journal
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38281686/epicanthoplasty-social-and-historic-perspectives
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jonathan Xu, Jane M Grant-Kels, Lawrence Charles Parish, Andrzej Grzybowski
The epicanthus is a fold of skin covering the inner corner of the eye, blending into the nasal skin. It is a cosmetic feature of many populations of the world. The surgical alteration of this structure was first developed for the epicanthus found in such congenital genetic conditions as Down syndrome in the West. In the last century and a half, in what may be a reaction to the Western portrayal of skin overlaying the eye and of Shakespeare's descriptions of characters with epicanthic folds, surgical techniques have arisen for pure cosmetic intent to alter the Asian eyelid...
January 26, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38272102/persian-contributions-to-dermatology
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Mohamad Goldust, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 23, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38219806/edouard-manet-s-portrait-of-jeanne-duval-did-manet-portray-the-disease-from-which-he-died
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leonard J Hoenig
In 1862, the French artist Edouard Manet painted a portrait of Jeanne Duval, then age 42, who was suffering from a paralyzed leg. Manet depicts her stiffly reclined on a sofa with her foot seemingly disjointed from her body. Duval later became blind. Around 1875, Manet himself began to develop leg pains and an unsteady gait which progressed in severity until he died from complications of his disorder, during 1883, at age 51. This contribution reviews the clinical information available concerning the neurological disorders of both the subject and artist, the differential diagnosis for each case, with a focus on whether neurosyphilis may have accounted for their respective illnesses...
January 12, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38216002/artificial-intelligence-and-the-scientific-method-how-to-cope-with-a-complete-oxymoron
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
W Clark Lambert, Muriel W Lambert, Mohammad Hassan Emamian, Michał Woźniak, Andrzej Grzybowski
Artificial intelligence can be a powerful tool for data analysis, but it can also mislead investigators due in part to a fundamental difference between classic data analysis and data analysis using AI. A more or less limited data set is analyzed in classic data analysis, and a hypothesis is generated. That hypothesis is then tested using a separate data set, and the data are examined again. The premise was either accepted or rejected with a value "p," indicating that any difference observed was due merely to chance...
January 10, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38199334/how-to-cope-with-potential-malpheasance-using-ai-call-to-action
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
W Clark Lambert, Andrzej Grzybowski
Just as fire and electricity can be, and in many ways are, of great benefit to humanity and, as the papers elsewhere in this issue of Clinics in Dermatology have shown, artificial intelligence can be used for the ill and help in medicine. We offer several suggestions to counter some of the more egregious and obvious ones: AI-generated material that purports to be caused by humans and AI-generated material that purports to show actual people doing things that these people would not normally do. Both suggestions rely on methods already in existence to ensure public safety...
January 8, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38185196/a-history-of-artificial-intelligence
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrzej Grzybowski, Katarzyna Pawlikowska-Łagód, W Clark Lambert
The development of the computer and what is now known as artificial intelligence (AI) has evolved over more than two centuries in a long series of steps. The date of the invention of the first computer is estimated at 1822, when Charles Babbage (1791-1871) developed his first design of a working computer on paper, based mainly on a Jacquard loom. He worked on his project together with Augusta Ada King, Countess Lovelace (née Byron) (Ada Lovelace) (1815-1852), whom he called the "Sorceress of Numbers." This work will present the profile and achievements of Charles Babbage, Augusta Ada King, Countess Lovelace, and Alan Mathison Turing (1912 - 1954), who is considered the father of computer science and artificial intelligence, and then provide an outline of the tumultuous events affecting AI up to the present...
January 5, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38185195/novel-b-dna-dermatophyte-assay-for-demonstration-of-canonical-dna-in-dermatophytes-histopathologic-characterization-by-artificial-intelligence
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Claude E Gagna, Anthony N Yodice, JulianaD'Amico, Lina Elkoulily, Shaheryar M Gill, Francis G DeOcampo, Maryam Rabbani, Jai Kaur, Aangi Shah, Zainab Ahmad, Muriel W Lambert Lambert, W Clark Lambert
We describe a novel assay and artificial intelligence (AI) driven histopathologic approach identifying dermatophytes in human skin tissue sections (i.e., B-DNA dermatophyte assay) and demonstrate, for the first time, the presence of dermatophytes in tissue using immunohistochemistry (IHC) to detect canonical right-handed double-stranded (ds-) B-DNA. IHC was performed using anti-ds-B-DNA monoclonal antibodies with formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues to determine the presence of dermatophytes. The B-DNA assay resulted in a more accurate identification of dermatophytes, nuclear morphology, dimensions, and gene expression of dermatophytes (i...
January 5, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38184124/challenges-of-artificial-intelligence-in-medicine-and-dermatology
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Andrzej Grzybowski, Kai Jin, Hongkang Wu
Artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine and dermatology brings additional challenges related to bias, transparency, ethics, security, and inequality. Bias in AI algorithms can arise from biased training data or decision-making processes, leading to disparities in healthcare outcomes. Addressing bias requires carefully examining the data used to train AI models and implementing strategies to mitigate bias during algorithm development. Transparency is another critical challenge, as AI systems often operate as black boxes, making it difficult to understand how decisions are reached...
January 4, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38184123/examining-diversity-in-dermatology-residency-applicants
#29
LETTER
Kripa Ahuja, Shilpi Khetarpal
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 4, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38184122/application-of-artificial-intelligence-in-oculoplastics-a-review
#30
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Yilu Cai, Xuan Zhang, Jing Cao, Andrzej Grzybowski, Juan Ye, Lixia Lou
Oculoplastics is a sub-specialty of ophthalmology/dermatology concerned with eyelid, orbital and lacrimal diseases. Artificial intelligence (AI), with its powerful ability to analyze large data sets, has dramatically benefited oculoplastics. The cutting-edge AI technology is widely applied to extract ocular parameters and to use these results for further assessment, such as screening and diagnosis of blepharoptosis and predicting the progression of thyroid eye disease. AI also assists in treatment procedures, such as surgical strategy planning in blepharoptosis...
January 4, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38181890/revolutionizing-diagnostic-pathology-the-emergence-and-impact-of-artificial-intelligence-what-doesn-t-kill-you-makes-you-stronger
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Albert Alhatem, Trish Wong, W Clark Lambert
This study explores the integration and impact of artificial intelligence (AI) in diagnostic pathology, particularly dermatopathology, assessing its challenges and potential solutions for global healthcare enhancement. A comprehensive literature search on PubMed and Google Scholar, conducted on March 30, 2023, using terms related to AI, pathology, and machine learning, yielded 44 relevant publications. These were analyzed under themes including the evolution of deep learning in pathology, AI's role in replacing pathologists, development challenges of diagnostic algorithms, clinical implementation hurdles, strategies for practical application in dermatopathology, and future prospects of AI in this field...
January 3, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38181889/dermatology-and-artificial-intelligence
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
W Clark Lambert, Andrzej Grzybowski
Artificial intelligence (AI) has been grouped with invention of the wheel, conquest of fire, the industrial revolution, and even splitting of the atom as seminal events in the history of man. With certain reservations, we agree. Like the other such developments, however, AI may be used for good or for ill. In this issue of Clinics in Dermatology (CID) we have written/edited/contributed and have carefully selected others with relevant expertise and interest to generate a series of papers on AI both as a general topic and as AI relates specifically to dermatology...
January 3, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38181888/artificial-intelligence-in-the-detection-of-skin-cancer-state-of-the-art
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michał Strzelecki, Marcin Kociołek, Maria Strąkowska, Michał Kozłowski, Andrzej Grzybowski, Piotr M Szczypiński
The incidence of melanoma is increasing rapidly. This cancer has a good prognosis if detected early. For this reason, various systems of skin lesion image analysis, which support imaging diagnostics of this neoplasm, are developing very dynamically. To detect and recognize neoplastic lesions, these systems use various artificial intelligence (AI) algorithms. This area of computer science applications has recently undergone dynamic development, abounding in several solutions that are an effective tool supporting diagnosticians in many medical specialties...
January 3, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38181887/artificial-intelligence-in-cosmetic-dermatology-an-update-on-current-trends
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Alexandra Elder, Megan O'Donnell Cappelli, Christina Ring, Nazanin Saedi
The use of artificial intelligence will soon be commonplace within the field of cosmetic dermatology. Current uses for artificial intelligence in the discipline have focused on empowering patients to be more involved in treatment decisions with customizable skin care, augmented reality applications, and at-home skin analysis tools. AI-driven skin analysis tools are also included in many dermatology practices, with the development of 3D facial reconstruction, including models for predicting clinical outcomes...
January 3, 2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38142790/syphilis-for-dermatologists-current-concepts
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jorge Navarrete, Stephanie Saavedra-Portales
Dermatologists are familiar with the classic aspects of syphilis. Our objective in this update is to display novel features of sexually acquired syphilis, its pathophysiology, natural history, atypical clinical variants, skin of color, clinical pearls, and prospects. Textbook knowledge, congenital syphilis, epidemiology, and historical data are excluded.
2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38040320/hatred-has-no-place-in-medicine-the-dermatologist-s-role-in-countering-antisemitism-and-all-other-forms-of-racism
#36
LETTER
Nikki R Adler, Jane M Grant-Kels
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2024: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38160861/eponyms-and-clinical-entities-from-the-land-of-israel
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Leonard J Hoenig, Sarah Brenner, Ronni Wolf, Arieh Ingber, Jane M Grant-Kels, Dan Lipsker, Lawrence Charles Parish
Seven eponyms havd been pioneered by dermatologists in Israel: Brenner's sign, Chanarin-Dorfman syndrome, granulated sweetener packet sign, isopathic the phenomenon of Sagher, lanolin paradox, Nakar-Ingber disease, and Wolf's isotopic response. In addition, three id reactions described by Israeli dermatologists are listed: leishmanid, pediculid and scabid. There is also the acronym PEMPHIGUS, which stands for the causative reasons for pemphigus. We celebrate these eponyms and clinical entities, which reflect the impressive progress made by dermatologists in Israel during the past century, which has helped to build an academic vibrant and dynamic specialty in the Holy Land...
December 29, 2023: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38151140/teaching-about-the-holocaust-in-dermatology-training-programs
#38
LETTER
Leonard J Hoenig, Jane M Grant-Kels, Stephen P Stone, Lawrence Charles Parish
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 25, 2023: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38151139/the-dermatologic-aspects-of-std-and-hiv
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Christopher B Bunker, David Hawkins
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 25, 2023: Clinics in Dermatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38151138/sexually-transmitted-infections-from-the-twentieth-to-the-twenty-first-century
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Michael Adler
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 25, 2023: Clinics in Dermatology
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