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International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health

C Copperstone, G McNeill, L Aucott, D M Jackson
Background Excessive sugar consumption remains implicated as one of the key dietary factors that has been linked to overweight and obesity in children. Schools have been identified as an important setting for health promotion interventions in children and can be successful in bringing about dietary behavioral change when well designed. Objective The main aim of the study was to conduct a pilot intervention study and assess the possible effects of educational and environmental methodological components on sugar intake and water consumption in Maltese school children...
February 15, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Marjan Havaei, Leili Salehi, Mahnaz Akbari-Kamrani, Mitra Rahimzadeh, Sara Esmaelzadeh-Saeieh
Background Adolescents should be empowered to improve their reproductive and sexual health needs. The present study aimed to investigate effects of protection motivation theory-based education on student girls' reproductive and sexual health self-care. Methods This randomized controlled trial was conducted in parallel on 90 female students living in dormitories of the Alborz University of Medical Sciences in Iran. The data collection lasted from January 2017 to May 2018. Convenience sampling was performed, and samples were put into intervention and control groups by block randomization...
February 12, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Pattaneeya Prangthip, Yee Mon Soe, Jean Faulan Signar
Background and objective Adolescence is a transition period involving tremendous physical, psychological and cognitive growth. For appropriate growth of adolescents in these aspects, a correct quantity and quality of nourishment is required, as a lack of such nourishment among adolescents can lead to various degrees of malnutrition, which may have implications on their health as well as their academic achievements. Materials and methods This review examines the research topics around factors that influence the nutritional status of adolescent students which can affect their academic performance...
February 7, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Rizwan Suliankatchi Abdulkader, Krithikalakshmi Sathiyamoorthy, Kathiresan Jeyashree
Introduction Intimate partner violence (IPV) refers to acts of physical/sexual violence, emotional/psychological abuse and controlling behaviour by a current or former intimate partner. Understanding the attitudes and perspectives of adolescents towards IPV can help in its prevention. The study aimed to assess the knowledge about various domains of IPV and self-reported prediction of perpetrating IPV among adolescents in Madurai city, South India. Methods Students pursuing engineering, medicine and humanities were recruited conveniently...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Catarina Faria, Henedina Antunes, Teresa Pontes, Ana Antunes, Sofia Martins, Susana Carvalho
Background Venous thromboembolism (VTE) - which includes deep venous thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism (PE) - has been increasingly recognized in the pediatric population. The estimated incidence is 0.07-0.14 cases per 10,000 children. Most cases are associated with two or more risk factors. Medium and long-term complications include recurrence and post-thrombotic syndrome (PTS). Objective To characterize the adolescent population with the diagnosis of DVT of lower limbs in a tertiary hospital, regarding its clinical presentation, associated risk factors, treatment and outcome...
February 1, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Aminolah Vasigh, Alireza Abdi, Milad Borji, Asma Tarjoman
Introduction Neuropathy is one of the most common complications of diabetes, which causes many problems for diabetic patients. Thus, the aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence of neuropathy among type 1 diabetic adolescents by systematic review and meta-analysis. Materials and methods This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis, which reviewed articles published from 2001 to September 1, 2018. The search process was carried out in the Google Scholar search engine and domestic and international databases such as Magiran, SID, Iranmedex, IranDoc, Medlib, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Springer, Wiley Online Library, Web of Science, Ebsco and Cochrane using Persian and English keywords based on MESH conformity...
January 26, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Mahmood Moosazadeh, Mahdi Afshari, Zohreh Hajheydari, Ali Charkameh, Asghar Nezammahalleh, Aliakbar Zerafat, Foroozan Rezaei, Maryam Rankoohi, Nasim Safari, Jalil Shojaei, Ahmad Ali Enayati
Introduction Head lice infestation is one of the main public health problems worldwide and a sanitary, cultural and economic indicator for communities' health. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of head lice infestation among female primary school children in selected districts of Mazandaran Province, Iran. Methods In this cross-sectional study, 3033 female school children were recruited using the consensus method. Head lice infestation was defined as visible adult lice, nymph or egg with the naked eye...
January 26, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Rafael Lavourinha Pinto, Bárbara da Silva Nalin de Souza, Rosangela Alves Pereira, Rosely Sichieri, Edna Massae Yokoo
Background Excessive sodium intake is a risk factor for developing systemic arterial hypertension. Increased blood pressure during childhood increases the risk of hypertension in adulthood. Assessing sodium intake across different eating places is important, as the meals offered in different places can influence dietary quality. Objective This study aimed to assess the contribution of different food groups to the mean of sodium intake of school-attending adolescents in the city of Niterói, a metropolitan area of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil...
January 23, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Donald E Greydanus, Joav Merrick
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Fatemeh Rafat, Sedighe Rezaie-Chamani, Mona Rahnavardi, Zahra Bostani Khalesi
Background One of the components of a healthy life is attending to spiritual needs, which can reduce harmful behaviors. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between spiritual health (SH) and health-promoting lifestyle (HPL) among students of Guilan University of Medical Sciences. Materials and methods The present cross-sectional study was conducted on 360 nursing and midwifery students at Guilan University of Medical Sciences. The data were collected using a self-administered socio-demographic questionnaire, Health-Promoting Lifestyle Profile-II (HPLP-II) and the Spirituality Well-being Scale (SWBS)...
January 12, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Michael Vaiman, Phillip Shilco, Yulia Roitblat, Lilia Nehuliaieva, Sari Rosenberg, Aidan Leit, Ryan Cleminson, Michael Shterenshis
Aim The reported incidence of isolated hemihyperplasia (IH) has a very wide range (from 1:13,000 to 1:86,000 live births) and further clarification is needed. We hypothesized that a survey of the birth prevalence of IH among newborn infants may underestimate the incidence of IH by overlooking late-onset cases. Methods The prospective international multicenter study utilized the two-steps selection tool for an anonymous survey of volunteers of 15-18 years old. The initial step was "three measurements-three questions" screening, or "face-palms-calves survey"...
January 12, 2019: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Banibrata Das, Somnath Gangopadhyay
Introduction Agricultural injuries are an important factor in mortality and morbidity for populations of preadolescents globally. Working preadolescents in agricultural sector are exposed to occupational risks and injury in India. Objective This study mainly assesses the nature of injuries among the preadolescent agricultural workers of West Bengal, India. Methods The survey was done by collecting the data on agricultural injuries from the Hooghly district of West Bengal. The injury data for 7 years between years 2010 and 2016 were collected by conducting a survey and personal interviews with the victims...
December 10, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Swathi Shenoy, Sudhin Karuppali
Background The syntactic structures used by adolescents can be calculated by measuring various markers that have the scope of developing with age. The use of such markers can be influenced by the type and modality of discourse on the individual uses. Aims The present study was aimed at exploring the syntactic development in 10-16-year-old Indian adolescents using markers such as sentences, clauses, subordinators, coordinators, T-units and the subordination index (SI) using written expository texts. Methods The study followed a cross-sectional study design following a non-random convenient sampling procedure...
December 8, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Farzaneh Soltani, Shahla Shafaati, Soodabeh Aghababaei, Vida Samiei, Ghodratollah Roshanaei
Background Prenatal care in adolescents is one of the most important challenges worldwide, especially in the regions with a specific culture and traditions. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of group counseling on knowledge and performance of pregnant adolescents in prenatal care in a Kurdish region in Iran. Methods This quasi-experimental study was conducted on pregnant adolescents attending in the health centers of Mahabad, a Kurdish city in Iran. Using a multi-stage cluster sampling method, after random selection of four health centers as the intervention and the control, primigravida adolescents with gestational age of 16-20 weeks filled out the demographic and midwifery characteristics questionnaire, as well as a prenatal care knowledge and performance of pregnant adolescents' questionnaire...
December 4, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Nastaran Norouzi Parashkouh, Leila Mirhadian, Abdolhossein EmamiSigaroudi, Ehsan Kazemnezhad Leili, Hengameh Karimi
Introduction Addiction to the Internet and mobile phones in adolescents could be related to loneliness. However, less research has been conducted on this topic in developing countries. This study aimed to examine addiction to the Internet and mobile phones and its relationship with loneliness in adolescents in Iran. Method This was a cross-sectional and analytic study that was conducted between 2015 and 2016 in Rasht, in the north of Iran. Subjects were selected through cluster sampling from female and male teens who were studying in the public and private schools...
December 4, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Sarni Maniar Berliana, Putu Arry Novelina Kristinadewi, Praba Diyan Rachmawati, Rista Fauziningtyas, Ferry Efendi, Angeline Bushy
Background While studies on reproductive health issues are discussed widely, until recently early marriage among adolescent has not received enough attention across stakeholders in Indonesia. This research aims to analyze the determinants of early marriage among female adolescents in Indonesia. Methods This study employs data from the Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2012 on females aged 15-19 years (n = 7207). The analytical methods used to determine factors of early marriage were chi-square and multiple logistic regression...
November 30, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Kristie Rupp, Stephanie M McCoy
Background Overweight and obesity in adolescence are associated with several negative health indicators; the association with flourishing, an indicator of overall well-being, is less clear. Objectives To examine associations between weight status and indicators of flourishing and academic engagement in adolescents. Subjects Analyses included 22,078 adolescents (10-17 years) from the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health. Methods Adolescents were grouped according to body mass index (BMI) classification; outcomes included indicators of flourishing and academic engagement...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
I Gusti Ngurah Edi Putra, Desri Astuti, Dyah Anantalia Widyastari, Dusita Phuengsamran
Adolescent sexual and reproductive health problems remain a public health concern in Indonesia. An increase of premarital sex as well as early sexual debut among adolescents without any protection leads to a high risk of adverse sexual and reproductive health consequences. This study aimed to assess condom use prevalence and identify its determinants among male adolescents who are sexually active in Indonesia. This was a cross-sectional study using secondary data from the Adolescent Reproductive Health component of the Indonesia Demographic and Health Survey (IDHS) 2012...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Emily C LaVoy, Katherine R Arlinghaus, Bridgette V Rooney, Priti Gupta, Richard Atkinson, Craig A Johnston
Infection with adenovirus 36 (Ad36) has been associated with risk of obesity in youth in some studies, but the seroprevalence of this virus has not been examined among all populations. As Hispanic-American youth are of greater risk for obesity than other American youth, we sought to determine the proportion of Ad36 seropositive (Ad36+) students in an urban middle school serving a Hispanic population. We further examined if Ad36+ students were more likely to have obesity, and if Ad36 serostatus impacted changes in weight status following a health intervention...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
Fei Chen, André Berchtold, Yara Barrense-Dias, Joan-Carles Suris
Background Earlier studies suggested a positive impact of spirituality on addictive disorders, but this effect has rarely been studied in a large adolescent and young adult population. Aim To examine the association between spiritual beliefs (general belief, the supporting role of spiritual belief, the critical role of spiritual belief) and potentially addictive behaviors (tobacco, alcohol, cannabis and other illegal drugs, excessive Internet use and gambling). Methods Data were collected using online self-report questionnaires among a sample of 5179 adolescents and young adults aged 15-24 years in post-mandatory education in Switzerland...
November 29, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
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