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Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30782418/drug-interactions-of-cola-containing-drinks
#1
REVIEW
Homa Nomani, Ali Tafazoli Moghadam, Seyed Ahmad Emami, Amir Hooshang Mohammadpour, Thomas P Johnston, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Cola-containing drinks (CCDs) are among the most common drinks in the world. There are some reports on interactions between CCDs and some drugs. However, there is no review on reported and possible interactions of CCDs. Thus, this paper attempted to provide a comprehensive review on this subject. It is well-accepted that CCDs are acidic and contain caffeine. It has been suggested that these two properties potentiate interactions of CCDs with different drugs in the context of both pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetic, which includes drug absorption, metabolism, and renal excretion of drugs...
February 10, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30777294/the-death-of-charlotte-bront%C3%A3-from-hyperemesis-gravidarum-and-refeeding-syndrome-a-new-perspective
#2
Simon P Allison, Dileep N Lobo
Many theories have been advanced concerning the cause of Charlotte Brontë's death, none of which fully explain all the symptoms she experienced in the course of her final illness. Her death certificate records the cause of death as phthisis (tuberculosis), but there is no evidence, other than circumstantial, to support this diagnosis. A diagnosis of Addison's disease, caused by tuberculosis of the adrenals, has been proposed, but this is unlikely, since it does not fit well with two and a half months of severe anorexia, nausea and vomiting, followed by remission of these symptoms and eventual death...
February 10, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772092/nutrition-education-in-medical-schools-nems-an-espen-position-paper
#3
Cristina Cuerda, Maurizio Muscaritoli, Lorenzo Maria Donini, Patrick Baqué, Rocco Barazzoni, Eugenio Gaudio, Davor Jezek, Zeljko Krznaric, Matthias Pirlich, Marco Schetgen, Stephane Schneider, Juan A Vargas, André Van Gossum
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Nutrition education is necessary in the training of healthcare professionals, including medical students. However, recent surveys showed that there is a high variability within Medical Schools in different countries. The aim of this ESPEN position paper is to identify a minimum curriculum knowledge in nutrition that serves to improve the training of the future doctors and how to solve the main barriers of its implementation in university centres. METHODS: In 2017, the ESPEN Executive Committee launched the Nutrition Education in Medical Schools (NEMS) Project and formed a core working group including members of the ESPEN Nutrition Education Study Group (NESG) and representatives of several European Medical Schools...
February 7, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30773371/higher-dietary-vitamin-c-intake-is-associated-with-a-lower-risk-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-longitudinal-cohort-study
#4
Chaoqun Liu, Chunrong Zhong, Renjuan Chen, Xuezhen Zhou, Jiangyue Wu, Juan Han, Xiating Li, Yu Zhang, Qin Gao, Mei Xiao, Xingwen Hu, Guoping Xiong, Weizhen Han, Xuefeng Yang, Liping Hao, Nianhong Yang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathogenesis of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Vitamin C as natural antioxidant may help to increase the body's antioxidant capacity. The study is aimed to determine whether vitamin C intake during pregnancy is associated with lower risk of GDM. METHODS: Women with singleton pregnancy and without any history of diabetes were drawn from the ongoing Tongji Maternal and Child Health Cohort (TMCHC)...
February 2, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739811/how-to-well-use-the-predictive-equations-for-resting-energy-expenditure
#5
LETTER
Simiao Tian
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739810/reply-letter-to-the-editor-impact-of-sarcopenic-obesity-on-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#6
LETTER
Toshimi Kaido, Naoko Kamo, Shinji Uemoto
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739808/impact-of-sarcopenic-obesity-on-outcomes-in-patients-undergoing-living-donor-liver-transplantation
#7
LETTER
Aysun Isıklar, Umut Safer, Vildan Binay Safer, Nurettin Yiyit
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30772093/association-of-total-cholesterol-with-severe-acute-pancreatitis-a-u-shaped-relationship
#8
Wandong Hong, Vincent Zimmer, Zarrin Basharat, Maddalena Zippi, Simon Stock, Wujun Geng, Xueqin Bao, Junfeng Dong, Jingye Pan, Mengtao Zhou
BACKGROUND & AIMS: There is no consensus on relationship between total cholesterol levels and incidence of severe acute pancreatitis (SAP). The aim of this study was to investigate the relation between total cholesterol (TC) and the disease severity of acute pancreatitis. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study on patients with acute pancreatitis between April 2012 and December 2015 in a university hospital. Fasting blood total cholesterol (TC) was assayed within 24 h of admission, as well as 3-5 days, 7-9 days and 13-15 days during hospitalization...
January 31, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739809/associations-of-specific-dietary-protein-with-longitudinal-insulin-resistance-prediabetes-and-type-2-diabetes-the-rotterdam-study
#9
Zhangling Chen, Oscar H Franco, Sander Lamballais, M Arfan Ikram, Josje D Schoufour, Taulant Muka, Trudy Voortman
BACKGROUND & AIMS: High protein intake has been linked to increased type 2 diabetes (T2D) risk. However, if this association differs by protein from specific food sources, and if a habitual high protein intake affects insulin resistance and prediabetes risk are largely unknown. We aimed to investigate associations between protein intake from different food sources with longitudinal insulin resistance, and risk of prediabetes and T2D. METHODS: Our analyses included 6822 participants aged ≥45 years without diabetes at baseline in three sub-cohorts of the prospective population-based Rotterdam Study...
January 31, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30770120/is-dietary-supplement-use-longitudinally-associated-with-fatigue-in-stage-i-iii-colorectal-cancer-survivors
#10
Janna L Koole, Martijn J L Bours, José J L Breedveld-Peters, Eline H van Roekel, Stéphanie O Breukink, Maryska L G Janssen-Heijnen, F Jeroen Vogelaar, Michel Aquarius, Eric Keulen, Jan Stoot, Matty P Weijenberg
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Supplement use among colorectal cancer (CRC) survivors is common, yet evidence supporting its beneficial health effects is mostly lacking and cancer-specific lifestyle guidelines advise against the use of supplements. We aimed to describe the use of supplements by CRC survivors from diagnosis to 2 years post-treatment and investigate how overall supplement use is longitudinally associated with fatigue. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study of stage I-III CRC survivors (n = 325), information on supplement use was collected during repeated home visits at diagnosis and at 6 weeks, 6, 12, and 24 months post-treatment...
January 29, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30704889/corrigendum-to-espen-guideline-clinical-nutrition-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-clinical-nutrition-36-2017-321-347
#11
Alastair Forbes, Johanna Escher, Xavier Hébuterne, Stanisław Kłęk, Zeljko Krznaric, Stéphane Schneider, Raanan Shamir, Kalina Stardelova, Nicolette Wierdsma, Anthony E Wiskin, Stephan C Bischoff
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 28, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737047/haptoglobin-phenotype-influences-the-effectiveness-of-diet-induced-weight-loss-in-middle-age-abdominally-obese-women-with-metabolic-abnormalities
#12
Kelvin Yohanes Tang, Shih-Yi Huang, Tsai-Mu Cheng, Chyi-Huey Bai, Jung-Su Chang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Haptoglobin (Hp) is associated with risks of obesity and cardiometabolic dysfunction; however, the role of the Hp phenotype in diet-induced weight loss remains to be elucidated. This study investigated whether the Hp phenotype contributes to inter-individual variations in body weight reduction as well as changes in the metabolic profile. METHODS: Secondary data analysis from a randomized controlled trial. In total, 151 abdominally obese Taiwanese women with ≥2 metabolic components were randomized to each of four dietary programs [calorie restriction (CR), calorie restriction plus fish oil supplementation (CRF), calorie restricted meal replacement (CRMR), and calorie restricted meal replacement with fish oil supplementation (CRMRF)] for 12 weeks...
January 26, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737046/malaria-early-in-the-first-pregnancy-potential-impact-of-iron-status
#13
Salou Diallo, Stephen A Roberts, Sabine Gies, Toussaint Rouamba, Dorine W Swinkels, Anneke J Geurts-Moespot, Sayouba Ouedraogo, Georges Anicet Ouedraogo, Halidou Tinto, Bernard J Brabin
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Low iron stores may protect from malaria infection, therefore improving iron stores in early pregnancy in line with current recommendations could increase malaria susceptibility. To test this hypothesis we compared iron biomarkers and red cell indices in nulliparae and primigravidae who participated in a randomized controlled trial of long-term weekly iron supplementation. METHODS: Cross-sectional and longitudinal data analysis from a randomized controlled trial of long-term weekly iron supplementation in rural Burkina Faso...
January 26, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30718097/gender-influences-physical-activity-changes-during-adolescence-the-helena-study
#14
L Béghin, J Vanhelst, E Drumez, J H Migueles, O Androutsos, K Widhalm, C Julian, L A Moreno, S De Henauw, F Gottrand
BACKGROUND: We compared differences in physical activity (PA) between pre/mid-pubertal and post-pubertal participants according to gender. METHODS: The study included a total of 1842 healthy participants aged 12.5-17.4 years, who participated in the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study. Participants wore a uniaxial accelerometer (ActiGraph© GT1M, Pensacola, FL, USA) attached to their lower back for seven consecutive days to measure PA...
January 25, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737049/the-inflammatory-potential-of-diet-is-related-to-incident-frailty-and-slow-walking-in-older-adults
#15
Martin Laclaustra, Fernando Rodriguez-Artalejo, Pilar Guallar-Castillon, Jose R Banegas, Auxiliadora Graciani, Esther Garcia-Esquinas, Esther Lopez-Garcia
BACKGROUND: Certain foods and dietary patterns have been associated with both inflammation and frailty. As chronic inflammation may play a role in frailty and disability, we examined the association of the inflammatory potential of diet with these outcomes. METHODS: Data were taken from 1948 community-dwelling individuals ≥60 years old from the Seniors-ENRICA cohort, who were recruited in 2008-2010 and followed-up through 2012. Baseline diet data, obtained with a validated diet history, was used to calculate Shivappa's Dietary Inflammatory Index (DII), an "a priori" pattern score which is based on known associations of foods and nutrients with inflammation, and Tabung's Empirical Dietary Inflammatory Index (EDII), an "a posteriori" pattern score which was statistically derived from an epidemiological study...
January 24, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30737048/impact-of-school-based-nutrition-and-physical-activity-intervention-on-body-mass-index-eight-years-after-cessation-of-randomized-controlled-trial-avall-study
#16
Ma Assumpta Recasens, Eva Xicola-Coromina, Josep-Maria Manresa, Pierre Antoine Ullmo, Bjarne Bruun Jensen, Rosa Franco, Anna Suarez, Anna Nadal, Maria Vila, Isabel Recasens, M José Pérez, Conxa Castell, Esteve Llargués
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The prevalence of obesity and overweight among children is increasing, representing a new and pressing societal problem. Excess weight in childhood is an independent risk factor for adult obesity. Although school-based interventions are generally considered effective in the short term, few studies analyze their longterm impact. The aim of study was to assess if the effect of the intervention on body mass Index (BMI) immediately after the intervention remained eight years later (AVall Study)...
January 24, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30718095/interaction-analysis-of-gene-variants-of-tcf7l2-and-body-mass-index-and-waist-circumference-on-type-2-diabetes
#17
Linlin Li, Jinjin Wang, Zhiguang Ping, Yuqian Li, Chongjian Wang, Yuanyuan Shi, Wen Zhou, Lulu Zhang
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a complex metabolic disease with numerous risk factors, including a growing number of genetic susceptibility variants. The TCF7L2 gene is closely associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes, but the association of TCF7L2 with weight-related traits in humans is unclear. The purpose of this study was to determine if TCF7L2 variants and body mass index/waist circumference (BMI/WC) act synergistically to influence the incidence of type 2 diabetes in a Chinese population...
January 24, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30712782/reference-body-mass-index-values-and-the-prevalence-of-malnutrition-according-to-the-global-leadership-initiative-on-malnutrition-criteria
#18
Keisuke Maeda, Yuria Ishida, Tomoyuki Nonogaki, Naoharu Mori
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The Global Leadership Initiative on Malnutrition (GLIM) released new criteria for diagnosing and grading malnutrition. This study aimed to investigate the optimal reference values of body mass index (BMI) for discriminating severe malnutrition according to the GLIM criteria, as well as the prevalence of GLIM-defined malnutrition in the clinical setting. METHODS: This study included 6783 patients aged ≥40 years, who were admitted to an academic hospital...
January 23, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30704891/influence-of-nutrition-support-therapy-on-readmission-among-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-single-center-observational-study
#19
Isao Miyajima, Tomoaki Yatabe, Hajime Kuroiwa, Takahiko Tamura, Masataka Yokoyama
BACKGROUND & AIMS: The effect of nutrition support therapy on prevention of readmission among patients with acute heart failure (HF) in an intensive care unit (ICU) setting remains unclear. We hypothesized that nutrition support therapy might decrease the readmission rate among these patients. Thus, we conducted a single-center prospective observational study to verify this hypothesis. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with acute HF admitted to the ICU for more than 14 days between April 2016 and March 2017 were included in the analysis...
January 22, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30709690/effects-of-dietary-patterns-and-low-protein-intake-on-sarcopenia-risk-in-the-very-old-the-newcastle-85-study
#20
Antoneta Granic, Nuno Mendonça, Avan A Sayer, Tom R Hill, Karen Davies, Mario Siervo, John C Mathers, Carol Jagger
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia, a progressive age-related loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, leads to disability, falls, and hospitalisation. Individual variation in sarcopenia onset may be partly explained by lifestyle factors such as physical activity and diet. Healthy dietary patterns (DPs) have been linked to better physical functioning in older adults, but their role in sarcopenia in the very old (aged ≥85) is unknown. AIMS: To investigate the association between DPs and the risk of sarcopenia over 3 years, and to determine whether protein intake influences this relationship in community-dwelling older adults from the Newcastle 85 + Study...
January 21, 2019: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
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