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Population Research and Policy Review

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30270954/heterogeneity-in-educational-pathways-and-the-health-behavior-of-u-s-young-adults
#1
Katrina M Walsemann, Robert A Hummer, Mark D Hayward
An increasing number of U.S. adults are progressing through college in decidedly more complex ways. Little is known, however, about how this growing heterogeneity may be associated with the health behaviors and ultimately health of young adults. Using a life course perspective, we investigate whether and why different educational pathways - that is, variation in when people attend and complete school - are associated with daily smoking and binge drinking among U.S. young adults. We use 14 waves (1997-2011) of data from the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 cohort (n=7,359) that enable us to identify the most common educational pathways, as well as their association with young adult health behaviors...
June 2018: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30270953/investigating-health-selection-within-mexico-and-across-the-us-border
#2
Christina J Diaz, Liwen Zeng, Ana P Martinez-Donate
Despite acquiring lower levels of attainment and earnings, Mexican immigrants exhibit favorable health outcomes relative to their native-born counterparts. And while scholars attempt to reconcile this so-called paradoxical relationship with a variety of theoretical and empirical approaches, patterns of selective migration continue to receive considerable attention. The present study contributes to the literature on health selection by extending the healthy migrant hypothesis in a number of ways. First, we rely on a unique combination of data sets to assess whether the healthy are disproportionately more likely to migrate...
April 2018: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29962562/unhealthy-weight-in-indian-families-the-role-of-the-family-environment-in-the-context-of-the-nutrition-transition
#3
Ilana G Raskind, Shailaja S Patil, Regine Haardörfer, Solveig A Cunningham
India faces a dual burden of increasing obesity and persistent underweight as it experiences the nutrition transition-the dietary and lifestyle changes that accompany globalization, economic development, and technological change. Yet, the nutrition transition is not solely a top-down process; rather, global forces converge with local practices at multiple levels of the social ecology. The family environment, a key site for the transmission of local customs and norms, remains largely unexplored in India. We examined the extent to which opposite-gender siblings and mother-child pairs were concordant or discordant in body weight, and whether domains of the family environment, specifically, food practices, food-related gender norms, and household resources, were associated with patterns of unhealthy weight within and between families...
April 2018: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30250353/dynamics-of-economic-security-among-the-aging-in-mexico-2001-2012
#4
Deborah S DeGraff, Rebeca Wong, Karina Orozco-Rocha
Similar to other developing countries, population aging in Mexico has accelerated, raising concerns that economic disparities will widen even more. We use data from the Mexican Health and Aging Study for 2001 and 2012 to derive measures of economic security ─ income and its sources, and wealth and its components ─ and describe how they changed over time and varied across key characteristics. The database is unique for a developing country: longitudinal and spanning a relatively long time period, and nationally representative of older persons (n=12,400; ages 50+)...
February 2018: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30546179/subsequent-migration-of-immigrants-within-australia-1981-2016
#5
James Raymer, Bernard Baffour
Australia is a major immigration country and immigrants currently represent around 28% of the total population. The aim of this research is to understand the long-term consequences of this immigration and, particularly, how migrants respond to opportunities within the country after arriving through the process of subsequent (internal) migration. The focus is on major immigrant groups in Australia, including persons born in the United Kingdom, New Zealand, China and India, and how their patterns differ from persons born in Australia...
2018: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30546178/estimating-recent-local-impacts-of-sea-level-rise-on-current-real-estate-losses-a-housing-market-case-study-in-miami-dade-florida
#6
Steven A McAlpine, Jeremy R Porter
Sea-Level Rise (SLR) Projections from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) and the U.S. Army Corp of Engineers (USACE) indicate increasing, and imminent, risk to coastal communities from tidal flooding and hurricane storm surge. Building on recent research related to the potential demographic impacts of such changes (Hauer et al. 2016, in Nat Clim Chang 3:802-806, 2017; Neumann et al. 2015; Curtis and Schneider in Popul Environ 33:28-54, 2011), localized flooding projections in the Miami Beach area (Wdowinski et al...
2018: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30546177/disparities-in-children-s-family-experiences-by-mother-s-socioeconomic-status-the-case-of-finland
#7
Marika Jalovaara, Gunnar Andersson
A well-known argument claims that socioeconomic differentials in children's family structures have become increasingly important in shaping child outcomes and the resources available to children in developed societies. One assumption is that differentials are comparatively small in Nordic welfare states. Our study examines how children's experiences of family structures and family dynamics vary by their mother's educational attainment in Finland. Based on register data on the childbearing and union histories of women in Finland born from 1969 onwards, we provide life-table estimates of children's ( N  = 64,162) experiences of family dissolution, family formation, and family structure from ages 0-15 years, stratified by mother's education level at the child's birth...
2018: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30546176/do-marriage-and-cohabitation-provide-benefits-to-health-in-mid-life-the-role-of-childhood-selection-mechanisms-and-partnership-characteristics-across-countries
#8
Brienna Perelli-Harris, Stefanie Hoherz, Fenaba Addo, Trude Lappegård, Ann Evans, Sharon Sassler, Marta Styrc
Extensive research has found that marriage provides health benefits to individuals, particularly in the U.S. The rise of cohabitation, however, raises questions about whether simply being in an intimate co-residential partnership conveys the same health benefits as marriage. Here, we use OLS regression to compare differences between partnered and unpartnered, and cohabiting and married individuals with respect to self-rated health in mid-life, an understudied part of the lifecourse. We pay particular attention to selection mechanisms arising in childhood and characteristics of the partnership...
2018: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29983476/parents-preferences-for-sex-of-children-in-sweden-attitudes-and-outcomes
#9
Vitor Miranda, Johan Dahlberg, Gunnar Andersson
It has been argued that preferences for the sex of children would be small or non-existing in relatively gender equal societies. However, previous studies have suggested that a stronger preference for having daughter exists in Scandinavian countries, which are frequently noted for being among the most gender equal societies in the world. Combining new register data on birth rates by sex of the previous children and recent survey data on couples' stated preferences for the sex of children, we show that the preference for daughters has increased in Sweden over the last decade...
2018: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29391658/stochastic-forecasting-of-labor-supply-and-population-an-integrated-model
#10
Johann Fuchs, Doris Söhnlein, Brigitte Weber, Enzo Weber
This paper presents a stochastic model to forecast the German population and labor supply until 2060. Within a cohort-component approach, our population forecast applies principal components analysis to birth, mortality, emigration, and immigration rates, which allows for the reduction of dimensionality and accounts for correlation of the rates. Labor force participation rates are estimated by means of an econometric time series approach. All time series are forecast by stochastic simulation using the bootstrap method...
2018: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29599569/hispanic-concentrated-poverty-in-traditional-and-new-destinations-2010-2014
#11
Sarah Ludwig-Dehm, John Iceland
This paper examines patterns of Hispanic concentrated poverty in traditional, new, and minor destinations. Using data from 2010 to 2014 from the American Community Survey, we find that without controlling for group characteristics, Hispanics experience a lower level of concentrated poverty in new destinations compared to traditional gateways. Metropolitan level factors explain this difference, including ethnic residential segregation, the Hispanic poverty rate, and the percentage of Hispanics who are foreign born...
December 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29531423/trajectories-of-unintended-fertility
#12
Sowmya Rajan, S Philip Morgan, Kathleen Mullan Harris, David Guilkey, Sarah R Hayford, Karen Benjamin Guzzo
Having an unintended birth is strongly associated with the likelihood of having later unintended births. We use detailed longitudinal data from the Add Health Study (N=8,300) to investigate whether a host of measured sociodemographic, personality, and psychosocial characteristics select women into this "trajectory" of unintended childbearing. While some measured characteristics and aspects of the unfolding life course are related to unintended childbearing, explicitly modeling these effects does not greatly attenuate the association of an unintended birth with a subsequent one...
December 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30127541/race-disparities-in-pubertal-timing-implications-for-cardiovascular-disease-risk-among-african-american-women
#13
Maria E Bleil, Cathryn Booth-LaForce, Aprile D Benner
Compared to white girls, sexual maturation is accelerated in African American girls as measured by indicators of pubertal development, including age at first menses. Increasing epidemiological evidence suggests that the timing of pubertal development may have strong implications for cardio-metabolic health in adolescence and adulthood. In fact, younger menarcheal age has been related prospectively to poorer cardiovascular risk factor profiles, a worsening of these profiles over time, and an increase in risk for cardiovascular events, including non-fatal incident cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular-specific and all-cause mortality...
October 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29398742/getting-under-the-skin-children-s-health-disparities-as-embodiment-of-social-class
#14
Michael R Kramer, Eric B Schneider, Jennifer B Kane, Claire Margerison-Zilko, Jessica Jones-Smith, Katherine King, Pamela Davis-Kean, Joseph G Grzywacz
Social class gradients in children's health and development are ubiquitous across time and geography. The authors develop a conceptual framework relating three actions of class-material allocation, salient group identity, and inter-group conflict-to the reproduction of class-based disparities in child health. A core proposition is that the actions of class stratification create variation in children's mesosystems and microsystems in distinct locations in the ecology of everyday life. Variation in mesosystems (e...
October 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29398741/theoretical-insights-into-preconception-social-conditions-and-perinatal-health-the-role-of-place-and-social-relationships
#15
Jennifer B Kane, Claire Margerison-Zilko
Recent efforts to explain the stark social and racial disparities in adverse birth outcomes that have persisted for decades in the U.S. have looked beyond prenatal factors, to explore preconception social conditions that may influence perinatal health via dysregulation of physiologic processes. The extant evidence supporting this link however remains limited, both due to a lack of data and theory. To address the latter, this manuscript generates a structured set of theoretical insights that further develop the link between two preconception social conditions - place and social relationships - and perinatal health...
October 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28804183/women-s-agency-and-fertility-recent-evidence-from-egypt
#16
Goleen Samari
Fertility reached a two decade high of 3.5 births per woman in Egypt in 2014. Lower status of women is associated with higher fertility. Majority of the studies on women's agency and fertility rely on individual level cross-sectional data from South Asia, which limits the understanding of variation among communities and the direction of the relationship between women's agency and fertility in other global contexts. This study examines the relationship between women's agency and fertility longitudinally and among communities in the most populous country in the Middle East - Egypt...
August 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29075048/maternal-household-decision-making-autonomy-and-adolescent-education-in-honduras
#17
C Emily Hendrick, Leticia Marteleto
Maternal decision-making autonomy has been linked to positive outcomes for children's health and well-being early in life in low- and middle-income countries throughout the world. However, there is a dearth of research examining if and how maternal autonomy continues to influence children's outcomes into adolescence and whether it impacts other domains of children's lives beyond health, such as their education. The goal of this study was to determine whether high maternal decision-making was associated with school enrollment for secondary school-aged youth in Honduras...
June 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29056801/life-course-changes-in-smoking-by-gender-and-education-a-cohort-comparison-across-france-and-the-united-states
#18
Fred C Pampel, Damien Bricard, Myriam Khlat, Stéphane Legleye
Widening of educational disparities and a narrowing female advantage in mortality stem in good part from disparities in smoking. The changes in smoking and mortality disparities across cohorts and countries have been explained by an epidemic model of cigarette use but are also related to life course changes. To better describe and understand changing disparities over the life course, we compare age patterns of smoking in three cohorts and two nations (France and the United States) using smoking history measures from the 2010 French Health Barometer (N = 20,940) and the 2010 U...
June 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28366968/racial-and-ethnic-disparities-in-health-insurance-coverage-dynamics-of-gaining-and-losing-coverage-over-the-life-course
#19
Heeju Sohn
Health insurance coverage varies substantially between racial and ethnic groups in the United States. Compared to non-Hispanic whites, African Americans and people of Hispanic origin had persistently lower insurance coverage rates at all ages. This article describes age- and group-specific dynamics of insurance gain and loss that contribute to inequalities found in traditional cross-sectional studies. It uses the longitudinal 2008 Panel of the Survey of Income and Program Participation (N=114,345) to describe age-specific patterns of disparity prior to the Affordable Care Act (ACA)...
April 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28461712/black-white-disparities-in-adult-mortality-implications-of-differential-record-linkage-for-understanding-the-mortality-crossover
#20
Joseph T Lariscy
Mortality rates among black individuals exceed those of white individuals throughout much of the life course. The black-white disparity in mortality rates is widest in young adulthood, and then rates converge with increasing age until a crossover occurs at about age 85 years, after which black older adults exhibit a lower mortality rate relative to white older adults. Data quality issues in survey-linked mortality studies may hinder accurate estimation of this disparity and may even be responsible for the observed black-white mortality crossover, especially if the linkage of surveys to death records during mortality follow-up is less accurate for black older adults...
February 2017: Population Research and Policy Review
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