Shahad Sabaawi Ibrahim, Raghad Sabaawi Ibrahim, Batoul Arabi, Aranka Brockmueller, Mehdi Shakibaei, Dietrich B├╝sselberg
Glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor (GLP-1R) agonists have garnered significant attention for their therapeutic potential in addressing the interconnected health challenges of diabetes, obesity, and cancer. The role of GLP-1R in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is highlighted, emphasizing its pivotal contribution to glucose homeostasis, promoting β-cell proliferation, and facilitating insulin release. GLP-1R agonists have effectively managed obesity by reducing hunger, moderating food intake, and regulating body weight...
May 27, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Hamed Kazemi Shariat Panahi, Mona Dehhaghi, Gilles J Guillemin, Wanxi Peng, Mortaza Aghbashlo, Meisam Tabatabaei
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Mohammad Azhar Aziz
Cellular plasticity refers to the ability of cells to change their identity or behavior, which can be advantageous in some cases (e.g., tissue regeneration) but detrimental in others (e.g., cancer metastasis). With a better understanding of cellular plasticity, the complexity of cancer cells, their heterogeneity, and their role in metastasis is being unraveled. The plasticity of the cells could also prove as a nemesis to their characterization. In this review, we have attempted to highlight the possibilities and benefits of using multiomics approach in characterizing the plastic nature of cancer cells...
May 18, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Razelle Kurzrock, Aadel A Chaudhuri, David Feller-Kopman, Narjust Florez, Jed Gorden, Ignacio I Wistuba
Inequitable access to care continues to hinder improvements in diagnosis and treatment of lung cancer. This review describes healthcare disparities in the changing landscape of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) in the United States, focusing on racial, ethnic, sex-based, and socioeconomic trends. Furthermore, strategies to address disparities, overcome challenges, and improve patient outcomes are proposed. Barriers exist across lung cancer screening, diagnosis, and treatment regimens, varying by sex, age, race and ethnicity, geography, and socioeconomic status...
May 16, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Yinjun He, Ming Zhu, Xuan Lai, Honghe Zhang, Weiqin Jiang
The interaction between tumor programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and T-cell programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) has long been acknowledged as a mechanism for evading immune surveillance. Recent studies, however, have unveiled a more nuanced role of tumor-intrinsic PD-L1 in reprograming tumoral phenotypes. Preclinical models emphasize the synchronized effects of both intracellular and extracellular PD-L1 in promoting metastasis, with intricate interactions with the immune system. This review aims to summarize recent findings to elucidate the spatiotemporal heterogeneity of PD-L1 expression and the pro-metastatic roles of PD-L1 in the entire process of tumor metastasis...
May 11, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Tianchen Guo, Junfen Xu
Tumor microenvironment (TME) has been demonstrated to play a significant role in tumor initiation, progression, and metastasis. Cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) are the major component of TME and exhibit heterogeneous properties in their communication with tumor cells. This heterogeneity of CAFs can be attributed to various origins, including quiescent fibroblasts, mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), adipocytes, pericytes, endothelial cells, and mesothelial cells. Moreover, single-cell RNA sequencing has identified diverse phenotypes of CAFs, with myofibroblastic CAFs (myCAFs) and inflammatory CAFs (iCAFs) being the most acknowledged, alongside newly discovered subtypes like antigen-presenting CAFs (apCAFs)...
April 11, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Rui Hou, Xiaoxue Zhang, Xu Wang, Xuan Zhao, Sijin Li, Zhangchun Guan, Jiang Cao, Dan Liu, Junnian Zheng, Ming Shi
The current CAR-T cell therapy products have been hampered in their druggability due to the personalized preparation required, unclear pharmacokinetic characteristics, and unpredictable adverse reactions. Enabling standardized manufacturing and having clear efficacy and pharmacokinetic characteristics are prerequisites for ensuring the effective practicality of CAR-T cell therapy drugs. This review provides a broad overview of the different approaches for controlling behaviors of CAR-T cells in vivo. The utilization of genetically modified vectors enables in vivo production of CAR-T cells, thereby abbreviating or skipping the lengthy in vitro expansion process...
April 9, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Yan Xu, Zhipeng Gao, Xiaoyu Sun, Jun Li, Toshinori Ozaki, Du Shi, Meng Yu, Yuyan Zhu
Metastasis is a major contributor to treatment failure and death in urological cancers, representing an important biomedical challenge at present. Metastases form as a result of cancer cells leaving the primary site, entering the vasculature and lymphatic vessels, and colonizing clones elsewhere in the body. However, the specific regulatory mechanisms of action underlying the metastatic process of urological cancers remain incompletely elucidated. With the deepening of research, circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been found to not only play a significant role in tumor progression and prognosis but also show aberrant expression in various tumor metastases, consequently impacting tumor metastasis through multiple pathways...
April 1, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Hiroki Fujimoto, Masato Yoshihara, Raymond Rodgers, Shohei Iyoshi, Kazumasa Mogi, Emiri Miyamoto, Sae Hayakawa, Maia Hayashi, Satoshi Nomura, Kazuhisa Kitami, Kaname Uno, Mai Sugiyama, Yoshihiro Koya, Yoshihiko Yamakita, Akihiro Nawa, Atsushi Enomoto, Carmela Ricciardelli, Hiroaki Kajiyama
Epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) is often diagnosed in advanced stage with peritoneal dissemination. Recent studies indicate that aberrant accumulation of collagen fibers in tumor stroma has a variety of effects on tumor progression. We refer to remodeled fibrous stroma with altered expression of collagen molecules, increased stiffness, and highly oriented collagen fibers as tumor-associated fibrosis (TAF). TAF contributes to EOC cell invasion and metastasis in the intraperitoneal cavity. However, an understanding of molecular events involved is only just beginning to emerge...
March 28, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Joseph Hawly, Micaela G Murcar, Alejandro Schcolnik-Cabrera, Mark E Issa
Despite enormous efforts being invested in the development of novel therapies for brain malignancies, there remains a dire need for effective treatments, particularly for pediatric glioblastomas. Their poor prognosis has been attributed to the fact that conventional therapies target tumoral cells, but not glioblastoma stem cells (GSCs). GSCs are characterized by self-renewal, tumorigenicity, poor differentiation, and resistance to therapy. These characteristics represent the fundamental tools needed to recapitulate the tumor and result in a relapse...
March 26, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Bicky Thapa, Shumei Kato, Daisuke Nishizaki, Hirotaka Miyashita, Suzanna Lee, Mary K Nesline, Rebecca A Previs, Jeffery M Conroy, Paul DePietro, Sarabjot Pabla, Razelle Kurzrock
Immune checkpoint inhibitors have changed the treatment landscape for various malignancies; however, their benefit is limited to a subset of patients. The immune machinery includes both mediators of suppression/immune evasion, such as PD-1, PD-L1, CTLA-4, and LAG-3, all of which can be inhibited by specific antibodies, and immune-stimulatory molecules, such as T-cell co-stimulatory receptors that belong to the tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily (TNFRSF), including OX40 receptor (CD134; TNFRSF4), 4-1BB (CD137; TNFRSF9), and glucocorticoid-induced TNFR-related (GITR) protein (CD357; TNFRSF18)...
March 25, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Bandari BharathwajChetty, Anjana Sajeev, Ravichandran Vishwa, Babu Santha Aswani, Mohammed S Alqahtani, Mohamed Abbas, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara
Recent advances have brought forth the complex interplay between tumor cell plasticity and its consequential impact on drug resistance and tumor recurrence, both of which are critical determinants of neoplastic progression and therapeutic efficacy. Various forms of tumor cell plasticity, instrumental in facilitating neoplastic cells to develop drug resistance, include epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) alternatively termed epithelial-mesenchymal plasticity, the acquisition of cancer stem cell (CSC) attributes, and transdifferentiation into diverse cell lineages...
March 22, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Shabnam Malik, Mohammed Sikander, Mohd Wahid, Anupam Dhasmana, Maryam Sarwat, Sheema Khan, Everardo Cobos, Murali M Yallapu, Meena Jaggi, Subhash C Chauhan
There has been a surge of interest in recent years in understanding the intricate mechanisms underlying cancer progression and treatment resistance. One molecule that has recently emerged in these mechanisms is MUC13 mucin, a transmembrane glycoprotein. Researchers have begun to unravel the molecular complexity of MUC13 and its impact on cancer biology. Studies have shown that MUC13 overexpression can disrupt normal cellular polarity, leading to the acquisition of malignant traits. Furthermore, MUC13 has been associated with increased cancer plasticity, allowing cells to undergo epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and metastasize...
March 18, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Lingyi Cai, Mikhail G Kolonin, Dimitris Anastassiou
We identified a progenitor cell population highly enriched in samples from invasive and chemo-resistant carcinomas, characterized by a well-defined multigene signature including APOD, DCN, and LUM. This cell population has previously been labeled as consisting of inflammatory cancer-associated fibroblasts (iCAFs). The same signature characterizes naturally occurring fibro-adipogenic progenitors (FAPs) as well as stromal cells abundant in normal adipose tissue. Our analysis of human gene expression databases provides evidence that adipose stromal cells (ASCs) are recruited by tumors and undergo differentiation into CAFs during cancer progression to invasive and chemotherapy-resistant stages...
March 11, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Neha Kaushik, Apurva Jaiswal, Pradeep Bhartiya, Eun Ha Choi, Nagendra Kumar Kaushik
Tumor suppressor genes and proto-oncogenes comprise most of the complex genomic landscape associated with cancer, with a minimal number of genes exhibiting dual-context-dependent functions. The transcription factor cellular promoter 2 (TFCP2), a pivotal transcription factor encoded by the alpha globin transcription factor CP2 gene, is a constituent of the TFCP2/grainyhead family of transcription factors. While grainyhead members have been extensively studied for their crucial roles in developmental processes, embryogenesis, and multiple cancers, the TFCP2 subfamily has been relatively less explored...
March 7, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Hifzur R Siddique, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 6, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Ravichandran Vishwa, Bandari BharathwajChetty, Sosmitha Girisa, Babu Santha Aswani, Mohammed S Alqahtani, Mohamed Abbas, Mangala Hegde, Ajaikumar B Kunnumakkara
Metabolic reprogramming, a hallmark of cancer, allows cancer cells to adapt to their specific energy needs. The Warburg effect benefits cancer cells in both hypoxic and normoxic conditions and is a well-studied reprogramming of metabolism in cancer. Interestingly, the alteration of other metabolic pathways, especially lipid metabolism has also grabbed the attention of scientists worldwide. Lipids, primarily consisting of fatty acids, phospholipids and cholesterol, play essential roles as structural component of cell membrane, signalling molecule and energy reserves...
March 5, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Shuang Zhou, Huanji Xu, Yichun Duan, Qiulin Tang, Huixi Huang, Feng Bi
Metastasis remains the principal trigger for relapse and mortality across diverse cancer types. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs), which originate from the primary tumor or its metastatic sites, traverse the vascular system, serving as precursors in cancer recurrence and metastasis. Nevertheless, before CTCs can establish themselves in the distant parenchyma, they must overcome significant challenges present within the circulatory system, including hydrodynamic shear stress (HSS), oxidative damage, anoikis, and immune surveillance...
March 4, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
Zhi Yi Su, Pui Yan Siak, Yu Yu Lwin, Shiau-Chuen Cheah
Nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC) is characterised by its remarkable geographical and ethnic distribution. The interplay between genetic susceptibility, environmental exposures, and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infections is indicated in the development of NPC. Exposure to tobacco smoking, dietary factors, and inhalants has been associated with the risk of NPC. Genetic association studies have revealed NPC-associated susceptibility loci, including genes involved in immune responses, xenobiotic metabolism, genome maintenance, and cell cycle regulation...
March 2, 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2024: Cancer Metastasis Reviews
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