Andrew Marley, Marianna Bakali, Charlie Simpson
AIM: We examined the acute effects of a moderate alcohol dose (48 g) ingested before prolonged cycling on acute physiological responses in eight healthy males (mean ± SD; 23 ± 2 years; 1.77 ± 0.04 m; 75.8 ± 4.1 kg). METHODS: In a randomized order, euhydrated participants completed two experimental sessions with the sequence of 150-min seated at rest, 90-min of cycling at 50% of the maximal rate of oxygen consumption ($\dot{\textrm V}\textrm O$2max), 120-min seated at rest...
November 17, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Karen A Johnson, Justin T McDaniel, Joana Okine, Heather K Graham, Ellen T Robertson, Shanna McIntosh, Juliane Wallace, David L Albright
INTRODUCTION: This study utilizes a machine learning model to predict unhealthy alcohol use treatment levels among women of childbearing age. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study, women of childbearing age (n = 2397) were screened for alcohol use over a 2-year period as part of the AL-SBIRT (screening, brief intervention, and referral to treatment in Alabama) program in three healthcare settings across Alabama for unhealthy alcohol use severity and depression...
November 15, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Ehud Kaliner, Sandy Bornstein, Doaa Kabha, Moshe Lidji, Rivka Sheffer, Zohar Mor
AIMS: To outline the demographic, clinical, laboratory characteristics, and treatment outcomes of tuberculosis (TB) patients who used substances. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study compared 50 TB patients who used substances with a matched random sample of 100 TB patients who did not use substances between 2007 and 2017. Treatment failure was defined as a sputum smear or culture that tested positive after 5 months of treatment, loss to follow-up, unevaluated patients, or death...
November 13, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Justyna Klingemann, Łukasz Mokros, Halina Sienkiewicz-Jarosz, Piotr Świtaj
This study assesses the prevalence and individual and organizational predictors of occupational burnout among addiction therapists. A total of 452 addiction therapists from a representative sample of 184 Polish alcohol treatment facilities (outpatient and inpatient) participated in the study (facility response rate = 42%). The Oldenburg Burnout Inventory was used to measure occupational burnout, and 15 subscales of the Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II were administered to assess psychosocial work conditions...
November 13, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Aubrey A Knoff, Arielle R Knight, David H Salat, Amrita Bedi, Alyssa Currao, Jennifer R Fonda, Regina E McGlinchey, Catherine B Fortier
Adolescence represents a critical period of neural development during which binge drinking (BD) is prevalent. Though prior work has shown that white matter (WM) integrity is susceptible to damage from excessive alcohol intake in adults, the effect of early adolescent BD on WM health in adulthood remains unknown. Veterans with a history of BD onset before age 15 [n = 49; mean age = 31.8 years; early-onset adolescent binge drinkers (EBD)] and after age 15 [n = 290; mean age = 32...
November 11, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Emily N Oot, Kayle S Sawyer, Marlene Oscar-Berman, Riya B Luhar, J E Jensen, Marisa M Silveri
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) has been shown to have harmful cognitive and physiological effects, including altered brain chemistry. Further, although men and women may differ in vulnerability to the neurobiological effects of AUD, the results of existing studies have been conflicting. We examined brain metabolite levels and cognitive functions in a cross-section of men with AUD (AUDm) and women with AUD (AUDw) to determine the degree of abnormalities after extended periods of abstinence (mean, 6 years) and to evaluate gender differences in neuropsychological and metabolite measures...
November 11, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Ruth McGovern, Deborah Smart, Hayley Alderson, Tony Fouweather, Eileen Kaner
Many parents who come into contact with early help and children's social care services are risky drinkers. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility and acceptability of conducting a trial of brief alcohol interventions within this setting. We conducted a three-arm pilot feasibility cluster randomised controlled trial in the North-East of England. The additive interventions were: i) screening and a healthy lifestyle leaflet (control); ii) brief advice; iii) extended brief intervention. The trial was later reduced to two-arm due to the extended brief intervention being infeasible...
November 9, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Matthias Haucke, Stephan Heinzel, Shuyan Liu
AIMS: Alcohol consumption often occurs in a social setting, which was affected by social distancing measures amid the coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. In this study, we examine how involuntary social isolation (i.e. comparing a no-lockdown stage with a lockdown stage) affects the association between loneliness, social activities, and drinking behavior. METHOD: We performed an ecological momentary assessment eight times per day for 7 days amid the COVID-19 pandemic in Germany...
November 2, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Elizabeth S Collier, Jenny Blomqvist, Marcus Bendtsen
AIM: Intervention design may be improved through evaluating the feedback from those who have been exposed to such interventions. As such, here the perspectives of the intervention group from a recent randomized control trial investigating the effectiveness of a digital alcohol intervention, in terms of perceived suitability and usefulness of the support tool they engaged with, were investigated. METHODS: Respondents (N=475; 45% of the intervention group) answered five quantitative questions addressing user experience, completed the 10-item System Useability Scale, and were offered the opportunity to write free-text feedback...
October 30, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Laurie Laybourn-Langton, Chris Zielinski
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Erik Almazan, Juliette Dixon, Avi Gerstenblith, Sarah Andrews, James Flanary, Andrew M Cameron, Ahmet Gurakar, Po-Hung Chen
Increased alcohol consumption during the coronavirus disease 2019 pandemic is projected to impact alcohol-related liver disease (ALD) morbidity and mortality. Inter-hospital escalation-of-care referral requests to our tertiary-care hepatology unit were analyzed from January 2020 through December 2022. Most requests to our center were for ALD with an increase in requests from intermediate care units, suggestive of higher acuity illness.
October 23, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Eileen Brobbin, Paolo Deluca, Simon Coulton, Colin Drummond
The development of transdermal alcohol sensors (TASs) presents a new method to monitor alcohol consumption with the ability to objectively measure data 24/7. We aimed to evaluate the accuracy of two TASs (BACtrack Skyn and Smart Start BARE) in a laboratory setting. Thirty-two adults received a dose of ethanol 0.56 g/kg body weight as a 20% solution while wearing the two TASs and provided Breath Alcohol Concentration (BrAC) measurements for 3.5 h postalcohol consumption. Pearson's correlations and repeated measures analysis of variance tests were conducted on the peak, time-to-peak, and area under the curve data...
October 23, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Emma L Davies, Ivan Ezquerra-Romano, Beth Thayne, Zhi Holloway, Jacob Bayliss, Stewart O'Callaghan, Dean J Connolly
Transgender (trans) and non-binary people may be at increased risk of alcohol harms, but little is known about motives for drinking in this community. This study explored the relationship between risk of alcohol dependence, experience of alcohol harms, drinking motives, dysphoria, and discrimination within a United Kingdom sample of trans and non-binary people with a lifetime history of alcohol use. A cross-sectional survey was co-produced with community stakeholders and administered to a purposive sample of trans and non-binary people from 1 February until 31 March 2022...
October 18, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Tangui Barré, Vincent Di Beo, Perrine Roux, Abbas Mourad, Pierre Verger, Lisa Fressard, Thomas Herault, Jean-François Buyck, François Beck, Patrizia Carrieri
Alcohol use is a leading risk factor for premature death and disability. To tackle this issue, more systematic and accurate screening for at-risk consumption is needed in healthcare systems, especially by general practitioners (GPs). We assessed the frequency of at-risk consumption screening by GPs in France. We also identified characteristics associated with more frequent screening and greater use of validated screening tools by these healthcare providers. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among a representative sample of French GPs...
October 10, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Mindaugas Štelemėkas, Nijolė Goštautaitė Midttun, Shannon Lange, Vaida Liutkutė-Gumarov, Jakob Manthey, Laura Miščikienė, Janina Petkevičienė, Ričardas Radišauskas, Jürgen Rehm, Justina Trišauskė, Tadas Telksnys, Mark James Thompson
The aim of the study was to estimate unrecorded alcohol consumption in Lithuania for the period 2000-2021 using an indirect method for modelling consumption based on official consumption data and indicators of alcohol-related harm. Methodology employed for estimating the unrecorded alcohol consumption was proposed by Norström and was based on the country's 2019 European Health Interview Survey and indicators of fully alcohol-attributable mortality. The proportion of unrecorded alcohol consumption was estimated as 8...
October 7, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Erica N Grodin, Suzanna Donato, Han Du, ReJoyce Green, Spencer Bujarski, Lara A Ray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 4, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Gianni Testino, Emanuele Scafato, Valentino Patussi, Patrizia Balbinot, Andrea Ghiselli, Fabio Caputo
Alcohol consumption (AC) is carcinogenic to humans. The Italian Society on Alcohol (Società Italiana di Alcologia) defines excessive AC as anything greater than zero. It is not appropriate to associate AC with cardiovascular disease prevention. This is for prudence and to protect public health. It also asks to include information on alcohol labels that AC is associated with cancer.
September 29, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Stephanie E Wemm, Max Golden, Jorge Martins, Nia Fogelman, Rajita Sinha
Chronic heavy alcohol use profoundly affects the cardiovascular system, contributing to several life-threatening cardiovascular diseases. Heart rate variability (HRV), or the fluctuations in heart rate, reflects dynamic autonomic nervous system processes that change to meet biological demands and environmental challenges. In the current study, we examined whether HRV metrics are altered in alcohol use disorder (AUD) during waking and sleeping with passive biomonitoring as participants went about their daily lives...
September 25, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Ogochukwu W Odeigah, Robert Patton, Pamela Trangenstein
AIM: The physical availability of alcohol is a modifiable determinant of alcohol consumption and related harm. However, Nigeria currently does not have national regulations restricting the physical availability of alcohol. The study measured alcohol outlet density and marketing in Abeokuta, Nigeria. METHODS: A descriptive community design was employed. Seven wards in Abeokuta South local government were surveyed street by street for functional alcohol outlets and nearby public institutions (schools and worship centres)...
September 13, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.