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Health Care for Women International

Victoria Orrego Dunleavy
In this study the author address rural Guatemala's poor maternal health and HIV status by integrating an effective evidence-based HIV intervention (SEPA), with local implementing health partners to extend the capacity of comadronas (traditional Mayan birth attendants) to encompass HIV prevention. I employed a multi-method design consisting of a focus group, an interview, and participant observation to identify important factors surrounding comadrona receptivity towards expanding their capacity to HIV prevention...
August 12, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Rena Bina
Routine screening for postpartum depression (PPD) is widespread; however not all women comply. In this prospective study, women who participated in a screening initiative in Israel were compared to those who did not, and factors associated with participation were examined. One-to-two days postpartum women completed a socio-demographic survey, and at 6-weeks postpartum 76% participated in a screening initiative. Having at least three children, a family history of depression, and more positive attitudes toward seeking help were associated with participation in the screening initiative...
August 9, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Ari Probandari, Rizka Ayu Setyani, Eti Poncorini Pamungkasari, Vitri Widyaningsih, Argyo Demartoto
Female sex workers (FSW) are high-risk for HIV infection. The authors conducted a quasi-experimental study by providing peer education on 110 FSWs, and routine HIV education on 120 controls, in Surakarta Indonesia. An additional qualitative study was performed to explain the contextual factors contributing to the effectiveness of peer education. The difference in difference approach showed that peer education improved knowledge, acceptance, and utilization of female condom. The improvements were related to the clients' perceptions, access, and available interactive communication with the peer educator...
August 6, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Jessica Arnold, Julia Flint, Sharon Casapulla, Claudia Nieto, Mario J Grijalva
In rural Ecuador pregnant women face complex challenges navigating the terrain between traditional and biomedical maternal health care services. Semi-structured interviews were conducted in three rural communities in Southern Ecuador that have presented active Chagas disease transmission with women who were pregnant or have given birth within the last five years. This study was conducted to identify and understand the experiences of mothers in these communities and the decisions they make to maintain the wellness of themselves and their children...
August 6, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Jessica L Barnack-Tavlaris, Kristina Hansen, Rachel B Levitt, Michelle Reno
Menstrual leave is offered in some countries and companies; however, there is a lack of research examining perceptions or effects of the policy. We examined the U.S. public's ( N  = 600) perceptions of a potential menstrual leave policy. Participants were asked open-ended questions about potential effects of menstrual leave in the U.S. Using thematic analysis, five themes emerged: (a) Supporting women and women in the workplace. (b) What do men get? (c) Concerns about the effects on the workplace. (d) Just deal with it [menstruation]...
August 6, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Rachel A Ollivier, Megan L Aston, Sheri L Price
Postpartum sexual health has historically been viewed and discussed in specific ways, often dominated by biomedical discourse. There is a need to expand understandings of sexual health for postpartum women in the context of interdisciplinary health care. Research surrounding postpartum sexual health is largely focused on physical measures, such as vaginal lubrication or initiation of intercourse, without accounting for the diverse and subjective ways that sexuality and sexual health are experienced during the postpartum period...
August 2, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Neely Mahapatra, Abha Rai
It takes an inordinate amount of resiliency for South Asian (SA) immigrant women survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV)/domestic violence (DV) to seek outside help. The purpose of authors of this study is to understand the process/pathways used by abused SA women to seek formal sources of help. A convenience sample of adult SA women ( N  = 9), who were survivors of IPV was recruited from a SA women's organization located in a large Southwestern metropolitan area in the United States. In-depth interviews were conducted and analyzed resulting in five themes...
July 26, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Baizhen Ciren, Heidi Fjeld
Many abortions are performed annually in the People's Republic of China, where the practice is legal, largely safe, and readily available. In this article we present a qualitative study exploring the experiences and perceptions of sixteen Tibetan women who had undergone induced abortions, and five healthcare workers from hospitals in Lhasa in which abortions are carried out. Our findings in this first study of abortion in the Tibet Autonomous Region suggest that despite the availability and medical safety of abortion services, Tibetan women must deal with various social, ethical, and religious challenges related to the practice, as well as limited knowledge and availability of contraceptives...
July 26, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Oluwatoyin Olukotun, Lucy Mkandawire-Valhmu, Peninnah Kako
Undocumented immigrants encounter a myriad of complex barriers to health care access, negatively impacting their health outcomes. In this qualitative study we aimed to understand the barriers to health care for undocumented African immigrant women in the United States as well as how women navigate these barriers. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 24 undocumented African immigrant women. Our findings indicate that undocumented African women experience complex barriers to care which they attempted to navigate...
July 26, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Junga Lee
We investigated the association between physical activity (PA) before pregnancy and pregnancy rate according to intensity and amount of exercise. Eleven prospective cohort studies were included in this meta-analysis. Any amount of moderate-intensity PA was associated with a statistically higher rate of pregnancy compared to that in patients with no PA ( p < .05). Any amount of vigorous PA was associated with decreased pregnancy rate; regular PA was associated with decreased infertility ( p > .05). In contrast, vigorous PA was associated with increased infertility ( p > ...
July 24, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Alexandra Berger-Polsky, Nihaya Daoud, Ruslan Sergienko, Eyal Sheiner, Ilana Shoham-Vardi, Natalya Bilenko
Polygamy has been associated with adverse health outcomes. We examined the association between polygamy and adverse birth outcomes (composite score of preterm birth, low birth weight, small for gestational age, Apgar score < 7) using survey data linked to retrospective medical data of 9,872 cohort Bedouin women who bore live singletons in a large medical center in Southern Israel between 2008 and 2014. Women in polygamous marriages (18%) were more likely to have adverse birth outcomes after considering different factors (AOR = 1...
July 24, 2019: Health Care for Women International
África Ruiz-Carot, Alicia Conesa-Agüera, Rocío Juliá-Sanchis, Pilar Almansa-Martínez, Ismael Jiménez-Ruiz
The authors' purpose was to analyse the influence of beauty stereotypes on the everyday life of men and women and the behaviours adopted in order to satisfy such ideals using mixed methods of an exploratory nature. Taking into account that 76.7% of participants agree that the current established beauty stereotypes affect their everyday lives, we aim to explain the influence of beauty stereotypes and the behaviours adopted in order to comply with them. Assessing the degree of assimilation of gender-related socio-cultural beauty stereotypes allows us to examine how this can trigger behavioural responses in order to shape one's identity...
July 24, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Hossein Hajizadeh, Haidar Nadrian, Nazila Farin, Mohammad Asghari Jafarabadi, Seyed Jamal Ghaemmaghami Hezaveh, Sousan Kolahi, Pouria Sefid Mooye Azar, Sharon Brennan-Olsen
Our aim was to develop a framework-based weight control behavior questionnaire (Weight-CuRB) and test its psychometric properties among a non-probability sample of 240 postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. Appropriate validity, simplicity, functionality and reliability were observed for the Weight-CuRB. The explanatory model fits the data well (χ2 [139] = 245.835, p <  .001, CFI = 0.950, NFI = 0.901, IFI = 0.950, RMSEA = 0.057[(0.045-0.068]). To our knowledge, this was the first study to develop and validate a framework-based instrument aiming at cognitive needs assessment of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis...
July 23, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Vandana Tripathi, Elly Arnoff, Pooja Sripad
A research-to-action collaboration sought to understand and respond to barriers to female genital fistula treatment in Nigeria and Uganda. This was guided by appreciative inquiry, a participatory approach for transformative programing with four phases: (1) inquire, (2) imagine, (3) innovate, and (4) implement. Through this process, partners designed and refined a treatment barrier reduction intervention using multiple communication channels to disseminate a consistent fistula screening algorithm and provide transportation vouchers to those screening positive...
July 23, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Kayoko Ishii, Aya Goto, Kazuyo Watanabe, Hiroshi Tsutomi, Mie Sasaki, Hiromi Komiya, Seiji Yasumura
Postpartum depression is a serious problem not only for mothers, but also for their children and families. Evidence is scarce on the effectiveness of couple-targeted antenatal interventions aimed at preventing postpartum depression in Asia. Therefore, we implemented an antenatal parenting support program from Australia ("empathy program") at three sites in Japan, and assessed the characteristics of participating couples and changes in their mental health indicators before and after the program (during pregnancy and 6 weeks postpartum, respectively)...
July 23, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Dilek Coşkuner Potur, Güliz Onat, Yeliz Doğan Merih
In this descriptive study, our aim was to examine the relationship between violence exposure status and personality characteristics among infertile women. The researchers collected data from 315 infertile women at an in vitro fertilization unit of the Woman and Child Disease Training and Research Hospital in Istanbul, Turkey. An introductory information form, the Eysenck Personality Questionnaire Revised-Abbreviated Form (EPQR-A), and the Infertile Women's Exposure to Violence Determination Scale (IWEVDS) were used as data collection tools...
July 5, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Shahla Biglar Chopoghlou, Nasrin Hanifi, Nasrin Jafari Varjoshani
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) experience a high level of uncertainty and face serious difficulty in coping effectively with their conditions. We compared the rate of uncertainty and coping strategies of women patients in members and nonmembers of peer groups. Our results showed that uncertainty level for patients who are members in peer groups was less than that of the nonmember patients in peer groups. Moreover, we observed that people who are members in peer groups employed problem-oriented coping strategies more than the nonmember patients in the peer group...
July 1, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Doo Chul Shin
Working mothers are receiving a lot of physical and mental stress due to their various roles in the home and society. However, lack the time to manage their health because of their diverse roles in the workplace and at home; thus, it is necessary to implement a program that can help manage the health of working mothers in a company. The author's purposes in this study are to identify the health related quality of life and mental health problems of working mothers and to determine the effects of an in-house health care program to manage those problems...
July 1, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Denise Wilson, Karina Cootes, Alayne Mikahere-Hall, Juanita Sherwood, Kay Berryman, Debra Jackson
Often young indigenous women are framed in ways that problematize and pathologize them, which overlooks their strengths. We interviewed 16 young Indigenous Māori women aged 14 to 18 years about their understandings of safety, being safe, and how they kept themselves and their friends safe. Reflecting and Learning, aided by progressing age and maturity, is the process that mediated their feeling unsafe and keeping safe and resulted in being safe . Young Māori women's reflecting and learning facilitates relatively mature levels of resourcefulness for navigating being safe, including situations they encountered appear unsafe...
June 27, 2019: Health Care for Women International
Hsuan-Man Hung, Ming-Fu Chen, Chung-Hey Chen
The researchers' aim of this study was to identify and quantify the useful, clinically crucial predictors of depression in Taiwanese women with systemic autoimmune diseases (SADs). We used a cross-sectional method. A total of 241 Taiwanese women with SADs between 21 and 85 years of age participated in the study. Analysis revealed that the strongest predictors of depression in participants were: perceived stress, fatigue, mental health, physical health, chronic-disease-related comorbidities, self-perceived SAD severity, and social support...
June 27, 2019: Health Care for Women International
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