journal
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Hand Clinics

journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470339/local-anesthesia-without-tourniquet-in-hand-and-forearm-surgery-my-story-of-using-and-promoting-it
#1
EDITORIAL
Jin Bo Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470338/how-the-wide-awake-tourniquet-free-approach-is-changing-hand-surgery-in-most-countries-of-the-world
#2
EDITORIAL
Donald H Lalonde, Jin Bo Tang
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470337/extending-applications-of-local-anesthesia-without-tourniquet-to-flap-harvest-and-transfer-in-the-hand
#3
REVIEW
Shu Guo Xing, Jin Bo Tang
The authors' experience demonstrates that wide-awake flap surgery in the hand is safe. The authors used this approach in 4 commonly used flaps in the hand in 27 patients: the extended Segmuller flap, the homo-digital reverse digital artery flap, the dorsal metacarpal artery perforator flap, and the Atasoy advancement flap. Wide-awake flap surgery works very well and safely achieved excellent anesthetic and vasoconstrictive effects in the authors' cases. The authors found that vasoconstriction caused by epinephrine mainly affects the capillaries and does not affect digital arteries and their major branches in the hand...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470336/wide-awake-surgery-as-an-opportunity-to-enhance-clinical-research
#4
REVIEW
Verena J M M Festen-Schrier, Peter C Amadio
Wide Awake surgery under Local Anesthesia with No Tourniquet (WALANT) has revolutionized clinical hand surgery, improving clinical outcomes and reducing postoperative pain and morbidity. It can also be used to deepen scientific knowledge, because the unsedated patient, with sensation intact and without the adverse effects of tourniquet neurapraxia or paralysis, can follow commands and actively move the limb after tendon and nerve surgery. These movements can be correlated with fingertip force, tendon tension, nerve conduction and amplitude, and muscle sarcomere length measurements to develop new insights into the effectiveness of many different tendon and nerve procedures in the hand...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470335/wide-awake-wrist-and-small-joints-arthroscopy-of-the-hand
#5
REVIEW
Bo Liu, Chye Yew Ng, Mohammed Shoaib Arshad, Dafydd S Edwards, Michael J Hayton
The minimally invasive nature of wrist and small joint arthroscopy renders it particularly suitable for the application of the wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT) technique. The application of WALANT wrist and small joint arthroscopy has given surgeons the ability to visualize both static and dynamic movements of a joint, to show the pathology and discuss with the patient, and to visualize a patient's repaired structures. This reinforces confidence in surgeons and encourages patients to comply with postoperative rehabilitation...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470334/wide-awake-hand-surgery-in-two-centers-in-china-experience-in-nantong-and-tianjin-with-12-000-patients
#6
REVIEW
Jin Bo Tang, Ke Tong Gong, Shu Guo Xing, Lu Yi, Jian Hua Xu
This article summarizes the application of local anesthesia no tourniquet in 2 hand surgery centers in China, Nantong and Tianjin, where more than 12,000 patients were operated on with the new approach. This approach achieves excellent anesthetic and vasoconstrictive effects. In Nantong, surgeons performed fracture fixation, soft tissue tumor excision, and flap transfer in the hand with this approach. In Tianjin, surgeons applied it to cases of hand trauma emergency surgery. The authors' experience shows that this approach to hand surgery is safe, economical, and patient friendly, with no increase in infection rate...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470333/wide-awake-tendon-transfers-in-leprosy-patients-in-india
#7
REVIEW
Akbar Khan Mohammed, Donald H Lalonde
Dr Akbar Khan began using the wide awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT) technique for leprosy tendon transfers in the summer of 2015 at the Damien Foundation Hospital in Nellore, India. This article summarizes his first 18 months of experience and describes 5 of his operations. He found that WALANT provides effective anesthesia with good visibility for leprosy tendon transfers. WALANT permits economically disadvantaged leprosy patients to afford the surgery. All of the leprosy patients who have undergone WALANT tendon transfers in this series would like the same technique for their next tendon transfers...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470332/lessons-learned-in-the-authors-first-years-of-wide-awake-hand-surgery-at-the-w-hospital-in-korea
#8
REVIEW
Sang Hyun Woo, Myung Jae Yoo, Hee Chan Ahn
Wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT) is a promising development for surgeons and patients through improved operation outcomes in hand and wrist surgery. The authors have mostly used WALANT for flexor and extensor tendon repair, tenolysis, and tendon transfer. Its application at W Hospital in korea has bolstered surgeon confidence in tendon repair integrity, gliding ability, and transfer tension via direct observation and patient feedback. The authors do not use WALANT in complicated tenolysis or in secondary surgeries in previous severe injury situations...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470331/wide-awake-hand-surgery-under-local-anesthesia-no-tourniquet-in-south-america
#9
REVIEW
Pedro José Pires Neto, Samuel Ribak, Trajano Sardenberg
The authors report the introduction and development of wide awake hand surgery under local anesthesia no tourniquet (WALANT) in South America, specifically in Brazil, where thousands of cases have already been performed with this technique. This was largely stimulated by Dr Lalonde's first visit to Brazil in 2012. The authors began with smaller procedures such as trigger fingers and carpal tunnels, which were easily implemented. There has been an increase in the number of more complex procedures, such as flexor tenolysis or tendon transfers, in which patient cooperation can help improve results...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470330/practice-in-wide-awake-hand-surgery-differences-between-united-kingdom-and-cyprus
#10
REVIEW
Constantinos Kritiotis, Alistair Phillips, Lindsay Muir, Zafar Naqui
The implementation of the wide-awake local anesthetic no tourniquet (WALANT) approach to surgical procedures in Cyprus has led to significant cost savings. In the United Kingdom, the implementation of WALANT has led to shorter waiting times for hand surgical procedures, cost savings for the National Health Service, and high patient satisfaction rates. In both countries, patient education is a prerequisite for WALANT surgery. It increases the satisfaction rate among patients and enhances the patient-surgeon relationship...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470329/wide-awake-secondary-tendon-reconstruction
#11
REVIEW
Lin Lin Gao, James Chang
The wide awake anesthesia technique is a useful tool in secondary tendon reconstruction. With active participation of the patient, the tendon repair can be adjusted appropriately to prevent repairs that are too tight or too loose. Areas of tendon scarring or triggering can be identified and released. Other advantages of active participation include reduction of gapping, ensuring adequate strength of repair, and avoiding tendon imbalances. Last, it allows intraoperative patient education and may therefore increase patient satisfaction...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470328/impact-of-wide-awake-local-anesthesia-no-tourniquet-on-departmental-settings-cost-patient-and-surgeon-satisfaction-and-beyond
#12
REVIEW
Jin Bo Tang, Shu Guo Xing, Egemen Ayhan, Sebastian Hediger, Simon Huang
This article reviews the impact of wide-awake hand surgery without tourniquet on departmental settings and savings on patients' medical cost, and efficiency of fellowship training and practice of junior hand surgeons in 3 units in 3 countries. The medical cost of the commonly performed procedures is decreased remarkably with this approach in the 3 units. Hand surgery fellowship training and practice of junior surgeons are benefited from this approach in 2 units in Turkey and Switzerland. Overall, this approach improves the surgeons' and patients' quality of life and its application is expanding to almost all procedures of hand surgery...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470327/the-canadian-model-for-instituting-wide-awake-hand-surgery-in-our-hospitals
#13
REVIEW
Margie Wheelock, Christian Petropolis, Donald H Lalonde
Clinic-based hand surgery performed under local anesthetic has been steadily increasingly performed in Canada for 50 years. The drive for its development stems from the Canadian health care system's finite funding structure and resources. Benefits have extended far beyond cost and garbage reduction. It has resulted in greatly improving patient care by increasing comfort and safety with the elimination of sedation, the tourniquet, night surgery, and by improving access to care. This article details the rationale and development of clinic-based hand surgery from a Canadian perspective and provides tips and strategies for other centers looking to implement a similar clinic...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470326/the-current-and-possible-future-role-of-wide-awake-local-anesthesia-no-tourniquet-hand-surgery-in-military-health-care-delivery
#14
REVIEW
Peter Charles Rhee
Wide-awake hand surgery is versatile and can be performed in a variety of settings for various pathologies. The benefits associated with wide-awake local anesthesia no tourniquet hand surgery can be extremely beneficial in the military health care system. Military medicine focuses on supporting soldiers in areas of combat, providing humanitarian care to local nationals, and to delivering health care to active duty soldiers and veterans in the domestic setting. The ability to perform hand surgery without general or sedating anesthesia conserves limited anesthetic resources and allows patients to maintain situational awareness perioperatively...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30470325/latest-advances-in-wide-awake-hand-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Donald H Lalonde
Injection of tumescent local anesthesia should no longer be painful. WALANT anesthesia, strong sutures, a slightly bulky repair, intraoperative testing of active movement, and judicious venting of the A2 and A4 pulleys improve results in flexor tendon repair. WALANT K wire finger fracture reduction permits intraoperative testing of K wire stability with active movement to facilitate early protected movement at 3 to 5 days after surgery. WALANT can decrease costs and garbage production while increasing accessibility and affordability...
February 2019: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30286974/upper-extremity-spasticity
#16
EDITORIAL
Joshua M Adkinson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30286973/the-future-of-upper-extremity-spasticity-management
#17
REVIEW
Mitchel Seruya
Surgical management of upper limb spasticity has traditionally tackled the downstream effects at the muscle, tendon, and joint levels. Because this approach does not address the underlying pathologic condition within the nerve, surgical outcomes have been marked by unsatisfactory relapse over time. Future management may focus on reestablishing a normal neuronal impulse pathway to the dysfunctional musculotendinous unit. By severing the faulty γ-neuronal circuit at the C7 level, spasticity may be reduced. Transfer of the contralateral C7 nerve root to the injured C7 nerve root may open the potential for simultaneously restoring extension and improving reach and grasp functions...
November 2018: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30286972/outcomes-after-surgical-treatment-of-spastic-upper-extremity-conditions
#18
REVIEW
Geneva V Tranchida, Ann E Van Heest
Surgical interventions for the spastic upper extremity aim to correct the common deformities of elbow flexion, forearm pronation, wrist flexion and ulnar deviation, and thumb-in-palm deformity. One goal is achieving optimal function and improved limb positioning. Aesthetics of the limb have a profound impact on self-esteem and satisfaction. Surgical deformity correction has not reliably been shown to improve sensory function such as stereognosis. Validated outcome measures are used to present outcomes after surgical treatment of the spastic upper extremity as it relates to motor function and limb positioning, sensory function, and self-esteem...
November 2018: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30286971/rehabilitation-strategies-following-surgical-treatment-of-upper-extremity-spasticity
#19
REVIEW
Janese Petuchowksi, Kaitlin Kieras, Kristina Stein
Upper motor neuron injuries that occur in cases such as cerebral palsy, cerebrovascular accidents, and traumatic brain injury often have resulting upper extremity deformity and dysfunction. Multiple surgical options are available to improve upper extremity positioning, and, in some cases, motor control. Postoperative therapeutic management is imperative to assist the patient/caregiver in maximizing potential functional gains. This article provides an overview of postoperative guidelines for commonly performed surgeries to manage upper extremity dysfunction caused by spasticity and discusses acute management as well as therapeutic techniques for functional training and improved motor control...
November 2018: Hand Clinics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30286970/management-of-spinal-cord-injury-induced-upper-extremity-spasticity
#20
REVIEW
Andreas Gohritz, Jan Fridén
Spasticity affects more than 80% of patients with spinal cord injury. Neural mechanisms and musculotendinous alterations lead to typical upper extremity features including shoulder adduction/internal rotation, forearm pronation, and elbow, wrist, and finger flexion. Long-standing spasticity may lead to soft tissue and joint contractures and further impairment of upper extremity function. Surgical management involves tendon lengthening, release, and transfer, as well as selective neurotomy, in an effort to reduce spastic muscle hypertonicity, restore balance, prevent further contracture, and improve posture and function...
November 2018: Hand Clinics
journal
journal
29152
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"