Journals International Journal of Psych...

International Journal of Psychophysiology
Bernis Sütçübaşı, Ali Bayram, Barış Metin, Tamer Demiralp
The dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) is implicated in top-down regulation of emotion, but the detailed network mechanisms require further elucidation. To investigate network-level functions of the dlPFC in emotion regulation, this study measured changes in task-based activation, resting-state and task-based functional connectivity (FC) patterns following suppression of dlPFC excitability by 1-Hz repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS). In a sham-controlled within-subject design, 1-Hz active or sham rTMS was applied to the right dlPFC of 19 healthy volunteers during two separate counterbalanced sessions...
July 11, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Pan Liu, Jaron X Y Tan
The transition to adolescence is characterized by rapid development of puberty, reward processing, and internalizing psychopathology (i.e., depression and anxiety). More advanced pubertal status and altered reward processing are both known to be associated with elevated internalizing symptoms. However, it was unclear to what extent pubertal status and reward processing interacted with each other in predicting internalizing psychopathology. We examined how the puberty-psychopathology association was moderated by the reward processing indexed by ERPs, including the reward positivity (RewP) and the late positive potential (LPP)...
July 2, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Melissa N Horger, Kaitlyn Campbell, Peter J Marshall
Sensory memory traces are assessed via oddball paradigms in which deviant (infrequent) stimuli are interspersed into a string of standard (frequent) stimuli. Once a memory trace for the standard is established, the deviant spurs a change detection response measured via the resulting event related potential (ERP). Response magnitude is sensitive to the differences in stimuli properties or categories and influenced by individual experience. The goal of the present study was to use ERPs to test the relation between individual digits in the somatosensory cortex and the extent to which digit representations are influenced by individual differences in experience such as independent mobility and playing video games...
July 2, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Thomas Wooten, Kayla S Sansevere, Sara Siqueira, Thomas McWilliams, Sidney Peach, Erika K Hussey, Tad Brunyé, Nathan Ward
Cranial electrotherapy stimulation (CES) is a form of non-invasive brain stimulation (NIBS) that has demonstrated potential to modulate neural activity in a manner that may be conducive to improved cognitive performance. While other forms of NIBS, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), have received attention in the field as potential acute cognitive enhancers, CES remains relatively unexplored. The current study aimed to assess the efficacy of CES in improving acute cognitive performance under normal experimental conditions, as well as during sessions of induced situational anxiety (threat of shock or ToS)...
June 27, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Tracey M Keogh, Siobhán Howard
Lower cardiovascular reactivity is a proposed marker of motivational dysregulation and is related to a range of adverse behavioural and health outcomes. Social participation is a form of motivated behaviour and represents the frequency in which an individual engages in social activities. Low social participation has recently been linked to lower cardiovascular responses to acute psychological stress. With recent work emphasizing the importance of assessing adaptation of the cardiovascular response to recurrent stress, the aim of the current study is to build on previous work by examining the relationship between social participation and cardiovascular stress response adaptation...
June 25, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Petunia Reinke, Lisa Deneke, Sebastian Ocklenburg
The human brain shows distinct lateralized activation patterns for a range of cognitive processes. One such function, which is thought to be lateralized to the right hemisphere (RH), is human face processing. Its importance for social communication and interaction has led to a plethora of studies investigating face processing in health and disease. Temporally highly resolved methods, like event-related potentials (ERPs), allow for a detailed characterization of different processing stages and their specific lateralization patterns...
June 22, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Chao Xue, Yiran Chen, William Forde Thompson, Fang Liu, Cunmei Jiang
The similarity of understanding is important for music experience and communication, but little is understood about the sources of this common knowledge. Although neural responses to the same piece of music are known to be similar across listeners, it remains unclear whether this neural response similarity is linked to musical understanding and the role of dynamic musical attributes in shaping it. Our study addresses this gap by investigating the relationship between neural response similarity, musical tension, and dynamic musical attributes...
June 21, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Carlos M Gómez, Rocío Linares, Elena I Rodríguez-Martínez, Santiago Pelegrina
The development of brain oscillatory responses and their possible role in the working memory (WM) performance of children, adolescents and young adults was investigated. A set of 0- and 1-back tasks with letter stimuli were administered to a final sample of 131 subjects (between 6 and 20 years of age). A decrease in response times (RTs) and an increase of the sensitivity index d-prime (d') were seen with increased age. RTs increased and d' decreased with load, indicating higher difficulty for higher loads...
June 5, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Hyewon Yeo, Jin Won Seo, Hyerin Gu, Seog Ju Kim
Sleep quality often deteriorates with age, and insomnia among the elderly increases the risks of both physical and psychiatric disorders. To elucidate the mechanisms and identify useful diagnostic biomarkers for insomnia in the elderly, the current study investigated the associations of waking brain activity patterns with susceptibility to stress-induced insomnia (sleep reactivity) and dysfunctional beliefs about sleep, major factors precipitating and maintaining insomnia, respectively. Forty-five participants aged 60 years or older with insomnia completed self-reported measures assessing depression, anxiety, sleep quality, dysfunctional beliefs about sleep, and sleep reactivity...
June 4, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Cuijing Li, Ting Pan, Jinbo He, Yang Zheng, Liyan Fan, Yayun Meng
Individuals with Internet gaming disorder (IGD) often exhibit an approach bias towards gaming cues compared to non-gaming cues. Although previous studies suggested a positive correlation between approach bias and the severity of game use, the neuropsychological mechanisms that underpin the automatic action tendencies remain largely unexplored. The present study measured event-related potentials (ERPs) in 22 IGD and 23 healthy control (HC) participants who met the inclusion criteria, both groups conducted the Stimulus-Response Compatibility task (SRC), with their ERPs recorded during the task...
June 4, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Reo Takahashi, Yusuke Shibuya, Michiko Tsuneoka, Tokihiro Ogawa
Skin conductance (SC) is one of the indices commonly used in the autonomic Concealed Information Test (CIT), but SC amplitude is sometimes difficult to quantify. This study investigated the applicability of SC area to the CIT as an unambiguous measure of SC. Secondary analyses of an existing dataset indicated that SC area could be used to classify examinees according to their knowledge status, although the equivalence of its performance with the SC amplitude was inconclusive. Classification performance was best when the SC signal was converted to the difference from question onset and summed over 10 s after question onset...
June 3, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Berenike L Blaser, Mathias Weymar, Julia Wendt
INTRODUCTION: Most persons with an active menstrual cycle suffer from a range of aversive symptoms (e.g. reduced ability to concentrate) in the days before their menstruation - the premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Biological and cognitive mechanisms of PMS are poorly understood. It has been shown that vagally mediated heart rate variability (vmHRV), a physiological marker of self-regulation, decreases during the PMS-affected cycle phase (luteal phase) only in individuals with high PMS symptomology...
May 30, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Libera Ylenia Mastromatteo, Paolo Girardi, Jonas G Miller, Sara Scrimin
Childhood is a crucial period for prosocial development, including cooperative behaviors. Recent studies have shown a quadratic relation (inverted U-shape curve) between cardiac vagal tone (CVT) and various prosocial emotions and behaviors in children, but data are lacking on cooperative behaviors. In a sample of 111 school-aged children (M = 7.77; SD = 1.24, range: 6-11), we tested the association between the root mean square of successive differences in interbeat intervals (RMSSD) at rest, and cooperative behavior in a task designed to be comparable to a stag hunt game...
May 27, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Bixuan Du, Shuxin Jia, Xing Zhou, Mingming Zhang, Weiqi He
The impact of emotional words on the recognition of body expression and the underlying neurodynamic mechanisms remain poorly understood. This study used a classic supraliminal priming paradigm and event related potential (ERP) to investigate the effect of emotion-label words (Experiment 1) and emotional verbs (Experiment 2) on the recognition of body expressions. The behavioral results revealed that individuals exhibited a higher accuracy in recognizing happy expressions when presented with a happy-label word condition, in contrast to neutral expressions...
May 25, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Lorenzo Mattioni, Carlo Sestieri, Mauro G Perrucci, Marcantonio M Spada, Francesca Ferri
Interoception, the ability to sense and interpret bodily sensations, has recently emerged as a crucial factor in substance use disorders, including smoking. However, the role of interoceptive awareness in tobacco use remains poorly understood. The relationship between interoceptive ability and addictive behavior is complex, and attempting to conceptualize it as a linear association is unlikely to fully capture the complexity of the mechanisms underlying cravings and urges. We hypothesized that the role played by interoceptive awareness in tobacco use is deeply linked to desire thinking, that is, the conscious and voluntary cognitive process orienting to prefigure images, information, and memories about positive target-related experiences...
May 18, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Cong Fan, Huanxin Wang, Dingyu Liu, Jiayi Sun, Fengxu Han, Weiqi He
Economic decision-making is pivotal to both human private interests and the national economy. People pursue fairness in economic decision-making, but a proposer's moral identity can influence fairness processing. Previous ERP studies have revealed that moral identity has an effect on fairness considerations in the Ultimatum Game (UG), but the findings are inconsistent. To address the issue, we revised the moral-related sentences and used the ERP technique to measure the corresponding neural mechanism. We have observed that the fairness effect in UG can be mirrored in both MFN and P300 changes, whereas the moral identity effect on fairness in UG can be reflected by MFN but not P300 changes...
May 10, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Natalia Zhozhikashvili, Maria Protopova, Tatiana Shkurenko, Marie Arsalidou, Ilya Zakharov, Boris Kotchoubey, Sergey Malykh, Yuri Pavlov
Processes typically encompassed by working memory (WM) include encoding, retention, and retrieval of information. Previous research has demonstrated that motivation can influence WM performance, although the specific WM processes affected by motivation are not yet fully understood. In this study, we investigated the effects of motivation on different WM processes, examining how task difficulty modulates these effects. We hypothesized that motivation level and personality traits of the participants (N = 48, 32 females; mean age = 21) would modulate the parietal alpha and frontal theta electroencephalography (EEG) correlates of WM encoding, retention, and retrieval phases of the Sternberg task...
May 6, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Ya Zheng, Rumeng Tang, Linkai Xue, Zhaoyi Wang, Puyu Shi
Impaired facial expression perception is a core element in depression, but the underlying mechanism remains controversial. This event-related potential study investigated how attention modulates facial expression perception in depression using a nonclinical sample. A group of healthy controls (HC, N = 39) and a group of individuals with subsyndromal depression (SD, N = 39) categorized faces based on either facial expression (happy vs. sad) or gender (male vs. female). Behaviorally, the SD group was less sensitive to the emotional valence of facial expression than the HC group when their attention was directed to facial expression, as revealed by comparable subjective rating and accuracy rates in response to facial expressions...
May 5, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Xiaoyang Huang, Yuliu Sun, Ruiwen Tao, Kaikai Yan, Entao Zhang
Recent studies have shown that the processing of neutral facial expressions could be modulated by the valence and self-relevance of preceding verbal evaluations. However, these studies have not distinguished the dimension (i.e., morality and competence) from verbal evaluations. In fact, there is a hot controversy about whether morality or competence receives more weight. Therefore, using the ERP technique, the current study aimed to address this issue by comparing the influence of morality and competence evaluations on behavioral and neural responses to neutral facial expressions when these evaluations varied with contextual valence and self-relevance...
May 4, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
Hongli Li, Jianru Feng, Xiaoxuan Shi, Xin Zhao
Using the N-back task, we investigated how memory load influences the neural activity of the Chinese character cognitive subprocess (recognition, updating, and maintenance) in Mainland Chinese speakers. Twenty-seven participants completed the Chinese character N-back paradigm while having their event-related potentials recorded. The study employed time and frequency domain analyses of EEG data. Results showed that accuracy decreased and response times increased with larger N values. For ERPs, N2pc and P300 amplitudes decreased and SW amplitude increased with larger N values...
May 1, 2024: International Journal of Psychophysiology
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