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Journals Child's Nervous System : ChNS ...

Child's Nervous System : ChNS : Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery

https://read.qxmd.com/read/38630268/catatonia-associated-with-pediatric-postoperative-cerebellar-mutism-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Walter Jaimes-Albornoz, Peter Wu, Lydia García de Mendaza-Martínez de Icaya, Farah Rozali, María Martínez-Querol, Rowena Smith, Marco Isetta, Ángel Ruiz de Pellón Santamaria, Jordi Serra-Mestres
OBJECTIVE: To ascertain the presence of catatonia in cases of pediatric postoperative cerebellar mutism syndrome (PPCMS). METHOD: A systematic review of PPCMS case reports of patients aged 0-17 years with sufficient clinical information to extract catatonic phenomena was undertaken following PRISMA guidelines. Standardized catatonia rating scales were applied to selected cases retrospectively to ascertain whether diagnostic criteria for catatonia were met. A case known to the authors is also presented...
April 17, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38630267/bibliometric-analysis-of-emerging-trends-and-research-foci-in-brainstem-tumor-field-over-30%C3%A2-years-1992-2023
#2
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yibo Geng, Luyang Xie, Jinping Li, Yang Wang, Xiong Li
PURPOSE: Over the past several decades, numerous articles have been published on brainstem tumors. However, there has been limited bibliometric analysis in this field. Therefore, we conducted a bibliometric analysis to elucidate the evolution and current status of brainstem tumor research. METHODS: We retrieved 5525 studies published in English between 1992 and 2023 from the Web of Science Core Collection database. We employed bibliometric tools and VOSviewer to conduct the analysis...
April 17, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38625589/migration-of-the-anal-distal-end-due-to-ventriculoperitoneal-shunt-placement-an-atypical-case-report-of-a-9-month-old-infant-with-tuberculous-meningitis-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Francisco Zarra, Adnan Hussain Shahid, Dhruv Nihal Gandhi, Luis Rafael Moscote Salazar, Bipin Chaurasia
BACKGROUND: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) represents one of the most classic and widely used treatments for hydrocephalus in pediatric patients. Migration and externalization of the distal end of the catheter through the rectum are extremely rare complications of intestinal perforation with devastating consequences such as meningitis or peritonitis due to enteric bacteria that are significantly life-threatening. Besides, one of the biggest topics with that is that it can happen without producing symptoms, like the patient we present in this case report, which further masks the condition and puts the patient's life more at risk...
April 16, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38619586/clinical-factors-management-and-outcomes-of-children-under-3%C3%A2-years-old-with-central-nervous-system-tumors-single-center-experience
#4
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nurşah Eker, Gülnur Tokuç, Alican Sarısaltık, Adnan Dağçınar, Dilek Gül, Beste Melek Atasoy, Barış Yılmaz, Burcu Tufan Taş
PURPOSE: Children under 3 years old represent a notable portion, about 25 to 30%, of all central nervous system tumor (CNS) cases. Their clinical course, prognosis, and treatment significantly differ from older children. This single-center retrospective study aims to comprehensively analyze survival factors in children under three diagnosed with CNS tumors. METHODS: Between April 2012 and December 2023, cases under 3 years of age with CNS tumors diagnosed at our center were retrospectively evaluated...
April 15, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38613587/epigenetics-to-clinicopathological-features-a-bibliometric-analysis-of-h3-g34-mutant-diffuse-hemispheric-glioma-literature
#5
REVIEW
Jordan T Roach, Cecile Riviere-Cazaux, Brennan A Wells, Frederick A Boop, David J Daniels
PURPOSE: Pediatric-type diffuse high-grade gliomas are the leading cause of cancer-related morbidity and mortality in children. More than 30% of diffuse hemispheric gliomas (DHG) in adolescents harbor histone H3 G34 mutations and are recognized by the World Health Organization as a distinct tumor entity. By reporting bibliometric characteristics of the most cited publications on H3 G34-mutant DHG (H3 G34 DHG), we provide an overview of emerging literature and speculate where future research efforts may lead...
April 13, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38609721/mirror-movements-associated-with-cervical-limited-dorsal-myeloschisis-a-unique-case-study
#6
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Nishant Gobbur, Subhas K Konar, Gyani J S Birua, Abhinith Shashidhar, Arivazhagan A
Mirror movements, characterized by involuntary symmetrical movements in contralateral body parts during intentional movements, have been associated with various neurological conditions. Limited dorsal myeloschisis (LDM), a rare form of spinal dysraphism, is defined by a focal closed midline defect and a fibro-neural stalk connecting the skin lesion to the underlying cord. We present a unique case of a 4-year-old girl with cervical LDM exhibiting mirror movements. The patient underwent surgical exploration, skin tag excision, fibrous tract removal, and cervical spinal cord detethering...
April 12, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38607550/pediatric-hemispheric-cerebellar-low-grade-gliomas-clinical-approach-diagnosis-and-management-challenges-experience-at-a-tertiary-care-children-s-hospital
#7
REVIEW
Santiago Ezequiel Cicutti, Ramiro José Del Río, Adrian Cáceres, Javier Danilo Gonzalez Ramos
PURPOSE: This study aims to provide an exhaustive analysis of pediatric low-grade gliomas (pLGGs) in the cerebellar hemispheres, focusing on incidence, clinical characteristics, surgical outcomes, and prognosis. It seeks to enhance understanding and management of pLGGs in the pediatric population. METHODS: We conducted an observational, descriptive, retrospective, and cross-sectional study at a pediatric hospital, reviewing medical records of 30 patients with cerebellar hemispheric pLGGs treated from December 2014 to January 2023...
April 12, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38607549/giant-cerebral-cavernous-malformation-in-a-newborn-a-rare-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ismael Moreno, Gianluca Scalia, Giuseppe Emmanuele Umana, Ciro Soriano, Isis Alcivar, Bipin Chaurasia
BACKGROUND: Cavernous malformations (CMs), also known as cavernomas or cavernous angiomas, are vascular malformations characterized by sinusoidal spaces lined by endothelial cells. Giant CMs (GCMs) are extremely rare, with limited understanding of their presentation and management. We present a case of symptomatic GCM in a newborn and review the literature on this rare entity. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 1-month-old newborn presented with focal seizures and signs of increased intracranial pressure...
April 12, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38602531/staged-neurosurgical-approach-for-giant-and-progressive-neonatal-arachnoid-cysts-a-case-series-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
REVIEW
Aurelia Peraud, Marie Schuler-Ortoli, Matthias Schaal, Frank Reister, Harald Ehrhardt, Ulrike Friebe-Hoffmann
OBJECTIVES: Prenatally diagnosed complex arachnoid cysts are very rare. While the true prenatal incidence is still unknown, they account for approximately 1% of intracranial masses in newborns. They rarely exhibit rapid growth or cause obstructive hydrocephalus, but if they increase to such a dimension during pregnancy, the ideal management is not well established. We present our detailed perinatal experience, covering prenatal diagnosis, a compassionate delivery process, and neonatal stabilization...
April 11, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587626/telemetric-icp-monitoring-in-children-a-national-questionnaire-based-study
#10
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sarah Hornshøj Pedersen, Kasper Amund Henriksen, Sara Duus Gustafsen, Torben Skovbo Hansen, Rikke Guldager, Marianne Juhler
PURPOSE: Telemetric monitoring of intracranial pressure (ICP) facilitates long-term measurements and home monitoring, thus potentially reducing diagnostic imaging and acute hospital admissions in favour of outpatient appointments. Especially in paediatric patients, telemetric ICP monitoring requires a high level of collaboration and compliance from patients and parents. In this study, we aim to systematically investigate (1) patient and parent perception of telemetric ICP system utility and (2) hospital contact history and thus the potential cost-benefit of telemetric ICP monitoring in paediatric patients with a cerebrospinal fluid disorder...
April 8, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587625/stable-fixation-using-absorbable-sutures-in-craniofacial-surgery-in-patients-over-24%C3%A2-months-of-age-a-retrospective-study
#11
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Julian Faber, Christian Linz, Hartmut Böhm, Felix Kunz, Tilmann Schweitzer
PURPOSE: In craniofacial surgery, the stable fixation of transposed bone segments is crucial in order to ensure good long-term results. The use of absorbable material in fixation avoids the need for a second surgery, which would otherwise be required to remove osteosynthesis material. The authors of the present manuscript have already demonstrated that absorbable sutures ensure the stable fixation of bone segments in patients up to 24 months of age. However, it has thus far remained unclear whether stable fixation is possible in older patients by using only absorbable sutures due to the slower bone remodelling and prolonged healing time in this cohort...
April 8, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38587624/seizures-as-presentation-of-shunt-malfunction-tertiary-paediatric-neurosurgery-experience
#12
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Aimee Goel, Vesta S Najmi, Katie Herbert, Amy Drew, Desiderio Rodrigues, Fardad T Afshari
AIM: Patients with a background of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF)-diverting shunts are frequently investigated for shunt malfunction when presenting with seizures. However, there is very limited evidence in the literature regarding the association of seizures and shunt malfunction. We sought to determine the incidence of shunt malfunction in our cohort of shunted paediatric patients presenting with seizures, and the utility of seizures as a marker of shunt malfunction. METHODS: We retrospectively identified all shunted patients presenting with seizures, as well as all patients undergoing shunt revision following a presentation with seizures from our hospital database over a 14-year period from 2009 to 2023...
April 8, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578480/a-qualitative-analysis-of-patient-and-caregiver-experiences-with-myelomeningocele-through-online-discussion-boards
#13
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Shriya Koneru, Sanjeevani Bhavsar, Sangami Pugazenthi, Gretchen M Koller, Sasidhar Karuparti, Michael R Kann, Jennifer M Strahle
PURPOSE: Patients and caregivers impacted by myelomeningocele (MMC) use online discussion board forums to create community and share information and concerns about this complex medical condition. We aim to identify the primary concerns expressed on these forums with the goal of understanding gaps in care that may merit investment of resources to improve care received by this population. METHODS: Anonymous posts from online MMC discussion boards were compiled using internet search engines...
April 5, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578479/sports-participation-after-craniosynostosis-repair-the-critical-role-of-post-operative-guidance-in-parental-decision-making
#14
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Neil Parikh, Kevin G Hu, Omar Allam, Jacqueline M Ihnat, Albert L Rancu, Sam Boroumand, John A Persing, Michael Alperovich
PURPOSE: Despite previous research supporting patient safety in sports after craniosynostosis surgery, parental anxiety remains high. This study sought to evaluate the role of healthcare providers in guiding patients and families through the decision-making process. METHODS: Parents of children with repaired craniosynostosis were asked to assess sports involvement and parental decision-making in children ages 6 and older. Questions were framed primarily on 5-point Likert scales...
April 5, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38578478/bleeding-solitary-sega-in-non-tuberous-sclerosis-complex-adolescent-a-case-illustration-and-review-of-literature
#15
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Vich Yindeedej, Kitiwan Rojnueangnit, Pasinee Chotsakulthong, Chatchai Thamwongskul
Subependymal giant cell astrocytoma (SEGA) represents a benign brain tumor occurring in 5-20% of individuals diagnosed with tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), serving as a major diagnostic criterion. The presence of SEGA in a patient often prompts consideration of TSC as a probable diagnosis, given its unique association with this disorder. Typically, only one additional major criterion or two minor criteria are necessary to fulfill the diagnostic criteria for TSC. However, in rare instances, SEGA may manifest in patients without clinical features of TSC, termed solitary SEGA...
April 5, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573550/unilateral-deep-brain-stimulation-dbs-of-nucleus-ventralis-intermedius-thalami-vim-for-the-treatment-of-post-traumatic-tremor-in-children-a-multicentre-experience
#16
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Simone Peraio, Giorgio Mantovani, Tommaso Araceli, Lorenzo Mongardi, Alice Noris, Edoardo Fino, Francesca Formica, Luigi Piccinini, Federico Melani, Matteo Lenge, Roberta Scalise, Roberta Battini, Andrea Di Rita, Ludovico D'Incerti, Tayler Appleton, Michele Alessandro Cavallo, Renzo Guerrini, Flavio Giordano
PURPOSE: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of nucleus ventralis intermedius thalami (Vim) is a validated technique for the treatment of essential tremor (ET) in adults. Conversely, its use for post traumatic tremor (PTT) and in paediatric patients is still debated. We evaluated the efficacy of Vim-DBS for lesional tremor in three paediatric patients with drug-resistant post-traumatic unilateral tremor. METHODS: We retrospectively collected data regarding three patients with unilateral tremor due to severe head injury, with no MRI evidence of basal ganglia lesions...
April 4, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38573549/delayed-subaponeurotic-fluid-collection-dsfc-systematic-review-and-case-report
#17
REVIEW
Laura Cid Mendes, Andoni García Martín, Laura Ruiz Martín, Patricia Alejandra Garrido Ruiz, Disney Ramón Rodríguez Cedeño, Andrea Belén Carpio Bohorque, Juan Carlos Roa Montes de Oca
PURPOSE: DSFC (delayed subaponeurotic fluid collection) is a benign pathology associated with the first weeks of life and scarcely described in the literature. Normally characterized by a lack of trauma and/or cranial fracture, it is associated with a history of instrumental delivery and the use of fetal electrodes. Taking it in consideration in the differential diagnosis of neonatal scalp swelling becomes important. The objective of this work is to expand knowledge on this entity: history, clinical characteristics, diagnosis, and treatment...
April 4, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38568218/long-term-sequelae-of-normocephalic-pansynostosis-a-rare-but-insidious-entity
#18
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Meagan Wu, Benjamin B Massenburg, Neil Reddy, Dominic J Romeo, Jinggang J Ng, Jesse A Taylor, Jordan W Swanson, Scott P Bartlett, Shih-Shan Lang
OBJECTIVE: Patients with normocephalic pansynostosis, who have a grossly normal head shape, are often overlooked early in life and present late with elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) requiring timely cranial vault expansion. This study evaluates the long-term clinical outcomes of patients with normocephalic pansynostosis. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with a clinical and radiographic diagnosis of primary pansynostosis who underwent vault reconstruction between 2000 and 2023...
April 3, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38563970/occipital-nerve-stimulation-in-pediatric-patients-with-refractory-occipital-neuralgia
#19
JOURNAL ARTICLE
James Mossner, Nour B Saleh, Maryam N Shahin, Joshua M Rosenow, Jeffrey S Raskin
PURPOSE: Occipital neuralgia (ON) is a disabling problem within the pediatric population. Many of these patients fail medical therapies and continue to suffer without further surgical management. Occipital nerve stimulation (ONS) is used to treat ON in the adult population leading to a 72-89% reduction in pain; however, there are limited studies regarding its use in the pediatric population. In this study, we examined the outcomes of ONS in pediatric patients with medically refractory ON...
April 2, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38557895/implementation-of-an-adapted-perioperative-ventriculoperitoneal-shunting-protocol-in-a-tertiary-center-located-in-a-low-to-middle-income-country
#20
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ataollah Shahbandi, Pedram Jahangiri, Keyvan Tayebi Meybodi, Farideh Nejat, Zohreh Habibi
OBJECTIVE: Preventative protocols have efficaciously reduced shunt infection in developed countries. However, the generalizability of these protocols in low-to-middle-income countries (LMICs) remains unclear. Previously, shunt insertion in the authors' center was routinely performed under institutional preventative precautions, which was updated via merging with the Hydrocephalus Clinical Research Network (HCRN) protocol. This study aimed to investigate the ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) infection rates in pediatric patients following the implementation of the adapted protocol...
April 1, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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