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Health Care for Women International | Page 2

Poorandokht Afshari, Mitra Tadayon, Parvin Abedi, Shiva Yazdizadeh
In this study authors aimed to identify the prevalence and related factors of postpartum depression in Ahvaz, Iran. A total of 505 women enrolled in this study from six public health centers in Ahvaz city, Republic of Iran. This study started in February and completed in September 2014. Data was gathered using a socio-demographic and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale Persian version. Authors screened women from 14 days to 6 months postpartum. Mothers with a score of >12 were classified as a postpartum depression (PPD)...
March 29, 2019: Health Care for Women International
İlkay Boz, Gamze Teskereci, Murat Özekinci
The authors' aim in this study was to determine the vitamin D levels of Turkish women who were undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). The study design was a descriptive cohort study of a total of 208 infertile women at an IVF center in Turkey. Our findings showed that 4.3% of the women had a replete vitamin D level, 23.6% of the women had insufficient vitamin D levels, and 72.1% of women had deficient vitamin D levels. Our findings suggest that much more effective vitamin D support programs should be implemented for women who are seeking to become pregnant...
March 29, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Oscar Tranvåg, Dagfinn Nåden, Ann Gallagher
In this study, we explored perceptions of dignity, and sources preserving dignity of six older Norwegian women caring for a home-dwelling husband with dementia. Through hermeneutic interpretation of in-depth interviews, "having personal integrity," "mastering everyday life," and "giving of one self" were identified as crucial intrapersonal aspects of dignity - while "acknowledging worthiness and uniqueness of each human being" was found to be an essential interpersonal aspect...
March 26, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Loreto Pantoja, Fiona H Weeks, Jovita Ortiz, Gabriel Cavada, Jennifer Foster, Lorena Binfa
This study aimed to describe the level of maternal satisfaction during labor reported by a national sample of low-risk childbearing women in Chile; identifying the dimensions of intrapartum care most determinant for overall satisfaction. Maternal satisfaction was measured in the postpartum period with an instrument previously validated in Chile. Almost half of the participants (49.4%) reported having optimal satisfaction, 29% adequate, and 22% worse. Treatment of women by professionals and the physical environment were the most important dimension predicting of maternal satisfaction, consistent with findings from developing countries emphasizing patient-provider interaction during labor as a key component of birth care quality...
March 26, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Alicia Conesa-Agüera, Ismael Jiménez-Ruiz, Pilar Almansa-Martínez, Rocío Juliá-Sanchís
It may be considered esthetic violence when social demands regarding beauty affect and manipulate the development of individual identity and body image to respond to supposed prevailing ideals in society. We design and validate an instrument for measuring the degree of social assimilation of such stereotypes regarding beauty and body image linked to gender. The questionnaire was developed from a sample of 918 Spanish adults who participated online to develop it. The questionnaire was composed of 23 items. The assessment of preconceived images of bodily perfection provides examples of how esthetic violence affects the health of both men and women...
March 25, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Julia König
The Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire is a frequently used measure in the context of childbirth. There are two versions with identical items for use during pregnancy (version A, fear of childbirth) and postpartum (version B, subjective experience) respectively. The original authors report that the measure is unidimensional, but since, very different factor structures have been found with different language versions. In this study, I tested the previously found factor structures in a sample of 338 German new mothers with confirmatory factor analysis...
March 22, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Benissa E Salem, Mary-Lynn Brecht, Maria L Ekstrand, Mark Faucette, Adeline M Nyamathi
Frailty is a deficit accumulation in physical, psychological and social domains. Correlates of frailty were explored among formerly incarcerated, homeless women (N = 130, Mage = 38.9). Significant correlates of physical frailty were age, years homeless, prior violence, witnessing less violence, drug dependence, PTSD symptoms and tangible support. Significant correlates of psychological frailty were age, years homeless, witnessed violence, jail time, divorced less, drug use/dependence, prison time, methamphetamine use, and bodily pain...
March 22, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Gustavo H Soares, Iranilda Mendonça, Edgard Michel-Crosato, Samuel J Moysés, Simone T Moysés, Renata I Werneck
Imprisoned women represent a growing population worldwide with important health needs. In this study, we aimed to analyze the impact of oral health conditions on the quality of life of female inmates in a maximum security correctional facility. Participants were examined and answered the OHIP-14 questionnaire. A total of 305 inmates were included in the study. Prevalence of untreated caries was 84%. Worse quality of life was associated with dental caries, dental pain, deep periodontal pocket, prosthetic use, and age...
March 22, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Sara Milena Ramos Jaraba, Isabel C Garcés-Palacio
To explore the association between low birth weight and preterm birth with violence during pregnancy, we conducted a cross-sectional study by using the 2010 Colombian Demographic and Health Survey. We conducted bivariate analyses, binomial logistic regression, and stratified models by age, and 14,520 women were included. There was no association between violence and low birth weight. Nonetheless, an association with preterm birth in women aged over 35 was observed (OR 1.98, 95%CI 1.23, 3.17). Prenatal care appeared to be a protective factor for both outcomes...
March 15, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Farah Jamal Ghazi Al-Hashimi, Shahla Kareem Alalaf, Namir G Al Tawil
We aimed to determine any difference in the prevalence rate of depression during the three trimesters of pregnancy and its association with certain obstetric risk factors. In total, 1000 pregnant women attending primary health centers in the city of Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq were assessed for depression using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Women in the first and second trimesters had a significantly higher probability of depression than those in the third trimester. Screening early in pregnancy and following pregnant women in each trimester may help to identify those who are susceptible to depression and enable appropriate intervention...
March 13, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Farzad Jalali, Seyedeh Fatemeh Hashemi
The aims of the researchers were to determine the effectiveness of Life Skills Training for promoting mental health in the women after released. The study design was semi-experimental with pretest, posttest, follow-up, and control group. One hundred and fifty women after released were selected by convenience sampling. They were randomly assigned to experimental group and control group. The experimental group received the life skills training, while the control group did not. The research measurement instrument comprised the General Health Questionnaire...
March 12, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Arun Kumar Acharya
Human trafficking victims suffer different kinds of physical abuse and torture that cause severe physical injuries. During 2016-17 a total of 68 indigenous labor and sex-trafficking women victims were surveyed in Monterrey city, Mexico to explore the prevalence of violence against them and its implications on physical injuries and disabilities. We found that women reported different types of injuries and long term disabilities. Considering the level of violence and occupational hazards faced by victims, we suggest there is an urgent need to create instruments in the Mexican national human trafficking program to address the unmet health needs of the victims...
March 12, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Mehdi Khezeli, Seyyed-Mohammad-Mahdi Hazavehei, Saeed Ariapooran, Alireza Ahmadi, Alireza Soltanian, Forouzan Rezapur-Shahkolai
The researchers conducted this study as a phenomenological research to understand the individual and social factors related to attempted suicide phenomenon among women of Gilan-e Gharb. Participants of the study are comprised of 17 women survivors of attempted suicide selected by purposive sampling or snowball method. To gather the data, we conducted semi-structured interviews in face-to-face and audio-recorded methods from February to April 2017. Researchers transcribed verbatim and analyzed the content of the interviews thematically...
March 11, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Yhenneko J Taylor, James N Laditka, Sarah B Laditka, Larissa R Brunner Huber, Elizabeth F Racine
Although developing countries may find it difficult to provide adequate prenatal care, it is likely that they can provide at least some. We examined associations of prenatal care with infant mortality in West Africa. We used data from the Demographic and Health Surveys (n = 57,322) and proportional hazards regression models to estimate the risk of infant mortality. Having any prenatal care was associated with lower infant mortality risk in all but the poorest wealth quintile, with 56% lower risk in the wealthiest quintile (95% confidence interval [CI] 0...
March 8, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Stephanie McManimen, Damani McClellan, Jamie Stoothoff, Kristen Gleason, Leonard A Jason
In the US, medical training is inadequate regarding the symptomatology, prognosis, and treatment for myalgic encephalomyelitis (ME) and chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS). As a result, many physicians lack the appropriate level of knowledge about effective methods for ME and CFS symptom reduction and often suggest inappropriate treatments, such as increased exercise or psychiatric services. The authors' purpose in this study was to analyze negative patient experiences with health care professionals. Patients with ME and CFS who reported experiencing a dismissive physician attitude were asked to detail the encounter via open-ended response on an international, online survey...
March 4, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Jianxia Zhai, Jennifer Newton, Beverley Copnell
In this article, we synthesize current research that examines determinants and manifestations of posttraumatic growth (the phenomenon of posttraumatic growth can be embodied in several domains) in women with breast cancer. The findings of the integrative literature review may contribute to facilitating person-centered oncology care by raising health care professionals' awareness and understanding of posttraumatic growth phenomenon among breast cancer survivors. The identification of factors contributing to posttraumatic growth and manifestations of posttraumatic growth are important in increasing the effectiveness of interventions in supporting women during their breast cancer journey...
February 22, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Jo Hunter-Adams
Obesity among South African women represents an important dimension of noncommunicable disease (NCD) risk. Experiences of weight are an under-explored frame of reference for intervention. Using three-part in-depth interviews with 20 women and 9 focus groups with a total of 57 women (N = 77) in one low-income neighborhood, I relate women's positive perceptions of fatness to belonging and experiences of hunger. Aware of public health obesity messaging, participants tried to lose weight, yet stress and food scarcity impacted weight gain...
February 22, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Maria Luisa Mondolfi Miguel, Margarita Rosa Pino-Juste
In Spain, a country of great cultural diversity, there is an increasing demand for psychosocial care for victims of gender-based violence. The objective is to describe the psychosocial profile of these women residing in the Autonomous Community of Galicia. In a sample (n = 40) of victims of intimate partner violence, it was found a high incidence of PTSD, depression, and low self-esteem associated with greater severity of PTSD and depression. A prolonged relationship increases the types of violence experienced, which is associated with particular psychosocial conditions that are analyzed quanti-qualitatively in order to recommend interventions consistent with the problems detected...
February 12, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Renata B Orawiec, Stanisław B Nowak, Paweł Tomaszewski
The study aimed to determine postural stability of Parkinson's disease (PD) patients' wives in comparison with women differing in their lifestyle. (PD) patients' wives (n = 44), homemakers (n = 41), and female students of the University of the Third Age (n = 43) performed balance tests on a stabilometric platform. The PD patients' wives were characterized by significantly (p < 0.001) higher values of mean velocity sway than the homemakers and students (approximately 3.5 and 5 mm/s, respectively) and performed worst in displacement velocity and sway range in both sagittal and frontal plane...
February 11, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Melissa K Melby, Goro Yamada, David A Schwartz, Pamela J Surkan
Pregnancy-related metrics vary by race/ethnicity, yet most gestational weight gain (GWG) guidelines are ethnicity-blind. We estimated small-for-gestational age (SGA) risk in a Japanese population, examining GWG adequacy categorized by Institute of Medicine (IOM) and Japanese guidelines in male (N  = 192) and female (N = 191) full-term singleton infants. For predicting SGA, IOM guidelines had high sensitivity ( ≥ 0.75), but low specificity ( ≤ 0.25); Japanese guidelines had high specificity ( ≥ 0...
February 11, 2019: Health Care for Women International
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