Andrew J Hoisington, Kevin Choy, Shanawaj Khair, Kiran U Dyamenahalli, Kevin M Najarro, Arek J Wiktor, Daniel N Frank, Ellen L Burnham, Rachel H McMahan, Elizabeth J Kovacs
Alcohol use is associated with an increased incidence of negative health outcomes in burn patients due to biological mechanisms that include a dysregulated inflammatory response and increased intestinal permeability. This study used phosphatidylethanol (PEth) in blood, a direct biomarker of recent alcohol use, to investigate associations between a recent history of alcohol use and the fecal microbiota, short chain fatty acids, and inflammatory markers in the first week after a burn injury for nineteen participants...
April 9, 2024: Alcohol
Lauren N Rutt, Mengfei Liu, Esther Melamed, Shannon Twardy, Jamie L Sturgill, Lisa A Brenner, Josiah Hardesty, Steven A Weinman, Madison M Tschann, Jared Travers, David A Welsh, Natalie Chichetto, Kathryn M Crotty, Bryan Mackowiak, Samantha M Yeligar, Todd A Wyatt, Rachel H McMahan, Mashkoor A Choudry, Elizabeth J Kovacs, Rebecca L McCullough
On December 8th 2023, the annual Alcohol and Immunology Research Interest Group (AIRIG) meeting was held at the University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus in Aurora, Colorado. The 2023 meeting focused broadly on how acute and chronic alcohol exposure leads to immune dysregulation, and how this contributes to damage in multiple tissues and organs. These include impaired lung immunity, intestinal dysfunction, autoimmunity, the gut-Central Nervous System (CNS) axis, and end-organ damage. In addition, diverse areas of alcohol research covered multiple pathways behind alcohol-induced cellular dysfunction, including inflammasome activation, changes in miRNA expression, mitochondrial metabolism, gene regulation, and transcriptomics...
April 4, 2024: Alcohol
Michail Papantoniou, Michail Rentzos, Thomas Zampelis, Elias Tzavellas, Thomas Paparrigopoulos, Panagiotis Kokotis
Alcohol overconsumption is well known to cause damage to the peripheral nervous system, affecting both small and large nerve fibers. The aim of this descriptive study was to investigate peripheral nerve damage, and to correlate clinical, epidemiological and neurophysiological findings, in patients diagnosed with Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). Ninety alcohol-dependent subjects on inpatient basis were enrolled in this prospective study over a 3-year period. Every subject was assessed by the Neuropathy Symptoms Score (NSS) questionnaire and the Neuropathy Impairment Score (NIS) clinical examination grading scale, followed by Nerve Conduction Studies, Quantitative Sensory Testing and Sympathetic Skin Response (SSR) testing...
April 3, 2024: Alcohol
Michael Lyvers, Saraid Dark, Irene Jaguru, Fred Arne Thorberg
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is the most common comorbidity in Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ADHD is a risk factor for alcohol misuse whereas ASD is often regarded as protective; however, research on ASD and alcohol use has yielded conflicting findings, sometimes implicating the role of comorbid ADHD. The possibility that certain transdiagnostic features (i.e., characteristics associated with multiple disorders) may underlie relationships of both disorders to alcohol use in adults was examined in the present study...
March 27, 2024: Alcohol
Emmanuel Janagan Johnson, Jessica Evangelin Emmanuel Janagan
Substance use continues to be recognized as one of the major health and social issues in the Caribbean. This study focusses on the risks and consequences of adolescent school student's exposure to alcohol and prevention strategies. Participants were selected from the age group of 13 to 19 years old, who are attending Secondary School. Five schools were chosen according to the prevalence of alcohol. Students were purposively selected from each school based on the recommendations from the school social workers...
March 26, 2024: Alcohol
M L Schwandt, V A Ramchandani, J Upadhyay, C Ramsden, N Diazgranados, D Goldman
The relationship between pain and alcohol use disorder (AUD) is complex and bidirectional. The current study examines risk factors for pain in a large comprehensively phenotyped sample including individuals from across the spectrum of alcohol use and misuse. Participants (n = 1101) were drawn from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Natural History Protocol and included treatment-seeking AUD inpatients (AUD+Tx, n = 369), individuals with AUD not seeking treatment (AUD+, n = 161), and individuals without AUD (AUD-, n = 571)...
March 25, 2024: Alcohol
Agnus M Kim, Jin-Seok Lee
Despite the considerable change in alcohol consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic, the impact of the pandemic on the suicide rate in terms of alcohol consumption was not studied. This study was performed to examine whether the change in the suicide rate during the COVID-19 pandemic was related to alcohol consumption and whether the relation was specific to suicides when compared to mortality due to other causes. We performed a comparative interrupted time series (CITS) analysis for the suicide rate of people aged 19 to 60 with three comparison groups (the suicide rate of people aged 19 and under, the cancer death rate of people aged 19 to 60, and alcohol induced death rates)...
March 25, 2024: Alcohol
Anna J Kwon, Lani Morales, Louise Chatagnier, Jacqueline Quigley, Jeremy Pascua, Natalie Pinkowski, Susan M Brasser, Mee Young Hong
While past studies have provided evidence linking excessive alcohol consumption to increased risk for cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) and colorectal cancer (CRC), existing data on the effects of moderate alcohol use on these conditions have produced mixed results. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of moderate alcohol consumption on risk factors associated with the development of CVDs and CRC in adult rats. Twenty-four, 14-month-old, non-deprived male Wistar rats were randomly assigned to either an ethanol group, which consisted of voluntary access to a 20% (v/v) ethanol solution on alternate days, or a water control group (n = 12/group) for 13 weeks...
March 24, 2024: Alcohol
Nazila Heidari, Arman Hajikarim-Hamedani, Amirhossein Heidari, Yekta Ghane, Ghorbangol Ashabi, Mohammad-Reza Zarrindast, Mitra-Sadat Sadat-Shirazi
While DNA serves as the fundamental genetic blueprint for an organism, it is not a static entity. Gene expression, the process by which genetic information is utilized to create functional products like proteins, can be modulated by a diverse range of environmental factors. Epigenetic mechanisms, including DNA methylation, histone modification, and microRNAs, play a pivotal role in mediating the intricate interplay between the environment and gene expression. Intriguingly, alterations in the epigenome have the potential to be inherited across generations...
March 18, 2024: Alcohol
S Washburn, K Nation, T Cudd, M Stanton, C Goodlett
In rodent models of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD), cognitive deficits are implicated in impaired T-maze spatial reversal learning. Rat studies have indicated supplemental administration of choline during the developmental period of alcohol exposure can ameliorate spatial reversal deficits. This study tested whether beneficial effects of prenatal choline supplementation could be confirmed in a sheep model of binge exposure in the first trimester equivalent. Two hypotheses were tested: 1) alcohol exposure would produce deficits in reversal of a T-maze position discrimination; and 2) gestational dietary supplementation of choline would ameliorate those deficits...
March 12, 2024: Alcohol
Sofia Ghani, Yasmin Alkhlaif, Jared Mann, Lauren Moncayo, Esad Ulker, Martial Caillaud, Mitali Barik, Joseph W Ditre, Michael F Miles, M Imad Damaj
INTRODUCTION: Large population-based studies have suggested a link between increased alcohol use and reduced pain. In addition, these studies suggest that higher levels of pain intensity are associated with an increase in alcohol consumption and rates of hazardous drinking which potentiates the risk of developing alcohol use disorders (AUD). The mechanisms and determinants of the alcohol-pain interaction can be studied in preclinical studies. METHODS: The overall goal of this study is to use animal models to explore the impact of acute postoperative pain on alcohol intake...
March 11, 2024: Alcohol
Cindy L Ehlers, Libo Li, Qian Peng, David A Gilder, Kathryn R Batts, Katherine J Karriker-Jaffe
BACKGROUND: To understand why some individuals who develop alcohol use disorders (AUD) first begin to drink heavily, a number of scales have been developed that index aspects of alcohol craving and restraint from drinking. We developed a new measure called the Alcohol Consumption Questionnaire (ACQ), based in part on items modified from scales used to index binge eating because there are data to suggest that binge eating and binge drinking may share common antecedents. We present an initial validity study using data from a sample of Mexican Americans...
March 9, 2024: Alcohol
Rigina Skeva, Caroline Jay, Steve Pettifer, Lynsey Gregg
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 8, 2024: Alcohol
Megan B Ghai, Pooja Rangan, Naim Alkhouri, Jessica Mellinger, Karn Wijarnpreecha
INTRODUCTION: The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on hospitalizations for alcohol-associated hepatitis (AH) is poorly understood. Here we explore AH trends from 2016-2020 and evaluate demographic disparities including sex and race. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of the 2016-2020 Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project National Inpatient Sample was performed to assess temporal trends in hospitalizations for AH. The 2020 dataset was evaluated to compare AH hospitalizations between those with and without an additional diagnosis of COVID-19...
March 7, 2024: Alcohol
Renxi Li, Deyanira J Prastein
BACKGROUND: Alcohol abuse (AA) has s high prevalence, affecting 10 to 15 million Americans. While AA was demonstrated to negatively impact cardiovascular health, limited evidence from existing studies presents conflicting findings regarding the effects of AA on coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) outcomes. This study aimed to compare the in-hospital outcomes after CABG between AA and non-AA patients. METHODS: Patients who underwent CABG were identified in National Inpatient Sample from Q4 2015-2020...
March 5, 2024: Alcohol
Tiange Xiao, Alison Roland, Yueyi Chen, Skylar Guffey, Thomas Kash, Adam Kimbrough
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) poses a significant public health challenge. Individuals with AUD engage in chronic and excessive alcohol consumption, leading to cycles of intoxication, withdrawal, and craving behaviors. This review explores the involvement of the cortical amygdala (CoA), a cortical brain region that has primarily been examined in relation to olfactory behavior, in the expression of alcohol dependence and excessive alcohol drinking. While extensive research has identified the involvement of numerous brain regions in AUD, the CoA has emerged as a relatively understudied yet promising candidate for future study...
March 4, 2024: Alcohol
J W Wijnia, A I Wierdsma, E Oudman, M J Oey, J Groen, C Beuman, K G Nieuwenhuis, A Postma, C L Mulder
INTRODUCTION: Chronic alcohol-related myopathy presents with proximal muscle weakness. We studied the effect of vitamin D supplementation on muscle weakness in adults with alcohol use disorder. METHOD: Randomized controlled trial. Participants were community-dwelling adults with alcohol use disorder. Participants allocated to VIDIO, vitamin D intensive outreach, received bimonthly oral doses of 50,000‒100,000 IU cholecalciferol for 12 months. Participants allocated to CAU, care as usual, received prescriptions of once-a-day tablets containing 800 IU cholecalciferol and 500 mg calcium carbonate...
March 4, 2024: Alcohol
Seongyeon Cho, Jiwon Jeong, Sangah Shin
BACKGROUND: Alcohol consumption is a significant public health concern in Korea, with many individuals engaging in risky drinking behaviors. This study aims to analyze the association between facial flushing responses and the progression of hypertension in Korean adults, stratified by gender, using a large-scale prospective cohort study. METHODS: This study included 39,868 participants (males 10,868 and females 29,000) from the health examinees cohort. Participants were divided into two groups according to their weekly drinking patterns (moderate and heavy) and facial flushing responses (non-flusher and flusher) for statistical analysis...
March 1, 2024: Alcohol
Arpit Parmar, Dinesh Prasad Sahu, Priyamadhaba Behera
Harmful use of alcohol effects the health of the population. The treatment coverage of alcohol use disorders (AUD) varies among countries. The study aimed to determine the inclusion of AUD medicines in various national Essential Medicine Lists (EMLs) and its association with alcohol consumption. It was a secondary data analysis of alcohol consumptions and AUD related medicines in EML. Data were extracted from the WHO Global Essential Medicines database and the WHO Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health 2018...
February 27, 2024: Alcohol
Alison V Roland, Tzu-Hao Harry Chao, Olivia J Hon, Samantha N Machinski, Tori R Sides, Sophia I Lee, Yen-Yu Ian Shih, Thomas L Kash
The central amygdala (CeA) and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) are reciprocally connected nodes of the extended amygdala thought to play an important role in alcohol consumption. Studies of immediate-early genes indicate that BNST and CeA are acutely activated following alcohol drinking and may signal alcohol reward in nondependent drinkers, while stress signaling in the extended amygdala following chronic alcohol exposure drives increased drinking via negative reinforcement. However, the temporal dynamics of neuronal activation in these regions during drinking behavior are poorly understood...
February 27, 2024: Alcohol
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