Emanuele Cammarata, Francesca Toia, Martina Maltese, Matteo Rossi, Massimiliano Tripoli, Adriana Cordova
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue trunk reconstruction is often challenging. Although free microvascular flaps are a feasible option in case of extensive defects involving deep structures, pedicled flaps represent a good alternative, especially if harvested and dissected with a "microsurgical" approach. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of trunk reconstruction with the use of pedicled flaps, according to the application of our reconstructive algorithm, and to compare it to other reconstructive methods...
November 27, 2023: Microsurgery
Camilo Mosquera, Ashleigh Weyh, Michael Malik, Rui Fernandes, Anthony Bunnell, Stacey Nedrud
BACKGROUND: Radial forearm free flap (RFFF) donor site closure is traditionally performed with split thickness skin grafts (STSG), which can be associated with poor aesthetics, wrist stiffness, paresthesia, reduced strength, and tendon exposure. Full thickness skin grafts (FTSG) are potentially beneficial as they provide a more durable coverage, and the skin graft donor site can be closed primarily, which is more aesthetic. The aim of this systematic review is to compare the outcomes of STSG versus FTSG for closure of the RFFF donor site...
November 22, 2023: Microsurgery
Pedro Ciudad, Steven Kirschbaum-Rubin, Oscar J Manrique, Hung-Chi Chen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 12, 2023: Microsurgery
Francisco Soldado, Juliana Rojas-Neira, Danilo Rivas-Nicolls, Ricardo Kaempf de Oliveira, Xiao F Shen
INTRODUCTION: Reconstructing severe first web contractures often involves using either pedicled forearm flaps, which can cause extensive scarring, or free flaps, which can be highly complex. In this study, we present a local palmar hand flap that overcomes both of these challenges. METHODS: Ten fresh upper limbs were examined after arterial injection with colored latex. The study focused on identifying the most distal palmar vascular cutaneous branches suitable for designing an elliptical cutaneous flap over the volar intermetacarpal area...
November 12, 2023: Microsurgery
Chieh-Kai Chang, Cheng-Yeu Wu, Yi-Ling Lin, Chih-Shen Lai, Chen-Te Lu, Jung-Hsing Yen, I-Chen Chen, Yueh-Chi Tsai
BACKGROUND: In the field of head and neck microvascular reconstruction, no previous study has compared arterial and venous grafting as methods of anterolateral thigh (ALT) pedicle lengthening. Therefore, we conducted this comparative study to compare the outcomes between the two pedicle lengthening techniques. METHODS: We performed comparative effectiveness research by conducting a retrospective chart review from January 2012 to December 2021 to identify patients who underwent head and neck reconstruction with non-descending branch ALT perforator flaps using either the in situ pedicle lengthening (ISPL) technique or the vein graft (VG) technique...
November 11, 2023: Microsurgery
Andreoli Alice Letizia, Tamburello Sara, Bianco Stefano, Francesco Mori, Menichini Giulio
Total talar extrusion is a rare complication of high-energy traumas. A consequence of this injury can be avascular necrosis (AVN) of the talus. Patients are confronted with pain, limited range of motion and post-traumatic arthritis. As AVN progresses the talus is gradually destroyed. This report presents the use of a chimeric medial femoral condyle chondro-osseus flap with two thin periosteal flaps to increase vascular supply to the traumatized area, accelerate bone formation, flap integration, and restore articular surfaces in a patient with partial necrosis of talar body...
November 8, 2023: Microsurgery
Nuo Chen, Yuling Wang, Juyu Tang
BACKGROUND: Free vascularized bone grafting (FVBG) has become one of the essential methods for treating scaphoid nonunion complicated by avascular necrosis. However, commonly used bone graft, including the medial femoral condyle bone graft and iliac crest bone graft, still present challenges such as a high rate of donor site complications and variations of vascular pedicle. In this study, we have introduced a novel bone graft-the lateral humeral condyle bone graft with the posterior branch of the radial collateral artery (PBRCA) as the vascular pedicle-as an alternative option, with the aim of overcoming some of the limitations of previously described FVBG procedures...
October 25, 2023: Microsurgery
Zack Cohen, Ethan Plotsker, Francis Graziano, Peter Cordeiro, Joseph Disa, Babak Mehrara, Nicola Fabbri, Saïd C Azoury, Farooq Shahzad
INTRODUCTION: Limb salvage has become the standard of care for lower extremity tumors because of improvements in adjuvant treatments and reconstructive techniques. While there is literature assessing pediatric lower extremity free flap reconstruction in the setting of trauma, there is a paucity of literature that analyzes oncologic free flap reconstruction in this patient population. We report our long-term experience and evolution of care for lower extremity oncologic free flap reconstruction in pediatric patients...
October 25, 2023: Microsurgery
Beniamino Brunetti, Rosa Salzillo, Riccardo De Bernardis, Stefania Tenna, Chiara Camilloni, Paolo Persichetti
The reported complications' rate of perforator propeller flaps is variably high, but the etiology of distal flap necrosis, potentially linked to vascular insufficiency, is yet to be clarified. Vascular augmentation procedures have been previously described involving an extra anastomosis of a superficial vein, while a perforator-to-perforator supercharging approach has been only sporadically documented in literature. We present a case of perforator-to-perforator vascular supercharging of an extended dorsal intercostal artery perforator (DICAP) propeller flap to provide a salvage option for pedicled flap complicated by venous congestion...
October 25, 2023: Microsurgery
Mauro Maniglio, Michele Maruccia, Marco Morandi, Jérôme Martineau, Gianluca Sapino, Rossella Elia, Marco Pignatti, Pietro G di Summa
BACKGROUND: The pedicled gastrocnemius flap is commonly used to treat lower limb defects. Either the medial, lateral, or both heads can be used. When extended soft tissue defects are present, a double gastrocnemius (DG) flap may be used. However, no data of the additional donor site morbidity compared to a medial gastrocnemius (MG) flap are available. The aim of this study was to compare the donor site morbidity of a DG with that of a MG. METHODS: Patients with a soft tissue defect around the knee, treated with a gastrocnemius flap between 2018 and 2021 at the University Hospital of Lausanne and Bari, with a minimum follow-up of 12 months, were included...
October 20, 2023: Microsurgery
Ashraf A Khalil, Omar A ElSharkawy, Kareem Alsharkawy, Sherif Youssif, Haitham H Khalil
BACKGROUND: Abdomen-based free flaps represent the gold standard option in the armamentarium of breast reconstruction. The natural evolution to more preservation with less invasive forms of these flaps has been driven by both patient and surgeon satisfaction. Nevertheless, obese patients are challenging due to the increased risk of compromised flap perfusion and donor site morbidity. This challenge is compounded by the prevalence of obesity worldwide, resulting in more free abdominal flaps being performed for breast reconstruction in obese patients...
October 17, 2023: Microsurgery
Alice Alban, Matteo Meroni, Bruno Fuchs, Mario F Scaglioni
Reconstruction of knee defects still represents a challenge for reconstructive surgeons. After an extensive resection, the primary aim is to reach a stable result, while maintaining a good range of motion and aesthetic unity. The use of pedicled perforator-based flaps makes it possible to achieve these goals. Many are the flaps that can be used in this region, and the pedicle medial sural artery perforator (mSAP) flap is considered among one of the first-choice techniques. The purpose of this case report is to describe for the first time the use of pedicled mSAP flap to cover a lateral knee defect...
October 13, 2023: Microsurgery
Beniamino Brunetti, Marco Morelli Coppola, Stefania Tenna, Rosa Salzillo, Valeria Petrucci, Matteo Pazzaglia, Sergio Valeri, Rossana Alloni, Bruno Vincenzi, Giuseppe Tonini, Federico Perquoti, Paolo Persichetti
INTRODUCTION: Thigh reconstruction after oncological resection represents a challenge in terms of ideal morphological and functional outcomes to aim for. Very few papers presented a comprehensive approach to this topic, most of them being only small cases series. The purpose of this article was to review our institutional experience in the field of thigh soft-tissue reconstruction, proposing an algorithm to choose the most convenient pedicled or free flap approach according to the different clinical scenarios and the specific morpho-functional requirements of the case...
October 6, 2023: Microsurgery
J Reed McGraw, Ivan A Jaimez, Elizabeth Card, Michael Holland, Saïd C Azoury, Stephen J Kovach
The use of liquid silicone injections for soft tissue augmentation harbors numerous risks and is not approved by the FDA. Still, such injections are frequently performed by unlicensed providers, often in the gluteal region, and can lead to infection, soft-tissue breakdown, scarring, and disfigurement. The purpose of this case report was to demonstrate the use of immediate, abdominally based free flaps for reconstruction in a patient with bilateral total gluteal defects and limited inflow options in the setting of remote silicone injections...
October 5, 2023: Microsurgery
Rossella Elia, Hung-Chi Chen, Gerardo Cazzato, Pietro G Di Summa, Giuseppe Giudice, Michele Maruccia
BACKGROUND: The exact knowledge of the local biological and immunological effects of vascularized lymph node transfer (VLNT) continues to be an emerging science but a positive control positive control over infectious and immune-mediated processes is often advocated. Knowing the characterization of the inflammatory infiltrate associated with lymphedema, the aim of this paper is to verify the hypothesis that VLNT is able to modulate the inflammatory and immune microenvironment of lymphedematous tissue by evaluating any modification of the local inflammatory cell infiltrate...
October 3, 2023: Microsurgery
Hansje P Smeele, Lisa Martin, Sander M J van Kuijk, Pieter R Zwanenburg, René R W J van der Hulst, Stefania M H Tuinder, Bérengère Fromy
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous vascular reactivity to local heating in free flaps has not been characterized. We aimed to assess local heating-induced cutaneous vasodilation in reinnervated and noninnervated deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) flaps. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 21 female patients with an uncomplicated unilateral delayed DIEP breast reconstruction at least 2 years after surgery. DIEP flaps and contralateral breasts were subjected to direct local heating, and skin blood flow was assessed using laser-Doppler flowmetry...
October 3, 2023: Microsurgery
Savitha Ramachandran, Chao-Wei Chang, Yu-Chi Wang, Chao-Hsin Huang, Khong Yik Chew, Yur-Ren Kuo
Perforator flap has been applied as the most common flap for soft tissue defect reconstruction. Here, we presented two cases using turbocharging procedure of perforator to perforator as a salvage strategy. The first case was a 54-year-old male with recurrent squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) in the left buccal area and mouth floor. A 6 × 22 cm posteromedial thigh (PMT) flap was designed for reconstruction. The two eccentric perforators of the PMT flap could not conjoin together during dissection nearby the main pedicle of profunda femoral artery (PFA) resulting in inadequate perfusion...
September 30, 2023: Microsurgery
Tal Kaufman Goldberg, Lauren O Trzcinski, Elizabeth R McGonagle, Tessa A Hadlock
BACKGROUND: Cross face nerve grafting (CFNG) is a well-established nerve transfer technique in facial reanimation; however, no study has assessed outcome of supercharging the smile with CFNG in patients with synkinesis. The goal of this study was to examine the smile outcome in non-flaccid facial paralysis (NFFP) patients after supercharging with CFNG during selective neurectomy. METHODS: NFFP patients who underwent CFNG with end-to-side coaptation to a smile branch on the paralyzed side during selective neurectomy were retrospectively identified and their charts were reviewed...
September 29, 2023: Microsurgery
Jingjing Sun, Xiaodong Wu, Jing Yang, Jiahui Liang, Min Ren
OBJECTIVES: Large breast tumor resection can cause chest wall defects that are difficult to close. A combination of oncoplastic techniques is required to repair chest wall defects and immediately reconstruct the breast. In this report, we present the use of the contralateral internal mammary artery perforator (IMAP) flap to repair large chest wall defects and perform breast reconstruction for a series of patients. METHODS: Between July 2013 and June 2020, 10 patients and 4 patients underwent chest wall defect repair and breast reconstruction, respectively, with contralateral IMAP flaps...
September 25, 2023: Microsurgery
Audrius Poskevicius, Matteo Meroni, Bruno Fuchs, Mario F Scaglioni
BACKGROUND: Soft tissue sarcomas are a subtle category of tumors that often require an extensive surgical resection for definitive treatment. This kind of intervention inevitably leads to large tissue damage and, when regions with rich lymphatic network are involved, postoperative complications such as lymphocele or lymphedema are quite common. In this report we present our experience with the combination of lymphatic procedures with perforator flaps for defects reconstruction and lymphatic complications preventions after sarcoma resection throughout the body...
September 24, 2023: Microsurgery
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