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Health Care for Women International

Fernanda Gontijo Araújo, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez, Mariana Santos Felisbino-Mendes
The authors estimated the prevalence and trends of overweight, obesity, diabetes and hypertension among Brazilian women of reproductive age. A time series was constructed with Vigitel data from 2008 to 2015 and we analyzed trends of the prevalence of these conditions, considering sociodemographic characteristics. We observed an increasing trend in prevalence of overweight, obesity, and diabetes (for some sociodemographic characteristics), and stationary trends for hypertension. Our results highlight the need for early interventions in lifestyle of this population to reduce the NCDs risk factors burden and potentially contribute to improve maternal and neonatal outcomes and reduce the NCDs load...
April 15, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Alexandra J Hawkey, Jane M Ussher, Janette Perz
In this study, adult migrant and refugee women's negotiation of sexual agency in the context of marriage is explored. In Sydney, Australia and Vancouver, Canada, 78 semistructured individual interviews, and 15 focus groups, comprised of 82 participants, were conducted with women who had recently migrated from Afghanistan, Iraq, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Sri Lanka, and South America. Women's negotiation of sexual agency was evident with respect to husband choice, disclosure of sexual desire, pleasure, pain, and sexual consent...
April 15, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Toshiaki Aizawa
In this study, we estimate the effects of health insurance on the out-of-pocket expenditure on health care for maternal delivery in Indonesia. Distinguishing between the types of health insurance, we explore heterogeneity in the size of the impact of noncontributory insurance for poor households vis-à-vis contributory insurance for nonpoor households. We find that noncontributory insurance and contributory insurance reduce the average out-of-pocket expenditure by 1,136,966 IDR ( <mml:math xmlns:mml="http://www...
April 15, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Karen Synne Groven, Ellen Berg Svendby, Gro Rugseth
During the past years, co-production in medical and health related research has gained more focus. The purpose is to ensure that researchers - and the individuals that the research is relevant and has consequences for - will develop and produce the research, and accordingly also, the results together. In our understanding, the eventual success of co-production in research has to be based on some sort of sensitivity to and negotiation as to the perspectives and categories describing the research theme. In this article, based on empirical data from interviews with adolescents participating in treatment for lifestyle change, we explore the significance of the researchers' sensitivity for adolescents' resistance during the interview process...
April 8, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Sandra Cairo de Oliveira Amaral, Filipa Pimenta, João Marôco, Clemax Couto Sant'Anna
Brazil has a high prevalence of pediatric asthma, which can be a stressor to parents/caretakers. Researchers aimed to assesses the efficacy of a stress reduction intervention for mothers of children/adolescents with asthma through a randomized controlled study. Stress, anxiety, and depression were evaluated in three moments. The intervention group (n = 20), entailed 5-weekly sessions; the control group (n =34) had waiting list format. There was a significant decrease in stress, anxiety, and depression in the intervention group...
April 8, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Linda Murray, Nicole McDonald, Vo Van Thang
There is little research on beliefs and practices regarding unsettled infant behavior and infant sleep in low and lower-middle income countries such as Vietnam. Here, researchers used a participatory qualitative visual method (photo-elicitation) to investigate how infant settling was perceived "through the eyes" of new mothers in Central Vietnam. Four qualitative themes emerged from the data: "loneliness in the midst of the crowd", "finding the right position", "protecting from cold", and "affection and exhaustion"...
April 5, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Farnoosh Asgharvahedi, Leila Gholizadeh, Soraya Siabani
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the main cause of morbidity and mortality in women worldwide. Apart from the well-established risk factors, some adverse pregnancy outcomes have been found to be associated with increased risk of CVD in women. We reviewed the literature on the risk of CVD in women with a history of pregnancy loss (miscarriage and/or stillbirth). Electronic databases including MEDLINE and CINAHL were searched for English language articles published from 2000 to July 2016. Following the application of study inclusion and exclusion criteria, we selected seven studies for review...
April 5, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Merve Mert Karadas, Fusun Terzioglu
We examined the efficiency of different simulation methods for the improvement of knowledge and skills of nursing students in the management of postpartum hemorrhage. A total of 84 nursing students participated in the study. Data were obtained using a Semi-Structured Questionnaire Form, Student Satisfaction Evaluation Form, Effective Communication Skills Checklist, Spielberger's State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Skills Evaluation Form for Postpartum Bleeding Management. We suggest that the use of different simulation methods may be effective in improving the knowledge and skills of nursing students in the management of postpartum hemorrhage...
April 2, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Poorandokht Afshari, Mitra Tadayon, Parvin Abedi, Shiva Yazdizadeh
In this study authors aimed to identify the prevalence and related factors of postpartum depression in Ahvaz, Iran. A total of 505 women enrolled in this study from six public health centers in Ahvaz city, Republic of Iran. This study started in February and completed in September 2014. Data was gathered using a socio-demographic and Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale Persian version. Authors screened women from 14 days to 6 months postpartum. Mothers with a score of >12 were classified as a postpartum depression (PPD)...
March 29, 2019: Health Care for Women International
İlkay Boz, Gamze Teskereci, Murat Özekinci
The authors' aim in this study was to determine the vitamin D levels of Turkish women who were undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). The study design was a descriptive cohort study of a total of 208 infertile women at an IVF center in Turkey. Our findings showed that 4.3% of the women had a replete vitamin D level, 23.6% of the women had insufficient vitamin D levels, and 72.1% of women had deficient vitamin D levels. Our findings suggest that much more effective vitamin D support programs should be implemented for women who are seeking to become pregnant...
March 29, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Oscar Tranvåg, Dagfinn Nåden, Ann Gallagher
In this study, we explored perceptions of dignity, and sources preserving dignity of six older Norwegian women caring for a home-dwelling husband with dementia. Through hermeneutic interpretation of in-depth interviews, "having personal integrity," "mastering everyday life," and "giving of one self" were identified as crucial intrapersonal aspects of dignity - while "acknowledging worthiness and uniqueness of each human being" was found to be an essential interpersonal aspect...
March 26, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Loreto Pantoja, Fiona H Weeks, Jovita Ortiz, Gabriel Cavada, Jennifer Foster, Lorena Binfa
This study aimed to describe the level of maternal satisfaction during labor reported by a national sample of low-risk childbearing women in Chile; identifying the dimensions of intrapartum care most determinant for overall satisfaction. Maternal satisfaction was measured in the postpartum period with an instrument previously validated in Chile. Almost half of the participants (49.4%) reported having optimal satisfaction, 29% adequate, and 22% worse. Treatment of women by professionals and the physical environment were the most important dimension predicting of maternal satisfaction, consistent with findings from developing countries emphasizing patient-provider interaction during labor as a key component of birth care quality...
March 26, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Alicia Conesa-Agüera, Ismael Jiménez-Ruiz, Pilar Almansa-Martínez, Rocío Juliá-Sanchís
It may be considered esthetic violence when social demands regarding beauty affect and manipulate the development of individual identity and body image to respond to supposed prevailing ideals in society. We design and validate an instrument for measuring the degree of social assimilation of such stereotypes regarding beauty and body image linked to gender. The questionnaire was developed from a sample of 918 Spanish adults who participated online to develop it. The questionnaire was composed of 23 items. The assessment of preconceived images of bodily perfection provides examples of how esthetic violence affects the health of both men and women...
March 25, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Julia König
The Wijma Delivery Expectancy/Experience Questionnaire is a frequently used measure in the context of childbirth. There are two versions with identical items for use during pregnancy (version A, fear of childbirth) and postpartum (version B, subjective experience) respectively. The original authors report that the measure is unidimensional, but since, very different factor structures have been found with different language versions. In this study, I tested the previously found factor structures in a sample of 338 German new mothers with confirmatory factor analysis...
March 22, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Benissa E Salem, Mary-Lynn Brecht, Maria L Ekstrand, Mark Faucette, Adeline M Nyamathi
Frailty is a deficit accumulation in physical, psychological and social domains. Correlates of frailty were explored among formerly incarcerated, homeless women (N = 130, Mage = 38.9). Significant correlates of physical frailty were age, years homeless, prior violence, witnessing less violence, drug dependence, PTSD symptoms and tangible support. Significant correlates of psychological frailty were age, years homeless, witnessed violence, jail time, divorced less, drug use/dependence, prison time, methamphetamine use, and bodily pain...
March 22, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Gustavo H Soares, Iranilda Mendonça, Edgard Michel-Crosato, Samuel J Moysés, Simone T Moysés, Renata I Werneck
Imprisoned women represent a growing population worldwide with important health needs. In this study, we aimed to analyze the impact of oral health conditions on the quality of life of female inmates in a maximum security correctional facility. Participants were examined and answered the OHIP-14 questionnaire. A total of 305 inmates were included in the study. Prevalence of untreated caries was 84%. Worse quality of life was associated with dental caries, dental pain, deep periodontal pocket, prosthetic use, and age...
March 22, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Sara Milena Ramos Jaraba, Isabel C Garcés-Palacio
To explore the association between low birth weight and preterm birth with violence during pregnancy, we conducted a cross-sectional study by using the 2010 Colombian Demographic and Health Survey. We conducted bivariate analyses, binomial logistic regression, and stratified models by age, and 14,520 women were included. There was no association between violence and low birth weight. Nonetheless, an association with preterm birth in women aged over 35 was observed (OR 1.98, 95%CI 1.23, 3.17). Prenatal care appeared to be a protective factor for both outcomes...
March 15, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Farah Jamal Ghazi Al-Hashimi, Shahla Kareem Alalaf, Namir G Al Tawil
We aimed to determine any difference in the prevalence rate of depression during the three trimesters of pregnancy and its association with certain obstetric risk factors. In total, 1000 pregnant women attending primary health centers in the city of Erbil, Kurdistan, Iraq were assessed for depression using the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale. Women in the first and second trimesters had a significantly higher probability of depression than those in the third trimester. Screening early in pregnancy and following pregnant women in each trimester may help to identify those who are susceptible to depression and enable appropriate intervention...
March 13, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Farzad Jalali, Seyedeh Fatemeh Hashemi
The aims of the researchers were to determine the effectiveness of Life Skills Training for promoting mental health in the women after released. The study design was semi-experimental with pretest, posttest, follow-up, and control group. One hundred and fifty women after released were selected by convenience sampling. They were randomly assigned to experimental group and control group. The experimental group received the life skills training, while the control group did not. The research measurement instrument comprised the General Health Questionnaire...
March 12, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Arun Kumar Acharya
Human trafficking victims suffer different kinds of physical abuse and torture that cause severe physical injuries. During 2016-17 a total of 68 indigenous labor and sex-trafficking women victims were surveyed in Monterrey city, Mexico to explore the prevalence of violence against them and its implications on physical injuries and disabilities. We found that women reported different types of injuries and long term disabilities. Considering the level of violence and occupational hazards faced by victims, we suggest there is an urgent need to create instruments in the Mexican national human trafficking program to address the unmet health needs of the victims...
March 12, 2019: Health Care for Women International
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