Journals Journal of Gastroenterology an...

Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
T Yoshihara, S Shinzaki, H Iijima, Y Tsujii, Y Hayashi, T Takehara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
George Mnatzaganian, Jennifer H MacLachlan, Nicole Allard, Chelsea Brown, Stacey Rowe, Benjamin C Cowie
BACKGROUND AND AIM: To assess utilization of health care services in people with decompensated cirrhosis (DC) or hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and a "late diagnosis" of hepatitis B or hepatitis C. METHODS: Hepatitis B and C cases during 1997-2016 in Victoria, Australia were linked with hospitalizations, deaths, liver cancer diagnoses, and medical services. A late diagnosis was defined as hepatitis B or hepatitis C notification occurring after, at the same time, or within two years preceding an HCC/DC diagnosis...
March 3, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
S Giri, S Sundaram
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 3, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Y Nimura, Y Madeda, E Tamura, Y Kouyama, S Matsudaira, H Nakamura, M Misawa, H Miyachi, T Baba, S Mukai, N Sawada, F Ishida, T Nemoto, S-E Kudo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Jody Parker, Sunnia Gupta, Jared Torkington, Sunil Dolwani
AIM: Patients diagnosed with advanced colorectal lesions have a higher risk of developing colorectal cancer. International polyp surveillance guidelines have recently been updated. The aim of this systematic review was to assess surveillance recommendations for advanced colorectal polyps and compare the patient, polyp and colonoscopy quality factors considered in their recommendations. METHOD: Guidelines with surveillance recommendations for colorectal polyps were identified...
February 23, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Winnie Roy, Bandhul Hans, Rida Ul Jannat, Yala Kirthi Reddy, Yousaf Hadi, Swapna Gayam
BACKGROUND: Sars-CoV-19 pandemic necessitated a transition to telemedicine for many healthcare encounters. The environmental impact of this transition in Gastroenterology (GI) combined with user experience has not been studied. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients who underwent tele-medicine visits (telephone and video) at GI clinic at West Virginia University (WVU). Distance of patients' residence from clinic x 2 was calculated and Environmental protection agency (EPA) calculators utilized to calculate greenhouse emissions (GHG) that were avoided from tele-visits...
February 22, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Yuichiro Suzuki, Shinya Maekawa, Kohji Yamashita, Leona Osawa, Yasuyuki Komiyama, Natsuko Nakakuki, Hitomi Takada, Masaru Muraoka, Mitsuaki Sato, Shinichi Takano, Mitsuharu Fukasawa, Tatsuya Yamaguchi, Satoshi Funayama, Hiroyuki Morisaka, Hiroshi Onishi, Nobuyuki Enomoto
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recently, pemafibrate and a low-carbohydrate diet.LCD) have each been reported to improve fatty liver disease. However, it is unclear whether their combination improves fatty liver disease and is equally effective in obese and non-obese patients. METHOD: In 38 metabolic-associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) patients, classified by baseline BMI, changes in laboratory values, magnetic resonance elastography (MRE), and MRI proton density fat fraction (MRI-PDFF) were studied after one year of combined pemafibrate plus mild LCD...
February 21, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Hang Yi, Shuofeng Li, Yiwen Lin, Feng Li, Shuaibo Wang, Donghui Jin, Zhuoheng Lv, Li Fu, Yousheng Mao
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Radiation therapy (RT) is a crucial modality for the local control of esophageal cancer (EC), but the effect of RT on the development of secondary thoracic malignancies is still unclear. This study aims to identify the association between RT for the treatment of primary EC and subsequent secondary thoracic cancer (STC). METHODS: The primary EC patients were retrieved from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database. Fine-Gray competing risk regression and standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were used to evaluate the radiotherapy-associated cancer risk...
February 21, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Cody L Dunne, Sandeep Kaur, Bronwyn Delacruz, Lauren C Bresee
OBJECTIVES: Upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) is a common emergency, with high rates of hospitalization and in-patient mortality compared to other GI diseases. Despite readmission rates being a common quality metric, little data is available for UGIBs. This study aimed to determine readmission rates for patients discharged following an UGIB. METHODS: Adhering to PRISMA guidelines, MEDLINE, Embase, CENTRAL, and Web of Science were searched to Oct 16th , 2021...
February 20, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Keisuke Kawasaki, Takehiro Torisu, Motohiro Esaki, Makoto Eizuka, Shinichiro Kawatoko, Tomo Kumei, Minami Hirai, Masahiro Kondo, Shin Fujioka, Yuta Fuyuno, Yuichi Matsuno, Junji Umeno, Tomohiko Moriyama, Takanari Kitazono, Tamotsu Sugai, Takayuki Matsumoto
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to elucidate the use of antithrombotic medications the peri-colorectal endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) period. METHODS: This study included 468 patients with colorectal epithelial neoplasms treated by ESD, consisting of 82 under antithrombotic medications and 386 patients without the medications. Among patients taking antithrombotic medications, antithrombotic agents were continued during the peri-ESD period. Clinical characteristics and adverse events were compared after propensity score matching...
February 19, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Weimin Xu, Weijun Ou, Yuan Feng, Qingru Xu, Yili Yang, Long Cui, Peng Du
BACKGROUND: Genetic compensation response (GCR) is a mechanism that maintains the robustness of functional genes, which has been recently identified. Whether GCR exists in tumors and its effects on tumor progression remains unknown. METHODS: Whole exome sequencing was performed to identify premature termination codon (PTC) gene mutations in colorectal cancer (CRC) tissues. RNA-sequencing, Cancer Cell Line Encyclopedia database analysis and high-throughput output of homologous genes using the Ensemble genome database, were performed to further identify homologous genes of target PTC gene mutations...
February 19, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Hiroaki Okuda, Shuhei Hosomi, Shigehiro Itani, Noriyuki Kurimoto, Yumie Kobayashi, Rieko Nakata, Yu Nishida, Masaki Ominami, Yuji Nadatani, Shusei Fukunaga, Koji Otani, Noriko Kamata, Fumio Tanaka, Yasuaki Nagami, Koichi Taira, Satoko Ohfuji, Yasuhiro Fujiwara
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Ustekinumab has been proven to be effective for treatment of patients with Crohn's disease; however, 30-40% of patients have been reported to lose clinical response within 2 years. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of ustekinumab and identify predictors of short- and long-term efficacy in Crohn's disease. METHODS: Patients with Crohn's disease receiving their first ustekinumab infusion in our hospital between June 2017 and September 2020 were prospectively enrolled...
February 19, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Xiaohong Zhao, Xuexue Shi, Haifeng Gu, Wenjing Zhou, Qin Zhang
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and advanced hepatic fibrosis (AHF) have been associated with sarcopenia. However, modifiers of this association have been less studied. METHODS: This study used data from the NHANES database 2011-2014 of the US. Adults aged 18 years or older, had complete information of handgrip strength test and NAFLD and AHF status were eligible for inclusion. NAFLD was defined using the Fatty Liver Index (FLI). AHF was defined using the NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS)...
February 18, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Sofía Moran-Ramos, Daniel Cerqueda-García, Blanca López-Contreras, Elena Larrieta-Carrasco, Hugo Villamil-Ramírez, Selene Molina-Cruz, Nimbe Torres, Mónica Sánchez-Tapia, Rogelio Hernández-Pando, Carlos Aguilar-Salinas, Teresa Villarreal-Molina, Samuel Canizales-Quinteros
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of liver disease. Increasing evidence indicates that the gut microbiota can play an important role in the pathophysiology of NAFLD. Recently, several studies have tested the predictive value of gut microbiome profiles in NAFLD progression, however comparisons of microbial signatures in NAFLD or NASH have produced discrepant results, possibly due to ethnic and environmental factors. Thus, we aimed to characterize the gut metagenome composition of patients with fatty liver disease...
February 17, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Hiroshi Ishiba, Yoshio Sumida, Yoshihiro Kamada, Hideki Fujii, Michihiro Iwaki, Hideki Hayashi, Hidenori Toyoda, Satoshi Oeda, Hideyuki Hyogo, Miwa Kawanaka, Asahiro Morishita, Kensuke Munekage, Kazuhito Kawata, Tsubasa Tsutsumi, Koji Sawada, Tatsuji Maeshiro, Hiroshi Tobita, Yuichi Yoshida, Masafumi Naito, Asuka Araki, Shingo Arakaki, Takumi Kawaguchi, Hidenao Noritake, Masafumi Ono, Tsutomu Masaki, Satoshi Yasuda, Eiichi Tomita, Masato Yoneda, Akihiro Tokushige, Hirokazu Takahashi, Shinichiro Ueda, Shinichi Aishima, Atsushi Nakajima, Takeshi Okanoue
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Noninvasive tests (NITs) have prognostic potential, but whether NITs are comparable with liver biopsy is unclear. This study aimed to examine the prognostic accuracy of NITs for liver-related mortality (LRM) and events (LREs) in patients with biopsy-proven NAFLD. METHODS: We investigated 1,313 patients with NAFLD. Patients were assigned to low-, indeterminate-, and high-risk groups using conventional cutoff values of each FIB-4 and NAFLD fibrosis score (NFS), and to stage 0-2 and stage 3-4 groups using the fibrosis stage...
February 16, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Shunsuke Yoshii, Yoshito Hayashi, Takahiko Nakamura, Osamu Nishiyama, Koji Nagaike, Dai Nakamatsu, Takuya Yamda, Satoshi Egawa, Hideharu Ogiyama, Shinjiro Yamaguchi, Takuya Inoue, Ryotaro Uema, Minoru Kato, Takanori Inoue, Yoshiki Tsujii, Shinichiro Shinzaki, Hideki Iijima, Tomoki Michida, Eiichi Morii, Tetsuo Takehara
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Cold snare polypectomy is commonly performed to remove small colorectal polyps. Accidental resection of carcinomas during this procedure has been reported. Herein, we aimed to clarify the clinicopathological features and clinical course of colorectal carcinomas resected by cold snare polypectomy. METHODS: This multicenter retrospective cohort study was conducted at 10 Japanese healthcare centers. Of the colorectal lesions resected by cold snare polypectomy between April 2016 and March 2020, lesions pathologically diagnosed as carcinoma were reviewed...
February 16, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Yunosuke Takishin, Masaki Kuwatani, Mutsumi Nishida, Tomoko Mitsuhasi, Kazuma Kishi, Kosuke Nagai, Ryutaro Furukawa, Hajime Hirata, Koji Hirata, Shin Kato, Kazumichi Kawakubo, Naoya Sakamoto
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Recently, dispersion imaging by shear wave elastography has been developed to visualize a tissue viscosity-related factor by measuring the dispersion slope. However, clinical significance of dispersion imaging in the field of pancreatic cancer is unknown. This study aimed to investigate the clinical significance of dispersion imaging in the treatment and diagnosis of pancreatic cancer. METHODS: We measured shear wave dispersion slope (SWD) (m/s/kHz) and shear wave elasticity (SWE) (kPa) in patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA)...
February 15, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Raquel Cameron, Kerith Duncanson, Emily C Hoedt, Guy D Eslick, Grace L Burns, Cheenie Nieva, Simon Keely, Marjorie M Walker, Nicholas J Talley
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The role of the microbiota in diverticulosis and diverticular disease is underexplored. This systematic review aimed to assess all literature pertaining to the microbiota and metabolome associations in asymptomatic diverticulosis, symptomatic uncomplicated diverticular disease (SUDD), and diverticulitis pathophysiology. METHODS: Seven databases were searched for relevant studies published up to September 28th , 2022. Data were screened in Covidence and extracted to Excel...
February 12, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
M Katsurahara, Y Umeda, H Yukimoto, A Shigefuku, M Nakamura, Y Hamada, K Tanaka, N Horiki, A Hayashi, H Nakagawa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 7, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Hiroyoshi Iwata, Naoto Matsuno, Daisuke Ishii, Asuka Toriumi, Masahide Otani, Mizuho Ohara, Hiromichi Obara, Yuji Nishikawa, Hideki Yokoo
BACKGROUND AND AIM: There are very few reports comparing the use of the University of Wisconsin solution and histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution as machine perfusion solutions for marginal liver grafts. We aimed to clarify whether the use of the histidine-tryptophan-ketoglutarate solution in hypothermic machine perfusion improves the split-liver graft function in a large animal model. METHODS: Porcine split-liver grafts were created by 75% liver resection...
February 6, 2023: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
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