A Fricke, M Rassner, J Kiefer, S U Eisenhardt
BACKGROUND: Anterolateral thigh (ALT) and gracilis muscle flaps have been described as comparable reconstructive options regarding maximal flap dimension and indications. However, split-thickness skin-grafted muscle flaps are generally believed to be inferior to perforator flaps regarding the esthetic outcome of the recipient site. The purpose of this study was to challenge this assumption, comparing the long-term esthetic outcome of the gracilis and the ALT flap. METHODS: One hundred forty-eight patients who had undergone free flap reconstruction with either free split-thickness skin-grafted gracilis muscle flaps (n = 86) or ALT flaps (n = 62) were evaluated in the study...
March 15, 2023: Microsurgery
Mariana Jarnalo, Pedro Machado, Diana Baptista, Íris M Brito
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 14, 2023: Microsurgery
Adil Shahzad Ahmed, Robert Roundy, Alexander R Graf, Nina Suh, Allan E Peljovich, Nicole A Zelenski
INTRODUCTION: Supinator to posterior interosseous nerve (SPIN) transfer allows reconstruction of finger/thumb extension and thumb abduction for low radial nerve palsy, incomplete C6 tetraplegia, and brachial plexus injury affecting C7-T1. No study has compared dorsal versus volar approach to perform SPIN transfer. This comparison is studied in the present work, assessing supinator motor branch length and ability to achieve nerve transfer from either approach. METHODS: Ten fresh frozen cadavers were randomly allocated to receive either a dorsal or volar approach to PIN and supinator radial and ulnar branches (RB = radial, UB = ulnar)...
March 14, 2023: Microsurgery
M Hanada, H Kadota, T Fujiwara, N Setsu, M Endo, Y Matsumoto, Y Nakashima
BACKGROUND: Concomitant resection of the sciatic nerve along with a malignant tumor is no longer a contraindication for limb-sparing surgery, as most of these patients remain ambulatory. However, sciatic nerve reconstruction after sarcoma resection is not commonly performed. Restoration of nerve function can improve patient quality of life. We describe our experience with four patients who underwent sciatic nerve reconstruction using an ipsilateral common peroneal nerve graft at the time of sarcoma resection...
March 13, 2023: Microsurgery
Bayu Brahma, Takumi Yamamoto, Clarissa Agdelina, Devina Adella, Rizky Ifandriani Putri, Wardah Hanifah, Vincentius Henry Sundah, Adhitya Bayu Perdana, Mohammad Reka Ananda Putra, Akmal Taher, Sonar Soni Panigoro
Approximately 60%-70% of breast cancer patients in Indonesia are diagnosed in the locally advanced stage. The stage carries a higher risk of lymph node metastasis which increases susceptibility to lymph obstruction. Hence, breast cancer-related lymphedema (BCRL) could present before axillary lymph node dissection (ALND). The purpose of this case report is to describe immediate-delayed lymphatic reconstructions with lymphaticovenous anastomosis in two subclinical lymphedema cases that present before ALND. There were 51 and 58 years old breast cancer patients with stage IIIC and IIIB, respectively...
March 10, 2023: Microsurgery
Krishna S Hanubal, William J Reschly, Dustin Conrad, Bianca Maria Festa, Joshua P Weiss, Mohamed Shama, Deepa Danan, Brian Hughley, Peter T Dziegielewski
OBJECTIVE: Utilization of free tissue transfers in head and neck reconstruction has greatly increased due to their dependability and reliability. Anterolateral thigh (ALT) and rectus abdominus (RA) free flaps may provide too much soft tissue bulk, especially in patients with a large body habitus. A radial forearm free flap (RFFF) may be modified with a "beaver tail" (BT), which provides a flap whose bulk may be tailored to a defect. The purpose of this paper is to describe the technique, how it can be used for a variety of defects and the outcomes of these reconstructions...
March 9, 2023: Microsurgery
Lauren E Berger, Stephanie Shin, Zoë K Haffner, Samuel S Huffman, Daisy L Spoer, Adaah A Sayyed, Garrett Franzoni, Jenna C Bekeny, Christopher E Attinger, Grant M Kleiber
BACKGROUND: Targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR) is a promising surgical modality for reducing post-amputation pain. We sought to provide a succinct overview of TMR specific to the lower extremity (LE) amputation population. METHODS: A systematic review was performed per PRISMA guidelines. Ovid MEDLINE, PubMed, and Web of Science were queried for records using various combinations of Medical Subject Heading (MeSH) terms such as "LE "amputation," "below-knee amputation" (BKA), "above-knee amputation" (AKA), and "TMR...
March 2, 2023: Microsurgery
JeeHyun Moon, Hae-Yeon Park, Kyeong-Tae Lee, Goo-Hyun Mun
BACKGROUND: Fat necrosis, often developing following deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap-based breast reconstruction, is not a negligible complication. This study aimed to conduct a longitudinal assessment of the clinical course of fat necrosis in breast reconstruction with DIEP flap. METHODS: Among patients undergoing immediate DIEP flap-based breast reconstruction between 2009 and 2017, those who developed fat necrosis on ultrasonographic examination and did not undergo surgical intervention for the lesion were reviewed...
February 28, 2023: Microsurgery
Rakan Saadoun, Fuat Baris Bengur, Elizabeth A Moroni, Yusuf Surucu, Johannes A Veit, Haneen Sadick, Roy E Smith, Mark Kubik, Shaum Sridharan, Mario G Solari
BACKGROUND: Venous Thromboembolism (VTE) is a serious complication after free tissue transfer to the head and neck (H&N). However, an optimal antithrombotic prophylaxis protocol is not defined in the literature. Enoxaparin 30 mg twice daily (BID) and heparin 5000 IU three times daily (TID) are among the most commonly used regimens for chemoprophylaxis. However, no studies compare these two agents in the H&N population. METHODS: A cohort study of patients who underwent free tissue transfer to H&N from 2012 to 2021 and received either enoxaparin 30 mg BID or Heparin 5000 IU TID postoperatively...
February 27, 2023: Microsurgery
Fabio Santanelli di Pompeo, Guido Paolini, Gennaro D'Orsi, Matteo Atzeni, Carlo Catalano, Giuseppe Cannavale, Francesco Cilia, Guido Firmani, Michail Sorotos
BACKGROUND: Computed tomographic angiography (CTA) is the preferred diagnostic tool in preoperative deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flap assessment, though some surgeons prefer approaching perforator selection with intraoperative findings alone. METHODS: This prospective observational study conducted between 2015 and 2020 assessed our intraoperative decision-making "free-style" technique for DIEP flap harvest. Any patient with indication for immediate or delayed breast reconstruction using abdominally based flaps and who received preoperative CTA was enrolled...
February 27, 2023: Microsurgery
Tara L Mather, Chase Tobin, Rachel Tillman, Erin Doren, John LoGiudice, Karri Adamson
INTRODUCTION: Class 3 (severe) obesity is defined as a body mass index (BMI) greater than 40 kg/m2 . Obesity is common and an independent risk factor for breast cancer. The plastic surgeon will be tasked with providing reconstruction for obese patients after mastectomy. This presents a surgical dilemma because patients with elevated BMI are known to have greater rates of morbidity when undergoing free flap reconstruction, however free flap reconstruction is associated with greater functional and aesthetic outcomes...
February 20, 2023: Microsurgery
Michele Maruccia, Rossella Elia, Alessio De Cosmo, Emanuele Cigna, Pasquale Tedeschi, Alberto Bolletta, Oscar J Manrique, Pedro Ciudad, Pietro G Di Summa, Mario Cherubino, Giuseppe Giudice
BACKGROUND: Retromolar trigone (RMT) cancer is a rare malignancy, which develops in a narrow area of the oral cavity. Surgical intervention requires wide excision and appropriate reconstruction usually with a free tissue transfer. Little has been published regarding the ideal microvascular reconstruction, mainly focusing on radial forearm and anterolateral thigh free flap. The medial sural artery perforator flap (MSAP) is not new for head and neck reconstruction but its use for RMT reconstruction has not been previously explored...
February 20, 2023: Microsurgery
Yooseok Ha, Bo Hyun Lee, Ji Ah Park, Youn Hwan Kim
INTRODUCTION: Around the knee reconstruction is challenging for reconstructive surgeons. Several methods have been proposed, including perforator and muscle flaps; however, all have advantages and disadvantages. As the success rate of free-flap surgery increases, reconstruction around the knee using this method is becoming increasingly popular. Nevertheless, there are no large-scale case reports in the previous literature using either a thoracodorsal artery perforator flap (latissimus dorsi (LD) perforator flap) or a muscle-sparing latissimus dorsi (msLD) flap for reconstruction around the knee...
February 15, 2023: Microsurgery
Ying-Sheng Lin, Chen-Hsiang Kuan, Li-Wei Tsai, Chien-Hui Wu, Chieh-Huei Huang, Eng-Kean Yeong, Hao-Chih Tai, Chiun-Sheng Huang
INTRODUCTION: Axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) for breast cancer has been considered to be associated with a variety of complications, such as excessive postoperative wound drainage, prolonged drain placement, or seroma formation in the short term, or arm lymphedema in the long run. Immediate lymphedema reconstruction (ILR) has been proposed to reduce the occurrence of arm lymphedema by anastomosing the transected arm lymphatics to nearby branches of the axillary vein immediately after ALND...
February 10, 2023: Microsurgery
Cheng-I Yen, Huang-Kai Kao, Chun-Shin Chang, Chih-Jung Huang, Hung-Chang Chen, Shih-Yi Yang, Shu-Yin Chang, Jui-Yung Yang, Shiow-Shuh Chuang, Yen-Chang Hsiao
BACKGROUND: Reconstruction of total or near-total nasal defects is challenging and requires the re-creation of three nasal layers. Fasciocutaneous free flaps have been used effectively for restoring the vascularized nasal lining and staged forehead flap for nasal skin replacement, which is a long process. The aim of this study is to share our experience of combination of preliminary free tissue transfer with paramedian forehead flap reconstruction in the same stage of complex nasal reconstruction...
February 10, 2023: Microsurgery
Raimund Schulte, Christina Loberg, Alireza Ghassemi
BACKGROUND: The vascularized iliac bone crest flap offers excellent usable bone in terms of volume and quality. Its nourishing vessel, the deep circumflex iliac artery (DCIA), although relatively short, is reliable vessel. Digital subtraction angiography presents still the gold standard for diagnostic purpose. However, computed tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) angiography is used for preoperative planning with low morbidity. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the gainable information using digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as compared to other imaging modalities...
February 10, 2023: Microsurgery
Takuya Uemura, Yusuke Miyashima, Sadahiko Konishi, Kiyohito Takamatsu, Hiroaki Nakamura
Postprocedural peroneal nerve palsy after endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) for varicose veins is rare and is associated with poor functional recovery. There have been no reports using tibial nerve transfer for iatrogenic peroneal nerve palsy after EVLA. Herein, we present a case with peroneal nerve injury after EVLA, which was successfully treated by partial tibial nerve transfer for the first time. A 75-year-old female presented with a right foot drop immediately after EVLA of the lesser saphenous vein. The ankle and toe dorsiflexion had a muscle grade of M0 on the British Medical Research Council muscle scale, without voluntary motor unit action potentials (MUAP) in the tibialis anterior (TA) muscle on the needle electromyography...
February 9, 2023: Microsurgery
Jiwon S Crowley, Farrah C Liu, Nada M Rizk, Dung Nguyen
INTRODUCTION: The omentum has gained recent popularity in vascularized lymph node transfers (VLNT) as well as its novel use as a free flap for autologous breast reconstruction. The omentum has multiple unique advantages. It can be harvested laparoscopically or in an open fashion when utilized with abdominally-based free flaps. Additionally, it can be split into multiple flaps for simultaneous autologous breast reconstruction with VLNT or for multiple sites of VLNT. We present the safe and advantageous use of the omentum for VLNT with simultaneous autologous breast reconstruction in a series of patients...
February 8, 2023: Microsurgery
Chae Rim Lee, Sang Hyun Kim, Hyo Jeong Kwon, Min Young Ahn, Yong Seok Nam, Suk-Ho Moon
PURPOSE: Peroneal artery perforator offers a versatile range of microvascular tissue transfer methods from local flaps to vascularized osteocutaneous fibula flaps. It is one of the few flaps that can cover shallow defects that require thin and pliable skin paddles, such as in hands and feet (Han et al., 2018). The proximal region of the lower leg offers such flexible and thin flap compared to the middle and distal lower leg (Winters & de Jongh, 1999). However, the anatomy of the proximal peroneal artery perforator is relatively unknown in literature and its proximity to the common peroneal nerve (CPN) has not yet been studied...
February 8, 2023: Microsurgery
Ersin Gur, Yigit Ozer Tiftikcioglu, Turgut Furkan Kuybulu, Goksel Turhal, Kerem Ozturk
INTRODUCTION: Due to 3D defects after resection of hypopharyngeal cancers, free flaps have become as first option for reconstruction and the anterolateral thigh flap (ALT) has been chosen frequently for soft tissue defects. Chimerization of the skin island of the ALT is also possible which can result in reconstruction of multiple defects simultaneously and monitorization of buried flaps. However, ALT can be bulky in some patients. The superthin ALT is well established by some authors especially for extremities but there is no study about the use of this modification in pharyngoesophageal defects...
February 8, 2023: Microsurgery
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