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Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging

K Nihaal Reddy, Harpreet S Grewal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Reddy Ravikanth, Kanagasabai Kamalasekar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Rahul S Ranjan, Sunil Taneja, Anil Singh, Vikas Gupta
Congenital biotinidase deficiency is a rare inborn error of metabolism that most commonly presents in infantile age group. Diffusion changes on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are sparsely described in the literature. We are presenting diffusion-weighted MRI findings in two confirmed cases of congenital biotinidase deficiency in infantile age group with review of literature.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Sivasubramanian Srinivasan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Ambarish P Bhat, Ashwin Pimpalwar, Peter C Dyke Ii
Ultrasonographic (US) guided procedures have wide range of application in the abdomen and pelvis, however their role is somewhat limited in the chest due to complete reflection of the ultrasound beam by the air in the lungs, preventing the direct imaging of the tissues deep to the air-sound interface. Most of the chest procedures, other than the exception of thoracentesis, rely on the use of CT (computed tomography) scan. The disadvantages of using CT scan is the cost, lack of portability, and most importantly the radiation involved, particularly in case of infants and children, whose tissues are more radiosensitive than the adults...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Bhumika Suthar, Kanishka Aggarwal
Neonatal breast enlargements have varying number of presentations on imaging and these have been underreported in the literature. Our case report profiles a 2-week-old female who presented with a history of bilateral breast enlargement with redness and clear, non-bloody, milk-like discharge, who was clinically diagnosed and managed for neonatal mastitis, which was actually a neonatal breast enlargement only. Awareness on neonatal breast enlargement that can be just physiological without any associated mastitis or inflammatory/infective changes can prevent unnecessary hospitalization and treatment with parenteral antibiotics...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Vinay Maurya, Giriraj Singh, Birma Ram, Prosenjit Ganguli
Primary lymphoma of breast is very rare which has no tell-tale imaging characteristics. Multimodality imaging helps not only in suggesting the possibility of lymphoma but also in its management. We present here one such case which was extensively worked up with various imaging modalities and was histologically proven as primary breast lymphoma.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Ashwin Deshmukh, Nirav Kadavani, Ritu Kakkar, Shrinivas Desai, Ganapathi M Bhat
Coronary arterial air embolism is an extremely rare but readily recognizable condition on computed tomography (CT) that may complicate a lung biopsy. We present an incidence of symptomatic air embolism into the right coronary artery during a percutaneous CT-guided lung biopsy that was successfully recognized during the procedure and managed accordingly. An active search for this complication should be made when the patient deteriorates on table and the usual complications (pneumothorax, vasovagal shock, etc...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Ana Isabel Franco, Sari Arponen, Fátima Hermoso, María-José García
Introduction: Simultaneous subcutaneous emphysema, spontaneous pneumothorax, and pneumomediastinum are complications rarely observed synchronously during an acute exacerbation of bronchial asthma. Although spontaneous pneumothorax has already been reported in asthma patients in the literature, its concurrence with subcutaneous emphysema and pneumomediastinum is extremely rare except for iatrogenic conditions. Case Study: We describe a patient who presented to the emergency room with progressive dyspnea and chest pain...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Mary Varunya Jehendran, V Monish, Suresh Aswathappa, H V Ramprakash
Primary intracranial leiomyoma is a rare tumour of mesenchymal origin, with less than 30 cases reported in literature including two cases from the Indian subcontinent. In this article, we describe a case of primary intracranial leiomyoma in an immunocompromised patient with a brief review of literature.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Feng Poh, Rocco Hlis, Avneesh Chhabra
Sickle cell anemia is an inherited disorder with many systemic complications. Peripheral neuropathy related to this disorder has been sparsely reported. We report an interesting case of upper limb peripheral neuropathy from sickle cell disease with emphasis on MR neurography appearances and electrophysiology correlation.
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Ameya S Kawthalkar, Rachel A Sequeira, Supreeta Arya, Akshay D Baheti
Context: Radiologists as a group face unique occupational health hazards among which musculoskeletal injuries, chronic eye strain, and others are yet to receive adequate attention. Constant mental strain due to demanding turnaround times and work pressures may lead to burnout and depression. These combine to decrease overall work satisfaction and productivity. Aims: To study the prevalence of various health issues faced by radiologists in India and to assess whether specific demographic and occupational factors are associated with an increased risk...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Supawitoo Sookpeng, Colin J Martin, Chitsanupong Butdee
Background: Computed tomography (CT) automatic tube current modulation (ATCM) systems and iterative reconstruction (IR) play an important role in CT radiation dose optimization. How the two can best be used together is one of the challenges faced by radiology professionals. Aim: To determine optimum settings of ATCM noise index (NI) together with adaptive statistic iterative reconstruction (ASIR) for a general electric (GE) scanner that aims to achieve similar image quality to the standard protocol used in the hospital (Smart mA technique with NI of 11...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Yashwant Patidar, Lalit Garg, Amar Mukund, Shiv Kumar Sarin
Background of the Article: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the most common human malignancies worldwide. Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is considered curative option in selected patients; efficacy is severely limited by lesion size and lesions bordering a large vessel. On the other hand, transarterial chemoembolization (TACE) is not limited by lesion size and arterial occlusion of the tumor feeding vessels leads to increase the volume of the ablative zone. Combination treatments using both intraarterial liver-directed therapy and percutaneous ablation seek to overcome the disadvantages of the individual treatments alone, theoretically improving response to therapy and survival...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Amar Mukund, Aniket Mondal, Yashwant Patidar, Senthil Kumar
Aims and Objectives: To evaluate the outcome of preoperative portal vein embolization (PVE) using N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) for change in future liver remnant (FLR) volume, biochemical changes, and procedure-related complications. The factors affecting FLR hypertrophy and the rate of resection was also evaluated for this cohort. Materials and Methods: From 2012 to 2017, PVE utilizing NBCA mixed with lipiodol (1:4) was performed using percutaneous approach in 28 patients with hepatobiliary malignancies with low FLR...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Ishan Kumar, Priyanka Aggarwal, Vineeta Gupta, Ashish Verma, Suwen Kumar, Ram C Shukla
Background: Cardiac iron deposition in transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients is patchy in distribution. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to assess the correlation between T2* matrices of membranous interventricular septum (MIVS) and T2* values of muscular interventricular septum (IVS) on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and to evaluate the relationship of myocardial T2* at these two locations with MRI-estimated liver iron concentrations (LIC) and electrocardiographic (ECG) parameters...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Sunita Dashottar, T Preeth Pany, Nishant Lohia
Background: Diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) has evolved as a major diagnostic and prognostic tool in cervical cancer. The aim of our study was to compare the change in mean apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) value before and after concurrent chemoradiation therapy (CCRT) in carcinoma cervix thereby establishing its role as a cancer biomarker. Materials and Methods: A hospital-based prospective study was conducted in 35 patients diagnosed with cervical cancer...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Amarnath Chellathurai, Komalavalli Subbiah, Atchaya Elangovan, Sivakumar Kannappan
Objective: The purpose of this study was to correlate the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings of adhesive capsulitis with clinical stages and thereby propose a MR staging system. Materials and Methods: This study consisted of 74 patients with clinically diagnosed adhesive capsulitis. The edema of the inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL), pericapsular edema, thickness of anterior band of IGHL, axillary pouch, thickness of coracohumeral ligament, and obliteration of fat in the subcoracoid triangle were evaluated by MRI...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Jitendra Parmar, Maulik Vora, Chander Mohan, Sandip Shah, Harsh Mahajan, Tapan Patel
Aims and Objectives: To study "Honeycomb" pattern of gallbladder wall thickening (GBWT) in dengue fever (DF) and to assess its clinical significance in early diagnosis of severe DF. Materials and Methods: A total 244 patients of DF were studied, 84 patients were classified as severe DF, 61 patients as DF with warning signs, and 99 patients as DF without warning signs. Abdominal ultrasound was performed for assessment of GBWT patterns, hepatomegaly, splenomegaly, pancreatic enlargement, ascites, pleural effusion, and other additional findings were recorded in severe DF cases...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
Rohan Kamat, Pankaj Gupta, Yalaka Rami Reddy, Suman Kochhar, Birinder Nagi, Rakesh Kochhar
Corrosive ingestion is a common form of poisoning. Corrosive agents cause severe damage to the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. The most severe forms of injury can lead to mortality; however, the major concern with this type of injury is life-long morbidity. Upper GI endoscopy is the test of choice for assessing severity in the acute phase of the disease. The long-term management is based on the site, length, number, location, and tightness of the stricture. This information is best provided by the barium contrast studies...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Radiology & Imaging
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