Emily N Oot, Kayle S Sawyer, Marlene Oscar-Berman, Riya B Luhar, J E Jensen, Marisa M Silveri
Alcohol use disorder (AUD) has been shown to have harmful cognitive and physiological effects, including altered brain chemistry. Further, although men and women may differ in vulnerability to the neurobiological effects of AUD, the results of existing studies have been conflicting. We examined brain metabolite levels and cognitive functions in a cross-section of men with AUD (AUDm) and women with AUD (AUDw) to determine the degree of abnormalities after extended periods of abstinence (mean, 6 years) and to evaluate gender differences in neuropsychological and metabolite measures...
September 19, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Ogochukwu W Odeigah, Robert Patton, Pamela Trangenstein
AIM: The physical availability of alcohol is a modifiable determinant of alcohol consumption and related harm. However, Nigeria currently does not have national regulations restricting the physical availability of alcohol. The study measured alcohol outlet density and marketing in Abeokuta, Nigeria. METHODS: A descriptive community design was employed. Seven wards in Abeokuta South local government were surveyed street by street for functional alcohol outlets and nearby public institutions (schools and worship centres)...
September 13, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Brittney D Browning, Anna E Kirkland, Rejoyce Green, Melinda Engevik, Alexander V Alekseyenko, Lorenzo Leggio, Rachel L Tomko, Lindsay M Squeglia
AIMS: The microbiome is a critical factor in health throughout human development. The aims of this scoping review are to (i) elucidate the differences between the youth (post-natal day 21-65 for rodents, 2-7 years for non-human primates, and 10-25 years for humans) microbiome with other life stages and (ii) identify youth-specific microbial changes associated with substance use. METHODS: Peer-reviewed studies published up to May 2023 were identified in PubMed and SCOPUS and included gut and oral microbiome studies from rodents, non-human primates, and humans (N = 1733)...
September 1, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Alex M Russell, Ben N Montemayor, Shawn C Chiang, Plangkat J Milaham, Adam E Barry, Hsien-Chang Lin, Brandon G Bergman, Philip M Massey
With roots as a public health campaign in the United Kingdom, "Dry January" is a temporary alcohol abstinence initiative encouraging participants to abstain from alcohol use during the month of January. Dry January has become a cultural phenomenon, gaining increasing news media attention and social media engagement. Given the utility of capturing naturalistic discussions around health topics on social media, we examined Twitter chatter about Dry January and associated temporary abstinence experiences. Public tweets were collected containing the search terms "dry january" or "dryjanuary" posted between 15 December and 15 February across 3 years (2020-2)...
August 31, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Nancy F Berglas, Meenakshi S Subbaraman, Sue Thomas, Sarah C M Roberts
AIMS: We examined relationships between pregnancy-specific alcohol policies and admissions to substance use disorder treatment for pregnant people in the USA. METHODS: We merged state-level policy and treatment admissions data for 1992-2019. We aggregated data by state-year to examine effects of nine pregnancy-specific alcohol policies on the number of admissions of pregnant women where alcohol was reported as the primary, secondary, or tertiary substance related to the treatment episode (N = 1331)...
August 24, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Jessica E S Shay, Augustin Vannier, Stephanie Tsai, Rachel Mahle, Paige McLean Diaz, Eric Przybyszewski, Prasanna K Challa, Suraj J Patel, Joji Suzuki, Esperance Schaefer, Russell P Goodman, Jay Luther
BACKGROUND: Therapies to prevent alcohol-associated liver disease (ALD) in high-risk patients are needed. AIMS: In this retrospective association study, we examined whether patients with alcohol use disorder (AUD) who reported greater exercise were less likely to develop liver disease. METHODS: In this retrospective cohort study, we used the Mass General Brigham Biobank to investigate the impact of both moderate-high and light-intensity exercise on the development of ALD in patients with AUD, using clinician-provided diagnostic International Classification of Diseases 10 codes...
August 10, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Jalie A Tucker, JeeWon Cheong, Lesleigh A Stinson, Susan D Chandler
Compared to campus-based alcohol interventions for college students, services for emerging adult (EA) risky drinkers who reside off-campus in disadvantaged communities are not well established. This web survey assessed drinking practices, problems, and preferences for professional and lay helping resources spanning digital and in-person formats among community-dwelling EAs to guide services for them and determine whether drinking risk levels varied by preferences for help. Digital respondent-driven sampling recruited EA risky drinkers from disadvantaged communities (N = 356; M age = 23...
August 10, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
R Sutariya, M Hamzeh, S Desale, M Mete, M Mazer-Amirshahi, Lewis S Nelson
Our aim was to assess the changes in patients presenting with acute alcohol intoxications or positive screens for problem drinking during the COVID-19 pandemic compared to before the pandemic in a seven-hospital health system. A retrospective chart review of emergency department (ED) visits from seven hospitals in the Washington, DC/Baltimore, and MD area from January 2019 to June 2021 is provided. The health system utilizes a validated system for Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT) for ED patients...
August 8, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Faraz Honarvar, Saman Arfaie, Hanie Edalati, Arashk Ghasroddashti, Arad Solgi, Mohammad Sadegh Mashayekhi, Mohammad Mofatteh, Lily Yuxi Ren, Angela T H Kwan, Kamyar Keramatian
AIMS: This study aimed to systematically review the literature on neuroanatomical predictors of future problematic drinking in adolescents. METHODS: Using PRISMA guidelines, a systematic review was conducted to evaluate neuroanatomical predictors of problematic alcohol consumption in adolescents. EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO databases were searched from inception to 6 January 2023. Studies were included if they were original, had a prospective design, had a sample size of at least 12, had a follow-up period of at least 1 year, had at least one structural neuroimaging scan before 18 with no prior alcohol use, and had alcohol use as the primary outcome...
August 8, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Sofia Hemrage, Eileen Brobbin, Paolo Deluca, Colin Drummond
This systematic review (PROSPERO CRD42021234598) fills a gap in the literature by assessing the efficacy of psychosocial interventions in patients with alcohol use disorder and alcohol-related liver disease (ARLD), focusing on drinking reduction and abstinence as intervention goals. A systematic search for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) was conducted across various databases. Study screening and data extraction were conducted independently by two reviewers. The data were presented through narrative synthesis...
August 1, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Cleo L Crunelle, Sami Jegham, Nathalie Vanderbruggen, Frieda Matthys
Baclofen may reduce the symptoms of alcohol withdrawal, as an alternative or as an adjuvant for benzodiazepines, but the available data are insufficient to support baclofen-assisted alcohol withdrawal. This study investigated the need for diazepam during acute alcohol withdrawal in patients receiving baclofen. In a single-blind, dose-dependent randomized controlled trial with three study arms, 63 patients with alcohol use disorder, starting in-patient benzodiazepine-assisted alcohol detoxification, were randomly assigned to receive placebo (n = 18), baclofen 30 mg/day (N = 20), or baclofen 60 mg/day (N = 25) for 7 days...
July 31, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Gyles Ward, Jenna I Wurster, Philip S Lamb, Grace DeCost, Peter Belenky, Mollie A Monnig
The oral microbiomes of 24 healthy adults (50% female; mean age = 24.3) were examined using 16 s ribosomal RNA sequencing and compared between light and heavy drinkers. Beta diversity was related at the trend level to drinking group, and light drinkers had significantly higher abundances of key oral taxa such as Lactobacillales. These preliminary results may offer insight into early effects of heavy drinking on the composition of the oral microbiome.
July 27, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Helmut Nakovics, Sabine Hoffmann, Anne Koopmann, Patrick Bach, Martin Abel, Wolfgang H Sommer, Falk Kiefer, Christian Weinland, Claudia von Zimmermann, Eva-Maria Siegmann, Johannes Kornhuber, Christiane Mühle, Udo Schneider, Sermin Toto, Thomas Hillemacher, Helge Frieling, Stefan Bleich, Christian K Eberlein, Bernd Lenz
Craving for alcohol is an important diagnostic criterion in alcohol use disorder (AUD) and an established predictor of future relapse. The 5-item Penn Alcohol Craving Scale (PACS) is one of the most widely used questionnaires to quantify craving and has been translated into different languages. It is assumed that the PACS constitutes one factor, although theoretical considerations suggest an additional second factor. We conducted stability and factor analyses (principal component and confirmatory factor analyses) of the German PACS (PACS-G) in samples of patients with AUD from the following three German study sites: Erlangen, N = 188 (mean age: 47...
July 26, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Kirsten C Morley, Siena Peruch, Claire Adams, Ellen Towers, Chris Tremonti, Joshua Watt, Nazila Jamshidi, Paul S Haber
N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a potent antioxidant that modulates glutamatergic signalling which is thought to play a role in alcohol use disorder (AUD). There have been no clinical trials investigating NAC for AUD. We aimed to conduct a 28 day double-blind, placebo-controlled (PL) randomized trial of NAC in the treatment of AUD (NCT03879759). A total of 42 participants with AUD (56% alcohol-related liver disease) were randomized to receive placebo or NAC 2400 mg/day. Feasibility outcomes included treatment retention and adverse events...
July 18, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Nan Zhang, Feng Xue, Xiao-Ning Wu, Wei Zhang, Jing-Jing Hou, Jun-Xi Xiang, Yi Lv, Xu-Feng Zhang
Alcohol use is a major risk factor for the burden of mortality and morbidity. Alcoholic cirrhosis (AC) and alcoholic liver cancer (ALC) are most important and severe liver disease outcomes caused by alcohol use. The objectives of the current study were to investigate the global prevalence and burden of disease in disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) for AC and ALC, based on data from the Global Burden of Disease (GBD). Incidence, prevalence, death, and DALYs for GBDs in different locations, years, sex, and age groups were estimated using DisMod-MR 2...
July 14, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Rachel Coleman, Simon Coulton, Thomas Phillips
This study aimed to examine characteristics associated with discharge against medical advice from the hospital in alcohol withdrawal patients, supporting the work of hospital staff and Alcohol Care Teams and identifying characteristics that may help target patients most likely to discharge against medical advice. We used Hospital Episode Statistics Data to identify demographic and clinical variables and compare these in alcohol withdrawal patients who discharged against medical advice from hospital, compared with those who were discharged by the clinical team...
July 14, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Marie N S Gendy, Benicio N Frey, Michael Van Ameringen, Nirushi Kuhathasan, James MacKillop
Among individuals with alcohol use disorder (AUD), it is estimated that the majority suffer from persistent sleep disturbances for which few candidate medications are available. Our aim wass to critically review the potential for cannabidiol (CBD) as a treatment for AUD-induced sleep disturbance. As context, notable side effects and abuse liability for existing medications for AUD-induced sleep disturbance reduce their clinical utility. CBD modulation of the endocannabinoid system and favorable safety profile have generated substantial interest in its potential therapeutic use for various medical conditions...
July 10, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Farid Benzerouk, Fabien Gierski, Séverine Lannoy, Sarah Barrière, Franca Schmid, Charles-Antoine Papillon, Hakim Houchi, Elodie DeWever, Véronique Quaglino, Mickael Naassila, Arthur Kaladjian
Studies on the genetic factors involved in binge drinking (BD) and its associated traits are very rare. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate differences in the association between impulsivity, emotion regulation and BD in a sample of young adults according to the rs6265/Val66Met variant in the brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) gene, a well-known candidate gene in alcohol use disorders. We recruited 226 university students (112 women), aged between 18 and 25 years old, from two centers in France...
June 17, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
Nevicia F Case, Thomas G Brown
AIMS: Male driving while impaired (DWI) offenders are at heightened risk for engaging in risky driving. Males in a depressed mood are also more prone to alcohol misuse, which may further contribute to risky driving. This manuscript investigates the predictive potential of combined depressed mood and alcohol misuse on risky driving outcomes 3 and 9 years after baseline in male DWI offenders. METHODS: At baseline, participants completed questionnaires assessing depressed mood (Major Depression scale of the Millon Clinical Multiaxial Inventory-III), alcohol misuse (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test), and sensation-seeking (Sensation Seeking Scale-V)...
June 15, 2023: Alcohol and Alcoholism
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