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Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785642/comment-on-the-consensus-report-on-the-management-of-hyperglycaemia-in-type-2-diabetes-by-the-american-diabetes-association-and-the-european-association-for-the-study-of-diabetes
#1
T Skinner, M Byrne, J K Dickinson, L Fisher, M Funnell, S Guzman, C Hendrieckx, N Hermanns, K Kanc, C Lloyd, A Mocan, A Nouwen, F Pouwer, N Saleh-Stattin, F Snoek, J Speight, J Sturt, M Vallis, J Wagner, I Willaing, D Young-Hyman, V Zoffmann
We read with interest the American Diabetes Association (ADA) and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes (EASD) joint consensus report on the management of hyperglycaemia in Type 2 diabetes. Following publication of the report, discussions of the content among networks of behavioural and educational researchers prompted us to write this letter. This consensus report is to be commended for recommending that 'providers and health care systems should prioritize the delivery of patient-centered care...
February 20, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785640/dietary-intakes-of-women-with-type-1-diabetes-before-and-during-pregnancy-a-pre-specified-secondary-subgroup-analysis-among-conceptt-participants
#2
S L Neoh, J A Grisoni, D S Feig, H R Murphy
AIM: To describe the dietary intakes of women with Type 1 diabetes before and during pregnancy. METHODS: This was a pre-specified subgroup analysis of CONCEPTT involving 63 women planning pregnancy and 93 pregnant women from 14 sites in England, Scotland and Ireland. Two hundred and forty-six 3-day food diaries (104 planning pregnancy, 142 pregnant) were matched to data source and food reference codes, and analysed using dietary software. Participants were informed that food diaries would be de-identified and used only for research purposes...
February 20, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30785639/systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials-on-antibiotic-treatment-for-osteomyelitis-in-diabetes
#3
K Xing, G Huang, S Hua, G Xu, M Li
AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of antibiotic therapy in osteomyelitis treatment among people with diabetes. METHODS: A systematic search of PubMed, EMBASE, AMED, Web of Science, the WHO trial registry, Cochrane library databases, and clinicaltrials.gov, in addition to hand-searching, was undertaken in July 2018. Two reviewers independently extracted data. The studies' methodological quality was assessed using the modified Jadad scale. Descriptive analysis was performed...
February 20, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30784109/effect-of-age-at-menarche-on-microvascular-complications-among-women-with-type-1-diabetes
#4
Y Yi, H Denic-Roberts, D Rubinstein, T J Orchard, T Costacou
AIM: To test the hypothesis that delayed menarche is associated with an increased microvascular complication risk. METHODS: We studied the female participants of an ongoing prospective study of childhood-onset Type 1 diabetes diagnosed during the period 1950-1980. Of 325 women, we included data from 315 who had reached menarche by the study baseline (1986-1988) and who self-reported their age at menarche. Both cross-sectional and prospective analyses over the 25-year follow-up were used to assess the relationship of age at menarche with the prevalence, incidence and cumulative incidence of microvascular complications, comprising overt nephropathy, proliferative retinopathy and confirmed distal symmetric polyneuropathy...
February 19, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773681/a-type-1-diabetes-technology-pathway-consensus-statement-for-the-use-of-technology-in-type-1-diabetes
#5
P Choudhary, F Campbell, N Joule, P Kar
In both adults and children with diabetes, technologies such as continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion using insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitoring can help improve diabetes control, reduce hypoglycaemia and improve quality of life. Access to these technologies in the UK is very variable. Some technologies are recommended by the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence, while others have not been appraised, and new technologies are emerging all the time. Additionally, different guidelines for adults and children further complicate access to diabetes technology in the transition from paediatric to adult care...
February 17, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761592/assessing-patient-reported-outcomes-for-automated-insulin-delivery-systems-the-psychometric-properties-of-the-inspire-measures
#6
J Weissberg-Benchell, J Shapiro, K Hood, L M Laffel, D Naranjo, K Miller, K Barnard
AIM: Participants in clinical trials assessing automated insulin delivery systems report perceived benefits and burdens that reflect their experiences and may predict their likelihood of uptake and continued use of this novel technology. Despite the importance of understanding their perspectives, there are no available validated and reliable measures assessing the psychosocial aspects of automated insulin delivery systems. The present study assesses the initial psychometric properties of the INSPIRE measures, which were developed for youth and adults with Type 1 diabetes, as well as parents and partners...
February 14, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30761589/diabetes-distress-in-young-adults-with-early-onset-type-1-diabetes-and-its-prospective-relationship-with-hba-1c-and-health-status
#7
A Stahl-Pehe, L Glaubitz, C Bächle, K Lange, K Castillo, T Tönnies, R Yossa, R W Holl, J Rosenbauer
AIM: This study aimed to determine cross-sectional relationships between diabetes distress and health-related variables, and prospective associations between diabetes distress and future glycaemic control (HbA1c ) and health status among young adults with early-onset Type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Data were collected from a nationwide cohort study of adults whose Type 1 diabetes onset occurred from 0 to 4 years of age during 1993-2002. Questionnaire surveys were conducted in 2012-2013 and 2015-2016 (N = 584)...
February 14, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734361/text-message-responsiveness-to-blood-glucose-monitoring-reminders-is-associated-with-hba-1c-benefit-in-teenagers-with-type-1-diabetes
#8
D E McGill, L K Volkening, D A Butler, R M Wasserman, B J Anderson, L M Laffel
AIMS: To evaluate an 18-month text-messaging intervention in teenagers with Type 1 diabetes and to assess factors associated with text responsiveness and glycaemic benefit. METHODS: Teenagers with diabetes (N=147), aged 13-17 years, received two-way text reminders at self-selected times to check blood glucose levels and reply with blood glucose results. RESULTS: At baseline, the participants (48% boys, 78% white, 63% pump-treated) had a mean ± sd age of 14...
February 7, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30734352/reducing-risk-of-type-2-diabetes-in-hiv-a-mixed-methods-investigation-of-the-stop-diabetes-diet-and-physical-activity-intervention
#9
A D Duncan, B S Peters, C Rivas, L M Goff
AIM: To conduct a mixed-methods feasibility study of the effectiveness and acceptability of an individualized diet and physical activity intervention designed to reduce the risk of Type 2 diabetes experienced by people living with HIV. METHODS: Participants with impaired fasting glucose and HIV were invited to take part in a 6-month diet and physical activity intervention. Individualized advice to achieve 10 lifestyle goals was delivered monthly. Diabetes risk was assessed pre- and post-intervention by measurement of the glucose and insulin response to a 3-h meal tolerance test...
February 7, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30729567/history-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-and-postpartum-maternal-retinal-microvascular-structure-and-function
#10
K H Yee, K H Tan, I M Aris, E L Lamoureux, Y S Chong, J J Wang, T Y Wong, L-J Li
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is one of the most common complications in pregnancy. The presence of GDM identifies women with increased risks of long-term health problems after delivery, including Type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). Because retinal microcirculation may mirror systemic microcirculation, exploring microvascular changes after delivery among women with or without a history of GDM might be key to better understanding such pathophysiological mechanisms. This article is protected by copyright...
February 6, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30723968/women-s-views-on-lifestyle-changes-to-reduce-the-risk-of-developing-type-2-diabetes-after-gestational-diabetes-a-systematic-review-qualitative-synthesis-and-recommendations-for-practice
#11
R A Dennison, R Ward, S Griffin, J Usher-Smith
AIMS: To synthesize systematically the literature that focuses on the views of women with a history of gestational diabetes on reducing their risk of developing diabetes postpartum through lifestyle and behaviour changes. METHODS: We identified qualitative studies that examined the views of women with a history of gestational diabetes towards healthy eating and physical activity, Type 2 diabetes risk management or their experience of a diabetes prevention programme, and conducted a thematic synthesis to develop descriptive and then analytical themes...
February 5, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30723961/relationship-between-fasting-plasma-glucose-and-incidence-of-diabetes-in-children-and-adolescents
#12
C-Y Yang, H-Y Li, F-C Sung, E Chia-Hui Tan, J-N Wei, L-M Chuang
AIM: To investigate the appropriate fasting plasma glucose threshold by which to define prediabetes in children and adolescents, based on its ability to predict incident paediatric diabetes. METHODS: In a nationwide survey of diabetes and renal disease conducted between 1992 and 2000 in all school-aged children in Taiwan, those with abnormal results in repeated urine tests received further physical examination and blood tests. Students who had blood tests for at least two time points were selected for the present study (N = 12 119)...
February 5, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710457/utility-of-point-of-care-vs-reference-laboratory-testing-for-the-evaluation-of-glucose-levels
#13
O M Andriankaja, F Muñoz-Torres, J L Vergara, C M Pérez, K Joshipura
AIMS: To assess the level of agreement between point-of-care and laboratory reference glucose values in defining glycaemic status. METHODS: We analysed 1292 overweight/obese, non-institutionalized participants, aged 40-65 years, in the San Juan Overweight Adults Longitudinal Study. Fasting venous blood glucose was determined using a point-of-care Bayer Contour Blood Glucose Meter and by Vitros System 250 instrument (laboratory). American Diabetes Association thresholds were used to classify participants into normoglycaemia (< 5...
February 2, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710451/an-irish-national-diabetes-in-pregnancy-audit-aiming-for-best-outcomes-for-women-with-diabetes
#14
A M Egan, M J Brassill, E Brosnan, L Carmody, H Clarke, C Coogan Kelly, L Culliney, M Durkan, M Fenlon, P Ferry, G Hanlon, T Higgins, S Hoashi, A Khamis, B Kinsley, T Kinsley, B Kirwan, A Liew, C McGurk, C McHugh, M S Murphy, P Murphy, D O'Halloran, L O'Mahony, E O'Sullivan, M Nolan, M Peter, G Roberts, A Smyth, M Todd, A Tuthill, W A Wan Mahmood, O Yousif, F P Dunne
AIMS: The purpose of this study was to identify the number of pregnancies affected by pre-gestational diabetes in the Republic of Ireland; to report on pregnancy outcomes and to identify areas for improvement in care delivery and clinical outcomes. METHODS: Healthcare professionals caring for women with pre-gestational diabetes during pregnancy were invited to participate in this retrospective study. Data pertaining to 185 pregnancies in women attending 15 antenatal centres nationally were collected and analysed...
February 2, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710449/a-modelling-study-of-the-budget-impact-of-improved-glycaemic-control-in-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-in-the-uk
#15
P Choudhary, S de Portu, A Delbaere, J Lyon, J C Pickup
AIMS: To develop a novel interactive budget impact model that assesses affordability of diabetes treatments in specific populations, and to test the model in a hypothetical scenario by estimating cost savings resulting from reduction in HbA1c from ≥69 mmol/mol (8.5%) to a target of 53 mmol/mol (7.0%) in adults with Type 1 diabetes in the UK. METHODS: A dynamic, interactive model was created using the projected incidence and progression over a 5-year horizon of diabetes-related complications (micro- and macrovascular disease, severe hypoglycaemia and diabetic ketoacidosis) for different HbA1c levels, with flexible input of population size, complications and therapy costs, HbA1c distribution and other variables...
February 2, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706577/tissue-biopsy-in-the-diagnosis-of-chronic-tuberculous-wounds-in-diabetes-mellitus
#16
R Zhang, H Wang, Q Tong, J Xu, M Long, X Wang, M Wang, X Zhou, H Zheng
A 70-year-old man with Type 2 diabetes mellitus and a history of tuberculosis sought treatment for a dark red mass on his right abdomen of 7 months' duration. A chest X-ray showed increased texture in both lungs but no parenchymal lesions. After informed consent had been obtained, a biopsy of the hypochondriac mass was taken, which revealed intradermal pyogenic granulomatous inflammation; acid-fast staining revealed a few acid-fast bacilli. Thus, the diagnosis of Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection of the wound was considered conclusive...
February 1, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706538/accumulation-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-the-skin-is-accelerated-in-relation-to-insulin-resistance-in-people-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus
#17
A Uruska, A Gandecka, A Araszkiewicz, D Zozulinska-Ziolkiewicz
AIM: To evaluate the association between skin advanced glycation end products and insulin resistance in Type 1 diabetes. METHODS: The study group consisted of 476 people with Type 1 diabetes (247 men) with a median (interquartile range) age of 42 (33-53) years, disease duration of 24 (19-32) years and HbA1c concentration of 63 (55-74) mmol/mol [7.9 (7.2-8.9)%]. Insulin resistance was assessed according to estimated glucose disposal rate. Advanced glycation product accumulation in the skin was measured by autofluorescence using an AGE Reader...
February 1, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706535/a-pilot-study-of-an-integrated-mental-health-social-and-medical-model-for-diabetes-care-in-an-inner-city-setting-three-dimensions-for-diabetes-3dfd
#18
K Ismail, K Stewart, K Ridge, E Britneff, R Freudenthal, D Stahl, P McCrone, C Gayle, A M Doherty
AIMS: We examined the effectiveness of a service innovation, Three Dimensions for Diabetes (3DFD), that consisted of a referral to an integrated mental health, social care and diabetes treatment model, compared with usual care in improving biomedical and health economic outcomes. METHODS: Using a non-randomized control design, the 3DFD model was offered in two inner-city boroughs in London, UK, where diabetes health professionals could refer adult residents with diabetes, suboptimal glycaemic control [HbA1c ≥ 75 mmol/mol (≥ 9...
February 1, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30706527/challenges-in-the-management-of-people-with-diabetes-and-cancer
#19
T A Chowdhury, P Jacob
Although micro- and macrovascular complications of diabetes are the most important cause of mortality and morbidity in people with diabetes, it is increasingly recognized that diabetes increases the risk of developing cancer. Diabetes and cancer commonly co-exist, and outcomes in people with both conditions are poorer than in those who have cancer but no diabetes. There is no randomized trial evidence that treating hyperglycaemia in people with cancer improves outcomes, but therapeutic nihilism should be avoided, and a personalized approach to managing hyperglycaemia in people with cancer is needed...
February 1, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30701617/effect-of-combining-pre-exercise-carbohydrate-intake-and-repeated-short-sprints-on-the-blood-glucose-response-to-moderate-intensity-exercise-in-young-individuals-with-type-1-diabetes
#20
W H K Soon, K J Guelfi, E A Davis, G J Smith, T W Jones, P A Fournier
AIMS: To determine whether pre-exercise ingestion of carbohydrates to maintain stable glycaemia during moderate-intensity exercise results in excessive hyperglycaemia if combined with repeated sprints in individuals with Type 1 diabetes. METHODS: Eight overnight-fasted people with Type 1 diabetes completed the following four 40-min exercise sessions on separate days in a randomized counterbalanced order under basal insulinaemic conditions: continuous moderate-intensity exercise at 50% V̇O2 peak; intermittent high-intensity exercise (moderate-intensity exercise interspersed with 4-s sprints every 2 min and a final 10-s sprint); continuous moderate-intensity exercise with prior carbohydrate intake (~10 g per person); and intermittent high-intensity exercise with prior carbohydrate intake...
January 30, 2019: Diabetic Medicine: a Journal of the British Diabetic Association
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