Sergey A Maksimov, Yana V Danilchenko, Darya P Tsygankova, Svetlana A Shalnova, Oksana M Drapkina
OBJECTIVE: The goal of our article was to systematise studies that investigated the impact of living conditions in large national regions on individual alcohol consumption. METHODS: The objectives of the scoping review, the criteria and methods for selecting articles were defined in advance and recorded in the protocol PROSPERO CRD42021234874. We sought publications on the research topic in PubMed, Google Scholar, OpenGrey, Crossref and eLibrary databases from the moment they were created until December 31, 2021...
April 4, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Yeasong E Ko, Lara S Hwa
This study aims to assess the therapeutic potentials of novel serotonergic compounds in treating alcohol use disorders by investigating the effects of SB242084 and buspirone on intermittent and continuous alcohol consumption in male and female mice. Adult male and female C57BL/6J mice were given two-bottle choice to 20% ethanol and water on an intermittent or continuous availability schedule. Drug testing consisted of intraperitoneal injections of 0.3, 1, 3 mg/kg SB242084 or 1, 3, 10 mg/kg buspirone, and subsequent alcohol and water consumption were measured...
March 27, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Emilie Theisen Honoré, Søren Helmer Jakobsen, Merete Osler, Terese Sara Høj Jørgensen
AIM: To investigate whether the effect of alcohol use disorder (AUD) on death by natural and unnatural causes, respectively, differs according to intelligence quotient (IQ) scores. METHODS: We followed 654 955 Danish men, including 75 267 brothers, born between 1939 and 1959 from their 25th birthday, 1 January 1970, or date of conscription (whichever came last) until 31 December 2018. The exposure of AUD was defined by first registered treatment (diagnosis since 1969, prescription medicine since 1994, or other treatment since 2006), and the outcomes of death by natural and unnatural causes, respectively, were obtained from nationwide registers since 1970...
March 25, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Jean-Louis Nandrino, Marie-Charlotte Gandolphe, Caroline Claisse, Emilie Wawrziczny, Delphine Grynberg
AIMS: Studies examining the use of specific emotion regulation (ER) strategies in patients with severe alcohol use disorder (AUD) are mainly focused on intergroup comparisons to the detriment of intragroup variability. Yet, these patients are in fact characterized by emotional deficits of varying severity, and we seek to identify different patterns of ER strategies in people with AUD during their first year of abstinence. METHODS: Based on the ER strategies used by a large sample of patients with AUD, we applied cluster analysis to identify the existence of subgroups using distinct patterns of adaptive and nonadaptive strategies...
March 23, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Erica N Grodin, Elizabeth M Burnette, Joseph O'Neill, Jeffry Alger, Lara A Ray
AIMS: Magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) has been used to probe inflammation in the brain. While altered MRS metabolite levels have previously been found in individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD), the relationship between potential metabolite markers of inflammation and the clinical correlates of AUD remains understudied. Therefore, this exploratory study sought to elucidate the clinical significance of inflammation in AUD by examining relationships between metabolites, AUD severity, alcohol consumption, and craving in individuals with AUD...
March 20, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Stephan Listabarth, Benjamin Vyssoki, Rodrig Marculescu, Andreas Gleiss, Magdalena Groemer, Armin Trojer, Christine Harrer, Sabine Weber, Daniel König
AIMS: While clinical consequences of thiamine deficiency in alcohol use disorder (AUD) are severe, evidence-based recommendations on dosage, type of administration and duration of thiamine substitution (TS), and its' target levels remain sparse. This study aimed to compare the effect of two best practice TS regimens on thiamine blood levels (i.e. thiamine pyrophosphate, TPP) and cognitive function. METHODS: In 50 patients undergoing in-patient alcohol-withdrawal treatment, TPP levels were determined at baseline and end of weeks 1, 2 and 8 following administration of oral TS (3 × 100 mg/day for 7 days followed by 1 × 100 mg/day thereafter) either with or without preceding intravenous TS (3 × 100 mg/day for 5 days)...
March 18, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Thomas P Beresford, Patrick J Ronan, Julie Taub, Brenda Learned, Zhibao Mi, Mel Anderson
AIM: Proving the Severity of Ethanol Withdrawal Scale (SEWS) significantly reduces Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS) treatment Time on Medication Protocol (TOMP). METHOD: Head-to-head Quality Assurance outcome compared separate cohorts of SEWS or Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment Alcohol Scale, Revised (CIWA-Ar) data using Student's t and Wilcoxon tests. RESULTS: SEWS-driven treatment (n = 244) reduced TOMP to 2.2 days versus 3...
March 18, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Ragnhild Bergene Skråstad, Trond Oskar Aamo, Trine Naalsund Andreassen, Hilde Havnen, Kristian Hveem, Steinar Krokstad, Øyvind Salvesen, Olav Spigset
AIMS: To evaluate the association between self-reported alcohol consumption and phosphatidylethanol (PEth) concentrations in blood in a large general population study, and discuss optimal cut-off PEth concentrations for defined levels of alcohol consumption. METHODS: Population based, longitudinal cohort study including 24,574 adults from The Trøndelag Health Study 4 (HUNT4) conducted in Trøndelag County, Norway. Data included PEth concentration, self-reported alcohol consumption and CAGE score...
March 16, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Nicolas Wilms, Nicki-Nils Seitz, Larissa Schwarzkopf, Sally Olderbak, Ludwig Kraus
AIMS: Germany is experiencing a decline in alcohol consumption but not for every alcoholic beverage type. Given the differential health impacts of alcoholic beverage type, it is important to understand the drivers of these trends. We investigated: (a) temporal trends in beverage preference and (b) the effects of age, period and cohort on these trends. METHODS: Data came from nine waves (1995-2018; ntotal = 75,550) of the German Epidemiological Survey of Substance Abuse, a nationally representative household survey of individuals aged 18-59 years...
March 16, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Jenni B Teeters, Eliza H Laves, Shelby A King, Amy M Brausch
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Alcohol use typically begins in adolescence, and the risk of later alcohol use disorders increases with earlier age of onset. Emotion dysregulation in adolescence has been linked to alcohol use. The present study seeks to extend previous findings by examining whether gender moderates the association between emotion regulation strategies (suppression and cognitive reappraisal) and alcohol-related problems in a longitudinal sample of adolescents. METHOD: Data were collected as part of an ongoing study of high school students from the south-central region of the USA...
March 10, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Jennifer E Merrill, Florian Labhart, Siobhan N Perks
AIMS: This study used event-level data to identify the threshold (i.e. number of standard alcoholic drinks) at which specific negative and positive alcohol-related consequences are likely to occur. METHODS: Ninety-six college students aged 18-20 reporting weekly heavy episodic drinking (HED) or at least one negative alcohol-related consequence in the past 2 weeks completed ecological momentary assessment over 28 days. Participants reported number of standard drinks consumed and negative (e...
March 10, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Camille Barrault, Shuaib Alqallaf, Hortensia Lison, Isabelle Lamote-Chaouche, Valérie Bourcier, Joëlle Laugier, Thierry Thevenot, Damien Labarriere, Marie-Pierre Ripault, Antonia Le Gruyer, Charlotte Costentin, Véronique Behar, Hervé Hagege, Camille Jung, Jean-François Cadranel
BACKGROUND: Alcohol-related cirrhosis is a frequent and difficult-to-treat disease. Despite the low hepatic metabolism of baclofen, data on its use in this subgroup are scarce. The French multicenter Observatory of patients treated with Baclofen for Alcohol DEpendence real-life cohort assessed: (a) prescription modalities of baclofen in liver units; (b) safety profile of baclofen; and (c) declared alcohol intake, biological markers of excessive alcohol intake and hepatic function at 12 months...
March 10, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Yihua Yue, Siyi Wang, Ella Smith, Divya Goyal, Kexin Zhu, Zuo-Feng Zhang, Beth Smith, Zhongzheng Niu, Lijian Lei, Jo L Freudenheim, Ying Cao, Lina Mu
AIMS: To examine the association between alcohol consumption and mental health during the COVID-19 pandemic. METHODS: An anonymous online survey was distributed among US adults during May-August 2020 through social networks and ResearchMatch. We collected information on demographic, lifestyles and mental health symptoms including anxiety, depression, stress and post-traumatic stress disorder. Logistic regression models were used to examine the cross-sectional association between alcohol consumption and mental health symptoms...
March 1, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Ulrik Becker, Amalie Timmermann, Ola Ekholm, Morten Grønbæk, Asbjørn Mohr Drewes, Srdan Novovic, Camilla Nøjgaard, Søren Schou Olesen, Janne Schurmann Tolstrup
AIM: The aim was to analyze the effects of drinking pattern and type of alcohol on risk of acute and chronic pancreatitis. METHODS: Prospective cohort study based on data from 316,751 men and women participating in the Danish National Health Surveys 2010 and 2013. Self-reported questionnaire-based alcohol parameters and information on pancreatitis was obtained from national health registers. Cox regression models were used adjusting for baseline year, gender, age, smoking, Body Mass Index, diet and education...
March 1, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Elizabeth A Flook, Brandee Feola, Margaret M Benningfield, Marisa M Silveri, Danny G Winder, Jennifer Urbano Blackford
AIMS: Maintaining abstinence from alcohol use disorder (AUD) is extremely challenging, partially due to increased symptoms of anxiety and stress that trigger relapse. Rodent models of AUD have identified that the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis (BNST) contributes to symptoms of anxiety-like behavior and drug-seeking during abstinence. In humans, however, the BNST's role in abstinence remains poorly understood. The aims of this study were to assess BNST network intrinsic functional connectivity in individuals during abstinence from AUD compared to healthy controls and examine associations between BNST intrinsic functional connectivity, anxiety and alcohol use severity during abstinence...
February 27, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Roxana Rezai, Panteha Hayati Rezvan, Warren Scott Comulada, Sung-Jae Lee, Manuel A Ocasio, Dallas Swendeman, Maria Isabel Fernández
BACKGROUND: To slow the spread of the COVID-19 virus, governments across the globe instituted stay-at-home orders leading to increased stress and social isolation. Not surprisingly, alcohol sales increased during this period. While most studies primarily focused on alcohol consumption among college students or adults, this study investigates alcohol misuse among marginalized youth in the USA. We examined risk factors associated with hazardous alcohol use and binge drinking including risk behaviors, life stressors and demographic characteristics...
February 17, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Anders Helander, Tomas Villén, Patrick Signell
AIM: This retrospective study examined the prevalence of combined ethanol and cocaine use, which produces an enhanced psychoactive effect through formation of the active metabolite cocaethylene, compared to combined use of ethanol and two other common recreational drugs, cannabis and amphetamine, based on urine drug test results. METHODS: The study was based on >30,000 consecutive samples from routine urine drug testing in 2020, and 2627 samples from acute poisonings in the STRIDA project (2010-2016), in Sweden...
February 16, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
José L Bernal-Sobrino, Francisco Arias-Horcajadas, Carolina Varela-Rodríguez, Cristina Losada-Pérez, Agustín Blanco-Echevarría, María J Xsdel Yerro Alvarez, Marta Martín-Mayor, Gabriel Rubio
BACKGROUND: The number of inpatients with alcohol and other substance-related problems (ASRP) in the general hospital population at any time is vast. To meet the needs of those patients, most hospitals have an Addiction Liaison Team (ALT) that diagnoses and initiates the treatment of the addictive disorder. In our hospital, this team is part of a more extensive and intensive Outpatient Alcoholism Treatment Programme that facilitates the continuity of care. AIM: the main goal of this study is to evaluate the performance and effectiveness of our inpatient ALT...
February 9, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Sarah E Jackson, Xiaotang Guo, John Holmes, Jamie Brown
AIM: To examine trends in public awareness and knowledge of drinking guidelines in the UK since their revision in 2016, which had moved from a daily to a weekly guideline, made the guideline the same for men and women, and reduced the guideline for men by around one-third. METHOD: Data were from a representative, repeat cross-sectional survey. We analysed changes in awareness and knowledge of drinking guidelines among 8168 adult drinkers between 2016 and 2022 and associations with sociodemographic characteristics, smoking status and level of alcohol consumption...
February 8, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Wiebke Arfmann, Johannes Achenbach, Fiona Meyer-Bockenkamp, Phileas J Proskynitopoulos, Adrian Groh, Marc A N Muschler, Alexander Glahn, Lars Hagemeier, Vanessa Preuss, Michael Klintschar, Helge Frieling, Mathias Rhein
AIMS: The dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) is substantially involved in several forms of addiction. In addition to genetic polymorphisms, epigenetic mechanisms have emerged as an important means of regulation. Previously, DRD2 hypo- and hyper-methylation have been observed in alcohol use disorder (AUD). Blood samples are commonly used as a surrogate marker of epigenetic alterations in epigenetic research, but few specific comparisons between blood and brain tissue samples in AUD exist. METHODS: We used post-mortem brain tissue samples of 17 deceased patients with AUD and 31 deceased controls to investigate the relationship between blood and brain methylation of the DRD2 promoter...
February 6, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
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