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European Journal of Population

Helen Eriksson
Interview and observational studies document that dual-caring is characterized by temporality. Two 'ideal-typical' trajectories are identified: 'halving it all' in which couples divide care equally on a daily or weekly basis and 'taking turns' in which parents take month- or year-long turns in serving as primary caregivers to the child. This study utilizes a new source of couple-level longitudinal information on parental leave to investigate dual-caring trajectories in contemporary Sweden. Results show that while care trajectories in which only one parent serves as the primary caregiver can be captured without longitudinal information, the dominant dual-caring trajectory cannot...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Population
Albert Sabater, Gemma Catney
The residential segregation literature has underplayed the significance of age in shaping the ethnic compositions of neighbourhoods. This paper develops an age group and age cohort perspective as a way to unpack summary measures of residential segregation. Harmonised small area data for England and Wales (2001-2011) are used as a case study to explore the potential of this methodology for understanding better the role of age in the evolution of ethnic residential geographies. Our findings demonstrate the age-specificity of residential segregation, for both cross-sectional patterns and change over time...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Population
David Reher, Miguel Requena
Studies of childlessness in the twentieth century in developed countries have underscored the existence of diverging trends with higher levels among cohorts born at the beginning of the twentieth century, lower ones among the baby boom cohorts and finally higher ones for cohorts born after the Second World War. Spain also shows these basic trends, but the fit is not identical to that of other countries, with differences affecting the timing of trend changes and also the levels of childlessness observed in the final part of the period...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Population
Rannveig Kaldager Hart
This study investigates how the association between union dissolution and childlessness depends on life course context. Data on union histories and fertility are taken from the Norwegian GGS. To observe union histories up to age 45, I include men and women born 1927-1962. I further condition on having experienced at least one union dissolution before age 45, giving a study sample of 883 men and 1110 women. To capture the life course context of union dissolutions, I group union histories similar in timing, occurrence and ordering of events using sequence analysis...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Population
Ørnulf Borgan, Nico Keilman
Life expectancies at birth are routinely computed from period life tables. When mortality is falling, such period life expectancies will typically underestimate real life expectancies, that is, life expectancies for birth cohorts. Hence, it becomes problematic to compare period life expectancies between countries when they have different historical mortality developments. For instance, life expectancies for countries in which the longevity improved early (like Norway and Sweden) are difficult to compare with those in countries where it improved later (like Italy and Japan)...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Population
Kieron Barclay, Martin Kolk
A growing literature has demonstrated a relationship between parity and mortality, but the explanation for that relationship remains unclear. This study aims to pick apart physiological and social explanations for the parity-mortality relationship by examining the mortality of parents who adopt children, but who have no biological children, in comparison with the mortality of parents with biological children. Using Swedish register data, we study post-reproductive mortality amongst women and men from cohorts born between 1915 and 1960, over ages 45-97...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Population
Qiushi Feng, Wei-Jun Jean Yeung, Zhenglian Wang, Yi Zeng
As China continues to age rapidly, whether the country should adjust the official retirement age, and if so, when and how, are currently major policy concerns. We examine the impact of postponing the retirement age on the human capital of China in the next four decades. Two critical aspects of human capital-health and education-are incorporated to account for the quality of the work force. Our projections reveal the impact of nine scenarios on the Chinese labor force in the next few decades, highlighting the changes in "the high human capital workforce"-those with good health and education...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Population
Luca Salvati, Pere Serra, Massimiliano Bencardino, Margherita Carlucci
After a long phase of suburbanization promoting economic decentralization and uneven expansion of urban rings, re-urbanization has been observed in an increasing number of European cities. However, a comprehensive analysis of demographic dynamics underlying spatial patterns-and factors-of re-urbanization is still lacking for the European continent. This study contributes to fill this knowledge gap by proposing a comparative analysis of population dynamics at two spatial scales ('inner cities' and 'large urban zones') in 129 European metropolitan regions under economic expansion (2000-2007) and recession (2008-2014)...
February 15, 2019: European Journal of Population
Lonneke van den Berg, Matthijs Kalmijn, Thomas Leopold
An ample body of research has shown that young adults from non-intact families are more likely to leave the parental home at an early age than young adults from intact families. However, little is known about the mechanisms underlying this relationship. We drew on prospective longitudinal data from the German Socio-Economic Panel Study (SOEP) to examine why young adults from non-intact families are more likely to leave home early. Based on the feathered nest hypothesis, it was expected that young adults from non-intact families are pushed out of the parental home because of a lack in economic, social, and community resources...
December 2018: European Journal of Population
Anne Gosselin, Annabel Desgrées du Loû, Eva Lelièvre, France Lert, Rosemary Dray-Spira, Nathalie Lydié
With the increase in asylum-related immigration since 2015, understanding how immigrants settle in a new country is at the centre of social and political debate in European countries. The objective of this study is to determine whether the necessary time to settle for Sub-Saharan Africa immigrants in France depends more on pre-migratory characteristics or on the structural features of the host society. Taking a capability approach, we define settlement as the acquisition of three basic resources: a personal dwelling, a legal permit of a least 1 year and paid work...
December 2018: European Journal of Population
Johan Junkka
This study investigates the role of changing social relations for fertility decline during the European fertility transition. The growth of voluntary associations at the end of the nineteenth century entailed a radical shift in the landscape of social relations in Sweden. By combining micro-census data from 1890 to 1900 with local-level membership data for three voluntary association groups, this article assesses the effect of parish-level voluntary association size on net fertility in Sweden using mixed-effects Poisson regression models...
December 2018: European Journal of Population
Jorge M Uribe, Helena Chuliá, Montserrat Guillen
We offer a new approach for modeling past trends in the quantiles of the life table survivorship function. Trends in the quantiles are estimated, and the extent to which the observed patterns fit the unit root hypothesis or, alternatively, an innovative outlier model, are conducted. Then a factor model is applied to the detrended data, and it is used to construct quantile cycles. We enrich the ongoing discussion about human longevity extension by calculating specific improvements in the distribution of the survivorship function, across its full range, and not only at the central-age ranges...
December 2018: European Journal of Population
Christian Dudel, María Andrée López Gómez, Fernando G Benavides, Mikko Myrskylä
While there has been considerable debate about extending the length of working life, relatively little is known about this issue. We use data from the Spanish Continuous Working Life Sample for 2004-2013 to calculate period working life tables, which in turn allows us to assess the impact of the financial crisis on working life expectancy in Spain. Before the recession hit, working life expectancy in Spain was around 38 years for males and 33 years for females. The recession had a tremendous impact on the Spanish labor market, but the effects differed considerably by gender and occupational category...
December 2018: European Journal of Population
Ansgar Hudde
Many authors argue that levels of childlessness and fertility are a function of changing gender relations, but the mechanisms behind this association remain unclear and mainly untested. This study argues that the societal variation in gender role attitudes explains the link: a great variation in attitudes among potential partners leads to uncertainty and conflicts, which depresses people's propensity for parenthood. This idea is tested with multilevel logistic regression models for 6305 individuals in 38 countries on all continents, using ISSP 2012 data...
December 2018: European Journal of Population
Alisa C Lewin
One of the central questions about LAT (living apart together) is whether these partnerships are short-term arrangements due to temporary constraints, and should be viewed as part of courtship towards cohabitation and marriage, or whether they replace cohabitation and marriage as a long-term arrangement. The current study addresses this question and examines intentions to live together among people living apart by age and gender. This study uses Generations and Gender Study (GGS) data for eleven European countries...
December 2018: European Journal of Population
Sebastian Pink
Based on a cost-reduction argument, this study explored whether anticipated childcare support from their mothers influenced adult daughters' decisions to have their first child. Using six waves of the German Family Panel (pairfam), discrete-time hazard models ( N  = 3155 women) were estimated for the transition to the decision to have the first child. Anticipated childcare support from the women's mothers was approximated by the travelling distance between adult daughters and their mothers, a measure whose suitability was tested empirically...
December 2018: European Journal of Population
Michael J Thomas, Clara H Mulder, Thomas J Cooke
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s10680-017-9437-1.].
October 2018: European Journal of Population
Lindsay Theunis, Christine Schnor, Didier Willaert, Jan Van Bavel
Educationally hypogamous marriages, where the wife is more educated than the husband, have been expected to be less stable than other educational pairings, in part because they do not conform to social norms. With the reversal of the gender gap in education, such marriages have become more common than in the past. Recent research suggests that this new context might be beneficial for the stability of hypogamous unions compared to other educational pairings. Here, we investigate how educational matches in married couples are associated with divorce risks taking into account the local prevalence of hypogamy...
October 2018: European Journal of Population
Lisa Van Landschoot, Didier Willaert, Helga A G de Valk, Jan Van Bavel
Studies on fertility among second-generation migrant women across Europe have mainly treated the second generation as a rather homogenous group, not linking and distinguishing fertility patterns by type of partner. This study investigates how and to what extent the origin and generation of the partner (endogamous or exogamous as well as diversity in endogamy) of Turkish and Moroccan second-generation women in Belgium is related to first-birth rates. We distinguish three types of partnerships: those in an endogamous union with a first-generation partner, those in an endogamous union with a second-generation partner, and those in an exogenous union where the partner is of native Belgian origin...
October 2018: European Journal of Population
Arnaud Régnier-Loilier
Different studies of same-sex couples based on the Generations and Gender Survey (GSS) have been published in recent years. However, in this survey, people in gay and lesbian couples are not identified via a direct question but by comparing two separate variables: the sex of the respondent and that of the partner. But the identification of same-sex couples by comparing the sex of both partners is very unreliable. The few sex-coding errors of one of the partners in heterosexual couples generate a very high proportion of "false" same-sex couples among all couples considered to be of the same sex...
October 2018: European Journal of Population
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