, Anqi He, Zicheng Zheng, Gang Liu
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Aminosalicylic acids are recognized to be the first-line treatment options for ulcerative colitis. Currently, the effectiveness of curcumin as an adjuvant treatment in ulcerative colitis has been investigated, which was still controversial. This study aimed to systematically review and meta-analyze the efficacy and safety of curcumin as an adjuvant treatment in ulcerative colitis. METHODS: The PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched from original to July 2019, and relevant randomized controlled clinical trials were enrolled and analyzed...
November 7, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31694062/gastrointestinal-lymphoblastic-lymphoma-presenting-as-huge-abdominal-masses
#72
REVIEW
Y Nam, K Nam, N-H Myung, M Jeon, J Kim
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31693767/effect-of-preventive-closure-of-the-frenulum-after-endoscopic-papillectomy-a-prospective-pilot-study
#73
Koichi Kagawa, Kensuke Kubota, Yusuke Kurita, Yuri Takagi, Ken Ishii, Sho Hasegawa, Akito Iwasaki, Takamitsu Sato, Yuji Fujita, Shingo Kato, Seitaro Watanabe, Yusuke Sekino, Kunihiro Hosono, Atsushi Nakajima
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The usefulness of preventive closure of the frenulum after endoscopic papillectomy (EP) could reduce bleeding. The feasibility and safety of clipping was evaluated in this prospective pilot study. METHODS: This study involved 40 consecutive patients who underwent preventive closure of the frenulum by clipping just after EP. The outcome data were compared with those of the previous 40 patients in whom no preemptive closure had been performed (no-closure group) (UMIN000014783)...
November 6, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31693762/do-we-still-need-a-diverticuloscope-for-the-flexible-endoscopic-septotomy-of-zenker-s-diverticulum
#74
Clément Bresteau, Maximilien Barret, Marie-Anne Guillaumot, Einas Abou Ali, Arthur Belle, Sarah Leblanc, Ammar Oudjit, Anthony Dohan, Romain Coriat, Stanislas Chaussade
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Zenker's diverticulum (ZD) is the most common type of diverticulum in the esophagus. The endoscopic septotomy of the diverticular wall has become a widely accepted treatment modality, but the recurrence rate is unclear. Our aim was to assess short-term and long-term success rates after flexible endoscopic septotomy for the treatment of ZD. METHODS: All consecutive patients treated at our department for a ZD between November 2014 and September 2018 were included...
November 6, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31693755/increasing-prevalence-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis-in-victoria-australia
#75
Janine French, Ingrid van der Mei, Steve Simpson, Justin Ng, Peter Angus, John Lubel, Amanda Nicoll, Siddharth Sood, Stuart K Roberts, William Kemp, Niranjan Arachchi, Anouk Dev, Alexander Thompson, Paul J Gow
BACKGROUND AND AIM: The prevalence of primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) reported in different countries varies significantly and in some parts of the world appears to be increasing. The aim of this study was to determine the 2013 prevalence of PBC in Victoria, Australia, and to determine the time trend by comparing it to previous studies undertaken in 1991 and 2002. METHODS: Four case-finding methods were used to identify cases of PBC in Victoria. 1. Physicians' survey; 2...
November 6, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31693241/gastrointestinal-burkitt-lymphoma-showing-multiple-tumorous-lesions-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract
#76
REVIEW
A Harada, T Torisu, M Esaki
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 6, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31692119/can-transanal-natural-orifice-specimen-extraction-after-laparoscopic-anterior-resection-for-colorectal-cancer-reduce-the-inflammatory-response
#77
Sicheng Zhou, Xuewei Wang, Chuanduo Zhao, Haitao Zhou, Wei Pei, Jianwei Liang, Zhixiang Zhou, Xishan Wang
BACKGROUND: Avoiding abdominal incisions is one of the unique features of natural orifice specimen extraction (NOSE) surgery. There has been no consensus on whether the avoidance of abdominal incisions can reduce the systemic inflammatory response after NOSE surgery. This study was designed to evaluate the safety and feasibility of transanal NOSE, especially the inflammatory response after transanal NOSE versus mini-laparotomy (LAP). METHOD: A total of 172 colorectal cancer patients who underwent transanal NOSE were matched with 172 patients who underwent LAP for colorectal cancer...
November 6, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31692099/idiopathic-pneumatosis-intestinalis-secondary-to-lactulose-use-in-patients-with-cirrhosis
#78
Lee J Varelas, Matthew J Klinge, Shahid M Malik, Amir A Borhani, Matthew Neal
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Few case reports exist that link lactulose use with pneumatosis intestinalis in cirrhotics. This study investigates the relationship between lactulose use and idiopathic pneumatosis intestinalis in a cohort of cirrhotic patients. METHODS: This case series considers several notable cases of patients with idiopathic pneumatosis intestinalis and concurrent lactulose use. Idiopathic pneumatosis intestinalis was defined as pneumatosis intestinalis with no identifiable etiology...
November 6, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31689724/coagulation-abnormalities-bleeding-thrombosis-and-management-of-patients-with-acute-liver-failure-in-australia-and-new-zealand
#79
Stephen Warrillow, Caleb Fisher, Heath Tibballs, Michael Bailey, Colin McArthur, Pia Lawson-Smith, Bheemasenachar Prasad, Matthew Anstey, Bala Venkatesh, Gemma Dashwood, James Walsham, Andrew Holt, Ubbo Wiersema, David Gattas, Matthew Zoeller, Mercedes Garcia Alvarez, Rinaldo Bellomo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To study the management of coagulation and hematological derangements among severe acute liver failure (ALF) patients in Australia and New Zealand liver transplant intensive care units (ICUs). METHODS: Analysis of key baseline characteristics, etiology, coagulation and hematological tests, use of blood products, thrombotic complications, and clinical outcomes during the first ICU week. RESULTS: We studied 62 ALF patients...
November 5, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/31682026/low-dose-and-same-day-use-of-polyethylene-glycol-improves-image-of-video-capsule-endoscopy-a-multi-center-randomized-clinical-trial
#80
Shan Wu, Liang Zhong, Ping Zheng, Yu-Gang Wang, Wei-Qun Ding, Qi Yu, Ping-Ping Hui, Hui-Min Chen, Yun-Jie Gao, Zhi-Zheng Ge
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Clear visualization of the small bowel is a requirement for satisfactory video capsule endoscopy (VCE). The aim of this study was to identify the optimal dose and timing of polyethylene-glycol (PEG) for small-bowel preparation before VCE. METHODS: 410 patients were enrolled in this prospective randomized trial. All patients fasted for 12 h and ingested 320 mg simethicone 30 min before swallowing the capsule. Patients were randomized into 5 groups: Group A (no PEG), Group B (1 L PEG, 12 h before VCE), Group C (2 L PEG, 12 h before VCE), Group D (1 L PEG, 4 h before VCE), and Group E (2 L PEG, 4 h before VCE)...
November 4, 2019: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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