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Indian Journal of Leprosy

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September 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
A Das, S K Das
Breast tuberculosis (TB) is rare form of extra-pulmonary TB. It is most commonly seen in women of reproductive age group, especially in young, multiparous women who are breast feeding. In geriatric women, breast TB in some cases simulates with breast carcinoma due to common signs which include hard breast lump with nodular surface, ulceration, fixity to skin, discharging sinus, retraction of nipple, axillary lymphadenopathy etc. Hence, it is very difficult to differentiate breast TB from breast cancer, especially in elderly women on clinical ground only, and therefore, histopathological diagnosis is mandatory...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
N Mehta, R Ramachandran, S Srikanth
Erythema Nodosum Leprosum (ENL) is characterized by evanescent, erythematous, painful raised nodules which fade within 48-72 hours. Necrotic and ulcerative forms are rare presentations of severe ENL. A 27 year old male patient presented with multiple erythematous nodules on trunk and extremities associated with high grade fever, joint pain and pedal edema. Patient developed ulceration of nodules associated with pain and burning sensation over another 3 days. Slit smear showed clumps of granular bacilli. Biopsy showed superficial dermis showing edema with dense focal perivascular infiltrate of lymphocytes, macrophages and few scattered neutrophils...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
P K Sharma, D K Singh
Six male patients of lepromatous leprosy with erythema nodosum leprosum reaction (ENL) reactions diagnosed clinically and by slit skin smear were treated with aspirin and clofazimine. Aspirin was given in the daily dosage of 75mg/kg body weight up to a maximum of 2.8 grams in four divided doses, along with daily 300mg clofazimine in three divided doses and dapsone 100mg daily with rifampicin 600mg once a month. Aspirin was continued in the same dosage for a month before being tapered and stopped at the end of third month when clofazimine was also reduced to 50 mg daily...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
M S Raju, M Elkana, P Failbus, J P Palla, U K Hembrom, P S Rao
In order to analyse the factors of demographic as well as disease related variables and their correlation with Rate of Defaulting (ROD) from Multi Drug Therapy (MDT) among leprosy patients, secondary data have been collected from 3,579 new cases registered for MDT, during a period of 4 years from 2007 to 2010 in four leprosy hospitals/ treatment centers across the four high endemic states viz. Uttar Pradesh, Chhattisgarh; Maharashtra and Andhra Pradesh. Year wise percentage of patients defaulted was calculated on aggregate as well as with reference to each centre and cross tabulated with demographic and disease related factors...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
S Karjigi, S C Murthy, H Kallappa, M R Kusuma, B Aruna, Y N Reddy
Dapsone is an extensively Used drug for the treatment of leprosy as well as'some other clinical problems worldwide: Its use has been predicted to increase further, especially in non leprosy conditions. Treatment with Dapsone is sometimes known'to be associated with side-effects, which include gastrointestinal intolerance, haemolysis, methaemoglobinaemia, agranulocytosis, psychosis, peripheral neuritis and varied dermatological conditions, varying from simple rash to severe life threatening epidermolytic reactions and Dapsone hypersensitivity syndrome (DHS)...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
K M Kamble, S V Gitte, R N Sabat
Lagophthalmos is one of the well-known complications of leprosy due to involvement of the facial nerve. In the present study an attempt has been made to elucidate the role of early intervention with steroids and adjunct physiotherapy in early reported lagophthalmos in patients affected with leprosy at a tertiary referral institute under the Disability Prevention and Medical rehabilitation (DPMR) programme. During April 2008 to March 2014, 62 patients affected with leprosy reported to Regional leprosy Training and Research Institute with lagophthalmos...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
K Shilpa, B Leelavathy, D V Lakshmi, G Divya
The terminology Cauliflower ear refers to the appearance of external ear, sequelae to underlying primary inflammation/infection. Trauma and secondary infection or perichondritis being the most common cause of cauliflower ear, this article describes a case of unilateral cauliflower ear due to multibacillary leprosy. This case shows the importance of skin smears and the histopathological identification and classification of leprosy patients with unusual lesions.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
K Shilpa, B Leelavathy, K Kavya, D V Lakshmi, G Divya
Pityriasis rosea is one of the commonly encountered papulo squamous disease in dermatology outpatient department. Its clinical presentations are varied, and it also has many atypical forms. We report a case of a male patient with classical Pityriasis rosea lesions limited to the patches of Hansen's disease. This is probably being reported for the first time in literature.
July 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
K N Chowdhary, R Rao, P Priya, M Valiathan, S Shetty, S Pai
Cutaneous sarcoidosis may occasionally be mistaken and treated for leprosy. We present two cases of sarcoidosis of the skin which were initially treated as leprosy based on the histopathological features. Histological study in one patient showed perineural and perivascular granuloma adding on to the diagnostic confusion. It is very important for the clinicians to consider sarcoidosis as a possible diagnosis in a patient with clinical features that are not typical of leprosy. Histopathology along with appropriate in -situ techniques can help in arriving at an appropriate diagnosis...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
S Arumugam, P Joseph, J Ponnaiya, J Richard, M Das, V S Chaitanya, M Ebenezer
The objective of the research is to test the efficacy of new drugs and drug combinations in mice infected with Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae) as alternative to current WHO MDT. Individual drugs tested were Rifampicin (RMP), Rifapentine (RPT) and Moxifloxacin (MOXI). Drug combinations were RMP, Clarithromycin (CLARI), Minocycline (MINO) and RMP, MINO and Ofloxacin (OFLO). RPT drug combinations were RPT, CLARI, MINO and RPT, OFLO, MINO. Both the drugs and drug combinations were used as daily regimen and intermittent regimen...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
P Joseph, J Ponnaiya, M Das, V S Chaitanya, S Arumugam, M Ebenezer
Leprosy, a debilitating disease of the skin and peripheral nerves is caused by Mycobacterium leprae (M. leprae) and is treated by multidrug therapy (MDT) comprising of Dapsone, Rifampicin and Clofazimine. Resistance to any of these drugs poses a threat to the current disease control strategies. With the emergence of Rifampicin resistance in leprosy, it is important that alternative drugs need to be tested to develop a treatment strategy to combat drug resistant leprosy. In the current study, we have investigated WHO MDT, Rifapentine, Clarithromycin, Minocycline, Moxifloxacin, Ofloxacin and their combinations in intermittent and daily dose regimens in rifampicin resistant strains of M...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
M F Calixto, L H C Marciano, R B R Prado, S M T Nardi, T Marques
This study has been carried out to investigate the frequency of musculoskeletal symptoms in people affected by leprosy and correlate this to their functional capacity to perform daily living and working activities and to their degree of disability. This cross-sectional study was performed on 100 clients who answered a questionnaire on personal and clinical data, the Nordic Musculoskeletal (QNSO), and the shoulder, arm and hand dysfunction (DASH) questionnaires. The mean age was 53.63 years and there was a predominance of men (67%), low education (53%), and multibacillary disease (84%)...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
Y Aswani, H Thakkar, A R Sahu, K M Anandpara
Leprosy continues to be a major public health problem in some areas of our country. It predominantly afflicts peripheral nerves and skin and may lead to deformities. Social stigma as a result of deformities further plagues the situation. Prompt and early diagnosis coupled with adequate treatment, concurrent rehabilitative strategies if deformities do occur, and health education help to control the problem. Definitive diagnosis of leprosy has traditionally been based on assessment of slit skin smears (SSS) after AFB-staining and characteristic histopathology after biopsyof the lesion...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
K D Rambhia, U S Khopkar
Elastophagocytosis is the engulfment of the elastic fibres by the histiocytes, multinucleated giant cells, or both. The cutaneous lesions showing elastophagocytosis are annular elastolytic giant cell granuloma, actinic keratoses, persistent insect-bite reactions, elastosis perforans serpiginosa, foreign body granuloma. Occasionally, it may occur in infectious diseases like leprosy, granulomatous syphilis, North-American blastomycosis, bacterial folliculitis, and cutaneous leishmaniasis. We report a case of lepromatous leprosy with necrotic erythema nodosum leprosum with secondary anetoderma...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
G Garg, A Gogia, A Kakar
Leprosy may mask a variety of diseases. One such disease is systemic lupus erythematosus. The early differentiation between the two diseases is of utmost importance to institute appropriate treatment and reduce patient morbidity and mortality. Leprosy is a communicable, chronic granulomatous disease caused by Mycobacterium leprae. This clinically manifests predominantly with neurological and cutaneous features. However, it may also manifest with a variety of autoimmune phenomena indicative of autoimmune diseases, such as Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE) or Rheumatoid Arthritis...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
S P Nair, G N Kumar, R Mathew
A 42 year old male presented with multiple, discrete, hyperpigmented, firm, non elastic, non tender papules and plaques on the posterior trunk of 5 months duration, resembling keloid. The patient had also a few skin colored papules on the anterior trunk and face. The sensations over the skin lesions were intact. The patient had glove and stocking type of anesthesia and bilaterally thickened, non tender peripheral nerve trunks. The slit skin smear for acid fast bacilli from the ear lobes, skin lesions and normal skin were highly positive for Mycobacterium leprae...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
A J Asia, V Tapre, U Joge
In spite of 33 years of use of Multidrug Treatment (MDT) implemented by National Leprosy Eradication Programme (NLEP), leprosy continues to be a major public health problem in some regions of India. Recent increase in number of cases of leprosy at our tertiary care centre especially in children encouraged us to undertake a descriptive study for last 5 years. Records were analysed to describe the clinical pattern of leprosy in children below 15 years pertaining to the period 2010 to 2014. Amongst 664 leprosy cases registered during 2010 to 2014, 86 were found to be children between 0-15 years of age (13...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
D Widasmara, I Agusni, A Turchan
Early diagnosis of nerve damage in leprosy is quite important for preventing the deformities. With an aim to find a good marker we have investigated Krox-20 as early peripheral nerve damage indicator in leprosy. Ambulatory patients of Kediri Leprosy Hospital, Malang, Indonesia have been studied. Degree of disability was measured based on WHO's criteria. Immunohistochemistry was.used to study the expression of Krox-20 on Schwann cells on nerve twigs in skin biopsies from leprosy cases. Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) curve was used to determine cut off value...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
K Kakkad, T Padhi, K Pradhan, K C Agrawal
The study was undertaken in VSS Institute of Medical Sciences to observe the clinical, bacteriological and histological diagnosis of leprosy patients attending the hospital who consented to undergo slit skin smear (SSS) examination, punch biopsy and participate in the study. Fifty leprosy patients aged 5 to 70 years, which included 41 male and 9 female patients participated in the study. These included 4 TT, 24 BT, 2 BB, 5 BL and 15 ILL clinically diagnosed patients as per the IAL classification (1982 ). SSS were undertaken from 4 sites, stained with ZN stain and BI calculated as per Ridley Scale...
April 2016: Indian Journal of Leprosy
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