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Public Health Nursing

Azita Amiri, Shuang Zhao
Environmental justice (EJ) means socially and economically disadvantaged communities and citizens are entitled to an equally clean environment and resources to enjoy. EJ communities are mostly located close to polluters such as Superfund sites, coal-fired power plants and landfills and are more likely to be exposed to higher levels of environmental hazards than the U.S. population on average. It is often a difficult task to identify EJ communities and the environmental hazards in the communities without using specific EJ screening tools...
February 14, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Jordan J White, Derek T Dangerfield Ii, Suzanne M Grieb
INTRODUCTION: Focus groups are an important learning tool in HIV prevention research among U.S. Black men who have sex with men (BMSM), for whom incidence persists. Focus groups are useful in designing interventions, but many have struggled to engage BMSM in research. To optimize the utility of focus group methodology on HIV prevention among BMSM, this paper offers methodological considerations for conducting and managing focus groups with BMSM. METHODS: Perspectives come from the process of conducting nine focus groups (N = 52) to explore the role of religion and spirituality in the lives of BMSM in Baltimore City and how these concepts could be used to inform local HIV prevention interventions...
February 13, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Natalie Jo Hawes, Amanda T Wiggins, Deborah B Reed, Frances Hardin-Fanning
BACKGROUND: Farmers' work schedules can result in inconsistent sleep patterns which negatively impact health. PURPOSE: To explore the relationships between sleep, obesity, and depression in working, older farmers and their spouses. Covariates included body mass index (BMI), age, and gender. METHODS: Sleep quality, BMI, and depression were assessed in farmers (n = 1,394) 50 years and older. Bivariate associations among all covariates (i...
February 13, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Donna J Biederman, Julia Gamble, Sally Wilson, Christian Douglas, Jacob Feigal
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a homeless medical respite pilot program to determine if program participants had health care utilization pattern changes and improved connection to income, housing, and health care resources post program. DESIGN: This is a quantitative descriptive pre-/post-program evaluation. SAMPLE: A total of 29 patients experiencing homelessness and discharged from an acute care hospital in the southeastern United States were provided with housing and nursing case management...
February 11, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Fatima Leon-Larios, Elena Pinero-Pinto, Socorro Arnedillo-Sanchez, Cecilia Ruiz-Ferron, Rosa Casado-Mejia, Marisa Benitez-Lugo
OBJECTIVE: To explore women's experience with continuing breastfeeding when they returned to work. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional study was conducted. Participants were female employees at the University of Seville who gave birth in the last 10 years while working at University. MEASURES: A questionnaire in Spanish was used to collect information on sociodemographic variables, employment characteristics, continued breastfeeding behavior after returning to work and the dimensions of the validated scale the Workplace Breastfeeding Support Scale (WBSS)...
February 10, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Erin Kitt-Lewis, Susan J Loeb, Valerie H Myers, Rachel K Wion, Brenda Baney, Sophia Strickfaden
The purpose of this article is to explain the strategies used in the "Set-up" phase of developing computer-based education on the care and management of incarcerated people who are older and/or dying. Public health nurses have an opportunity to support efforts in educating corrections staff to enhance health care for older and dying inmates. Such endeavors can promote social justice through inmates receiving evidence-based care that parallels that received by the community at large. "Set-up" is the first of four phases in the Institute for Healthcare Improvement's Framework for Going to Full Scale...
February 7, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Cheryl L Kovar, Susan Bynum
OBJECTIVE: To assess staff attitudes, knowledge, and current practices in billing third-party payers for sexually transmitted disease (STD) services in public health departments/districts. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional, online survey was administered to staff at 60 urban and rural health departments/districts. Snowball sampling was used for greater representation. There were 311 staff responses from 56 agencies represented in the data analysis. Of the 311 responses, 106 were public health nurses and seven of the health directors had nursing backgrounds...
February 6, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Kyoko Yoshioka-Maeda, Misa Shiomi, Takafumi Katayama, Noriko Hosoya, Mariko Kuroda
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of an education program for mid-level Japanese public health nurses (PHNs) to improve their competencies in program planning, which will fulfill community health needs. DESIGN: Randomized control trial. SAMPLE: During 2017, 103 PHNs with 5-20 years of PHN work experience in Japan were enrolled and randomly allocated to the intervention (n = 51) or control group (n = 52). MEASUREMENTS: The primary outcome measured competency in program planning based on Competency Measurement of Creativity for PHNs (CMC), knowledge, and skills regarding program planning...
February 5, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Mei Feng, YuanGao Xu, XiangYan Zhang, Qian Qiu, ShiGuang Lei, JinLan Li, Wei Yuan, QunFeng Song, JinHong Xu
BACKGROUND: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) brings major challenges to the health care workers (HCWs). This study is to determine the risk factors for MDR-TB, latent tuberculosis infection (LTBI), and tuberculosis (TB) disease among HCWs in China. METHODS: A meta-analysis was conducted to evaluate the risk factors for MDR-TB, LTBI, and TB disease among HCWs using a random-effects model, and the pooled odds ratios (ORs) with 95% confidence interval (CI) were used as effect indicators...
January 24, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Ann M Stalter, Susan Harrington, Debra L Eardley, Conni J DeBlieck, Lynn P Blanchette, LaDonna Whitten
The Omaha System is the hallmark evidence-based clinical information management system used in nursing education, research, and practice. Multiple education documents guide public health workforce preparation. This qualitative study identified similarities and gaps between the Omaha System and seven guiding documents commonly used by nurse educators. A crosswalk design was employed. The setting was virtually based using online technology. Recommendations are for public health nurse educators to update their teaching practices using evidence-based approaches...
January 24, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Hui-Wen Huang, Ruey-Hsia Wang
OBJECTIVE: To examine the role of protective factors and risk factors in suicidal ideation among adolescents in Taiwan based on a resilience protective model. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional design was employed. A total of 390 adolescents aged 15-19 years were recruited from four high schools in Taiwan by stratified random sampling. METHODS: An anonymous self-report questionnaire was used to collect demographic characteristics, suicidal ideation, depressive symptoms, life stress, emotion-focused coping, self-esteem, and problem-focused coping...
January 18, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Patrícia Honório Silva Santos, Érica Assunção Carmo, José Ailton Oliveira Carneiro, Adriana Alves Nery, Cezar Augusto Casotti
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to discover associations between anemia and functional performance indicators, and to identify the best functional performance test to screen for anemia in the elderly. METHODS: A cross-sectional study analyzed data from 109 elderly residents in the community. For statistical analysis, the Logistic Regression and the Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve was used. RESULTS: The prevalence of anemia in the elderly was 13...
January 9, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Soo Jin Kang, Mi Sook Lee
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the understandability and actionability of audiovisual educational materials on diabetes in Korea using the Patient Education Materials Evaluation Tool (PEMAT), as well as determine the usefulness of these materials. METHODS: A total of 85 audiovisual materials were collected from Korean websites of territory general hospitals, national health institutions, research associations, and major search engines relating to diabetes that were created between 2006 and 2015...
January 1, 2019: Public Health Nursing
Yafa Haron, Mriam Honovich, Sarit Rahmani, Batia Madjar, Liora Shahar, Paula Feder-Bubis
OBJECTIVES: To provide a detailed, up-to-date account of the job description and practice areas of current public health nurses. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: A cross-sectional study. A sample of 824 public health nurses, 80% of public health nurses in Israel, participated in a national structured survey. MEASURES: A structured questionnaire eliciting self-reported public health nursing activities, priorities, perceived deficiencies, and job satisfaction was compiled...
December 27, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Andrea A Pappalardo, Allison Paulson, Robin Bruscato, Leretha Thomas, Mark Minier, Molly A Martin
OBJECTIVE/DESIGN: Well documented asthma disparities in Chicago pose a continual challenge for the Chicago Public Schools (CPS). Coordinated Healthcare for Complex Kids (CHECK) is a health care demonstration project funded by a Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services Health Care Innovation Award. A collaborative partnership was formed between CHECK and CPS. With CHECK support, CPS administered a survey to 160 nurses to understand the asthma problems nurses perceived and interest in intervention...
December 19, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Siyun Wang, Weiju Chen, Yun Du
In China, community nurses do not have systematic training, and the nursing education curriculum focuses on clinical nursing both in vocational school and high school. Most nurses work at a hospital, and almost all community nurses lack systematic knowledge about community nursing. A training program for community nurses in Guangzhou City has been conducted since 2003. The training curriculum has evolved over the years, but is not standardized. This article describes research on improving community nurses' basic knowledge and practice skills...
December 19, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Michael Schmidt, Patrick J Dillon, Bianca M Jackson, Paige Pirkey, Satish K Kedia
OBJECTIVE: This study explores factors associated with methamphetamine initiation based on the narratives from an online support group for methamphetamine users. METHODS: We conducted a qualitative study of 202 first-person narratives submitted to an anonymous, online support group for methamphetamine users. The narratives were analyzed in the Dedoose qualitative software using Charmaz's adaptations to Glaserian grounded theory methodology. RESULTS: Ten factors for initiating methamphetamine use emerged from our analysis and corresponded to three constructs from the Theory of Planned Behavior: attitude (needing energy to work, wishing to escape pain, wanting to have fun, and desiring a thinner body), subjective norms (ubiquity of methamphetamine use, yearning for closer relationships, and wanting to fit in), and perceived behavioral control (believing addiction is inevitable, feeling forced to fit in, and having no real control)...
December 18, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Yoshie Yumoto, W George Kernohan, Noriko Morioka, Yasuko Ogata
Dementia is causing global concern with its massive impacts on affected individuals, families, society, and national economies. As the disease progresses, patients' needs increase in number, depth, and breadth, covering physical, psychological, social, and spiritual domains. Care varies from place to place, from country to country and from east to west. To learn from some of these variations, we explored advanced dementia care in United Kingdom and Japan. Informed by an overview of literature on care of people with advanced dementia, we reflected on direct nonparticipant observations of care in urban areas of Northern Ireland and Japan...
December 18, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Azza AbuDagga, Sidney M Wolfe, Michael Carome, Robert E Oshel
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine nurse sexual-misconduct-related reports in the National Practitioner Data Bank (NPDB) and to compare them with reports for other types of offenses. DESIGN AND POPULATION: We analyzed NPDB's reports of adverse state nursing board licensure actions and malpractice payments for all nurses from January 1, 2003, to June 30, 2016. RESULTS: Overall, 882 nurses had sexual-misconduct-related reports...
December 17, 2018: Public Health Nursing
Shanshan Wang, Daphne Sze Ki Cheung, Angela Y M Leung
OBJECTIVES: This paper provides an overview of the status of dementia care in Mainland China under the framework of the three-tier long-term care system proposed by the Chinese government, and gives the direction for service development. METHODS: Official documents, annual reports of related associations, and studies conducted in Mainland China from 2006 to 2017, published both in English and Chinese were reviewed. RESULTS: With the establishment of the three-tier long-term care system, the Government has invested a lot in long-term care, and improvements have been made...
December 13, 2018: Public Health Nursing
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