journal
Journals Environmental Monitoring and A...

Environmental Monitoring and Assessment

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38575685/heavy-metal-contamination-and-environmental-risk-assessment-a-case-study-of-surface-water-in-the-bahr-mouse-stream-east-nile-delta-egypt
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Fatma Ramadan, Hamdy E Nour, Nermin Abdel Wahed, Ahmad Rakha, Abdulgafar K Amuda, Mohamed Faisal
Water, as an indispensable constituent of life, serves as the primary source of sustenance for all living things on Earth. The contamination of surface water with heavy metals poses a significant global health risk to humans, animals, and plants. Sharkiya Governorate, situated in the East Nile Delta region of Egypt, is particularly susceptible to surface water pollution due to various industrial, agricultural, and urban activities. The Bahr Mouse Stream, crucial for providing potable water and supporting irrigation activities in Sharkiya Governorate, caters to a population of approximately 7...
April 5, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573531/enhancing-urban-blue-green-landscape-quality-assessment-through-hybrid-genetic-algorithm-back-propagation-ga-bp-neural-network-approach-a-case-study-in-fucheng-china
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ding Fan, Nor Zarifah Binti Maliki, Siwei Yu, Fengcheng Jin, Xinyan Han
This study employs an artificial neural network optimization algorithm, enhanced with a Genetic Algorithm-Back Propagation (GA-BP) network, to assess the service quality of urban water bodies and green spaces, aiming to promote healthy urban environments. From an initial set of 95 variables, 29 key variables were selected, including 17 input variables, such as water and green space area, population size, and urbanization rate, six hidden layer neurons, such as patch number, patch density, and average patch size, and one output variable for the comprehensive value of blue-green landscape quality...
April 4, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573523/uranium-capture-from-aqueous-solution-using-palm-waste-based-activated-carbon-sorption-kinetics-and-equilibrium
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
W M Youssef, M M El-Maadawy, A M Masoud, I G Alhindawy, A E M Hussein
Carbonaceous materials produced from agricultural waste (palm kernel shell) by pyrolysis can be a proper type of low-cost adsorbent for wide uses in radioactive effluent treatment. In this context, the as-produced bio-char (labeled as PBC) and its sub-driven sulfuric acid and zinc oxide activated carbons (labeled as PBC-SA, and PBC-Zn respectively) were employed as adsorbents for uranium sorption from aqueous solution. Various analytical techniques, including SEM (Scanning Electron Microscopy), EXD (X-ray Diffraction), BET (Brunauer-Emmett-Teller), FTIR (Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy), and Zeta potential, provide insights into the material characteristics...
April 4, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573508/influence-of-building-spatial-patterns-on-wind-environment-and-air-pollution-dispersion-inside-an-industrial-park-based-on-cfd-simulation
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Qiang Zhao, Rui Li, Kaifa Cao, Mingjian Yi, Hao Liu
The "spatial pattern-wind environment-air pollution" within building clusters is closely interconnected, where different spatial pattern parameters may have varying degrees of impact on the wind environment and pollutant dispersion. Due to the complex spatial structure within industrial parks, this complexity may lead to the accumulation and retention of air pollutants within the parks. Therefore, to alleviate the air pollution situation in industrial parks in China and achieve the circular transformation and construction of parks, this study takes Hefei Circular Economy Demonstration Park as the research object...
April 4, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573498/biochar-imparted-constructed-wetlands-cws-for-enhanced-biodegradation-of-organic-and-inorganic-pollutants-along-with-its-limitation
#25
REVIEW
Ruba Munir, Amna Muneer, Bushra Sadia, Fazila Younas, Muhammad Zahid, Muhammad Yaseen, Saima Noreen
The remediation of polluted soil and water stands as a paramount task in safeguarding environmental sustainability and ensuring a dependable water source. Biochar, celebrated for its capacity to enhance soil quality, stimulate plant growth, and adsorb a wide spectrum of contaminants, including organic and inorganic pollutants, within constructed wetlands, emerges as a promising solution. This review article is dedicated to examining the effects of biochar amendments on the efficiency of wastewater purification within constructed wetlands...
April 4, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573396/analysis-of-human-health-effects-under-ozone-exposure-in-the-oasis-area-of-hetao-plain
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Lanzhi Wang, Tianzhen Ju, Bingnan Li, Xuhui Xia, Cheng Huang, Zhichao Lv, Zhenrong Gu
This article, based on OMI data products, utilizes spatial distribution, ozone-sensitive control areas, Pearson correlation methods, and the Ben-MAP model to study the changes in ozone column concentration from 2018 to 2022, along with the influencing factors and the health of populations exposed to ozone. The findings suggest a spatial variation in the ozone column concentration within the study area, with an increasing trend observed from west to east and from south to north. Over time, the ozone column concentration exhibits an initial increase followed by a subsequent decrease, with the peak concentration observed in 2019 at 37...
April 4, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38570395/carcinogenic-non-carcinogenic-risk-and-attributable-cases-to-organochlorine-pesticide-exposure-in-women-from-northern-mexico
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alma Rincón-Rubio, Ángel Mérida-Ortega, Rodrigo Ugalde-Resano, Brenda Gamboa-Loira, Stephen J Rothenberg, Fernando Bejarano González, Mariano E Cebrián, Lizbeth López-Carrillo
This study aimed to estimate the carcinogenic and non-carcinogenic risk as well as the attributable cases due to exposure to organochlorine pesticides (OCPs): hexachlorobenzene (HCB), dichlorophenyltrichloroethane (DDT), hexachlorocyclohexane (HCH), heptachlor, and chlordane. From serum concentrations of pesticides of interest in a sample of 908 women from Northern Mexico, the risk for both cancer and non-cancer health effects was evaluated. The population attributable fraction (PAF) was also calculated based on summary association estimates between exposure to OCPs and different health events...
April 4, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38570386/arsenic-and-mercury-exposure-in-different-insect-trophic-guilds-from-mercury-mining-areas-in-mexico
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Carlos Alberto Rebolloso-Hernández, Moisés Roberto Vallejo-Pérez, Leticia Carrizales-Yáñez, Giulio Jordan Garrigos-Lomelí, Israel Razo-Soto, Fernando Diaz-Barriga
The exposure to arsenic and mercury in various insect trophic guilds from two mercury mining sites in Mexico was assessed. The two study sites were La Laja (LL) and La Soledad (LS) mines. Additionally, a reference site (LSR) was evaluated for LS. The terrestrial ecosystem was studied at LL, whereas both the terrestrial ecosystem and a stream called El Cedral (EC) were assessed at LS. The study sites are situated in the Biosphere Reserve Sierra Gorda (BRSG). Mercury vapor concentrations were measured with a portable analyzer, and concentrations of arsenic and mercury in environmental and biological samples were determined through atomic absorption spectrophotometry...
April 4, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38570374/biochar-obtained-from-eucalyptus-rice-hull-and-native-bamboo-as-an-alternative-to-decrease-mobility-of-hexazinone-metribuzin-and-quinclorac-in-a-tropical-soil
#29
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Maria Alice Formiga Porto, Kassio Ferreira Mendes, Valdemar Luiz Tornisielo, Marcela Guiotoku, Matheus de Freitas Souza, Hamurábi Anizio Lins, Daniel Valadão Silva
Mobile herbicides have a high potential for groundwater contamination. An alternative to decrease the mobility of herbicides is to apply materials with high sorbent capacity to the soil, such as biochars. The objective of this research was to evaluate the effect of eucalyptus, rice hull, and native bamboo biochar amendments on sorption and desorption of hexazinone, metribuzin, and quinclorac in a tropical soil. The sorption-desorption was evaluated using the batch equilibrium method at five concentrations of hexazinone, metribuzin, and quinclorac...
April 4, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38570428/quantifying-the-impact-of-urban-road-traffic-on-air-quality-activity-pre-pandemic-and-during-partial-and-full-lockdowns
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nawaf S Alhajeri, Fahad M Al-Fadhli, Ahmed Aly, David T Allen
The impact of partial and full COVID lockdowns in 2020 on vehicle miles traveled (VMT) in Kuwait was estimated using data extracted from the Directions API of Google Maps and a Python script running as a cronjob. This approach was validated by comparing the predictions based on the app to measuring traffic flows for 1 week across four road segments considered in this study. VMT during lockdown periods were compared to VMT for the same calendar weeks before the pandemic. NOx emissions were estimated based on VMT and were used to simulate the spatial patterns of NOx concentrations using an air quality model (AERMOD)...
April 3, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38570421/health-risk-assessment-of-heavy-metals-in-some-vegetables-erbil-city-kurdistan-region-of-iraq
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Dldar Saleh Ismael, Siraj Muhammed Abdulla Goran
Heavy metals can have significant impacts on human health due to their toxicity and potential to accumulate in the body over time. Some heavy metals, such as lead, cadmium, mercury, and arsenic, are particularly harmful even at low concentrations. The estimation of hazards of vegetable intake to human health as well as explore the of heavy metals accumulation in different vegetables (cucumbers, tomato, eggplant, and bell peppers) collected in Erbil city from different source locally and imported from nearby country are conducted...
April 3, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38570413/spatiotemporal-variations-health-risk-assessment-and-sources-of-potentially-toxic-elements-in-potamic-water-of-the-anday-stream-basin-t%C3%A3-rkiye-black-sea-region
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cem Tokatli, Ekrem Mutlu, Fikret Ustaoğlu, Abu Reza Towfiqul Islam, Said Muhammad
Monitoring and protecting freshwater habitats are paramount for a sustainable water management perspective. This study investigated potentially toxic elements (PTEs) in the potamic water of the Anday Stream Basin (Türkiye), Black Sea Region, for a hydrological year (from May 2020 to April 2021). Among PTEs, the highest average values were recorded for sodium (Na) at 41.3 mg/L and the lowest for mercury (Hg) at 0.009 μg/L and noted under quality guidelines. The stream was found to be at the level of "Low Heavy Metal Pollution" and "Low Contamination" based on the ecotoxicological risk indices...
April 3, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38570390/biological-wastewater-treatment-a-comprehensive-sustainability-analysis-using-life-cycle-assessment
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ritesh Kumar, Kulvendra Patel, S K Singh
The research conducts a life cycle assessment (LCA) on wastewater treatment (WWT) methods-membrane bioreactor (MBR), soil biotechnology (SBT), and bio-electrochemical constructed wetlands (BCW)-in comparison with the conventional activated sludge process (ASP). Employing SimaPro v9.5 with a cradle-to-gate system boundary, the analysis utilizes the IMPACT 2002 + method, employing per cubic meter of treated wastewater as the functional unit. The analysis shows that SBT exhibits the lowest environmental impacts among the considered WWT methods...
April 3, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38570389/quantitative-macroinvertebrate-bioassessment-in-seasonally-astatic-aquatic-habitats-part-i-quantitative-method
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
D Christopher Rogers, Barry Baba
Seasonally astatic aquatic habitats are important ecologically, municipally, and agriculturally. Regulatory agencies and conservation organizations have developed various plans for protecting or constructing temporary wetlands, resulting in habitat monitoring requirements, particularly as relates to restoration and constructed habitats. Unfortunately, there has been no effort to develop a unified, consistent method for wetland biological monitoring. This is particularly true for habitats important in a regulatory sense...
April 3, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38568381/investigation-of-organic-micropollutant-pollution-in-%C3%A4-zmit-bay-a-comparative-study-of-passive-sampling-and-instantaneous-sampling-techniques
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ömer Faruk Çiftbudak, Ertuğrul Aslan, Hakan Atabay, Leyla Tolun, Nuray Çağlar Balkıs, Serkan Yeşilot
In this study, we used a comprehensive array of sampling techniques to examine the pollution caused by organic micropollutants in İzmit Bay for the first time. Our methodology contains spot seawater sampling, semi-permeable membrane devices (SPMDs) passive samplers for time-weighted average (TWA), and sediment sampling for long-term pollution detection in İzmit Bay, together. Additionally, the analysis results obtained with these three sampling methods were compared in this study. Over the course of two seasons in 2020 and 2021, we deployed SPMDs for 21 days in the first season and for 30 days in the second season...
April 3, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38565727/physicochemical-properties-and-heavy-metal-concentration-of-soils-along-enyigba-mining-site-in-ikwo-ebonyi-state-nigeria
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Odera Chukwumaijem Okafor, Miracle Ogbonne Onwumere, Chidinma Susan Iroegbu, Charles Ndubuisi Mbah
This study assessed the physicochemical properties of soils and their levels of heavy metal contents in soils along the Enyigba mining site in Ikwo, Ebonyi State, Nigeria. A total of 96 samples of soil were taken at depths of 0 to 20 cm using a soil auger and core sampler at a horizontal spacing of 100 m between each location and examined using standard laboratory techniques. The control soil samples were taken from the Alex Ekwueme Federal University Experimental and Research Farm in Ebonyi State, at a distance of 50 m from each spot at a depth of 0 to 20 cm...
April 3, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38565815/isolation-and-characterization-of-novel-cadmium-resistant-escherichia-fergusonii-zsf-15-from-industrial-effluent-for-flocculant-production-and-antioxidant-enzyme-activity
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Saima Zafar, Asma Ashraf, Sumreen Hayat, Muhammad Hussnain Siddique, Muhammad Waseem, Mudassir Hassan, Hira Qaisar, Saima Muzammil
Cadmium (Cd) is a highly toxic metal that frequently contaminates our environment. In this study, the bioflocculant-producing, cadmium-resistant Escherichia fergusonii ZSF-15 was characterized from Paharang drain, Bawa Chak, Faisalabad, Pakistan. The Cd-resistant E. fergusonii was used to determine the bioflocculant production using yeast-peptone-glycerol medium (pH 6.5) supplemented with 50 mg L-1 of Cd. The culture was incubated for 3 days at 37 °C in a rotary shaker at 120 rpm. The fermentation broth was centrifuged at 4000 g for 10 min after the incubation period...
April 2, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38565772/assessment-of-the-health-impacts-of-air-pollution-exposure-in-east-african-countries
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Valérien Baharane, Andrey Borisovich Shatalov
The health effects of air pollution remain a public concern worldwide. Using data from the Global Burden of Disease 2019 report, we statistically analyzed total mortality, disability-adjusted life years (DALY), and years of life lost (YLL) attributable to air pollution in eight East African countries between 1990 and 2019. We acquired ambient ozone (O3 ), PM2.5 concentrations and household air pollution (HAP) from the solid fuel from the State of Global Air report. The multilinear regression model was used to evaluate the predictability of YLLs by the air pollutants...
April 2, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38564123/dynamic-simulation-and-projection-of-esv-changes-in-arid-regions-caused-by-urban-growth-under-climate-change-scenarios
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Xiaoyan Tang, Yongjiu Feng, Mengrong Xi, Shurui Chen, Rong Wang, Zhenkun Lei
Spatial simulation and projection of ecosystem services value (ESV) changes caused by urban growth are important for sustainable development in arid regions. We developed a new model of cellular automata based grasshopper optimization algorithm (named GOA-CA) for simulating urban growth patterns and assessing the impacts of urban growth on ESV changes under climate change scenarios. The results show that GOA-CA yielded overall accuracy exceeding 98%, and FOM for 2010 and 2020 were 43.2% and 38.1%, respectively, indicating the effectiveness of the model...
April 2, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38564102/microplastic-pollution-in-the-chapora-river-goa-southwest-india-spatial-distribution-and-risk-assessment
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Niyati Kalangutkar, Shritesh Mhapsekar, Prachi Redkar, Gokul Valsan, Anish Kumar Warrier
The amount of information available on the microplastic (MP) contamination in Goa's riverine water systems is currently limited. The abundance, size, colour, and polymer composition of microplastics in Chapora River surface water were investigated in this study. MPs in Chapora River surface water ranged from 0.1 particles/L (station 13) to 0.47 particles/L (station 5). The mean (± standard deviation) MP concentration was 0.25 (± 0.13) particles/L. Fibre was the dominant shape (77.15%), followed by fragments (12...
April 2, 2024: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
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